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Presentation at ETD 2013 Hong Kong (16th International Symposium on Electronic Theses and Dissertations)

Presentation at ETD 2013 Hong Kong (16th International Symposium on Electronic Theses and Dissertations)
25.09.2013

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    Doctoral theses’ research data  and metadata documentation Doctoral theses’ research data and metadata documentation Presentation Transcript

    • Doctoral theses’ research data Doctoral theses’ research data and metadata documentation ETD 2013 Hong Kong 16th International Symposium on Electronic Theses and Dissertations 25.09.2013 Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 1 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Agenda • Motivation • Research data • Context • Examples • Survey results • Aspects Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 2 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Motivation • Research data curation and sharing in times of Open Science • Supplementary material & enhanced publications • Less examples • HU Berlin concept to archive and publish research data Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 3 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Survey on Research Data Management at HU Berlin • 6 weeks in early 2013 • Target group was academic staff at HU Berlin (~2000 persons) • Overall response rate of ~24 % (499) • 117 PhD students from most disciplines (departments and institutes) – Chemistry (13) – Psychology (11) – Social sciences (9) – History (8) – Biology (7) • Important: Participants were not asked to rely answer to a specific type of research data, e.g. only research data based on ETDs Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 4 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Survey on Research Data Management at HU Berlin a) Where does your research data derive from? Please indicate your main sources. Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 5 25.09.2013 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Text documents Experiments Surveys and interviews Observations Statistics and reference data Simulations Other Images Logfiles and usage data
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Survey on Research Data Management at HU Berlin b) Please indicate data types more specifically. Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 6 25.09.2013 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Other Video recordings Multi-dimensional visualisations and models Audio recordings Data specific for your field or instrument Images Programmes and applications Databases Spreadsheets Texts
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Survey on Research Data Management at HU Berlin c) Please indicate specific data types you work with. Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 7 25.09.2013 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Climate modelling Text-corpora / annotations Topographic data Satellite imagery Remote sensing GIS data Patient data Other Surveys Spectra Statistic analysis Measurement series
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Research data definition approach “[…] digital data being a (descriptive) part or the result of a research process. This process covers all stages of research, ranging from research data generation, which may be in an experiment in the sciences, an empirical study in the social sciences or observations of cultural phenomena, to the publication of research results. Digital research data occur in different data types, levels of aggregation and data formats, informed by the research disciplines and their methods. With regards to the purpose of access for use and re-use of research data, digital research data are of no value without their metadata and proper documentation describing their context and the tools used to create, store, adapt, and analyze them.” (Kindling & Schirmbacher, 2013) Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 8 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Relevance and context: Policitical Strategies Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 9 25.09.2013 http://oa.mpg.de/lang/de/berlin-prozess/berliner-erklarung/ http://www.consilium.europa.eu/uedocs/cms_Data/docs/pressdata/en/intm/138118.pdf
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Relevance and context: „Academic Fraud“ Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 10 25.09.2013 http://royalsociety.org/uploadedFiles/Royal_Society_Content/policy/projects/sape/ 2012-06-20-SAOE.pdf http://retractionwatch.wordpress.com/2013/06/12/glaxo-asks-nature-medicine-to- retract-paper-by-fired-company-scientist/
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Relevance and context: Research Integrity Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 11 25.09.2013 http://www.esf.org/index.php?eID=tx_nawsecuredl&u=0&file=fileadmin/be_user/C EO_Unit/MO_FORA/MOFORUM_ResearchIntegrity /Code_Conduct_ResearchIntegrity.pdf&t=1367499587&hash=ac6e154c2fed65fa0d6 54b467ffafb0c0d9ef44d http://www.dfg.de/download/pdf/dfg_im_profil/reden_stellungnahmen/download/ empfehlung_wiss_praxis_0198.pdf
    • Doctoral theses’ research data DFG (1998) Guidelines on safeguarding good scientific practice 12 25.09.2013 http://www.dfg.de/download/pdf/dfg_im_profil/reden_stellungnahmen/download/empfehlung_wiss_praxis_0198.pdf Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Relevance and context: Journal Policies Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 13 25.09.2013 http://www.nature.com/scientificdata/for-authors/data-deposition-policies/ http://www.plosone.org/static/policies.action#sharing
