Your oral health can affect your overall health.
Your teeth are important for: Chewing Talking Appearance
Let’s examine the first thing you think of when “oral health” is mentioned: Tooth decay…
Tooth decay is caused by: Bacteria found in plaque Sugary foods and drinks Improper or neglected tooth brushing Bacteria  ...
To understand an acid attack on your teeth, we need to first look at the tooth structure. The  Enamel  is… The outside lay...
An acid attack: Acid produced by the bacteria in our plaque destroys the tooth’s enamel and, after  repeated  attacks, cre...
Diet and Nutrition Your diet includes  all  the food you eat each day whether the food is healthy or not (junk food). Your...
Growth Energy Learning Healthy Bones, Skin and Teeth Snacking Snacks between meals are a great  way to provide food you ne...
But, if you make poor choices, snacks can cause dental problems…   Soda Drinking Missouri Dental Association “Stop The Pop...
Results of Tooth Decay: <ul><li>Pain and infection </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in speaking </li></ul><ul><li>and chewing ...
The #1 cause of tooth loss in adults is  not  tooth decay, but…. <ul><li>Gum Disease </li></ul>American Academy of Periodo...
What is gum disease?  <ul><li>A bacterial  infection  in the mouth caused by the accumulation of plaque on the teeth </li>...
Gingivitis <ul><li>Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease, and the  most common. </li></ul><ul><li>It is  reversible  an...
Periodontitis <ul><li>Periodontitis is the more destructive form of gum disease. It is  not  reversible and involves  perm...
But did you know that problems in your mouth could create problems elsewhere in your body?
Recently scientists have found a possible link between Gum Disease and certain conditions like: <ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul...
Why should you be concerned?
Diabetes <ul><li>Diabetes is on the rise in  children  and  young   adults  due to poor nutrition, lack of exercise and ob...
Heart Disease  The #1 cause of death in the U.S. <ul><li>Evidence suggests that the bacteria found in your mouth from  gum...
Pregnancy <ul><li>Premature babies can have lifelong problems… </li></ul><ul><li>If you are pregnant, you are more prone t...
Now let’s examine some other things  you may not know…
Besides tooth decay, harmful habits or activities can damage your teeth…  <ul><li>Keep Foreign Objects Out of the Mouth </...
Sports  <ul><li>Seek immediate treatment if a tooth  is knocked out (within 30 minutes). </li></ul><ul><li>- Do  NOT  clea...
Smoking
All Tobacco Products are  Harmful
Smoking Causes <ul><li>Stained teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Plaque build-up </li></ul><ul><li>Bad breath </li></ul><ul><li>Mout...
Smokeless   Tobacco Causes: <ul><li>Tooth abrasion </li></ul><ul><li>Gum recession </li></ul><ul><li>Increased tooth decay...
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tongue_piercing Oral/Perioral Piercing
Oral/Perioral piercings can cause: <ul><li>Chipped or cracked teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Infection of the pierced site as wel...
Eating Disorders (Bulimia & Anorexia) <ul><li>What you perceive as “looking good” actually causes… </li></ul><ul><li>Effec...
Methamphetamine “meth” <ul><li>If you’re using this… </li></ul>“ meth mouth” www.mappsd.org It won’t be long before your t...
As a young adult, what you do  now  can prevent many problems from occurring later on….
By investing only six minutes each day, both tooth decay and gum disease can be prevented by you…  <ul><li>… That’s two mi...
Proper Brushing <ul><li>Tilt the brush at a 45° angle against the gumline.  </li></ul><ul><li>Brushing only 2-3 teeth at a...
<ul><li>Using your middle fingers, wrap about 18” of floss around them (but not too tightly).  </li></ul><ul><li>Leave abo...
Your teeth were meant to last you a lifetime… So now it’s up to you!
Personal Choices <ul><li>Choose healthy snacks and eat  fewer  foods that are  high in sugar. </li></ul><ul><li>Limit soda...
