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Information Technology for the Health Professions, 2/e
 

Information Technology for the Health Professions, 2/e

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    Information Technology for the Health Professions, 2/e Information Technology for the Health Professions, 2/e Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter 6 Information Technology in Dentistry
    • Education
      • Online education for professionals
      • Computer-generated treatment plans for patients
      • Virtual reality simulations to help train dentists
    • Administrative Applications
      • Electronic appointment book, accounting, and record keeping
      • Electronic dental charting
      • Electronic dental record
    • Demographics and the transformation of Dentistry
      • Early 20 th century, poor care of teeth led to tooth loss by middle age
      • Late 20 th century fluoridated water and better care lead most people to keep their teeth
      • Epidemic of decay among poor children
      • Aging population leads to new specialties in dentistry
    • Computerized Instruments in Dentistry
      • Fiber-optic camera
      • Electronic periodontal probe
      • CAD/CAM to create crowns
      • Digital X-ray
    • Endodontics
      • Diagnoses and treats diseases of the pulp.
      • Use of fiber optics to take pictures of the root canal that dentist and patient can see.
      • Ultrasonic instruments help in root canal therapy.
    • Periodontics
      • Diagnoses and treats diseases of the gums and other structures supporting the teeth.
      • Periodontal disease is more prevalent in older people.
      • Use of electronic probe and electronic charting.
    • Cosmetic Dentistry
      • Attempts to create more attractive smile using
        • Whitening
        • Bonding
        • Dental implants
        • Digital cameras and graphics software to show before and after
    • Diagnosis and Expert Systems
      • Collections of evidence-based articles
      • Databases of articles such as MEDLINE
      • Expert systems
        • EXPERTMD allows the creation of medical and dental expert systems
    • Diagnostic Tools
      • Clinical examination
        • Dentist’s examination using a probe
    • Diagnostic Tools
      • X-rays used for more than 100 years
      • More effective than clinical examination
      • May not detect cavities at an early stage
    • Diagnostic Tools
      • Digital radiography
        • Take less time than traditional X-rays
        • Uses 90% less radiation
        • Image can be immediately seen and shared on a computer monitor
        • Can be scanned into a patient’s digital chart
    • Diagnostic Tools
      • Electrical Conductance
        • Electrical current passed through the tooth and the resistance measured
        • Accurate in the diagnosis of large cavities, not early lesions
    • Emerging Diagnostic Methods
      • Light Illumination
        • A bright light illuminates tooth; decay looks darker
      • Fiber-optic Transillumination
        • Finds early lesions in enamel
    • Emerging Methods
      • DIFOTI®
        • Takes images of teeth illuminated by lasers. Shows direct correlation between loss of flourescence and cavities.
      • Intra-oral Fiber-optic Camera
        • gives dentist and patient a close up view of mouth.
    • Lasers in Dentistry
      • Lasers deliver light energy.
      • Depending on the target, the light travels at different wavelengths.
      • Different lasers have different uses:
        • Drilling and filling cavities
        • Reshaping gums
        • Minimal use in root canal therapy
        • Whitening teeth in cosmetic dentistry
    • Minimally Invasive Dentistry
      • Prevention
        • Antibacterial rinses
        • Fluoride
        • Sealants
        • Healthy diet
        • Sugarless gum
      • Minimal intervention
        • Air abrasion
        • Lasers
    • Computers in Dental Surgery
      • Planning surgery using virtual reality simulations
      • Delivery of anesthesia
      • Creation and planning of dental implants
      • Monitoring of vital signs
    • The Growth of Specialization
      • The percentage of dentists who are specialists is expected to rise from 10% to 30%.
      • The aging population may seek cosmetic dentistry.
      • The possibility of early diagnosis may result in dentists who specialize is diagnostics.
    • Teledentistry
      • Link dentists with dental specialists via telecommunications lines.
      • Images and records can be e-mailed to the specialist giving patients access to expert advice.