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Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
Chapter 24 PP.ppt
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Chapter 24 PP.ppt

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 24 Tobacco Lesson 1 Tobacco Use - A High Risk Behavior p. 528
  • 2. Health Terms
    • Addiction
    • Nicotine
    • Stimulant
    • Tar
    • Carcinogens
    • Carbon monoxide
    • Smokeless tobacco
  • 3. Why Young People Start Smoking
    • 1/5 American teens smoke
    • Every day in the US 6,000 teens light up for the first time
    • 3,000 become regular smokers
    • 9/10 adult smokers began as teens
    • Of those who began smoking as teens, 1/3 will die from smoke related causes
    • 2.6 million packs of cigarettes are sold illegally to minors
  • 4. Why Young People Start Smoking cont’d
    • Many feel insecure in social situations
      • Smoking will take away that feeling
      • Smoking will make them seems older & more sophisticated
    • Peer pressure
    • They think the bad effects of smoking can only occur after years of smoking
    • They believe they can drop the habit anytime
  • 5. What is in Cigarettes?
    • The most popular form of tobacco
    • At least 43 chemicals
    • Cancer causing chemicals - Carcinogens
      • Cyanide
      • Formaldehyde
      • Arsenic
    • Nicotine - a stimulant
    • Tar
    • Carbon Monoxide
  • 6. Smokeless Tobacco
    • Sniffed
    • Chewed
    • Over 12 million American users
    • Starting between ages 13 & 15
    • Many believe smokeless is safer than smoking…NOT TRUE
      • Smokeless carries the same chemicals
  • 7. Smokeless Tobacco
    • Health Risks of Smokeless Tobacco:
    • Mouth sores that can turn to cancer of
      • Lips
      • Mouth
      • Throat
    • Damage to teeth and gums
    • Damage to digestive system
  • 8. Other Forms of Tobacco
    • Pipes
    • Cigars
    • More tar and harmful chemicals are generated
        • Greater chance of lip, mouth and throat cancer
  • 9. Benefits of Being a Nonsmoker
    • Better able to taste food
    • Better endurance and energy
    • $$$ for other things
    • Reduced risk of cancer, heart disease, & other life threatening diseases
    • Feeling better about yourself
  • 10. Chapter 24 Tobacco Lesson 2 What Tobacco Does to the Body p. 533
  • 11. Motivator
    • List all of the possible
    • consequences of tobacco use
    • that you can recall.
  • 12. Health Terms
    • Leukoplakia
    • Passive smoke
    • Mainstream smoke
    • Sidestream smoke
  • 13. Why does a tobacco user want more?
  • 14. Why does a tobacco user want more?
    • The constriction of the blood vessels causes a mild high. When the vessels return to normal, there is a sensation of restlessness & irritation. The tobacco user does not like the discomfort & will repeat the behavior that produced pleasure. This causes a cycle of use that becomes habitual. The frequent use builds up an addiction to nicotine.
  • 15. Effects of Smoking on the Smoker
    • Short-term effects
      • What happens immediately when smoking
    • Long-term effects
      • What happens when smoking continues
  • 16. Long-Term Effects of Smoking
    • Diseases of the Respiratory System
    • Or
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD)‏
    • Chronic Bronchitis
      • Bronchi are irritated
      • Cilia become useless
      • Excess mucus secretion
    • Emphysema
  • 17. Long-Term Effects of Smoking cont’d
    • COPD cont’d
    • Emphysema
      • Destruction of the air sacs
        • Part of the lung where oxygen and
        • carbon dioxide are exchanged
      • Person uses about 80% of energy to breath compared to 5%
    • Lung Cancer
  • 18. Long-Term Effects of Smoking cont’d
    • COPD cont’d
    • Lung Cancer
    • Cilia are destroyed
    • Mucus cannot be expelled
      • Both of those create idea living conditions for cancer cell to grow
    • Leading cause of cancer deaths among males
    • Becoming more significant in women
  • 19. Long-Term Effects of Smoking cont’d
    • Diseases of the Circulatory System
    • Nicotine
      • Makes the heart pump faster
      • Contributes to plaque (fatty deposit)‏
      • build-up
    • Smoking
      • Constricts the blood vessels
      • Raises blood pressure
  • 20. Long-Term Effects of Smoking cont’d
    • Diseases of the Circulatory System cont’d
    • If all Americans stopped smoking
      • Heart disease deaths would be cut by almost 1/3
      • Saving over 30,000 lives a year
  • 21.