<ul><li>If you are thinking about smoking – don’t start.  And if you smoke –  quit  before the damage is permanent. </li><...
If you’re hiding an eating disorder… <ul><li>Talk to your school nurse for confidential nutritional counseling </li></ul><...
… Quit taking risks news.bbc.co.uk  www.fade.org.nz www.mappsd.org
If you already… <ul><li>-  Have your tongue/mouth pierced </li></ul><ul><li>-  Have diabetes  </li></ul><ul><li>-  Know yo...
Your oral health contributes to your overall health <ul><li>And by practicing good oral hygiene habits you can help preven...
<ul><li>Brush and Floss Daily for  </li></ul><ul><li>Good Oral Health! </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Resources: </li></ul><...
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Grades 9-12

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  • CHANGED: pre-mature, low-birth weight babies to Babies being born early
  • CHANGED: photo
  • Grades 9-12

    1. 2. Your oral health can affect your overall health.
    2. 3. Your teeth are important for: Chewing Talking Appearance
    3. 4. Let’s examine the first thing you think of when “oral health” is mentioned: Tooth decay…
    4. 5. Tooth decay is caused by: Bacteria found in plaque Sugary foods and drinks Improper or neglected tooth brushing Bacteria in the PLAQUE in your mouth turns food (sugar) on your teeth into ACID. Missouri Show – Me Your Smile ; 3rd Edition; 1993
    5. 6. To understand an acid attack on your teeth, we need to first look at the tooth structure. The Enamel is… The outside layer. - A hard protective covering. - The hardest substance in our body, even harder than bone. The Pulp is… The inside layer. - The live part of the tooth. - Has blood vessels and nerves. The Dentin is… Underneath the enamel. - Makes up the largest part of a tooth. - Hard, but not as hard as enamel. Missouri Show – Me Your Smile ; 3rd Edition; 1993
    6. 7. An acid attack: Acid produced by the bacteria in our plaque destroys the tooth’s enamel and, after repeated attacks, creates a hole or “cavity.” Missouri Show – Me Your Smile ; 3rd Edition; 1993
    7. 8. Diet and Nutrition Your diet includes all the food you eat each day whether the food is healthy or not (junk food). Your diet needs to include a variety of foods in order for you to have good nutrition and good oral health.
    8. 9. Growth Energy Learning Healthy Bones, Skin and Teeth Snacking Snacks between meals are a great way to provide food you need daily for:
    9. 10. But, if you make poor choices, snacks can cause dental problems… Soda Drinking Missouri Dental Association “Stop The Pop” (PDF) Frequent soda drinking can cause tooth decay when sugar (and acid) combine with bacteria in the mouth to form more acid. Even diet, sugar-free sodas contain acid which harms your teeth. Each sip causes a 20-minute acid attack that may cause tooth decay.
    10. 11. Results of Tooth Decay: <ul><li>Pain and infection </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in speaking </li></ul><ul><li>and chewing </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty concentrating </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Lost school days </li></ul><ul><li>Poor nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of care </li></ul>
    11. 12. The #1 cause of tooth loss in adults is not tooth decay, but…. <ul><li>Gum Disease </li></ul>American Academy of Periodontology; “Facts and Fallacies About Periodontal Disease
    12. 13. What is gum disease? <ul><li>A bacterial infection in the mouth caused by the accumulation of plaque on the teeth </li></ul>www.doctorfernandofuentes.cl/
    13. 14. Gingivitis <ul><li>Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease, and the most common. </li></ul><ul><li>It is reversible and involves only the gum tissues around the teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>Signs: Bleeding when brushing or flossing, puffy, red tissues between the teeth, and pain or tenderness. </li></ul>www.doctorfernandofuentes.cl
    14. 15. Periodontitis <ul><li>Periodontitis is the more destructive form of gum disease. It is not reversible and involves permanent loss of the gums and underlying bone eventually leading to tooth loss. </li></ul><ul><li>Signs: Chronic bad breath, receding gums, and teeth that are loose (bleeding may or may not occur). </li></ul>www.altcorp.com
    15. 16. But did you know that problems in your mouth could create problems elsewhere in your body?
