Laura Manning Melinda Perez Cierra Poynter Careers!!!
Types of Degrees An Associates Degree , also known as a "two-year degree", is just that: a basic college degree that can be earned in approximately two years (if attending full-time). awarded by a technical school or a community college, 2 year degree A Bachelors Degree , also known as a "four-year" degree, is awarded at both colleges and universities.
A Masters Degree is a Graduate Degree . What this means is that one is (usually) extending their education beyond their Bachelors Degree. A Ph.D., also known as a Doctorate , may require additional 6- 8 years. Types of Degrees Cont'd
<ul><li>Certification, Registration, Licensure </li></ul><ul><li>Certification- means that a person has fulfilled requirements of education. I.e. Diploma </li></ul><ul><li>Registration-A board administers examinations and maintains a current list (registry) of qualified personnel in a given health care area. </li></ul><ul><li>Licensure- a license is required for each state. Licensed positions include physicians, dentist, RN </li></ul><ul><li>Accreditation- Make sure your college is accredited, It like a Grade for that school. JCAHO is the accreditation for hospitals and health inspectors give a grade for restaurants. </li></ul><ul><li>CEU- Continuing Education Units required to renew license. </li></ul>Educational Requirements
<ul><li>Orthodontists- alignment or straightening of the teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Oral surgery- surgery on teeth, mouth, and jaw </li></ul><ul><li>Periodontics- treatment and prevention of diseases of the gums, bone and structures supporting the teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>Prosthodontics- replacement of natural teeth with artificial teeth or dentures. </li></ul>Dental Services
<ul><li>Dental Hygienists- work under supervision of the dentist </li></ul><ul><li>Perform preliminary examinations of the teeth and mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Remove stains and deposits from teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Expose and develop x-rays </li></ul><ul><li>Dental laboratory technicians- repair dentures, crowns, bridges and orthodontic appliances. </li></ul><ul><li>Works under written orders from a dentist. </li></ul>Dental Careers
Dentist Dentists diagnose and treat problems with teeth and tissues in the mouth, along with giving advice and administering care to help prevent future problems. They remove tooth decay, fill cavities, examine x rays, place protective plastic sealants on children’s teeth, straighten teeth, and repair fractured teeth. They also perform corrective surgery on gums and supporting bones to treat gum diseases. They also administer anesthetics and write prescriptions for antibiotics and other medications Dentists use a variety of equipment, including x-ray machines, drills, mouth mirrors, probes, forceps, brushes, and scalpels. They wear masks, gloves, and safety glasses to protect themselves and their patients from infectious diseases.
In 2006, there were 56 dental schools accredited by the American Dental Association’s (ADA’s) Commission on Dental Accreditation. Dental schools require a minimum of 2 years of college-level predental education prior to admittance. Most dental students have at least a bachelor’s degree before entering dental school, although a few applicants are accepted to dental school after 2 or 3 years of college and complete their bachelor’s degree while attending dental school. Dentist $37,000 $156,000 $68,000 National $37,000 $157,000 $68,000 Stedman, NC 28391 Low High Average
<ul><li>Physicians- examine patients, </li></ul><ul><li>obtain medical histories, order tests, make diagnoses, perform surgery, teach preventive care. </li></ul><ul><li>DPM( Doctor of Podiatric Medicine)- treats diseases of the feet. </li></ul><ul><li>DC( Doctor of Chiropractic) Ensures proper alignment of the spine. </li></ul>Doctors
<ul><li>Physician assistant (PA)- works under supervision of an MD </li></ul><ul><li>Takes medical histories, Performs routine physical exams, orders tests, makes preliminary diagnoses, treats minor injuries, and prescribes and administers appropriate treatments. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical assistant (MA)- prepares patients for examinations, take vital signs, record medical histories, assist with procedures, draw blood, perform secretary duties as well. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Job Description: Works under direction of a MD, provides total care of patients, administers medications and teach health care. They supervise other nursing personnel. </li></ul>Nursing LPN( Licensed Practical Nurse)- works under supervision of MD or RN Provide patient care also. Nurse Practitioner- take health histories, perform basic physical exams, order lab tests, refer patients to MD. Salary: $28,900-$69,200 w/advanced specialties: $60,300-$108,900
Nurse anesthetists- administer anesthesia, monitor patients during surgery, assist anesthesiologist. Nursing Assistants or Patient Care Technicians (PCT)- work under supervision of RN or LPN Give baths, bed making, feeding, assist in transfers and ambulation. Take and record vital signs Observe and report changes in a patient’s condition. Home Health Aide- receive special training to work in the patient’s home Perform same duties as nursing assistants Perform homemaking duties such as meal preparation or cleaning. Nursing Careers
A Cardiologist is a physician who specializes in cardiology. A Cardiologist is certified to treat problems of the cardiovascular system, which includes the heart, arteries, and veins of the body. Cardiology is classified as an internal medicine. Some cardiologists can make from $230 960 - $402 850 a year. Cardiologist Education & Training In order to become a cardiologist you must complete various courses and certain aspects of schooling, the following must be completed to become a cardiologist: Internal Medicine: * Graduate from an approved medical school. * Complete an ACGME accredited internal medicine residency program, which takes at least 3 years. * You must have completed at least 2 years of patient contact and responsibility. * 20 months of those 2 years must take place in in-patient services. * The level of responsibility for patients must increase with each year of training. The median expected salary for a typical Physician - Cardiology - Non-Invasive in the United States is $280,714 .
