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Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator
 

Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator

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    Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator Presentation Transcript

    • SMOKING CESSATION IN THE ARMED FORCES Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator
      • By the end of this presentation you will have some knowledge of:
      • What is in a cigarette
      • The risks to your health
      • The implications on military effectiveness
      • How much smoking costs
      Reasons not to smoke
    • Some Facts
      • Smoking is the greatest cause of disability, preventable illness and early death in UK.
      • 50% of regular smokers will be killed by their habit.
      • Half of these will die in middle age – losing about 10 years of life.
      • In UK smoking kills approximately 114,000 people per year (that is roughly 13 people every hour).
      • Tobacco contains around 4000 chemicals
      • 40 of theses are known to cause cancer.
      • A few examples are:
        • TAR : A mixture of over 1000 chemicals including arsenic and cyanide.
        • FORMALDEHYDE : highly poisonous, commonly used to preserve dead bodies.
        • AMMONIA : Found in dry cleaning fluids.
      What’s in a Cigarette
        • CARBON MONOXIDE : exceedingly toxic, found in car fumes, reduces your blood capacity to carry oxygen by 15%.
        • NICOTINE : the addictive agent in cigarettes, BUT it is the other 4000 chemicals that kill.
      What’s in a cigarette (2)
    • Health Risks
      • Some examples:
      Stroke Depression Hearing loss Mouth cancer, tooth & gum disease Eye disease Neck pain Cancer of gullet Heart disease Back pain Osteoporosis (females ) Impotence, infertility (males) Reduced fertility, miscarriage (females)+ low birth weight babies, still birth, cot death Lung disease: cancer, bronchitis, emphysema etc Stomach ulcers / cancer Ulcers and cancer of the gut Tendon injuries Disease of the blood vessels
    • More Health Risks
      • Thickening of blood vessels = high blood pressure and stroke.
      • Increased risk of angina and heart attack.
      • Oral health: bad breath (“like kissing an ash tray”), tooth loss, gum disease and cancer of the mouth.
    • Male Smokers
      • Smoking is the major cause of impotence and low quality and quantity of sperm.
      • 120,000 men in UK are impotent as a direct result of their smoking.
      • “ What Viagra may give, tobacco taketh away”
      • Quitting can help – “If men won’t stop smoking to save their lungs, hearts and lives, maybe they will to save their sex lives.
    • Women Smokers
      • If using the contraceptive pill, have higher risk of heart attack or stroke.
      • Osteoporosis (thinning of the bones) more common in smokers.
      • Twice as likely to develop cervical cancer.
      • Can take longer to conceive, more likely to have miscarriage, premature labour, still birth.
    • Appearance
      • Smoking affects blood vessels in the skin.
        • Damages facial colour (complexion looks grey).
        • Wrinkles develop earlier than non-smokers.
        • Smokers often look 10-15 years older than their age.
        • Tar stains fingers and teeth.
    • Passive Smoking
      • Side-stream smoke from cigarettes is not filtered and contains higher concentrations of harmful substances – therefore more harmful to non-smokers.
      • Passive smoking causes several hundred deaths from heart disease and lung cancer every year.
    • Fitness and Injury
      • On average, smokers are 1 minute slower on a 2 mile run than non-smokers.
      • Injury rates are higher amongst soldiers who smoke.
      • Smokers are twice as likely to develop wound complications if injured and take longer to recover after surgery.
    • Military Effectiveness
      • Difficulty maintaining fitness and strength
      • Reduced endurance capacity
      • Increased risk of injury (early fatigue)
      • Reduced night vision
      • Operational hazard ( a smoker will not only reveal his own position – but also endanger those around him).
    • The Costs of Smoking
      • Smoking 20 cigarettes a day will cost £1600 - £1800 per year. An average smoker will also spend £660 per year on other products:
      • Cough/throat sweets, mouthwash, mints
      • Extra skin moisturisers (for dry/aged skin)
      • Deodorants/perfumes (to disguise the smell of tobacco smoke)
      • More hair products for dry/brittle hair
      • Dry cleaning bills, air fresheners, home cleaning products, etc etc ….
    • Money Up In Smoke
      • Increased life insurance premiums
      • Viagra!
      • Disposable lighters
      • Total annual cost of smoking is about £2500 !!!!!!!!!
      • Enough to pay for: a round the world trip, a designer wardrobe or top season football tickets for you and your mates.
    • Do You Want to Stop Smoking?
      • The healthiest, safest, most economical thing is Not To Smoke .
      • If you do not smoke Do Not Be Tempted To Start.
      • If you are a smoker and want to quit – most military establishments now have fully trained advisers to help you.
      • Contact your medical or dental centre for further advice .
      Fact : Smoking Kills
    • Got You Thinking?
      • Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body
      • Smoking will cause a reduced quality of life and life expectancy
      • Smoking is very expensive
      • If you want to quit – help is available.
      Contact your medical or dental centre for further advice
    • Finally, one other hazard….
      • “ I must stop smoking and remember to wear my pyjamas in bed”