    16. 17. Recently scientists have found a possible link between Gum Disease and certain conditions like: <ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Babies being born early </li></ul>Connections: Oral & Systemic Health Review; July 2005, Vol.1 No.1
    17. 18. Why should you be concerned?
    18. 19. Diabetes <ul><li>Diabetes is on the rise in children and young adults due to poor nutrition, lack of exercise and obesity. If you have diabetes, gum disease may affect your ability to control your blood sugar. </li></ul><ul><li>Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to serious complications… </li></ul>American Dental Association; “Diabetes, A Growing Epidemic of All Ages”
    19. 20. Heart Disease The #1 cause of death in the U.S. <ul><li>Evidence suggests that the bacteria found in your mouth from gum disease may have an effect on blood vessel walls, causing inflammation and blockage of blood flow to the heart and brain. </li></ul><ul><li>This could result in a heart attack or stroke… </li></ul>“ The Significance of Periodontal Infection In Cardiology”; Grand Rounds in Oral –Systemic Medicine
    20. 21. Pregnancy <ul><li>Premature babies can have lifelong problems… </li></ul><ul><li>If you are pregnant, you are more prone to develop gum disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Gum disease may trigger a “pre-mature” birth. </li></ul>Connections: Oral & Systemic Health Review; July 2005, Vol.1 No.1
    21. 22. Now let’s examine some other things you may not know…
    22. 23. Besides tooth decay, harmful habits or activities can damage your teeth… <ul><li>Keep Foreign Objects Out of the Mouth </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t Use your teeth to: </li></ul><ul><li>Cut things </li></ul><ul><li>Hold onto pens/pencils </li></ul><ul><li>Bite nails </li></ul><ul><li>Crack nuts </li></ul><ul><li>Crunch ice </li></ul><ul><li>Open bottles or hairpins </li></ul>
    23. 24. Sports <ul><li>Seek immediate treatment if a tooth is knocked out (within 30 minutes). </li></ul><ul><li>- Do NOT clean the tooth. </li></ul><ul><li>- Do NOT touch the wound site. </li></ul><ul><li>- Keep the tooth WET . (Put it in a glass of cool water, milk or a wet cloth). </li></ul>Always wear a mouth guard for physical contact sports
    24. 25. Smoking
    25. 26. All Tobacco Products are Harmful
    26. 27. Smoking Causes <ul><li>Stained teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Plaque build-up </li></ul><ul><li>Bad breath </li></ul><ul><li>Mouth sores </li></ul><ul><li>Gum disease </li></ul><ul><li>Tooth loss </li></ul>http://drwendellpurling.onsmartpages.com Greater chance for oral cancer
    27. 28. Smokeless Tobacco Causes: <ul><li>Tooth abrasion </li></ul><ul><li>Gum recession </li></ul><ul><li>Increased tooth decay </li></ul><ul><li>Tooth discoloration </li></ul><ul><li>Bad breath </li></ul><ul><li>Addiction </li></ul><ul><li>Oral cancer </li></ul>www.umanitoba.ca
    28. 29. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tongue_piercing Oral/Perioral Piercing
    29. 30. Oral/Perioral piercings can cause: <ul><li>Chipped or cracked teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Infection of the pierced site as well as an infection in the bloodstream </li></ul><ul><li>Abscesses or cysts </li></ul><ul><li>Nerve damage </li></ul><ul><li>An allergic reaction to “cheap” metal </li></ul><ul><li>Increased risk for Hepatitis, Tetanus, HIV </li></ul>“ The Perils of Oral Piercing”; RDH, March 2006 www.mcgrathdental.com
    30. 31. Eating Disorders (Bulimia & Anorexia) <ul><li>What you perceive as “looking good” actually causes… </li></ul><ul><li>Effects of “purging” or (vomit) on the inside of the teeth. </li></ul>Self-destruction Depression Withdrawal Malnutrition Health/Dental problems Death www.mappsd.org
    31. 32. Methamphetamine “meth” <ul><li>If you’re using this… </li></ul>“ meth mouth” www.mappsd.org It won’t be long before your teeth look like this…
    32. 33. As a young adult, what you do now can prevent many problems from occurring later on….