<ul><li>Examination and Certification After completing the above you must take the Internal Medicine Board certification exam. Passing and becoming certified in internal medicine is a prerequisite to becoming certified in cardiology </li></ul><ul><li>Education in Cardiology The training and experience for cardiology must be 3 years in duration. You must complete the following to become a certified cardiologist: * 24 months minimum of clinical training, including inpatient and special experiences. * 4 months in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. * 6 months in noninvasive cardiac evaluations, which includes 3 months of echocardiology, 2 months of nuclear cardiology, and 1 month of other noninvasive cardiac evaluations, including exercise stress testing, ECG interpretation and ambulatory ECG recording. * 2 months devoted to electrophysiology, pacemaker follow-up, and ICDs. * 8 months of nonlaboratoratory clinical practice activities. </li></ul>Cardiologist
An obstetrician is a physician who has successfully completed specialized education and training in the management of pregnancy, labor, and pueperium (the time-period directly following childbirth). A gynecologist is a physician who has a successfully completed specialized education and training in the health of the female reproductive system, including the diagnosis and treatment of disorders and diseases. OBGYNs An obstetrician/gynecologist, commonly abbreviated as OB/GYN, can serve as a primary physician and often serve as consultants to other physicians. OB/GYNs can have private practices, work in hospital or clinic settings, and maintain teaching positions at university hospitals. OB/GYNs may also work public health and preventive medicine administrations.
OBGYNs OB/GYNs have a broad base of knowledge and can vary their professional focus. Many develop unique practices, providing high-quality health care for women. OB/GYNs may choose to specialize in the following areas: <ul><li>Acute and chronic medical conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescent gynecology </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral problems </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Endocrinology </li></ul><ul><li>Health maintenance during pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>Infertility </li></ul><ul><li>Operative gynecology </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy and delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Preventative health </li></ul><ul><li>Urinary tract disorders </li></ul>$60,000 $156,000 $93,000 National $61,000 $157,000 $94,000 Stedman, NC 28391 Low High Average
Plastic Surgeon <ul><li>A Plastic Surgeon is a surgeon who performs operations on individuals for functional or aesthetic treatments. Plastic surgeons may focus on reconstructive surgery to reduce scarring and disfigurement as a result of accidents or birth defects. Plastic surgeons may also focus on cosmetic surgery which is typically unrelated to medical conditions but is bothersome to the patient. The term "plastic", refers to the molding and shaping of surgery, not the use of actual plastic. </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements of becoming a surgeon: Following medical school and residency, surgeons take an additional five years of specialized training in the field of general surgery. Surgeons must then be approved by the American Board of Plastic Surgery to begin plastic surgery residency. The training of plastic surgery encompasses both functional and cosmetic surgical procedures. Course work includes basic science related to plastic surgery including pathology, physiology, biochemistry, and anatomy. Training also includes extensive exposure to care of emergencies, shock, wound healing, blood replacement, pharmacology, anesthetics, and chemotherapy. </li></ul>
Plastic Surgeon <ul><li>Education In order to become a Plastic Surgeon, one must first attend medical school and receive licensure as a physician before seeking advanced training in surgery. Following medical training, surgeons are required to complete another five years specialized training in surgery. Plastic Surgeons may then choose to specialize in reconstructive or cosmetic surgery. Upon completion of an accredited plastic surgery residency, surgeons are eligible to take certification examination administered by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. Prior to practicing surgery, a plastic surgeon is first required to complete medical school training and mandatory hospital residency in order to become a licensed physician. Various schools and colleges offer flexible course schedules that range from day, night and weekend classes and training sessions. </li></ul>
Plastic Surgeon <ul><li> the current median expected salary for a typical Plastic Surgeon in the United States is $286,540. </li></ul><ul><li>The Allied Physicians Salary survey reveals a difference in salary by years of experience for Plastic Surgeons as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>1-2 Years - $ 237,000 </li></ul><ul><li>3 or More - $ 412,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum - $ 820,000 </li></ul>
