American Student Dental Association Western Regional Meeting


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  • The 54 dental schools are located in 32 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Individuals from the 18 states without dental schools have fewer dental schools and positions for which to compete, since state school usually have residency requirements for a prescribed number of their entering positions. A deterrent for potential applicants from these states is that they more often have to apply to private dental schools, which have higher tuition and fees.
  • American Student Dental Association Western Regional Meeting

    1. 1. American Student Dental Association Western Regional Meeting Chicago, Illinois October 29, 2010 LEADERSHIP FOR THE DECADE AHEAD Arthur A. Dugoni, D.D.S., M.S.D. Dean Emeritus Professor of Orthodontics Senior Executive for Development
    3. 3. <ul><li>LEADERSHIP </li></ul>
    4. 4. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>“ To every man there comes in his life that special moment when he is figuratively tapped on the shoulder and offered that chance to do a very special thing, unique to him, and fitted to his talents. </li></ul><ul><li>What a tragedy if that moment finds him unprepared or unqualified for that work.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Winston Churchill </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>Shakespeare said in Twelfth Night </li></ul><ul><li>“ Some are born great, </li></ul><ul><li>others achieve greatness, </li></ul><ul><li>and others have greatness thrust upon them.” </li></ul>
    6. 6. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>Leadership matters </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership is important </li></ul>
    7. 7. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>Common Characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity for Hard Work </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to Inspire Respect </li></ul><ul><li>Caring Attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Good Judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Highly Developed Communication Skills </li></ul>
    8. 8. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>Leaders must be seen to be UP </li></ul><ul><li>UP Front </li></ul><ul><li>UP to date </li></ul><ul><li>UP to their jobs </li></ul><ul><li>UP early in the morning </li></ul>
    9. 9. LEADERSHIP – <ul><li>Dugoni’s Five s </li></ul><ul><li>B e there B e disciplined </li></ul><ul><li>B e there on time B e balanced </li></ul><ul><li>B e involved </li></ul>
    10. 10. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>My Style </li></ul><ul><li>Communication at every level </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hybrid Organizational Table </li></ul>
    11. 11. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>Natural born leaders is a myth </li></ul><ul><li>An art and science you can learn </li></ul><ul><li>Desire </li></ul><ul><li>Respect people </li></ul><ul><li>Liberate and empower people </li></ul><ul><li>Remove barriers </li></ul>
    12. 12. LEADERSHIP - Decision Making <ul><li>Never assume a responsibility you can delegate </li></ul><ul><li>Steven B. Sample “Contrarian Leadership” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Artful” procrastination </li></ul><ul><li>Listening skills </li></ul><ul><li>Help people succeed </li></ul><ul><li>Protect your people </li></ul><ul><li>Grow people </li></ul>
    13. 13. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>Demonstrate </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity Enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Fairness Optimism </li></ul><ul><li>Trust Honesty </li></ul><ul><li>Drive </li></ul>
    14. 14. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>“ What you are speaks so loudly I can hardly hear what you are saying.” </li></ul>
    15. 15. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>Successful Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Know what they want </li></ul><ul><li>Why they want it </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders just don’t do things right, they do the right thing (Fairness) </li></ul><ul><li>Power corrupts </li></ul>
    16. 16. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>“ The ability to lead and direct change is the most significant management skill needed today.” </li></ul><ul><li>Lead people – manage things </li></ul><ul><li>Shared vision </li></ul><ul><li>Effective leadership teams </li></ul>
    17. 17. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>Focus on the Future </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled planners </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative </li></ul><ul><li>Take risks </li></ul><ul><li>Learn from mistakes </li></ul>
    18. 18. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>“ Neutron Jack” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Saul on the Road to Damascus” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Winning” – Jack Welch </li></ul>
    19. 19. LEADERSHIP Successful Executives <ul><li>Use Six Styles </li></ul><ul><li>Seamlessly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Musician </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Golf Pro </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exact Science </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Mystery </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Goleman “Emotional Intelligence” </li></ul>
