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  • 1. MSc in Restorative Dentistry Two-Year Programme Course Handbook School of Dental Sciences Faculty of Medicine 2009-2011
  • 2. Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 School Information 3 Introduction to Prospective and New Students 4 Map of School and Hospital 6 Teachers on the MSc Course 7 Aims and Learning Outcomes 9 Curriculum 11 Teaching and Learning 12 Student Assessment 16 Category 23 Effective 23 Weighting 23Content relevanceFails to address the topic or answer the question. Fails to address the topic or answer the question either byaccurately reproducing material that is only partly relevant or by inaccurately using relevant material. Contains relevantmaterial and attempts to address the topic in a relevant manner. Content that addresses the topic in an explicit and relevantmanner. 50Structure and analysisLacks a line of critical argument or analysis, has little or no structure and fails repeatedly torelate statements to each other.There is no clear line of critical argument or analysis and a lack of structure or flow.There is anapparent line of critical argument or analysis, with a discernible flow for the most partThere is a clearly defined critical argumentor analysis that is logically structured, flows well. Draws a conclusionPresentationPoor use of English accentuated by repeatedgrammatical and spelling errors. Citations and/ or bibliography are absent or incomplete, inconsistent and incorrectly formatted.The layout is unattractive and inconsistent. Not all text has been word-processed. Generally acceptable use of English that isspoilt by repeated errors of grammar or spelling. Citations and bibliography are not complete and are incorrectly but consistentlyformatted. The text has been word-processed, and whilst the layout is presentable it is inconsistent.Satisfactory or good use ofEnglish with only one or two grammar and spelling errors. There may be small errors in the format of citations and bibliography.The layout is attractive, easy to read and demonstrates for the most part good word processing skills.Excellent use of English,grammatically correct and no spelling errors. Citations and bibliography are correctly formatted. The layout is very attractive,easy to read and demonstrates advanced word processing skills.25Evidence baseFails to use evidence to support statements thatare made.Some references are only partly relevant. The majority are drawn from standard texts rather than current literature.References that are relevant to the essay content and are drawn in the main from current literature. References that are relevant,drawn from the current literature and strongly support the essay content. 25Word Count 2000 words: If outside word limit todrop one grade on “Presentation”. ........................................................................................................................................................23 Student Support and Progression 25 MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 2
  • 3. Teaching and Learning Resources 27Quality Assurance and Enhancement 28Benefits of the MSc 29Appendices 30School Information The School of Dental Sciences University of Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4BW Faculty of Medicine Graduate School Office 0191-222-7002 MSc in Restorative Dentistry 0191-222-8195 Programme Director Dental Postgraduate Dean 0191-222-8925 University Switchboard 0191-222-6000 Fax Number Medical School 0191-222-6521 University Telex Number 53654 (UNINEW G) Hospital Switchboard 0191-232-5131 Student Counselling Service 0191-222-7699 Student Advice Centre 0191-239-3979MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 3
  • 4. Introduction to Prospectiveand New StudentsWelcome to the School of Dental Sciences and the University of Newcastleupon Tyne. The object of the handbook is to give you practical information onthe MSc in Restorative Dentistry. This is a two-year programme, which isnormally full-time, but exemption may be given to allow part of the course tobe taken whilst working in general practice or as a specialist registrar (seeregulation 4, p 29).The aim of the course is to enable dentists to acquire advanced skills andknowledge in the field of Restorative Dentistry. The course is designed toprovide the foundations for: • Enhanced general dental practice • Specialist practice (overseas) • Specialist training in Restorative Dentistry • Clinical academiaIn order for it to be considered as part of an approved UK specialist training inRestorative Dentistry, candidates must be employed as a specialist registrarin Restorative Dentistry with a training number.The MSc in Restorative Dentistry has been incorporated as part of the firsttwo years of our 4 year mono-speciality training programmes in Endodontics,Periodontics and Prosthodontics. These programmes were approved by theSpecialist Advisory Committee in Restorative Dentistry in February 2003.(see also p.22). It is important to note that the MSc programme also standsalone as a two year programme. Most applications are for the two year ratherthan the four year programme.Students are selected on the basis of the quality of their applications, whichshould demonstrate commitment to postgraduate dentistry. There is no formalinterview but prospective students are welcome to arrange an informal visit toview the facilities and discuss their studies.Prospective students for whom English is not their first language are asked fordocumented evidence of IELTS or TOEFL scores. The minimum scoresnecessary for admission are: IELTS of 6.5; TOEFL 575/Computer TOEFL233. The IELTS must also include the Test of Written English. Where scoresare borderline, advice is taken from the Language centre as to the need for apre-sessional English course or in-course support (e.g. tuition in thesiswriting). Successful completion of any such pre-sessional course would be acondition of entry to the MSc programme.Students accepted on the course will receive information from the UniversityAccommodation Bureau and a Student Welfare Handbook, which providesinformation about a variety of welfare agencies and facilities, which areavailable in the University. It describes the University Student Office andintroduces agencies such as the University Counselling Service, theChaplaincy and the Students Union Advice Centre. For students fromMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 4
  • 5. overseas there is also a separate section on the International Office and otherorganisations specifically concerned with overseas students.The Programme Director is there to facilitate all aspects of the courseincluding academic, clinical and student welfare matters. If a student is havingdifficulties the Programme Director should be the first person to consult. Youwill also be allocated a personal tutor who would normally be your researchsupervisor.The two year course is intensive and covers three broad areas: • Theoretical training • Patient management and laboratory skills • Planning, undertaking and writing up a research projectThese areas have a similar weighting and it is important to ensure that oneaspect does not flourish at the expense of the others. A timetable is set out inappendix 1 to show the various deadlines and how the emphasis changesthroughout the course.Study skills and time management are essential. The Student WelfareHandbook gives useful hints on these and other aspects of academic life,which may have been forgotten since undergraduate days.The Graduate School Office is situated on the ground floor corridor of theCatherine Cookson Building, which runs from the main entrance to the WilliamLeech Building. Please do not hesitate to enquire at this office if you requireany help with registration and documentation. You will be provided withshared office accommodation within the School of Dental Sciences whereyour mail will be delivered.I hope you find this handbook helpful and wish you every success in yourdental course. Dr R W Wassell Programme DirectorThe MSc programme is subject to a continual process of quality assuranceand enhancement through its Curriculum Committee. To the best of ourknowledge the contents of this guide are correct at the time of going to press.Occasionally it is necessary to make changes to the course (e.g. as a resultof staff turnover). We reserve the right to make these changes, which will benotified immediately to participants. Permanent changes will be incorporatedin the documentation for the following year.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 5
