Health-Tobacco most updated.pptPresentation Transcript
Drug Fair Assignment
Goal of Comp. Lab
Sign-up Sheet (s)
Health Education Tobacco/Nicotine
The Least You Need to Know: DAY 1
Effects of smoking on the body. (review/pretest)
Identify the causes of COPD.
Differentiate between emphysema & bronchitis.
“Quick Facts That Count”
How many chemicals are in tobacco smoke?
What is ETS?
Identify the effects of ‘passive smoking’ or second-hand smoke.
Discuss why people start smoking.
How do tobacco warnings differ in Canada?
Do you think this would make an impact here in the U.S. in how people view smoking?
Examples of Canadian Warnings
The Dope on Nicotine
Why Do People Smoke?
There are more than 4,000 chemicals n tobacco smoke….
nicotine is the primary one that acts on the brain, altering people's moods, appetites, and alertness in ways they find pleasant and beneficial.
"There is little doubt that if it were not for the nicotine in tobacco smoke, people would be little more inclined to smoke than they are to blow bubbles or to light sparklers.“
Isolated as a chemical compound in 1828
Clear, naturally occurring liquid that turns brown when burned
Found in several species of plants, including tobacco and even tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplant (pharmacologically insignificant)
High dosages has been used in everything from insecticides to darts designed to bring down elephants.
Benefits of Nicotine…?
Users also say nicotine helps:
Dampen their appetites
Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death
Cigarettes cause one in five deaths in the US
Cigarettes kill one in three beginning smokers (3000 a day); this is half of continuing smokers
89% of adult daily smokers tried their first cigarette before age 18.
Does Knowledge = Behavior The missing link?
So it’s safe to say people know that smoking is detrimental to their health!
-why do 3,000 still start everyday?
C O P D H R O N I C B S T R U C T I V E U L M O N A R Y I S E A S E
COPD is the fourth leading cause of death in America
This is the fourth consecutive year in which women have exceeded men in the number of deaths attributable to COPD.
Smoking is the primary risk factor for COPD.
Approximately 80 to 90 percent of COPD deaths are caused by smoking.
A little lung basics…
Normally these air sacs expand when breathing in, and deflate when breathing air out. From these tiny spaces (alveoli) oxygen enters the blood when air is breathed in, and waste gas (carbon dioxide) is removed from the lungs by breathing out. DEMO on Lung Functioning
In emphysema there is permanent destruction of the alveoli or tiny elastic air sacs of the lung. There is also narrowing of the smallest air passages of the lungs or bronchioles, which restricts airflow from the lungs .
It is basically an inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes which connect the windpipe with the lungs. As a result, air flow to and from the lungs is restricted and a heavy mucus or phlegm is coughed up. Chronic bronchitis may also involve a narrowing of the large and small airways making it more difficult to move air in and out of the lungs.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): Emphysema and Bronchitis
A Little Visual Assistance….
Cigarettes contain more than 4000 chemical compounds and at least 400 toxic substances.
While the smoker is inhaling, a cigarette burns at 700 degrees Celsius at the tip and around 60 degrees in the core.
This heat breaks down the tobacco to produce various poisons. As a cigarette burns, the residues are concentrated towards the butt.
Hot stuff & battery acid…
In Case Nicotine Wasn’t Enough…
They add licorice and cocoa, which sound innocent, except when you burn them they act as bronchodilators -- which makes you inhale more smoke so the nicotine gets further into your body.
Tobacco companies put ammonia in cigarettes which makes your brain absorb more nicotine than it normally would.
This is your lung…this is your lung on…
Quick Facts That Count
The product they sell kills more people than AIDS, murder, suicide, fires, alcohol and all illegal drugs COMBINED .
Smokers are admitted to hospitals twice as often as nonsmokers.
Smoking is responsible for 87% of the lung cancer deaths in the United States
But I Don’t Smoke!
Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is responsible for approximately 3,000 lung cancer deaths per year among nonsmokers (~40K Deaths total a year)
If both a child's parents smoke, it is the equivalent of the child actively smoking between 60 and 150 cigarettes per year.
After the first month of life, infants of parents who smoke have higher mortality rates through the first year of life
"Veni. Vidi. Vici.”
Do Kids Even Have a Chance?
They spent over $8 billion on advertising in 1999. That’s 14 times the money Nike made in 2000.
Look at your watch. In the next hour , the tobacco industry will spend nearly $1 million on advertising.
"It’s a well-known fact that teen-agers like sweet products. Honey might be considered.” - 1972 Brown AND Williamson (Newports) marketing report
"Realistically, if our company is to survive and prosper, over the long term, we must get our share of the youth market. In my opinion this will require new brands tailored to the youth market.”
"Comic strip type copy might get a much higher readership among younger people than any other type of copy.”
“ The base of our business is the high school student...It is the ‘in’ brand to smoke if you want to be one of the group.”
- 1973 RJ Reynolds (Camels)
Advertising Dollars at Work
Of kids who smoke, 86% smoke the three most heavily advertised brands. The majority of adult smokers don’t smoke those brands
Of all people who have ever tried a cigarette, 88% tried by age 18.
Every day, the tobacco companies get about 3,000 new customers -- kids.
Identifying Advertising Techniques
What your dog is doing when you’re not looking…
An Industrial Powerhouse
In more than 800 lawsuits between 1954 and 1994, the tobacco industry went to trial only 23 times, lost twice, and never spent a dime in damage payments.
-The Nation, August 28, 1995, p. 193
After Philip Morris filed a $10 billion lawsuit against ABC, the time that network news shows devoted to the tobacco industry fell by more than 75% during the second half 1994.
-New York Times, December 9, 1995, p. 15
Did you know nicotine was addictive?
“Big Tobacco” testified in 1994 Congressional hearings that nicotine was not addictive.
They Knew Part I
"Studies of clinical data tend to confirm the relationship between heavy and prolonged tobacco smoking and incidence of cancer of the lung.”
- 1953 RJ Reynolds (Camels) report
They Knew Part II
A year later they told the public: "There still isn’t a shred of substantial evidence to link cigarette smoking and cancer of the lung directly.”
- RJ Reynolds (Camels) president as quoted in the pioneer press
Chewing Tobacco: Not a Safe Alternative
What Can Chewing Tobacco Do to Me?
Bad breath and yellowish-brown stains on your teeth
Mouth sores (about 70% of spit tobacco users)
Cracking and bleeding lips and gums
Receding gums, eventually make your teeth fall out
Increased heart rate, high blood pressure , and irregular heartbeats, all leading to a greater risk of heart attacks and brain damage (from a stroke)
Once You Start You’re …
Tobacco companies know that nicotine changes your brain so, eventually, your brain can’t function normally without it.
Tobacco companies know that 70% of smokers want to quit but can’t.
They also know that of the ones who try to quit only about 3% succeed.
“ To cease smoking is the easiest thing I ever did. I ought to know, I’ve done it a thousand times.”