Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator
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Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator

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Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator Presentation Transcript

  • SMOKING CESSATION IN THE ARMED FORCES Annie Owen Armed Forces Smoking Cessation Co-ordinator
    • By the end of this presentation you will have some knowledge of:
    • What is in a cigarette
    • The risks to your health
    • The implications on military effectiveness
    • How much smoking costs
    Reasons not to smoke
  • Some Facts
    • Smoking is the greatest cause of disability, preventable illness and early death in UK.
    • 50% of regular smokers will be killed by their habit.
    • Half of these will die in middle age – losing about 10 years of life.
    • In UK smoking kills approximately 114,000 people per year (that is roughly 13 people every hour).
    • Tobacco contains around 4000 chemicals
    • 40 of theses are known to cause cancer.
    • A few examples are:
      • TAR : A mixture of over 1000 chemicals including arsenic and cyanide.
      • FORMALDEHYDE : highly poisonous, commonly used to preserve dead bodies.
      • AMMONIA : Found in dry cleaning fluids.
    What’s in a Cigarette
      • CARBON MONOXIDE : exceedingly toxic, found in car fumes, reduces your blood capacity to carry oxygen by 15%.
      • NICOTINE : the addictive agent in cigarettes, BUT it is the other 4000 chemicals that kill.
    What’s in a cigarette (2)
  • Health Risks
    • Some examples:
    Stroke Depression Hearing loss Mouth cancer, tooth & gum disease Eye disease Neck pain Cancer of gullet Heart disease Back pain Osteoporosis (females ) Impotence, infertility (males) Reduced fertility, miscarriage (females)+ low birth weight babies, still birth, cot death Lung disease: cancer, bronchitis, emphysema etc Stomach ulcers / cancer Ulcers and cancer of the gut Tendon injuries Disease of the blood vessels
  • More Health Risks
    • Thickening of blood vessels = high blood pressure and stroke.
    • Increased risk of angina and heart attack.
    • Oral health: bad breath (“like kissing an ash tray”), tooth loss, gum disease and cancer of the mouth.
  • Male Smokers
    • Smoking is the major cause of impotence and low quality and quantity of sperm.
    • 120,000 men in UK are impotent as a direct result of their smoking.
    • “ What Viagra may give, tobacco taketh away”
    • Quitting can help – “If men won’t stop smoking to save their lungs, hearts and lives, maybe they will to save their sex lives.
  • Women Smokers
    • If using the contraceptive pill, have higher risk of heart attack or stroke.
    • Osteoporosis (thinning of the bones) more common in smokers.
    • Twice as likely to develop cervical cancer.
    • Can take longer to conceive, more likely to have miscarriage, premature labour, still birth.
  • Appearance
    • Smoking affects blood vessels in the skin.
      • Damages facial colour (complexion looks grey).
      • Wrinkles develop earlier than non-smokers.
      • Smokers often look 10-15 years older than their age.
      • Tar stains fingers and teeth.
  • Passive Smoking
    • Side-stream smoke from cigarettes is not filtered and contains higher concentrations of harmful substances – therefore more harmful to non-smokers.
    • Passive smoking causes several hundred deaths from heart disease and lung cancer every year.
  • Fitness and Injury
    • On average, smokers are 1 minute slower on a 2 mile run than non-smokers.
    • Injury rates are higher amongst soldiers who smoke.
    • Smokers are twice as likely to develop wound complications if injured and take longer to recover after surgery.
  • Military Effectiveness
    • Difficulty maintaining fitness and strength
    • Reduced endurance capacity
    • Increased risk of injury (early fatigue)
    • Reduced night vision
    • Operational hazard ( a smoker will not only reveal his own position – but also endanger those around him).
  • The Costs of Smoking
    • Smoking 20 cigarettes a day will cost £1600 - £1800 per year. An average smoker will also spend £660 per year on other products:
    • Cough/throat sweets, mouthwash, mints
    • Extra skin moisturisers (for dry/aged skin)
    • Deodorants/perfumes (to disguise the smell of tobacco smoke)
    • More hair products for dry/brittle hair
    • Dry cleaning bills, air fresheners, home cleaning products, etc etc ….
  • Money Up In Smoke
    • Increased life insurance premiums
    • Viagra!
    • Disposable lighters
    • Total annual cost of smoking is about £2500 !!!!!!!!!
    • Enough to pay for: a round the world trip, a designer wardrobe or top season football tickets for you and your mates.
  • Do You Want to Stop Smoking?
    • The healthiest, safest, most economical thing is Not To Smoke .
    • If you do not smoke Do Not Be Tempted To Start.
    • If you are a smoker and want to quit – most military establishments now have fully trained advisers to help you.
    • Contact your medical or dental centre for further advice .
    Fact : Smoking Kills
  • Got You Thinking?
    • Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body
    • Smoking will cause a reduced quality of life and life expectancy
    • Smoking is very expensive
    • If you want to quit – help is available.
    Contact your medical or dental centre for further advice
  • Finally, one other hazard….
    • “ I must stop smoking and remember to wear my pyjamas in bed”