  • 6. Map of School and Hospital O ra l b io lo g y te a c h in g O ra l b io lo g y la b P r o s th o d o n tic te a c h in g C llin ic a l s k ills la b o r a to r y la b o r a to r y Fif t h f l oor C o n s e rv a tio P e rio d o n to lo g n y C o n s e rv a tio C o n s e rv a tio n n Fo u r t h f l oor Re s to r a tiv e d e n tis try In itia l tr e a tm e n t S ta f f c lin ic ro o m s P r o s th o d o n tic s Th ir d f l oor C h ild De n ta l He a lth N u tr itio n a n d S ta f f Te a c h in g e p id e m io lo g ro o m s la b y C h ild De n ta l He a lth Se c o nd f l oor O ra l s urg e ry P h o to g r a p h y a nd s ta f f ro o m s Re c o r d s a n d Ex a m in a tio n a n d h o s p ita l w a itin g a d m in is tra tio n a re a De n ta l m a te r ia ls S c ie n c e Hospital Ra d io lo g y la b s Fir s t entrance f l oor Le c tu r e th e a tr e b lo c k S c ho o l e n tr a n c e De n ta l s tu d e n ts common ro o m Re f e c to r De n ta l S tu d e n t S c ho o l c h a n g in g y O f f ic e De a n s O f f ic e Ad m in . S ta f f C e n tr a l s te r ile s u p p ly c h a n g in g u n it O ra l p a th o lo g y Im m u n o lo g y Ele c tr o n m ic r o s c o p y Gr o u n d f l oorMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 6
  • 7. Teachers on the MSc CourseDepartment of Restorative DentistryMr. S.C. Barclay BDS, MSc, FDS RCPS (Glas), DRD, MRD RCSMrs M Corson BDS FDS RCPS MScDr. J.E. Ellis BDS [Ncle], PhD [Ncle], FDS RCS [Ed]Dr. N.M. Girdler BDS [Brist], BSc [Nottm], PhD [Lond], FDS RCS [Eng], FFDRCS [Irel]Dr. P.A. Heasman BDS, MDS, PhD [Ncle], FDS RCPS, DRD RCS [Ed]Mr. D.J.Jacobs BDS [Ncle], FDS RCS [Ed], DRD RCSDr. N.J.A. Jepson BDS [Lond], PhD [Ncle], FDS RCSMr J. LillicoProfessor J.F. McCabe BSc, PhD [Birm], DSc [Ncle], FADMDr G.I. McCracken BDS, MFDS, PhDDr. F. Nohl MBBS [Lond], BDS [Lond], FDS RCS [Eng], MSc, MRDProfessor P M Preshaw BDS FDS RCSProfessor R.A. Seymour BDS [Lond], PhD [Ncle], FDS RCS [Ed]Mr. D.G. Smith BDS [Liv], FDS RCS [Ed], DRD RCS [Ed], FDS RCS [Eng]Professor . J.G. Steele BDS [Dund], PhD [Ncle], FDS RCPS [Glas]Professor. J.M. Thomason BDS [Ncle], PhD [Ncle] FDS RCS [Ed]Professor A.W.G.Walls BDS, PhD [Ncle], FDS RCSDr. R.W. Wassell BDS, MSc [Lond], PhD [Ncle], FDS RCSDr. J.M. Whitworth BChD [Leeds], PhD [Edin], FDS RCS [Ed]Oral BiologyProfessor R.R.B. Russell BA [Dub] PhD [Melb] FDSRCSMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 7
  • 8. Oral PathologyDr. M. Robinson BDS, FDSRCS, MSc, PhD, MRCPath.RadiologyMrs. T Hallows DCR [R]Please note that short profiles for the above teachers can be found at: IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 8
  • 9. Aims and Learning OutcomesThe aim of the MSc programme is to enable dentists to acquire advancedskills and knowledge in the field of Restorative Dentistry. This education isbuilt on a firm foundation of basic principles. With this in mind the learningoutcomes of the programme are:Specifically, the course aims to provide:1. Clinical and laboratory practice involving treatment planning, clinical procedures and technical work for Restorative cases requiring both routine and complex treatments2. An evidence base for Restorative Dentistry3. Applied research within Restorative Dentistry (a trainee on a Monospeciality programme would be expected to carry out a project within that area of interest)Knowledge and understanding1. A systematic understanding of knowledge within and directly related to restorative dentistry, and a critical awareness of current problems and new insights, much of which is at, or informed by, the forefront of the field of study and area of professional practice;2. A comprehensive understanding of techniques applicable to restorative clinical practice and their own research;3. Originality in the application of clinical and scientific knowledge, together with a practical understanding of how established techniques of research and enquiry are used to create and interpret knowledge in the discipline;4. Conceptual understanding that enables the student: • to evaluate critically current research and advanced scholarship in the discipline; and • to evaluate methodologies and develop critiques of them and, where appropriate, to propose new hypotheses.Subject-specific/professional skills1 The ability to diagnose and formulate appropriate treatment options including an organised sequence of delivery2 The ability to assess prognosis of the preferred treatment option based on clinical outcome studies and audit3 The ability to recognise the need for continuous reassessment of patient response as treatment progresses4 The ability to undertake restorative treatment to advanced standards5 The ability to formulate a clear laboratory prescription, understand the technical procedures involved and actively participate as appropriate in the laboratory workMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 9
  • 10. 6 The ability to specify or provide an appropriate maintenance programme based on risk assessment7 The ability to treat patients with respect and without prejudice8 The ability to appreciate your limitations and to take advice or refer a patient when appropriate9 The ability to carry out a clinical audit (tested with Monospeciality trainees)C Cognitive skillsHolders of the qualification will be able to:a) deal with complex issues both systematically and creatively, make soundjudgements in the absence of complete data, and communicate their conclusionsclearly to specialist and non-specialist audiences;b) demonstrate self-direction and originality in tackling and solving problems, and actautonomously in planning and implementing tasks at a professional or equivalent level;c) continue to advance their knowledge and understanding, and to develop new skillsto a high level;Holders of the MSc will have the qualities and transferable skills necessary foremployment / further study requiring: • the exercise of initiative and personal responsibility; • decision-making in complex and unpredictable situations; and • the independent learning ability required for continuing professional development.Specifically: • The ability to use appropriate IT skills for data analysis and documentation • The ability to use efficiently the library and other information retrieval systems • The realisation that academic and clinical skills need to be constantly reviewed challenged and updated through continuing professional development in which you should play an active part in both receipt and delivery • The ability to work in harmony with peers, support staff and teachers with a view to becoming a team leaderMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 10