Pediatrician Job Requirements: -Doctor’s Degree -3 to 8 years -State License -Board of Certification in specialty area
Surgeon Education Requirements Doctors Degree 3-8 Years of additional postgraduate training of internship and residency depending on specialty selected State licensure Board certification in specialty area
Psychiatrist Psychologist- Study human behavior and use this knowledge to help individuals deal with problems of everyday living. Counsel individuals and their families. Salary: $95,500-$245,000
<ul><li>Optometrists (OD)- Examines eyes for vision problems or defects </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribes corrective lenses or eye exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Uses drugs for diagnosis and treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Optician- makes and fits the eyeglasses or lens. </li></ul><ul><li>Some specialize in contact lens. </li></ul>Vision Services
<ul><li>All states require ophthalmologists to be licensed. </li></ul><ul><li>Ophthalmologists must have a college degree (or minimum of three years of college), four years of medical school, a one-year internship, and at least three years of an ophthalmology residency (hospital-based training). They must then pass a licensing examination. </li></ul><ul><li>As medical doctors, ophthalmologists are regulated by state medical boards. </li></ul>ophthalmologist
Ophthalmologist <ul><li>25 th percentile Median 75 th percentile in the United States $218,333 $252,587 $313,683 </li></ul><ul><li>Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who specialize in all aspects of eye health. They provide primary eye care services including eye exams and prescribe medications and perform surgical procedures, such as laser surgery and lens replacement. </li></ul><ul><li>Using both surgical and non-invasive techniques, ophthalmologists diagnose and manage eye diseases, conditions, and disorders, and treat and repair eye injuries </li></ul>
Neurologist <ul><li>A neurologist is trained in the diagnosis and treatment of nervous system disorders, including diseases of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles. </li></ul><ul><li>Neurologists perform neurological examinations of the nerves of the head and neck; muscle strength and movement; balance, ambulation, and reflexes; and sensation, memory, speech, and language. </li></ul>
Neurologist <ul><li>Four years of premedical education </li></ul><ul><li>Four years of medical school resulting in an MD or DO degree (doctor of medicine or doctor of osteopathy degree) </li></ul><ul><li>One year internship in either internal medicine or medicine/surgery </li></ul><ul><li>At least 3 years of specialty training in an accredited neurology residency program </li></ul><ul><li>After completing the requirements, medical doctors may seek certification from the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology </li></ul>
Neurologist <ul><li>The median salary for a U.S. neurologist is $202,725. </li></ul><ul><li>The salary is based on where you work at </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Hospital-$153,229;Private Practice-$168,483 </li></ul><ul><li>Salary is also based upon years of experience </li></ul>
<ul><li>Medical Laboratory Technologist(MT)- works under supervision of a pathologist </li></ul><ul><li>Study tissues, fluids, cells of the human body </li></ul><ul><li>Medical laboratory assistant- Perform basic laboratory tests </li></ul><ul><li>Radiologic technologist- works under supervision of radiologist, uses X-rays, radiation, nuclear medicine, ultrasound and magnetic resonance to diagnose and treat diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Epidemiologist- Identify and track diseases as they occur in a group. </li></ul>Diagnostic Services
EEG Technician <ul><li>Using an electroencephalograph, electroneurodiagnostic (or EEG) technicians take readings to measure brain activity to diagnose brain disorders. </li></ul><ul><li>The EEG test takes about thirty minutes, during which time the EEG technicians stimulate brain activity by flashing lights before patients eyes or asking them to breathe deeply for a few minutes </li></ul>
EEG Technician Education <ul><li>A high school diploma and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) certification are the minimum requirements for an entry-level EEG tech position </li></ul><ul><li>Many hospitals and clinics offer on the job training. </li></ul><ul><li>an associate degree in an allied health profession may be expected because of an increasing number of health care employers. </li></ul><ul><li>Many employers also require that EEG technicians, after an initial period of employment, earn recognition through the American Board of Registration of Electroencephalographic Technicians (ABRET). </li></ul>
<ul><li>Job Description : This job involves collecting blood from and performing blood tests on patients . </li></ul>Phlebotomist Salary : $12,800-$26,300 Job Requirements: -1 to 2 years on the job or HOE program or 10-20 hour certification program.