    20. 20. LEADERSHIP – Coercive Style <ul><li>Demand immediate compliance </li></ul><ul><li>“ DO WHAT I TELL YOU” </li></ul><ul><li>Kills new ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Negative impact </li></ul><ul><li>Least effective </li></ul>
    21. 21. LEADERSHIP – Authoritative Style <ul><li>Mobilizes people toward a vision </li></ul><ul><li>“ COME WITH ME” </li></ul><ul><li>Change catalyst </li></ul><ul><li>Impact - Positive </li></ul>
    22. 22. LEADERSHIP – Affiliative Style <ul><li>“ PEOPLE COME FIRST” </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional bonds </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Belonging </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful results with authoritative style </li></ul>
    23. 23. LEADERSHIP – Democratic Style <ul><li>Forges consensus </li></ul><ul><li>“ WHAT DO YOU THINK?” </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Impact </li></ul><ul><li>But Results In: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Endless meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consensus – Illusive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ When you come to a fork in the road, take it” </li></ul><ul><li>- Yogi Berra </li></ul>
    24. 24. LEADERSHIP – Pace Setting Style <ul><li>High standards </li></ul><ul><li>“ DO AS I DO – NOW!” </li></ul><ul><li>Overwhelming </li></ul><ul><li>Expert sets the rules </li></ul><ul><li>Negative results </li></ul>
    25. 25. LEADERSHIP – Coaching Style <ul><li>Develops people </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy </li></ul><ul><li>“ TRY THIS” </li></ul><ul><li>Excels at delegating </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction and feedback </li></ul>
    26. 26. LEADERSHIP – Coaching Style <ul><li>“ I BELIEVE IN YOU” - - - </li></ul><ul><li>Positive results </li></ul><ul><li>Used the least – Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful tool </li></ul><ul><li>“ Ninety percent of the game is half mental ” </li></ul><ul><li>- Yogi Berra </li></ul>
    27. 27. LEADERSHIP MASTER THESE FOUR <ul><li>Authoritative </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic </li></ul><ul><li>Affiliative </li></ul><ul><li>Coaching </li></ul><ul><li>Jim Collins – “Good to Great” </li></ul>
    28. 28. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>Leadership is a world of </li></ul><ul><li>Passion </li></ul><ul><li>Vision – what needs to be done </li></ul><ul><li>Courage – to do it </li></ul><ul><li>One of the greatest tragedies in our world is all the people who hate their work or merely tolerate it! </li></ul><ul><li>Steven Covey – 7 Habits / 8 th Habit </li></ul>
    29. 29. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>If you don’t love what you do, you will never go the extra mile, work the extra hour or dream up the new idea. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Never work a day in your life” – Confucius </li></ul><ul><li>“ This is the best day of my life” </li></ul>
    30. 30. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>TAKE CUSTODY OF YOUR OWN LIFE </li></ul><ul><li>Eat more ice cream </li></ul><ul><li>Know the color of your kids’ eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Smell the salt water on an ocean breeze </li></ul><ul><li>Life is not a dress rehearsal </li></ul>
    31. 32. NEW RULES FOR MANAGEMENT <ul><li>New Rules Old Rules </li></ul><ul><li>1. Agile is best; Big dogs own the </li></ul><ul><li>Being big can bite you street </li></ul><ul><li>2. Find a niche; Be number one or </li></ul><ul><li>Create something new number two in your market </li></ul>
    32. 33. NEW RULES FOR MANAGEMENT <ul><li>New Rules Old Rules </li></ul><ul><li>3. Customer is king Shareholders rule </li></ul><ul><li>4. Look out, not inward Be lean and mean </li></ul><ul><li>5. Hire passionate people Rank your players; </li></ul><ul><li>Go with the A s </li></ul>
    33. 34. NEW RULES FOR MANAGEMENT <ul><li>New Rules Old Rules </li></ul><ul><li>6. Hire a courageous Hire a charismatic </li></ul><ul><li>CEO CEO </li></ul><ul><li>7. Admire my soul Admire my might </li></ul>
    34. 35. THIS IS THE END OF THE STORY… 35
    35. 36. <ul><li>THE DENTAL PROFESSION AND </li></ul><ul><li>DENTAL EDUCATION NOW </li></ul><ul><li>AND IN THE FUTURE </li></ul><ul><li>LEADERSHIP MATTERS </li></ul><ul><li>DENTAL EDUCATION – OUR LEGACY – OUR FUTURE </li></ul>
    36. 37. <ul><li>I will not talk about... </li></ul><ul><li>I would like to share some thoughts with you regarding our profession and dental education and leadership </li></ul><ul><li>I am privileged to be part of a great profession for more than 60 years and 28 years as Dean and Professor of Orthodontics </li></ul>
    37. 38. <ul><li>We are privileged to be part of a great profession and a future that is brighter and more rewarding than ever </li></ul><ul><li>Why? The dental profession always puts the patient first - high degree of ethics and professionalism by practitioners - leadership, vision, and planning </li></ul><ul><li>Results - We have obtained and received the accolades of our patients and society in general </li></ul>
    38. 39. OUR PROFESSION
    39. 40. POSITIVES include: <ul><ul><li>New materials and technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awesome results of advances in science, research, and education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lasers - bonding - antimicrobials - immunomodulators - new pharmaceuticals - veneers/cosmetic dentistry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rotary endodontics and instrumentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implants, Invisalign </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DNA, cloning, stem cell research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ETC. </li></ul></ul>