  • 11. CurriculumIn order to deliver the aforementioned objectives, the curriculum includes thefollowing elements which run concurrently: • Fixed prosthodontics and Conservation (including laboratory techniques) • Removable prosthodontics • Endodontology • Periodontology • Dental materials science • Interrelated subjects • Research methods and statistics • Instruction in the use of personal computersDetailed study guides are available for all but the last two elements. The Unitof Health Services Research provides additional statistical support. Withrespect to personal computers help is at hand, but students are encouragedto attend the courses run by the Computing Centre. MaxillofacialProsthodontics and obturator construction are considered separatespecialities and would not normally be covered by the course.Dates for Academic Year 2009-2010Term 1:Sept 23rd (first year students),Oct 5th (second year students) – Dec 18th, 2009Term 2:Jan 4th – March 26thTerm 3:April 12th – July 16thNB. 1st year students are required to submit their Literature Reviews by 30thJuly, 2010. 2nd year students are required to submit their theses by 7thAugust, 2010 and sit their Final Examinations during the second week ofSeptember.Students normally have access to library and research facilities out of termtime.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 11
  • 12. Teaching and LearningIntroductionKnowledge based objectives are met by a variety of teaching methods,including seminars, lectures, essays, a research project, computer assistedlearning, practical classes (clinical skills and technical laboratories) and a logdiary. In addition full-time students will be encouraged during their secondyear to consolidate their clinical knowledge by teaching undergraduates.These elements are described in more detail on the following pages. Skillbased objectives, involving the treatment of patients, are developed in theclinical skills and technical laboratories before starting work in the clinicaldepartments of conservation and periodontology. Patients are allocated toyour care and you are expected to carry out some of the laboratory relatedwork under supervision; such diagnostic skills are developed on thesepatients as well as on those seen on consultant-led diagnostic clinics. Thoserelated to research, data analysis and the interpretation of research work areaddressed by the course on medical statistics, seminars and by theexperience of carrying out a research project. You prepare and process yourown research project and log diary thus enhancing the skills of documentationand presentation. Attitude based objectives: an attitude of constructive self-criticism is engendered during seminars and clinical training. Although clinicalwork within the School of Dental Sciences is supervised, you are encouragedto decide on appropriate treatment strategies (which must be agreed withyour supervisor), take responsibility for their implementation and seekguidance when appropriate.SeminarsMost of the formal teaching is by means of seminars. The purpose of theseminars is to give you an opportunity to read, assimilate and criticisereferences from the scientific literature. A comprehensive list of seminartopics (see Appendix 2) has been devised so that the subject of RestorativeDentistry can be covered in depth. Seminars have also been arranged inother subjects that are of relevance to Restorative Dentistry, e.g. sedation,lesions of the oral mucosa. These are designed to give you a flavour of thecurrent thinking in these fields.A seminar leader has been allocated for each of the Restorative Dentistrysubjects. He/she will provide you with a short reading list of key papers. Youwill be expected to trace these references (mainly from the library) and notethe relevant facts on index cards. The reading lists will be kept purposelyshort to enable you to locate additional references relevant to the subject.This will normally involve following up references which crop-up duringreading and a scan of the recent dental literature. Any new references foundshould be photocopied by you and the seminar leader provided with a copy.The seminars will usually be about an hour in length. It is inevitable thatsome seminars will be held out of office hours because of the heavy teaching,research and treatment commitments of the seminar leaders. You may usethe index cards as an aide memoir for discussion points on the variouspapers.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 12
  • 13. Undergraduate LecturesYou may attend suitable undergraduate lectures in Restorative Dentistry, e.g.Occlusion, Dental Considerations of the Ageing Population and DentalMaterials Science. These lectures are not intended to set the level ofknowledge required by an MSc candidate but to give an overview, which mustbe supplemented by further study.Essay WritingRegular essays will test the information discussed at seminars or presented atlectures. These will be set either as an assignment for private study or undertest conditions. Essay topics will be chosen which examine your overallunderstanding as well as their fact retention.Research DissertationThe research dissertation consists of two components: 1. a critical literature review 2. a laboratory or clinically based research project.You will be allocated a supervisor who will oversee both items of work. Theliterature review would normally lead into the research project and would beexpected to comprise 15-25 pages of double spaced type. Occasionally, itmay be desirable not to have the literature review and project related; forexample if the project requires only minimal literature review or if it becomesnecessary at a later stage to change the area of research. The literaturereview is submitted for scrutiny by an internal examiner at the end of the firstacademic year.The research project is written-up as a paper for submission to a researchjournal. The manuscript and literature review are soft bound together and thecompleted dissertation scrutinised by the external examiner and a nominatedinternal examiner (project only)Detailed laboratory research notes must be accurately documentedthroughout the period of study and submitted with the final researchmanuscript.Computer Assisted LearningThis aspect of learning is attracting increasing attention in RestorativeDentistry and you are encouraged to use the programs available.Pre-clinical ExercisesAn operative technique course will be undertaken at the beginning of the yearto familiarise you with "state of the art" techniques and materials. Practicalwork will be carried out in the clinical skills laboratory using a clinicalsimulator, after covering the relevant topics in seminars. The ProgrammeDirector will be available to discuss and criticise the resulting preparations.A partial denture course will run during the second term.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 13
