SMOKING CESSATION IN THE ARMED FORCES Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator
By the end of this presentation you will have some knowledge of:
What is in a cigarette
The risks to your health
The implications on military effectiveness
How much smoking costs
Reasons not to smoke
Smoking is the greatest cause of disability, preventable illness and early death in UK.
50% of regular smokers will be killed by their habit.
Half of these will die in middle age – losing about 10 years of life.
In UK smoking kills approximately 114,000 people per year (that is roughly 13 people every hour).
Tobacco contains around 4000 chemicals
40 of theses are known to cause cancer.
A few examples are:
TAR : A mixture of over 1000 chemicals including arsenic and cyanide.
FORMALDEHYDE : highly poisonous, commonly used to preserve dead bodies.
AMMONIA : Found in dry cleaning fluids.
What’s in a Cigarette
CARBON MONOXIDE : exceedingly toxic, found in car fumes, reduces your blood capacity to carry oxygen by 15%.
NICOTINE : the addictive agent in cigarettes, BUT it is the other 4000 chemicals that kill.
What’s in a cigarette (2)
Stroke Depression Hearing loss Mouth cancer, tooth & gum disease Eye disease Neck pain Cancer of gullet Heart disease Back pain Osteoporosis (females ) Impotence, infertility (males) Reduced fertility, miscarriage (females)+ low birth weight babies, still birth, cot death Lung disease: cancer, bronchitis, emphysema etc Stomach ulcers / cancer Ulcers and cancer of the gut Tendon injuries Disease of the blood vessels
More Health Risks
Thickening of blood vessels = high blood pressure and stroke.
Increased risk of angina and heart attack.
Oral health: bad breath (“like kissing an ash tray”), tooth loss, gum disease and cancer of the mouth.
Smoking is the major cause of impotence and low quality and quantity of sperm.
120,000 men in UK are impotent as a direct result of their smoking.
“ What Viagra may give, tobacco taketh away”
Quitting can help – “If men won’t stop smoking to save their lungs, hearts and lives, maybe they will to save their sex lives.
If using the contraceptive pill, have higher risk of heart attack or stroke.
Osteoporosis (thinning of the bones) more common in smokers.
Twice as likely to develop cervical cancer.
Can take longer to conceive, more likely to have miscarriage, premature labour, still birth.
Smoking affects blood vessels in the skin.
Damages facial colour (complexion looks grey).
Wrinkles develop earlier than non-smokers.
Smokers often look 10-15 years older than their age.
Tar stains fingers and teeth.
Side-stream smoke from cigarettes is not filtered and contains higher concentrations of harmful substances – therefore more harmful to non-smokers.
Passive smoking causes several hundred deaths from heart disease and lung cancer every year.
Fitness and Injury
On average, smokers are 1 minute slower on a 2 mile run than non-smokers.
Injury rates are higher amongst soldiers who smoke.
Smokers are twice as likely to develop wound complications if injured and take longer to recover after surgery.
Difficulty maintaining fitness and strength
Reduced endurance capacity
Increased risk of injury (early fatigue)
Reduced night vision
Operational hazard ( a smoker will not only reveal his own position – but also endanger those around him).
The Costs of Smoking
Smoking 20 cigarettes a day will cost £1600 - £1800 per year. An average smoker will also spend £660 per year on other products:
Cough/throat sweets, mouthwash, mints
Extra skin moisturisers (for dry/aged skin)
Deodorants/perfumes (to disguise the smell of tobacco smoke)
More hair products for dry/brittle hair
Dry cleaning bills, air fresheners, home cleaning products, etc etc ….
Money Up In Smoke
Increased life insurance premiums
Total annual cost of smoking is about £2500 !!!!!!!!!
Enough to pay for: a round the world trip, a designer wardrobe or top season football tickets for you and your mates.
Do You Want to Stop Smoking?
The healthiest, safest, most economical thing is Not To Smoke .
If you do not smoke Do Not Be Tempted To Start.
If you are a smoker and want to quit – most military establishments now have fully trained advisers to help you.
Contact your medical or dental centre for further advice .
Fact : Smoking Kills
Got You Thinking?
Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body
Smoking will cause a reduced quality of life and life expectancy
Smoking is very expensive
If you want to quit – help is available.
Contact your medical or dental centre for further advice
Finally, one other hazard….
“ I must stop smoking and remember to wear my pyjamas in bed”