    40. 41. DEMOGRAPHIC POSITIVES <ul><ul><li>6,300 (1975) -> 1st yr students 4,600 (2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>58 to 60 dentists per 100,000 to currently 53 dentist practitioners per 100,000 patients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High increases in the population; immigration; increasing child births; etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We solved the problems of the 80s when we over produced dentists for this country’s needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Q - Do we have enough dentists and allied health professionals for the decade ahead? </li></ul></ul>
    41. 42. <ul><li>WHAT ARE THE </li></ul><ul><li>DARKER SIDES? </li></ul>
    42. 43. Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General <ul><li>Department of Health and Human Services </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Public Health, 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>David Satcher MD, PhD </li></ul><ul><li>Surgeon General </li></ul>
    43. 44. <ul><li>“ What amounts to a ‘silent epidemic’ of oral disease is affecting our most vulnerable citizens - </li></ul><ul><li>poor children, the elderly, and many members </li></ul><ul><li>of racial and ethnic minority groups.” (US General Accounting Office 2000) </li></ul>
    44. 45. ACCESS TO CARE <ul><li>Over 108 million children and adults lack dental insurance, which is over 2.5 times the number who lack medical insurance. </li></ul><ul><li>Access to care makes a difference. A complex set of factors underlies access to care and includes the need to have an informed public and policymakers, and resources to pay and reimburse for the care. </li></ul><ul><li>Among other factors, the availability of insurance increases care. </li></ul>
    45. 46. ACCESS TO CARE <ul><li>100 million Americans without access to fluoridated water </li></ul><ul><li>30,000 oral cancer patients diagnosed per year with 8,000 deaths </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing unmet caries needs of children; aging population with medical concerns, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>High on the radar screen of legislators </li></ul>
    46. 47. MANPOWER CONCERNS <ul><li>Increasing population </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing number of graduates </li></ul><ul><li>Retirement of aging professionals </li></ul><ul><li>More DDS retirees per year than graduates </li></ul>
    47. 48. ROLE OF ALLIED HEALTH PROFESSIONALS <ul><li>New Zealand and Canadian nurse models being resurrected </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns of Alaska and the Indian Nation with respect to dental care in remote areas </li></ul><ul><li>Medical doctors and RNs providing fluoride varnishes and sealants to patients </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded duties for registered dental assistants and registered dental hygienists being reevaluated and challenged </li></ul><ul><li>Minnesota Challenge </li></ul>
    48. 49. U.S. Resident Population Projection: 2000-2050 Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2004, U.S. Interim Projections . 282.1 419.8
    49. 50. Professionally Active Dentists per 100,000 U.S. Population: 1976 - 2020 Source: American Dental Association, Survey Center, Dental Workforce Model 2001-2025 1976 1982 1987 1992 1994 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 50.7 60.2 55.0 Actual Projected
    50. 51. National Health and Dental Service Expenditures: 1980 - 2001 $1,424.5 $31.6 $65.6 4.5% * 4.6% * $699.4 * Dental Expenditures as a Percent of Total Health Expenditures In Billions of Dollars
    51. 52. Distribution of Public and Private U.S. Dental Schools as of 2004 Public Dental Schools Private Dental Schools Puerto Rico
    52. 53. NEW SCHOOLS ON THE HORIZON <ul><li>Las Vegas, Nevada (opened) </li></ul><ul><li>Miami, Florida (Nova) (opened) </li></ul><ul><li>Mesa, Arizona (Arizona School of Dentistry and Oral Health) (opened) </li></ul><ul><li>Hawaii </li></ul><ul><li>Virginia </li></ul><ul><li>Utah </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina (Greenville) </li></ul><ul><li>California (Pomona) (San Diego) </li></ul><ul><li>Arizona (Glendale – will open 2008) </li></ul>
    53. 54. CLOSED SCHOOLS <ul><li>Georgetown </li></ul><ul><li>Loyola (Chicago) </li></ul><ul><li>Washington University (St. Louis) </li></ul><ul><li>Fairleigh Dickinson </li></ul><ul><li>Oral Roberts </li></ul><ul><li>Loyola (New Orleans) </li></ul><ul><li>Northwestern </li></ul>
    54. 55.
    55. 56. <ul><li>LICENSURE </li></ul><ul><li>ISSUES </li></ul>
    56. 57. LICENSURE <ul><li>Freedom of movement concerns </li></ul><ul><li>ADA and AADE - Part III National Board examination – WREB, ADEA </li></ul><ul><li>California Dental Association Task Force on Licensure Reform </li></ul><ul><li>CDA House of Delegates Resolutions </li></ul><ul><li>New York - PGY-I model (mandatory) </li></ul>
    57. 58. LICENSURE <ul><li>My vision and dreams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensure AT graduation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Licensure by credential (specialists) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dental Board Initiatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continued competency </li></ul></ul>
    58. 59. <ul><li>STUDENT DEBT </li></ul>
    59. 60.