  • 14. The members of the Prosthodontic Division will give close supervision of bothplanning and treatment for partial denture cases.Some of the procedures, which are difficult to simulate on the clinicalsimulator, will be dealt with during the clinical component of the course.Laboratory Technique Course – Fixed ProsthodonticsOne of the most important aspects of Restorative Dentistry is a workingknowledge of the materials, techniques and procedures used in the dentallaboratory.A dental laboratory course has been arranged under the guidance of a seniortechnical instructor. This will give experience in: die and model construction,waxing, casting and finishing, fixed and moveable bridge connectors andporcelain application. You will construct restorations for tooth preparationsand the resulting "demonstration model" can be retained by you.Laboratory Work for PatientsYou will be expected to undertake some of the laboratory work for patientsunder your care. This will consist of procedures such as: • Mounting diagnostic casts on a semi-adjustable articulator • Trial occlusal adjustments and diagnostic waxing • Indirect temporary restoration construction • Fabrication of working models including copper plating and die trimming • Mounting working models onto the articulator • Programming the articulator (including construction of custom guide table)Instructors or technicians will undertake most of the casting, porcelain andacrylic work, although you will be expected to wax-up the less straightforwardtype of restoration.Diagnosis and TreatmentThe emphasis of the course will be very much on treatment planning.Seminars on this aspect will be given after the clinical simulator course andyou will be expected to attend diagnostic clinics.Patients with treatment needs in excess of those normally encountered atundergraduate level will be allocated following the initial 2-3 months in theclinical skills laboratory. This will be done on a graded basis so that yourconfidence and competence can be developed.All treatment plans will be discussed with the Programme Director who willkeep a record of patients under treatment. Occasionally, it is inevitable thatsome treatments take longer than the duration of the MSc course. Treatmentmust be scheduled suitably to avoid leaving the patient in an unstablecondition. The internal examiners will review a selection of treated cases inJuly of both years. This will include patients with both fixed and removableMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 14
  • 15. prosthodontics, non-surgical periodontal management and radiographicevidence of having completed satisfactorily, molar endodontics.Case PresentationA log diary that documents the history, examination, diagnosis and treatmentof a patient selected by you will be completed for submission as part of theexamination requirements. You will be expected to produce your own colourphotographs and appropriate records. You will also be expected to catalogueall your digital images for all of your patients in the MSc image database.Undergraduate TeachingOne of the best ways of consolidating knowledge is to teach it to others. Full-time students (and part-time students with sufficient time available) will beencouraged during their second year to become involved in the teaching ofundergraduates. You will be paired with an experienced clinical teacher andseminars on good teaching practice will be available.Accreditation of Prior LearningThis programme offers non-modular, integrated training where accreditation ofprior learning in not appropriate.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 15
  • 16. Student AssessmentGrading SystemAssessed work will be graded Unsatisfactory, Borderline fail, Satisfactory or Merit (UBSM). Details ofthe grading system are contained in the document ‘Policy on standardization of marks’ which isavailable on Blackboard.Continuous Assessment • Clinical simulator preparations • Laboratory work • Patient treatment (each treatment session is assessed and during July of each year the internal examiners review a selection of treated patients) • In course Essays.Return of feedback on assessed workThe Faculty of Medical Sciences’ policy on the return of assessed work is as follows: a) the policy applies to both undergraduate and postgraduate taught programmes in the Faculty. It refers to assessed coursework and the return of marks related to examinations on elements offered by Schools within the Faculty *. It does not apply to dissertations or project reports. b) exemptions to the policy can only be granted by the Director of Studies/Degree Programme Director and only in exceptional circumstances. Where an exemption is granted, an alternative stated deadline for feedback must be given. c) the maximum length of time an element leader should take to return feedback to students should be four term-time weeks from the date of submission. The marks returned in such cases may be provisional. d) feedback should be designed so as to allow students to assess how well they are doing and what they need to do to improve performance e) where exceptionally there are justifiable reasons as to why feedback cannot be given in line with the policy, the Director of Studies/Degree Programme Director is responsible for notifying students as soon as this is known and an alternative date should be given. f) If an assessment is marked by multiple assessors and one of the assessors is unable to meet the deadline, all marked assessments will be returned to the student cohort by the given deadline. Affected students will be advised of the delay and an alternative deadline will be set for the unmarked assessments.How the policy is implemented for the Degree ProgrammeThe policy is implemented in line with the above recommendations. It applies essentially to the incourse essays although other items may be included from time to time. Feedback summarising themarks from the written examinations at the end of year one within one week of the Board of Examinersmeeting.What students can do if feedback is not provided within the stated periodMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 16
  • 17. Students should ask the Director of Studies/Degree Programme Director, for the reason for the delay.They are advised to copy their e-mail to their Director of Studies/Degree Programme Director. If a) thereason for the delay is not provided within seven days, then the student has the right to take thecomplaint to the appropriate Dean (for undergraduate studies Dr Cholerton( and for postgraduate studies Professor Hirst ( will then investigate and try and ensure that feedback is provided as quickly as possible.In addition Staff Student Committees and Boards of Studies should review how well the policy isoperating, so you can also raise the issue with your student representatives.Timed ExaminationA one hour 40min Extended Matched Items examination consisting of 100 questions will be takentowards the end of the first year, early July. In addition, there is a two hour short answer paper of eightquestions. The written examination must be passed before the student can enrol for the second year.Resits will be scheduled for either late August or early September.Research DissertationThe internal examiners will assess your literature review at the end of the first year. It must be handedin to the Degree Programme Director on or before 30th July.The bound dissertation consisting of the literature review and research project manuscript must behanded in to the examinations office on or before the 7th August of the second year. (You should handin two soft-bound copies and keep one copy for yourself). The pass list will not be published until theprojects have been corrected, checked by the project supervisor and rebound.A copy of the laboratory/research records must also be submitted. This logbook must have datedentries and give a clear, detailed account of: • Experimental methods and adaptations, • Statistical analysis • Results/outcomes.Case PresentationA fully documented record of one of your restorative cases will need to be submitted along with yourResearch Dissertation no later than the 7th August 2011. You will need to submit two soft bound copiesof the case presentation.Good Academic Conduct ( is good academic conduct and why does it matter?Good academic conduct reflects the values which underpin academic life, such as honesty, integrity, ashared community of ideas and respect for others’ work. When you write at university, you will beexpected to draw on the work of others and you will gain higher marks for doing so. We do not expectyou to do it all on your own! However, we do expect you to be scrupulously honest about where theideas have come from. Imagine how annoyed you might feel if someone stole your best ideas andpresented them as their own. We need to respect other people’s ideas in the same way we respecttheir possessions.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 17
