Cost of corruption in Italy.
The estimate of “… 50/60 billion euro as the cost of corruption, 1000 euro per capita, including the newborn…” is incorrect. The author who submitted this estimate has only considered a part of the “Kauffman Report” 2004 of the World Bank, from which it can be deduced that the cost of corruption in the world amounts to about 3% of the world GDP: hence, according to the author, the 50/60 billion euro amounting to 3% of the Italian GDP.
However, the author has neglected carrying on reading to the passage where the World Bank itself states that: “…First, as shown clearly by the data, the scale of corruption varies significantly from country to country…": this would have been sufficient to avoid a serious mistake, which then became a very serious mistake due to a paradoxical ECO EFFECT, which revived this estimate without any assessment and, in some instances, even assuming higher costs.
Furthermore, from the very text of the World Bank – indicating 3% as overall cost of corruption in the world GDP - emerges that “…the $1 trillion figure, calculated using 2001-02 economic data compares with an estimated size of the world economy at that time of just over US$30 trillion, Kaufmann says, ...”: Italy, therefore, still according to the author of this calculation having no scientific background, would eventually answer for 10% (50/60 billion euro) of the worldwide cost of corruption (1,000 billion US dollar worldwide, amounting to about 700 billion euro).
There is no need to comment on this data.