    60. 61.
    61. 62. <ul><li>TRENDS IN DENTAL EDUCATION </li></ul>
    62. 63. DENTAL EDUCATION CRISIS <ul><li>Aging facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Aging professoriate </li></ul><ul><li>400 unfilled positions (Nationally) </li></ul><ul><li>Widening discrepancy between income of educator and clinicians, and especially specialists </li></ul>
    63. 64. DENTAL EDUCATION CRISIS <ul><li>Dismal annual giving record to dental schools generally by the profession </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of endowments at dental schools </li></ul><ul><li>Escalating cost of education </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing indebtedness of students </li></ul><ul><li>Disengaged alumni </li></ul>
    64. 65.
    65. 66. AMERICAN DENTAL ASSOCIATION FOUNDATION <ul><li>$1 billion campaign for education </li></ul><ul><li>Past history - 1988 challenge (future prediction of crisis) </li></ul><ul><li>Why now? It is here! </li></ul><ul><li>ADA Board of Trustees support </li></ul><ul><li>ADA Foundation Directors support </li></ul><ul><li>Planning stage </li></ul>
    66. 67. <ul><li>2003: ADA Foundation examined goal </li></ul><ul><li>Goal too large for single organization </li></ul><ul><li>“ We must all work together!” </li></ul><ul><li>2004: ADAF formed 45-member Task Force </li></ul><ul><li>December 2005: ADA and ADAF approved Task Force’s implementation plan </li></ul><ul><li>Launched – July 2006 </li></ul>
    67. 68. <ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Raise awareness for the challenges facing dental education </li></ul><ul><li>Promote culture of philanthropy </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver a call to action </li></ul>
    68. 69. <ul><li>51 dental schools </li></ul><ul><li>56 dental organizations </li></ul><ul><li>2 donor partners </li></ul><ul><li>Partner list growing </li></ul><ul><li>Will seek to work collaboratively </li></ul><ul><li>First benchmark – </li></ul><ul><li>collectively generate more </li></ul><ul><li>than $500 million by end of </li></ul><ul><li>December 2014 </li></ul><ul><li>Generate more than $1 Billion by end of 2029 </li></ul>
    69. 70. <ul><li>Partners will: </li></ul><ul><li>Implement their own fundraising programs </li></ul><ul><li>Set their own goals </li></ul><ul><li>Raise their own funds </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize/distribute funds </li></ul><ul><li>Report amount raised </li></ul>
    70. 71. What is missing? Healer Part of the Medical Society Intelligent/ Learned Prevention Business Person Part of a Respected Profession Maintenance Artist Not a Commodity Lifelong Learner Unique Service Provider Science of Care Entrusted with Care of Others Control My Own Destiny Teacher Make People Feel Good I am a DOCTOR
    71. 72. Healer Part of the Medical Society Intelligent/ Learned Prevention Business Person Part of a Respected Profession Maintenance Artist Not a Commodity Lifelong Learner Unique Service Provider Science of Care Entrusted with Care of Others Control My Own Destiny Teacher Make People Feel Good I am a PHILANTHROPIST
    72. 73. How Can You Help? - Be a champion – tell others! - Support one or more of the partners by making a major contribution or pledge! - Volunteer with one or more of the partnering organizations…get involved!
    73. 74. CHALLENGES <ul><li>SUPPORT DENTAL EDUCATION AND DENTAL SCHOOLS </li></ul><ul><li>Create endowments </li></ul><ul><li>Support annual giving </li></ul>
    74. 75. ENDOWMENTS <ul><li>Endowments build great universities </li></ul><ul><li>Endowments will build great dental schools </li></ul>
    75. 76. CONCLUSION - THE FUTURE (?) <ul><li>We are privileged to be part of a great profession. </li></ul><ul><li>How great the future of the profession will be is dependent upon you and your commitment, your compassion, and your generosity. </li></ul>
    76. 77. DENTAL EDUCATION – OUR LEGACY – OUR FUTURE <ul><li>“ You ain’t seen </li></ul><ul><li>nothing, yet” </li></ul><ul><li>- Arthur A. Dugoni </li></ul>
    77. 78. THE FUTURE <ul><li>IF NOT YOU, THEN WHO? </li></ul>
    78. 79. <ul><li>Together </li></ul><ul><li>we can make </li></ul><ul><li>a difference </li></ul>