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UNIT 15: GERUNDS<br />PART VI: Gerunds and Infinitives<br />
UnitOverview<br />In thisunitstudentswilllearnhowto use gerunds:<br />In everysituationthatnouns are used in: subject, obj...
Vocabulary<br />Perceive: tothink of someoneorsomething in a particular way.<br />Simplistic: treatingdifficultsubjects in...
Vocabulary<br />Sparesomeone’sfeelings: toavoiddoingsomethingthatwouldupsetsomeone.<br />Awfully: very.<br />Engage in: to...
Vocabulary<br />Punch a time clock: to record the time thatyoustartorfinishworkbyputting a cardinto a special machine.<br ...
ComprehensionQuestions<br />Whydoesn’ttheauthorlikethetraditionaldescription of friends as either true or false?<br />He r...
ComprehensionQuestions<br />Who are Amanda and Gretta?<br />Theauthor’swife and thewife of a friend.<br />Whois Ken?<br />...
DiscussionTopics<br />Do youthinkit’spossibletohave a true friendshipwith a person of theopposite sex?<br />Isitpossibleto...
GrammarPresentation<br />
GrammarPresentation<br />
GrammarPresentation<br />
GrammarPresentation<br />
Quick Pairwork<br />Categorizethesesentencesaccordingtowhichpatternstheyrepresent in the charts:<br />I washavingdifficult...
Grammar Notes<br />
Grammar Notes<br />
Quick Pairwork<br />GotoAppendix 12 on page A-7.<br />Look throughthelist of verbsfollowedbygerunds and choosefiveto base ...
Grammar Notes<br />
Parenthesis<br />ReviewAppendix 13 on page A-7 and scanthelist of adjective + prepositionexpressions.<br />Feel free toask...
Grammar Notes<br />
Grammar Notes<br />
Grammar Notes<br />
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Gerunds

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  1. 1. UNIT 15: GERUNDS<br />PART VI: Gerunds and Infinitives<br />
  2. 2. UnitOverview<br />In thisunitstudentswilllearnhowto use gerunds:<br />In everysituationthatnouns are used in: subject, object, subjectcomplement, objectcomplement, object of preposition<br />Afterpossessives<br />In both active and passiveconstructions<br />In present and pastforms<br />
  3. 3. Vocabulary<br />Perceive: tothink of someoneorsomething in a particular way.<br />Simplistic: treatingdifficultsubjects in a waythatistoo simple.<br />Long since: ifsomething has longsincehappened, ithappened a long time ago.<br />Catch up on: to do somethingthatneedstobe done, thatyouhavenothad time to do before.<br />Counterpart: someoneorsomethingthat has thesamejoborpurpose as someoneorsomethingelse in a differentplace.<br />
  4. 4. Vocabulary<br />Sparesomeone’sfeelings: toavoiddoingsomethingthatwouldupsetsomeone.<br />Awfully: very.<br />Engage in: totakepartorbecomeinvolved in anactivity.<br />Pursue: tocontinuedoinganactivityortryingtoachievesomethingover a longperiod of time.<br />Collapse: tosuddenlysitor lied down, especiallybecauseyou are verytired.<br />
  5. 5. Vocabulary<br />Punch a time clock: to record the time thatyoustartorfinishworkbyputting a cardinto a special machine.<br />Put in: tospend time or use energyworkingorpracticingsomething.<br />Karaoke: theactivity of singingtoespeciallyrecordedmusic for fun.<br />Jerk: someonewhoisstupidorwhodoesthingsthatannoyorhurtotherpeople.<br />Wilderness: a largearea of landthat has neverbeenbuiltonorchangedbyhumans.<br />Chauffer: to drive someone in your car.<br />
  6. 6. ComprehensionQuestions<br />Whydoesn’ttheauthorlikethetraditionaldescription of friends as either true or false?<br />He recognizes at leastsixtypes.<br />What are theauthor’ssixtypes of friends?<br />Conveniencefriends, special-interestfriends, long-time friends, cross-generationalfriends, part-of-a-couplefriends, and “best” friends.<br />Whyis Bill importanttotheauthor?<br />He is a father figure and mentor.<br />
  7. 7. ComprehensionQuestions<br />Who are Amanda and Gretta?<br />Theauthor’swife and thewife of a friend.<br />Whois Ken?<br />One of theauthor’stwo “best” friends.<br />
  8. 8. DiscussionTopics<br />Do youthinkit’spossibletohave a true friendshipwith a person of theopposite sex?<br />Isitpossibletobe “friends” withyourparents? Whataboutbeingfriendswithyourteacherorsports coach?<br />
  9. 9. GrammarPresentation<br />
  10. 10. GrammarPresentation<br />
  11. 11. GrammarPresentation<br />
  12. 12. GrammarPresentation<br />
  13. 13. Quick Pairwork<br />Categorizethesesentencesaccordingtowhichpatternstheyrepresent in the charts:<br />I washavingdifficultyfinding a subject for thismonthcolumn.<br />I alsorememberedlearning a rhyme.<br />I seethat my perceivingfriendship in thiswaywasprettysimplistic.<br />I triedtakingthe bus.<br />My brother’spassioniskayaking.<br />We can go for monthsoryearswithoutcontactingeachother.<br />Weenjoyjustcatching up oneachother’sactivities.<br />It’ssomeonewhodoesn’tavoidtellingyouwhatyouneedtohear.<br />Other times wejustlikebeingtogetherwithoutsayingmuch of anything.<br />
  14. 14. Grammar Notes<br />
  15. 15. Grammar Notes<br />
  16. 16. Quick Pairwork<br />GotoAppendix 12 on page A-7.<br />Look throughthelist of verbsfollowedbygerunds and choosefiveto base sentenceson.<br />Writesentences and exchangethemwithyourpartner.<br />
  17. 17. Grammar Notes<br />
  18. 18. Parenthesis<br />ReviewAppendix 13 on page A-7 and scanthelist of adjective + prepositionexpressions.<br />Feel free toaskquestionsyoumayhaveaboutthem.<br />
  19. 19. Grammar Notes<br />
  20. 20. Grammar Notes<br />
  21. 21. Grammar Notes<br />
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