  • 18. The University is also assessing your work and at the end of your studies awarding you a degree onthe basis of your work. It is only fair to other students that this work is your own and properlyacknowledges the use made of the work of others. How are employers to assess applicants for jobs, ifthey can’t rely on the marks and degree class as being a fair reflection of a student’s achievement?Everyone’s marks and awards are threatened by poor academic conduct.Honesty about research findings is also vital. We rely every day on the honesty of researchers whosework affects our daily lives. We expect the same of those carrying out research at an earlier stage intheir careers.Good academic conduct may seem initially like a set of rules designed to catch you out and which youjust have to navigate your way through. It does however reflect a set of important underlying values, towhich we would all want to subscribe. It is also important to get into good habits and practices atuniversity because the correct use of evidence and data will also be important in most jobs.Unfair advantageTaking unfair advantage is a very serious issue which undermines the basis of university study or work.It happens when a candidate uses improper means to try and improve their result. This can be in anumber of ways, for example: • Plagiarism • Collusion • Falsifying or making up experimental or other results • Taking unauthorised material into an examination • Getting someone to write assessed work for you • Copying from someone else in an examPlagiarismThe University has a strict policy on plagiarism which applies particularly to the in course essays andresearch dissertation. It is considered as cheating and instances are dealt with in its Procedure forAssessment Irregularities.Due To the Universities strict policy on plagiarism all essays are checked using anelectronic plagiarism checker.If you are still unsure about this issue you should consult the MSc DPD.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 18
  • 19. Late submission of workIt is vitally important for your academic career that you adhere to submission deadlines for all of yourassessed work. You will be informed of your assessment and submission deadlines well in advance,and should try to plan your work to ensure submission BEFORE the final deadline. However, theremay be occasions when you need to ask for an extension due to illness or other unfortunatecircumstances. In order to make sure that all students are treated consistently, the University has aPolicy on the Late Submission of Assessed Work: key points of the Policy are:Late submission without good cause or without the granting of an extension will lead to a maximummark of B for the assessment in question. The work will be marked normally and the mark which wouldhave been achieved will be recorded for the Board of Examiners. Non-submission of work willresult in a mark of zero, as per the relevant University Regulations.A piece of work is regarded as late if it is not submitted by the published deadline (time and date) forthe assessment in question. The period of late submission thereafter will be for a maximum of 7 days ifno extension is granted after which the mark awarded for the piece of work will be zero.Extensions will only normally be granted in the following situations: • Debilitating personal illness supported by a medical certificate • Serious illness or death of a close relative • Participation in a University-approved scheme for which strict guidelines for extensions/extra time will be issued • In the case of part-time or work-based students, unplanned and unavoidable work commitmentsIf a student has a legitimate reason that makes them unable to submit a piece of summative assessedwork by the published deadline, a University Extension Request Form (together with supportingevidence) must be submitted to the Degree Programme Director, in advance of the assessmentdeadline if at all possible. An extension request form will not be accepted more than 7 days after theoriginal assessment deadline.The Extension Request Form is available from full University Policy on the Late Submission of Work is available from three vivas will be with the external examiner and selected internal examiners. The vivas will bescheduled in the second week of September of your final year.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 19
  • 20. • Log diary and treatment of a patient selected by you (both diary and patient will be seen at examination). The external examiner may inspect an appropriate item of laboratory work, undertaken by you. In addition, radiographic and case note evidence of molar root treatment and non-surgical periodontal treatment may be inspected• General restorative topics• The research dissertation (literature review, manuscript and research records)RegulationsThe regulations for the degree can be found in appendix 3 and at: examination procedures comply with the University Conventions for taught degree programmeswith the UBMS system used rather than percentages. Useful information regarding Universityexamination procedures can be found at: SubcommitteeEach Board of Examiners within the University, including that for the MSc in Restorative Dentistry, hasa Scrutiny Subcommittee to consider mitigating circumstances which may affect a student’sperformance at examination. The committee will meet just in advance of the Meeting of the Board ofExaminers in September and also just after the written examination in July. Any student who considersthey have mitigating circumstances must inform the Scrutiny Committee in writing, providingappropriate evidence and using the PCAP (Personal Circumstances Affecting Performance) form whichcan be downloaded from: Scrutiny Subcommittee will decide what level of support, if any, can be recommended to the Boardof Examiners without divulging the nature of the individual circumstances.Assessment CriteriaClinical work will be graded as follows:At the end of each session you will be given a grade for each patient treated. The grades are arrived atin joint consultation between you and your clinical teacher, bearing in mind the complexity of the taskand the level of skill of the average student at a particular stage of the course. It should be born in mindthat assessment criteria of postgraduate students will be set at a higher level than those forundergraduate students, as a basic level of competency should already have been attained in routineprocedures. Furthermore postgraduate students will be expected to have not just knowledge of clinicaltechniques but of relevant science underpinning those procedures. Such knowledge would be expectedto increase as the course progresses.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 20
