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Basic Terms Used in Charting
Basic Terms Used in Charting
Basic Terms Used in Charting
Basic Terms Used in Charting
Basic Terms Used in Charting
Basic Terms Used in Charting
Basic Terms Used in Charting
Basic Terms Used in Charting
Basic Terms Used in Charting
Basic Terms Used in Charting
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Basic Terms Used in Charting

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  • 1. Basic Terms Used in Charting
  • 2. <ul><li>Restoration – an agent that is effective in replacing the missing tooth structure. Patients may refer to them as fillings. A number of different materials are used in dental restorations, including gold, amalgam, and composite. </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Overhang – excessive restorative material normally found interproximally near the gingiva. </li></ul><ul><li>Gold foil – a restoration created when several layers of pure gold are placed in the preparation. A gold foil is not a commonly placed restoration today. </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>Caries (decay) – diseased portion of the tooth. Also referred to as cavities. </li></ul><ul><li>Incipient – beginning decay that has not broken through the enamel. Appears as a chalky area on the tooth, it is not yet decay, but the surface has begun to decalcify. </li></ul><ul><li>Recurrent – decay that is occurring in the same place again, either under or around a restoration. </li></ul>
  • 5. <ul><li>Extraction – removal of a tooth or teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>Drifting – movement of a tooth into a space created by a missing tooth. Drifting can occur opposite or adjacent to the missing tooth. </li></ul><ul><li>Impaction – a tooth that is unable to erupt into its proper position. </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Abscess – a localized area of infection. </li></ul><ul><li>Root canal (endodontic treatment) – when the pulp is removed and replaced with a filling material. </li></ul><ul><li>Apicoectomy – surgical removal of the root tip and cleaning out the infected area around it. </li></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>Mobility – When the tooth moves in the socket, normally due to periodontal disease or trauma. </li></ul><ul><li>Periodontal pocket - the space in the gingival sulcus created by periodontal disease. It is measured by a periodontal probe in millimeters. </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>Crown – a restoration that is cemented onto the tooth and completely covers the crown of the tooth. Often called a cap by the patient but not by the dental professional. </li></ul><ul><li>Bridge – a prosthetic device placed in the mouth where a tooth is missing, normally attached on each side and covering the space created by the missing tooth. </li></ul>
  • 9. <ul><li>Abutment – a tooth, root, or implant used for the retention of a fixed or removable prosthesis. </li></ul><ul><li>Pontic – portion of a bridge that replaces the missing tooth. </li></ul><ul><li>Cantilever bridge – attached on one side only. </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland bridge – has wings that attach the pontic to the lingual surface of the abutment teeth. </li></ul>
  • 10. <ul><li>Denture – removable prosthesis that replaces the complete arch of a patient’s dentition. </li></ul><ul><li>Partial denture – removable prosthesis that is constructed when some of the natural teeth are still present. Artificial teeth mounted on a metal framework. </li></ul>

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