    • What is the reason a person with heart disease is told to avoid smoking?
    • Why does the heart need to work harder in a smoker than a non smoker?
    • What happens to the heart when it has to work overtime?
  • 22. The Dangers of Smokeless Tobacco
    • Nicotine is just as harmful as smoking
    • Tar & chemicals go to the digestive & urinary systems
    • Leukoplakia
      • May develop into cancer
      • 50% survive
    • Greater tooth wear
    • Bad breath
    • Discolored teeth
    • Receding gums
      • Exposed roots
      • More decay
      • Tooth loss
  • 23. Smoking During and After Pregnancy
    • 6,200 childhood deaths occur yearly due to parents smoking
      • 2,800 from low birth weight due to pregnancy smoking
      • 1,100 due to respiratory infections
  • 24. Smoking During and After Pregnancy cont’d
    • Smoking During Pregnancy is Associated with:
    • Small fetal growth
    • Increased chance of spontaneous abortion, prenatal death, & still births
    • Growth and developmental problems
    • Intellectual & behavioral characteristics problems
    • Children of smokers have more than double the chances of lung cancer than those of nonsmokers.
  • 25. Smoking During and After Pregnancy cont’d
    • How?
    • Nicotine pass through the placenta to the fetus
    • Carbon monoxide decreases oxygen concentration in the blood
    • All harmful substances can be passed to the infant while breast-feeding
  • 26. Smoking vs Smokeless
    • Using smokeless tobacco
    • is less dangerous
    • than smoking
  • 27. Rights of the Nonsmoker
    • You have the right to ask a smoker to not smoke near you or in the presents of you. They can move to a designated smoking area.
    • You have then right to go to a smoke-free seating area or establishment.
  • 28. Chapter 24 Tobacco Lesson 3 Choosing to be Tobacco Free p. 539
  • 29. Health Terms
    • Nicotine withdrawal
    • Nicotine substitutes
  • 30. Strategies for Quitting
    • Filters - a series of filters are added to the smoking tobacco to gradually decrease the amount of nicotine and tar consumed
    • Nicotine substitute – administer the chemicals in a decreasing manner
      • gum (OTC)‏
      • patch (prescription)
      • Nasal spray
  • 31. Benefits of Quitting
    • Improved cardiovascular endurance
    • Easier breathing
    • Decreased chance of heart disease and stroke
    • A sense of freedom and renewed vigor
      • No concern of where to light up
      • No glances from nonsmokers
    • Saved $$$ or money spent on other things
  • 32. Tips for Quitting
    • Ask yourself & write answers on paper :
    • How much do you smoke?
    • When do you smoke?
    • Where do you smoke?
    • What triggers the desire to smoke?
    • Who much does smoking cost?
    • What are the health concerns?
    • Who am I affecting (family, friends, etc)?
  • 33. Tips for Quitting cont’d
    • Set and Write Goals :
    • Why do you want to quit?
    • Post goals around the house
    • Re-read goals when the urge to smoke arises
    • Develop stress management techniques
  • 34. Tips for Quitting cont’d
    • Stress Management
    • Set a specific date and stick to it.
    • Set short term goals to reinforce the long term goal of QUITTING
    • Decide which approach(es) will be used
    • Get your environment ready for a smoke-free life
    • Set up a support system
  • 35. Toward a Smoke-Free Society
    • Sales of tobacco products are more strictly enforced
      • Tobacco license are revoked
      • Vending machines are moved to better supervised areas
    • City laws restricting smoking in public places
      • Restaurants
      • Civic buildings
      • Business offices
      • lobbies
    • Airlines prohibit smoking on planes
    • Hotels designate smoking and non-smoking floors
    • Laws are in proposal to ban smoking in all public places
    • Business ban smoking at meetings and workplaces
    • Hosts at parties ask guests to smoke outside

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