  • 21. At the end of each term, the gradings are collated so that a composite assessment can be made foreach student. Dr Wassell meets with students with below average gradings to discuss any problemsand their possible solutions.The grading structure is given below: Grade Clinical Grading Criteria Merit A high standard of clinical work with minimal assistance from staff although advice may be sought. The ability to compile and follow accurately a treatment plan should be apparent. Efficient use of clinical time. Thorough knowledge of clinical techniques and relevant science. Accurate, thorough and legible documentation of case notes. Satisfactory The aim for the session must be achieved although some clinical assistance is permitted. An efficient use of time, good knowledge of techniques and accurate and legible case notes should be apparent. Borderline The work may have been undertaken slowly with an inefficient use of time. The aim for the session is not necessarily achieved, but clinical advancement should be apparent. Considerable assistance and guidance may have been necessary. Some inadequacies in knowledge or inaccuracy in note taking may be apparent. Inefficient use of time or late finishing. Unsatisfactory A poor standard of work which may have to be repeated. Failure to get stages checked or notes signed. Unaware of medical history. Lack of control in clinical operations. Inadequate cross-infection control. Lack of clinical knowledge. Illegible or inaccurate case notes.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 21
  • 22. Descriptors for Marking of In Course Essays and Their Respective WeightingMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 22
  • 23. Category U B S M Content relevanceFails to address the topic or answer the question. Fails to address the topic or answer the question either by accurately reproducing material that is only partly relevant or by inaccurately using relevant material. Contains relevant material and attempts toaddress the topic in a relevant manner. Content that addresses the topic in an explicit and relevant manner. 50Structure and analysisLacks aline of critical argument or analysis, has little or no structure and fails repeatedly to relate statements to each other.There is no clear line ofcritical argument or analysis and a lack of structure or flow.There is an apparent line of critical argument or analysis, with a discernible flow for the most partThere is a clearly defined critical argument or analysis that is logically structured, flows well. Draws a conclusionPresentationPoor use of English accentuated by repeated grammatical and spelling errors. Citations and/ or bibliography are absent or incomplete, inconsistent and incorrectly formatted. The layout is unattractive and inconsistent. Not all text has been word- processed. Generally acceptable use of English that is spoilt by repeated errors of grammar or spelling. Citations and bibliography are not complete and are incorrectly but consistently formatted. The text has been word-processed, and whilst the layout is presentable it isinconsistent.Satisfactory or good use of English with only one or two grammar and spelling errors. There may be small errors in the format of citations and bibliography. The layout is attractive, easy to read and demonstrates for the most part good word processingskills.Excellent use of English, grammatically correct and no spelling errors. Citations and bibliography are correctly formatted. The layout is very attractive, easy to read and demonstrates advanced word processing skills.25Evidence baseFails to use evidence to support statements that are made.Some references are only partly relevant. The majority are drawn from standard texts rather than currentliterature. References that are relevant to the essay content and are drawn in the main from current literature. References that are relevant,drawn from the current literature and strongly support the essay content. 25Word Count 2000 words: If outside word limit to drop one grade on “Presentation”.Many of references not relevantReferences drawn only from standard texts. Grading The individual grades for the criteria within each category will be combined according to the following rules: Failure to submit essay on date due = U U B S M O/all ≥2 U 1 3 U 1* 2 1 U 1** 1 2 B 1** 1 1 1 B 2*** 2 B 3 1 B 4 B 2 2# M 1 3 M 4 M All other combinations = S MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 23
  • 24. * Overall score B if ‘U’ in ‘presentation’.** Overall score S if ‘U’ in ‘presentation’*** Overall score S if a ‘B’ in ‘presentation’ # Overall score S if a an ‘M’ in ‘presentation’MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 24
  • 25. Student Support andProgressionInductionIn the induction during the first week of term there are formal inductionsessions in the School of Dental Sciences as well as in the Robinson Libraryand Faculty Computing Department. All students are given a copy of theDegree Programme Handbook, and taken through the aims, intended learningoutcomes, and other key features of the programme.SupportThe Programme Director should be approached first with regard to all aspectsof teaching or clinical matters. The Admin Assistant, Graduate School Office,may also be of help especially with problems of registration anddocumentation. Thereafter, further reference to personal tutors, othermembers of staff, Head of Department, Dean of Dentistry or Post GraduateSub Dean may be made if necessary.Problems or concerns of a more personal nature can also be discussed withthe Programme Director or with your tutor who will also provide help, guidanceor reassurance in respect of your research project.Should you wish to change your personal tutor this should be discussed withthe Programme Director or Head of Department as appropriate. Studentsmay be advised to attend or refer themselves to the Student CounsellingService.ProgressionYou are required to make satisfactory progress in the programme of study.Progress will be reviewed at the end of each term through consultations withinthe Curriculum Committee, MSc in Restorative Dentistry. Whilst we recognisethat almost all postgraduate students are highly motivated and conscientiousit is worth emphasising that the following is taken into account whenassessing a students case: • failure to attend examinations or to satisfy the examiners in the examinations prescribed • failure to dress and behave in a professional manner • failure to attend regularly the programme of work • failure to attend appointments with the Programme Director, Head of Department or Dean to discuss progress • failure to perform adequately in work prescribed for the Higher Degree Programme • failure to submit work on time (whether or not that work counts for assessment purposes)MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 25
  • 26. In addition, progression from clinical simulator exercises to clinical work isdependent on a satisfactory performance in those exercises. You will also berequired to provide valid medical evidence of fitness to practice (in line withcurrent requirements for our undergraduate students).As stated in the previous section, it will be necessary to pass the writtenexamination at the end of the first year and hand-in the literature reviewbefore enrolling for the second year.AttendanceIn the event of illness or absence, please be advised that you should informthe appropriate member of Academic staff prior to the start of clinic; also youmust contact the Departmental Secretary and the relevant Clinic Nurse at thenumbers below:Restorative Secretary 0191 222 7825Cons 1 0191 282 5135Cons 2 0191 282 5137Cons 3/ARC 0191 282 5132Endo 0191 282 4439Perio 0191 282 5130Prostho 0191 282 5124MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 26
