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11 Grade   Infinitives
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11 Grade Infinitives

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Infinitives PowerPoint presentation

Infinitives PowerPoint presentation


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  • 1. Unit 16: INFINITIVES
    PART VI: Gerunds and Infinitives
  • 2. UnitOverview
    Infinitives are used as nouns in manysituations—as subjects, objects, subjectcomplements, and adjectivecomplements. Thisunitpresentsthem in a widerange of functions and forms:
    It+ infinitivephrase: It’sadvisable (for a student) totakegood notes in class.
    Too / enoughwithinfinitives: Theprojectistoocomplicatedtofinishon time. He didn’tcallquicklyenoughtogetthejob.
  • 3. UnitOverview
    Simple and pastforms: Youseemtohaveforgotten.
    Active and passive: Theworkissupposedtobefinishedbytomorrow.
    Elliptical use of to: Steve knew he hadtogotoworkbut he didn’twantto.
    One of thechallengespresentedbyinfinitives and gerundsislearningwhichverbs are followedbyoneortheotherorboth, themost memorable onesbeingthosewherethereis a significantdifference in meaning.
  • 4. Vocabulary
    Syndrome: a set of physicalor mental problemsconsideredtogether as a disease.
    Subconscious: feelings, desires, etc. That are hidden in yourmind, and you do notknowthatyouhavethem.
    Demon: anevilspirit.
    Tornado: anextremelyviolentstormconsisting of air thatspinsveryquickly and causes a lot of damage.
    Reluctant: slow and unwilling.
    Fiancé: themanwhom a womanisgoingtomarry.
  • 5. ComprehensionQuestions
    Whatisthedifferencebetweenprocrastinateand postpone?
    Topostponemeanstoreschedulefor a later time. Toprocrastinatemeanstoavoiddoingsomething.
    Accordingtotheauthor, whatisthereasonforprocrastination?
    Fear of failure.
    Whatthreeprinciplesdoes Dr. Stevens recommendforhisclientswhowantto stop procrastinating?
    (1) Neverputthings off. (2) Don’tavoidpainfulordifficultthings. (3) Carpe diem: Don’tput off living.
  • 6. DiscussionTopics
    Rereadthe short dialogue at thebeginning of thereading. Ifyouwere Steve, whatwouldyouhavesaid?
    In thediscussionaboutBlanche’sprocrastination, whichledto a “failed” party, Blanche “expectstofail” and so delayscallingherfriendsuntilfailureisassured. A dinnerpartywithfriendsshouldnotfailunlessyou try hardtomakeitfail. Whydo people cause theirownfailure? WhatdoesBlanchegetout of having a failedparty?