    33. 34. By investing only six minutes each day, both tooth decay and gum disease can be prevented by you… <ul><li>… That’s two minutes twice each day spent on brushing and two minutes once a day for flossing. </li></ul>
    34. 35. Proper Brushing <ul><li>Tilt the brush at a 45° angle against the gumline. </li></ul><ul><li>Brushing only 2-3 teeth at a time, gently brush the outside , inside and chewing surfaces of all your teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>Use short back-and-forth or circular strokes. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget to brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath ! </li></ul>Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services Oral Health Program Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services Oral Health Program
    35. 36. <ul><li>Using your middle fingers, wrap about 18” of floss around them (but not too tightly). </li></ul><ul><li>Leave about an inch or two of floss between your hands. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, gently follow the curves of your teeth, sliding the floss up and down the tooth’s surface a few times. Be sure to go below the gumline. </li></ul>Proper Flossing http://www.romedentist.com/flossing.htm Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services Oral Health Program
    36. 37. Your teeth were meant to last you a lifetime… So now it’s up to you!
    37. 38. Personal Choices <ul><li>Choose healthy snacks and eat fewer foods that are high in sugar. </li></ul><ul><li>Limit soda drinking and rinse your mouth afterward. </li></ul>
    38. 39. <ul><li>If you are thinking about smoking – don’t start. And if you smoke – quit before the damage is permanent. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are thinking about oral piercing –forget about it. You may end up with some serious and painful problems. </li></ul>
    39. 40. If you’re hiding an eating disorder… <ul><li>Talk to your school nurse for confidential nutritional counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Get out and get active – have some fun </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoy life with your family and friends </li></ul>
    40. 41. … Quit taking risks news.bbc.co.uk www.fade.org.nz www.mappsd.org
    41. 42. If you already… <ul><li>- Have your tongue/mouth pierced </li></ul><ul><li>- Have diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>- Know you are pregnant </li></ul>… Care of your mouth, teeth and gums is extra important .
    42. 43. Your oral health contributes to your overall health <ul><li>And by practicing good oral hygiene habits you can help prevent tooth decay, gum disease and possibly some serious health issues…. </li></ul>
    43. 44. <ul><li>Brush and Floss Daily for </li></ul><ul><li>Good Oral Health! </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Resources: </li></ul><ul><li>1) Missouri Dental Association “Stop The Pop” presentation (PDF) www.modental.org </li></ul><ul><li>2) Frances D. Wolfe, “The Perils of Oral Piercing”; RDH, March 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>3) American Academy of Periodontology; “Facts and Fallacies About Periodontal Disease”, www.perio.org </li></ul><ul><li>4) David Paquette, DMD,MPH,DMSc et. al, “Oral Inflammation, CVD, and Systemic Disease”; Connections: Oral & Systemic Health Review; July 2005, Vol.1 No.1 </li></ul><ul><li>5) American Dental Association; “Diabetes, A Growing Epidemic of All Ages”, JADA, Vol. 134, Oct. 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>6) American Diabetes Association, www.diabetes.org </li></ul><ul><li>7) Stanley Shanies, MD,MPH, FACP and Casey Hein, BSDH, MBA, “The Significance of Periodontal Infection In Cardiology”; Grand Rounds in Oral –Systemic Medicine. February 2006, Vol. 1, No. 1. </li></ul><ul><li>8) Photos: Microsoft product box shots reprinted with permission from Microsoft Corporation. All photos obtained from office.microsoft.com/clipart unless otherwise noted. </li></ul>

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