  • 27. Teaching and LearningResourcesMSc dedicated classroom • On the fifth floor in the Prosthodontic Laboratory. This is used for all first year seminars. A dedicated digital projector is available for presentations and patient case reports. The first year students use the room for accommodation but it is also available to second year students.Lecture Theatres • On the ground floor opposite the refectoryClinical Skills Room and Prosthodontic Laboratory • Fifth floor (loan of semi adjustable articulator)Diagnostic Clinics in: • Prosthodontics (3rd floor), Conservation and Periodontology (4th floor)Treatment Clinics: • Conservation (4th floor) and Periodontology (4th floor)Dental Materials Science Laboratory • first floorComputing facilitiesAll computers utilise Windows XP on the University Common Desk Top, whichallows students to store their files on one of the main servers and accessthem from any of the following: • Six shared MSc computers (4 of which are in the MSc classroom on floor 5) with Internet access • Fell PC computer cluster (fifth floor, Catherine Cookson Building) which supplies student support and courses in running various applications e.g. word processing. • School of Dental Sciences cluster on floor 5Medical and Dental Library • (Fifth floor, Catherine Cookson Building) having facilities for computer literature searches and Inter Library LoansMain University Library • (Robinson Library) non medical texts and journals • Where your dissertation (paper and literature review) can be boundMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 27
  • 28. Quality Assurance andEnhancementStudents are seen individually by the Programme Director on a bi-weeklybasis to discuss progress with the clinical component of the course. Clinicalperformance and professional performance are graded after every clinicalsession by the supervising clinical teacher.A research seminar is held in March of the first year to assess the viability andprogress of a students research project. This is done independent of theassigned project supervisors.The MSc Curriculum Committee meets each term to discuss all aspects of thecourse and to troubleshoot any problems. The Committee comprises theProgramme Director, six of the principal University teachers, three of theprincipal Consultant teachers and an elected student representative fromeach of the two years.The Curriculum Committee receives, and where appropriate acts upon,comments from the external examiner.Students will be invited to evaluate the course by questionnaire.The questionnaire is distributed at the end of the course (Appendix 4).MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 28
  • 29. Benefits of the MScThe MSc provides an excellent foundation for enhanced practice within RestorativeDentistry and the potential to be incorporated as part of specialist training [in the UK theMSc per se does not imply speciality status]. The two-year programme has been upgradedfrom the previous one-year programme to include: • Greater clinical exposure • More teaching in Prosthodontics and Endodontics • More time for research • The opportunity to submit a manuscript to be considered for publication.Student intake is from both home and overseas, providing a broad spectrum ofbackgrounds and interests. Whilst on the course, students benefit from being able todiscuss the clinical and academic assignments in a friendly and supportive environment.On qualifying, our MSc graduates always comment on how hard they have had to work butthe benefits of a more critical approach and enhanced clinical skills make the effortcompletely worthwhile. MSc graduates can be found in many fields of dentistry, includingspecialist practice, general practice, hospital dentistry, academic dentistry and communitydentistry.Those who might wish to benefit from mono-speciality training must have completedGeneral Professional Training and hold MFDS, FDS or equivalent. They would also need toobtain a training number from the Post Graduate Dean. Please note that students enrolledon the MSc course may not subsequently transfer to Monospeciality Training.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 29
  • 30. AppendicesAPPENDIX 1OUTLINE TIMETABLE: FIRST YEARThe following outline gives some indication of the timing of the various activities during theacademic year which starts in October and finishes during the following September. OCT NOV JAN Restorative seminars Start patient treatment (conservation, periodontology Decide on project and start literature search (1 session per week: and endodontology) and related Conservation, clinical skills/laboratory exercises Treatment planning clinics Periodontology, commence. The seminars will Design pilot study for project Endodontology and continue until May while the Prosthodontics) clinical skills exercises will terminate after 2-3 months. JAN/FEB MAR MAY Start project experimental Consolidate pilot study for Continue seminars, clinical work. Check viability of project and project work project. JUN JUL AUG Written examination Resit of written Revision examination arranged at Hand in literature review end of AugustMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 30
  • 31. OUTLINE TIMETABLE: SECOND YEAR SEPT OCT NOV Continue patient treatment (4 sessions) Ensure experimental work for Present background to Teaching seminar project is making good progress research projects at School Research Seminars JAN APRIL MAY Start general restorative clinics (Full-time students 3 sessions Part-time students 2 sessions ) Write up project Start clinical teaching of U/G students JULY AUG SEPT Clinical presentation to internal Hand in dissertation, examiners Dissertation viva, clinical experimental log book and viva, general viva Project to binders case reportMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 31
  • 32. APPENDIX 2LIST OF SEMINARSFIXED PROSTHODONTICS AND CONSERVATIONRubber damAmalgamComposite (anterior and posterior)Glass ionomers and the cermetsAdhesion, microleakageCoresPosts and coresPreparations for castingsImpression techniques, gingival managementAdhesive bridges and splintsPorcelain as a restorative materialPorcelain laminate veneersTemporary crowns and temporary cementationBridge designCementationMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 32
  • 33. ENDODONTIC SERIESPulp and periapical pathosisIatrogenic pulpal injuryPrinciples of RCT, pulp anatomy and accessIsolation, instrumentation, irrigationNi/Ti rotary endodonticsObturationThermoplastic methods of obturationProcedural errors, evaluation of success, non-surgical retreatment of failuresIntracanal medicaments, the 1 visit / 2 visit dilemmaResorption, perio-endo lesionsGeriatric endodonticsEndodontic surgeryPERIODONTOLOGYThe Subgingival BiofilmHistopathology & Immunology of Periodontal DiseaseSystemic Diseases and the PeriodontiumAntimicrobials in the Management of Periodontal DiseasesNew Attachment/ReattachmentPeriodontal MicrosurgeryRegenerative ProceduresA Review of the Classical LiteratureRestoration of the Periodontally-affected dentitionClinical Attachment in PeriodontologyREMOVABLE PROSTHODONTICSPartial prosthodonticsTissue and anatomical considerationsPartial prosthesis (appliance design and treatment methods)DENTAL MATERIALS SCIENCEEssays will be set to supplement the aboveStudents are involved in presenting seminars1. The science of dental materialsMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 33
  • 34. 2. The properties of materials I3. The properties of materials II4. Composites - classification5. Posterior composites6. Composite inlays7. Glass ionomers - composition and properties8. Glass ionomers - light activated9. Adhesives I10. Adhesives II11. Glass ionomers - clinical use12. Amalgam - past, present and future13. Impression materials14. Current status of ceramics15. CAD/CAM technology16. Methodology - durability of fillings in-vivo17. Methodology - durability of fillings in-vitro18. Methodology - evaluation of adhesivesLABORATORY COURSEA series of four seminars will be organised by Mr. Ronnie Allen on the relevance of thescientific literature to:Dies and modelsPattern materials and properties Investments and casting Alloys for cast restorationsMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 34