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Relevance and context: Impact on universities • Increasing impact on universities worldwide • Research data management services and support are ahead in UK, USA and Australia (evaluation in HU seminar) • Since some years also a „hot topic“ in German LIS domain on university level • Some German universities already have research data archiving included in their policy • HU Berlin did the first extensive survey on research data management at German universities • Interviews showed that some departments at HU are planning to mandate research data archiving for ETDs Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 14 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Research data features • Research object • Research result • Scholarly communication (published data) • Proof • Retracability/Verifiability • Impact • ETDs: Review and evaluation (exam) • Re-use • Innovation • Financial benefits Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 15 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Research data metadata and documentation General aspects • Interpretation • Reproducability • Re-Use • Less motivation to data documentation • Metadata standards for most disciplines ETDs • Research Integrity (exam) • Citability (PID) • Findability • Extensive data description (part of ETDs), but diverse Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 16 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Survey on Research Data Management at HU Berlin e) Who is currently responsible for storing, back up or archiving your research data? Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 17 25.09.2013 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Library staff Project manager PhD student External service provider Other My assistant CMS staff Special staff Myself
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Survey on Research Data Management at HU Berlin g) Have you ever deposited your research data in a data archive or repository? Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 18 25.09.2013 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 No answer Yes. No, but I intend doing so. No, I do not intend doing so in the near future. No, I was not aware of such option.
    • Doctoral theses’ research data HU Berlin Phd candidates storing data in… A sample of journals and data repositories • www.plosone.org/ • http://www.myexperiment.org/ • Dalton Transaction • Organometallics • SHARE European Social Survey • Scifinder, web of knowledge • Angewandt chemie, chemical communications, chemistry-an European Journal, Journal of the American chemical Society, Journal of Organic Chemistry" • DRYAD • Dropbox (3) • prl.aps.org • Polylog - Zeitschrift für Interkulturelle Philosophie, Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie • http://sfb649.wiwi.hu-berlin.de/fedc/data.php • gesis • SESS Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 19 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Survey on Research Data Management at HU Berlin f) Would you be generally willing to deposit particular research data to an archive or to share it? Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 20 25.09.2013 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Most likely. More likely. I have to consider this option more carefully. Less likely. Not likely.
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Survey on Research Data Management at HU Berlin h) What support or services do you wish to have at HU? Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 21 25.09.2013 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Other I have no need for support or services. Support on compiling a data management plan if requested by a research funder. Advice & guidance on general research data management issues. Advice & guidance on specific issues (e.g. when submitting your research data to a journal along with a manuscript). Advice & guidance on citing and publishing (your own) data. Advice & guidance on technical issues (e.g. metadata, standards, long-term archiving/preservation). Advice & guidance on legal issues (z.B. access restrictions, sensible data, licensing). Secured and backed-up storage for my research data.
    • Doctoral theses’ research data edoc Server HU Berlin Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 22 25.09.2013 http://edoc.hu-berlin.de/docviews/abstract.php?lang=&id=38578 http://edoc.hu-berlin.de/dissertationen/hoefler-carolin-2009-09- 28/PDF/hoefler_anhang.pdf
    • Doctoral theses’ research data edoc Server HU Berlin Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 23 25.09.2013 http://edoc.hu-berlin.de/docviews/abstract.php?lang=&id=38578 http://edoc.hu-berlin.de/dissertationen/hoefler-carolin-2009-09- 28/PDF/hoefler_anhang.pdf
    • Doctoral theses’ research data SULB Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 24 25.09.2013 http://scidok.sulb.uni-saarland.de/volltexte/2009/2416/
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Quocosa (Saxony) Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 25 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data University Bremen & PANGAEA Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 26 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data University Bremen & PANGAEA Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 27 25.09.2013 http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-ep000102570
    • Doctoral theses’ research data University Bremen & PANGAEA Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 28 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data ePIC & PANGAEA Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 29 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data ePIC & PANGAEA Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 30 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data University of Bielefeld Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 31 25.09.2013 http://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/publication/2486950