<ul><li>Mortuary Careers </li></ul><ul><li>Funeral director (Mortician or Undertaker)- Provides support to the survivors </li></ul><ul><li>Makes arrangements of the deceased family member, i.e. burial or cremation. </li></ul><ul><li>Files death certificate. </li></ul><ul><li>Most funeral directors are also licensed embalmers </li></ul>Mortuary
Embalmer Job Description: This job involves handling and preparing corpses for funerals. This includes preparing them for internment. Apply cosmetics, dress the body, position body in casket. Salary: $20,100-$69,200
Veternarian Veterinary assistant( animal caretakers) –Feed ,bathe, and groom animals. Exercise animals, assist with exam, and clean and sanitize the cages, examination tables and surgical areas. Can receive on the job training. Job Description- This job involves a type of doctor who treats and diagnoses the diseases of animals. Specialties include surgery, livestock, small animal care, fish, and wildlife. Salary- $ 39,500- 92,800
<ul><li>OT( Occupational Therapists- Help people with disabilities and perform activities of daily living. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Therapist- help to improve and prevent or limit permanent disability, assist with exercises, massages, assist with canes, crutches or braces. </li></ul><ul><li>Recreational Therapist- Organize activities such as dances, arts and crafts, field trips, movies. </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory Therapist-Administer oxygen, blood gases, or medications, monitor ventilators. </li></ul>Therapeutic Careers
<ul><li>Speech pathologist- Identify, evaluate, and treat speech and language disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Audiologist- Provide care to individuals who have hearing impairments. </li></ul><ul><li>Athletic trainer- Prevents and treats athletic injuries, provides rehabilitative services and administer first aid if needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Perfusionists- works with open heart teams, operate heart-lung machine, and assist and monitor patients with artificial hearts </li></ul>Therapy (cont)
Biomedical Engineer Salary: $47,800-$95,600 Biomedical equipment technician- repairs the medical equipment. Job Requirements: -Bachelor’s or Master’s Degree
EMT Job Requirements: -State Certification -Registration or Licensure - EMT- Intermediate plus additional 6-9 months to 2 years approved paramedic training or associate’s degree -6 months experience as paramedic Salary : $24,700-$48,500
Dietician Salary: $28,000-$59,600 Dietetic Technician (DT)- works under supervision of dietitians Plans menus, orders food, assist with food preparation and teaches classes on good nutrition
<ul><li>Medical records technician- organizes and code patient records, gather statistical or research data, maintains patient records. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical transcriptions- uses a word processor to enter data dictated by a MD on a Dictaphone. </li></ul><ul><li>Unit secretary or ward clerk- record information on patient records, schedule procedures or tests, order supplies, answer telephones. </li></ul>Health Information Careers
<ul><li>Health Care Administrators (CEO)- plan, direct and supervise delivery of health care </li></ul><ul><li>Manage operation of the facility </li></ul><ul><li>Hire personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Admitting clerk- works in the admission office, obtain all information when patient admitted to hospital, assign rooms and process info when patient discharged </li></ul><ul><li>Central/sterile supply worker- sterilizes instruments or supplies, order, supply and maintain equipment needed in the hospital. </li></ul>Hospital/Health Careers