  • 35. INTERRELATED SUBJECTSMandibular movement and related anatomyCaries and other abnormalities of teethAn overview of oral medicineRadiographyControl of infectionTreatment planningClinical photographyGerodontics (erosion, attrition, abrasion)Root cariesOcclusion courseManagement of traumatised teethTM dysfunction/facial painDiagnosis and management of TMDOcclusal considerations of TMDAestheticsPrecision retainersImplantologyFailuresSedation and resuscitationHazardsThe medically compromised patientPhilosophies of occlusionMSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 35
  • 36. APPENDIX 3 RegulationsDegree of Master of Science in Restorative DentistryCode: 50081. A graduate in Dentistry of this or any other approved University or a candidate with other qualifications approved bythe Dean of Postgraduate Studies may be admitted to the degree of Master of Science in Restorative Dentistry in theFaculty of Medical Sciences on complying with the requirements of these regulations.2. The degree shall be awarded to a student who, having been approved as a candidate by the Dean of PostgraduateStudies, has completed the prescribed programme of advanced study in the University and who has satisfied theexaminers in the written, clinical and oral examinations and has presented a satisfactory dissertation in accordance withthe examination requirements.3. The programme shall extend over two calendar years commencing in October. The programme shall normally be fulltime within the Faculty. Students may opt to complete part of the programme within general dental practice providing:(a) they are eligible to work in and have part-time employment in a UK dental practice (including the Community DentalService and Armed Forces) or be a trainee on one of the approved Restorative or Monospeciality training programmes;(b) they have satisfactorily completed either General Professional Training or Vocational Training or can provideevidence of similar academic and clinical training;(c) they spend overall not less than 50 per cent of the working week in the Faculty or Dental Hospital;(d) it is recognized that at least two of the four patients submitted to the internal examiners in July of the second yearwould normally be treated in practice.4. The programme shall include lectures, seminars, laboratory classes and clinical work. The candidate will be required toundertake an approved project and literature review. Unless the Dean of Postgraduate Studies determines otherwise, theperiod of study prescribed above shall be continuous and the examinations shall be conducted in accordance with thesections below.5. The examination, which must be passed as a whole, shall consist of:(a) written examination;(b) clinical case presentation;(c) clinical oral examination;(d) an assessment of a dissertation submitted by the candidate on an approved subject;(e) an oral examination on the dissertation.Each section of the examination will comprise 20 per cent.The performance of candidates during the programme of study will be taken into account in the clinical case presentationif the candidates patient is unable to attend. In such circumstances candidates must present the patients log diary andother relevant evidence of having planned and completed treatment. Candidates must also have shown a satisfactoryperformance in presenting patients to the internal examiners at the end of years one and two. A satisfactory performancerequires the submission of at least four patients on each occasion, a minimum aggregate grade of C and a total of notmore than one grade D or below.Dissertations must be lodged with the School Office not later than 10 August of the second year of study.6. Section (a) of the examination shall normally be held during the first year in July with prescribed in-course workassessed over both years. The other examinations (sections (b), (c) and (e)) shall be held during the second year after theassessment of the dissertation (normally September). Candidates on a Monospeciality or Restorative training programmemay, with the permission of the Board of Examiners, delay submission of the dissertation to the end of their third yearproviding there is evidence of satisfactory progress assessed by the completed literature review and experimental logbook.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 36
  • 37. 7. Before presenting himself/herself for examination the candidate must have attended the prescribed programme ofstudy.8. Enrolment on the second year of study will be dependent on the candidate passing the written examination, includingprescribed in-course work and having submitted a project literature review no later than 31 July of the first year of study.9. A candidate whose written examination does satisfy the examiners but whose project literature review does not, will beadvised on remedial action to be taken before resubmission with the dissertation.10. A candidate whose written examination does not satisfy the examiners will be given the opportunity to resit beforeenrolling for the second year of study (normally in September). The candidate would in addition have an oral examinationattended by the external examiner.11. A candidate whose resit paper does not satisfy the examiners or fails to submit the literature review will be referred toa Progress Committee convened by the Dean of Postgraduate Studies. The Progress Committee may recommend either:(a) discontinuation of studies;(b) retaking the first year of study, subject to the availability of finances.12. The MSc may be awarded with Merit or Distinction.13. A candidate whose dissertation does not satisfy the examiners but who satisfies the examiners in the other Parts of theexamination may be permitted by the Board of Examiners to submit it in a revised form on one occasion only. Such acandidate will be required to submit his or her dissertation in a revised form within six months from a date approved bythe Board and may also be required to submit him or herself for a further oral examination on the dissertation.14. A candidate who submits a satisfactory dissertation but who fails to satisfy the examiners in any other Parts of theexamination may be permitted by the Board of Examiners to submit himself or herself for re-examination in those Partson one further occasion only within six months from a date approved by the Board.15. A candidate who has failed in any Parts of the examination may be required by the examiners to produce evidence offurther study as prescribed by the examiners before presenting himself or herself for re-examination.16. No candidate may, without the special permission of the Dean of Postgraduate Studies, present himself or herself forexamination or re-examination after two years from the date upon which he/she completes the programme of study for theexamination concerned.MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 37
  • 38. APPENDIX 4COURSE QUESTIONNAIREYou are asked to comment on the course under the specific subheadings. A space hasbeen left below each subheading for your response.1. GeneralThree best things about the course?Three worst things?2. Specifica) Patient Treatment? b) Clinical Skills Course? c) Laboratory Course? d) Partial Denture Course? e) Clinical Work? f) Laboratory production work g) Case Selection? h) Work Load? i) Supervision:? j) Log Diary? k) Consultant Clinics?3. Seminars a) Conservation? b) Periodontology? c) Other?4. Dissertation a) Project Selection?MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 38
  • 39. b) Supervision? c) Help from other departments?5. Supplementary questions a) What could improve the course? b) In what ways do you think the course may help with your future career?MSc IN RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY - Course Handbook 39