    • Doctoral theses’ research data University of Bielefeld Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 32 25.09.2013 http://pub.uni-bielefeld.de/publication/2486950
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Examples: Summary • ETD full text including graphs, pictures, tables etc. • ETD full text file + pdf attachments mostly including graphs, pictures and tables) • ETD full text + attachment (zip-files) • ETD full text + linked research data, metadata on ETD • ETD full text + linked research data in institutional repository, metadata on ETD and research data • ETD full text + linked research data in (multi-)disciplinary repository (with PID and metadata/data documentation), metadata on ETD and research data • … However, at least in Germany less examples showing ETDs interlinked with research data. Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 33 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Possible university strategies • Institutional research data repository for archiving – With possibility to publish research data or not – Mandating research data deposit or offering optional deposit service – Zipped data packages – Mostly possible, but not often used • (Multi-)Disciplinary repositories recommended by university – But still for a lot of ‘small sciences’ there is no such infrastructure; very likely an institutional infrastructure is needed – Cross-linking workflow for enhanced publications – Not yet common • Challenges – Disciplinary differences and heterogeneity of research data and research data infrastructures Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 34 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data re3data.org Maxi Kindling Institut für Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaft Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 35 18.09.2013 re3data.org Registry of Research Data Repositories
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Research Data Alliance (RDA) Maxi Kindling Institut für Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaft Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 36 18.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Digital Curation Center (DCC) Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 37 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Some aspects… • Research data definition depending on disciplinary characteristics! • Workflows considering universities‘ settings – Mandating Policy – Documented process in Phd guidelines – Participating committees – Self-deposit? Delivery workflow – Open Access, Embargo, Access restrictions Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 38 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Some aspects… • Metadata and data documentation – Cross-linking between ETD and research data (minimum dc:relations, optimal: „semantic“ linking and exposure via e.g. OAI-ORE) – ETDs data set provided with PIDs – ETDs data description parts – DataCite Metadata: Core Element Set (Identifier, identifierType, Creator, creatorName) – Visibility via NDLTD Union Catalogue, ProQuest etc. Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 39 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Some aspects… • Repository infrastructure – Institutional or disciplinary/multidisciplinary? – Evaluation of repositories as support service from the library? – Long term preservation – Trust and sustainability – Restrictions of file formats, space, … – Legal aspects – Upload/Ingest via data package file (OAIS SIP)? • Training – Awareness – Workshops and training tutorials in Graduate Schools and Phd courses Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 40 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data Thank you very much for your attention! (maxi.kindling@hu-berlin.de, twitter: maxi_ki) Thanks to my colleagues from Electronic Publishing Working Group at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin: Niels Fromm, Sabine Henneberger Peter Schirmbacher, Elena Simukovic, Paul Vierkant, Dennis Zielke German repository community: Götz Hatop, Ulrich Herb, Marten Hoogerwerf, Najko Jahn, Jens Klump, Angela Schäfer, Jochen Schirrwagen, Michaela Voigt, Jan Weiland, Karin Zwiesler Maxi Kindling Berlin School of Library and Information Science Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 41 25.09.2013
    • Doctoral theses’ research data References • Collie, W. Aaron & Witt, Michael (2011) A practice and value proposal for doctoral dissertation data curation. In: The International Journal of Digital Curation 2 (6), 165-175. • Kindling, Maxi, Schirmbacher, Peter & Simukovic, Elena (2013) Forschungsdatenmanagement an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. In: LIBREAS. Library Ideas 23. = http://www.libreas.eu. Will be published soon. • Kindling, Maxi & Schirmbacher, Peter (2013) Die „digitale Forschungswelt“ als Gegenstand der Forschung. In: Information : Wissenschaft und Praxis, 64(2/3): 127-136. = 10.1515/iwp-2013-0017 • NISO (2013) Recommended Practices for Online Supplemental Journal Article Materials- = http://www.niso.org/apps/group_public/download.php/10055/RP-15- 2013_Supplemental_Materials.pdf • Pampel, Heinz et al. (2013) Making research data repositories visible: the re3data.org registry. In: PeerJ Preprints 1:e21v1 = http://dx.doi.org/10.7287/peerj.preprints.21v1 Maxi Kindling Institut für Bibliotheks- und Informationswissenschaft Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin 42 18.09.2013