GeoSpatial Standards in Emergency Management


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What are the opportunities, drivers and obstacles for using (open) geospatial standards across emergency management agencies

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  • Yawn, everybody firmly asleep yet?
  • The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is the only body dedicated to geospatial standards only. However, it works in collaboration with a number of other Standards Development Organisations (SDO), such as IEEE, IETF, NCOIC, OGF, ISO, CEN and OASIS.
  • GeoSpatial Standards in Emergency Management

    1. 1. Examining Strategies for Geospatial INteroperabilityMaurits van der VlugtSpatial Information Strategist, Mercury Project SolutionsCo-Chair, Disaster Management Working Group,Open GeoSpatial Consortium (OGC)<br />
    2. 2.
    3. 3. (geospatial) Standards are boring<br />Boffin Stuff<br />Don’t save lives or property<br />Not a good conversation topic<br />
    4. 4. Have you Heard this before?<br /> “We can't share maps on the Web.” <br /> ”We can't deliver data to different systems.” <br /> "We don't have a common language to speak about our geospatial data or our services.” <br /> "We can't find and pull together data from our automated sensors.”<br /> “We have security issues relating to geospatial data exchange.”<br />
    5. 5. Jan 2011: Floodmaps as PDF<br />
    6. 6. Black Saturday: Fire prediction maps only a desk away (but in paper)<br />
    7. 7. Vic Royal Commission (2010)<br />
    8. 8. WhAt Can standards Bring?<br />Different Systems in Different Agencies Communicate <br />Seamlessly<br />Securely<br />While retaining information content and accuracy<br />Interoperability!<br />“My stuff works with your stuff, and I don’t care where it is, how it works and what the format is.” (Lesley Wyborn – Geoscience Australia)<br />
    9. 9. A Sample –Blue Sky - Scenario<br />Demonstrator Scene<br />National disaster claims centre for Metropolitan Insurance Company (MIC)<br />Type of Incident<br />Damage prevention and assessment as the result of a severe thunderstorm<br />Incident Site<br />Liverpool / Blacktown NSW<br />Main Actors<br />Nicole – national claims manager<br />Brian – console operator<br />
    10. 10. What will we be seeing?<br />1. Live data alert<br />2. Preventive Action<br />3. Impact Analysis<br />4. Claims Analysis<br />5. Publishing<br />
    11. 11. Storm warning comes in<br />Mid-afternoon on a busy weekday<br />Storm approaching Liverpool / Blacktown, tracking south-easterly<br />BOM issues severe weather alert for Liverpool / Blacktown area<br />Brian is on duty in MIC control centre<br />Receives the severe weather alert and previews alert<br />1. Live data alert<br />2. Preventive Action<br />3. Impact Analysis<br />4. Claims Analysis<br />Play Movie <br />(press ‘Esc’ to stop)<br />5. Publishing<br />
    12. 12. A storm is advancing into the Sydney Area <br />The BOM Radar detects the thunderstorm…<br />And broadcasts a warning email<br />The Metropolitan Insurance Co receive the email<br />1.1<br />
    13. 13. The Map Viewer is loaded from Perth<br />In turn, the viewer loads the predefined map…<br />1.1<br />
    14. 14. Scene 2 – Potential threat assessment<br />Brian starts up MIC GIS System<br />Adds live weather feeds from BOM on his console<br />Nicole defines “threat zone”<br />Asks to see impact on MIC’s policy portfolio<br />Property & Motor vehicles<br /># of policy holders affected <br />Total insured value <br />Estimated Claims exposure<br />Instructs call centre not to accept any more business in the area<br />1. Live data alert<br />2. Preventive Action<br />3. Impact Analysis<br />4. Claims Analysis<br />5. Publishing<br />Play Movie <br />(press ‘Esc’ to stop)<br />
    15. 15. The MIC GIS reads base map from PSMA / Mapwerks…<br />Weather information from the Bureau of Meteorology<br />and adds policy holders from the MIC database<br />1.2<br />
    16. 16. Scene 2 - Proactive damage prevention<br />Customer calls wishing to take out a new policy<br />CRM alerts operator that the address falls inside threat zone<br />Customer unable to take out a policy at this time<br />Nicole asks Brian to issue an SMS alert to affected policy holders<br />1. Live data alert<br />2. Preventive Action<br />3. Impact Analysis<br />MIC alert: storm warning Liverpool / Blacktown area. <br />4. Claims Analysis<br />5. Publishing<br />Play Movie <br />(press ‘Esc’ to stop)<br />
    17. 17. Policy Entry tests for addresses in the Exclusion Zone<br />1.3<br />
    18. 18. Scene 3 - Initial damage assessment<br />Within hours, MIC starts receiving claims. <br />All calls are logged and geocoded. <br />Early indications that severe damage is concentrated in 3 areas <br />Based on claims concentration and (verbal) SES reports<br />Warwick Farm, Lansvale & Chipping Norton<br />Brian creates initial damage/affected areas<br />Nicole arranges for a contractor to fly the affected areas to take high resolution aerial photography.<br />1. Live data alert<br />2. Preventive Action<br />3. Impact Analysis<br />4. Claims Analysis<br />5. Publishing<br />Play Movie <br />(press ‘Esc’ to stop)<br />
    19. 19. Scene 3 – Impact analysis<br />Aerial photography contractor provides imagery via a web service<br />Brian starts specialised Image Analysis tool<br />Compares “before” and “after” imagery<br />Refines affected areas<br />1. Live data alert<br />2. Preventive Action<br />3. Impact Analysis<br />4. Claims Analysis<br />5. Publishing<br />Play Movie <br />(press ‘Esc’ to stop)<br />View Online <br />(opens browser window)<br />
    20. 20. New aerial photography is flown…<br />And compared with previous archival photography<br />To define affected areas<br />1.5-1.7<br />
    21. 21. Scene 4 – Claims analysis<br />1. Live data alert<br />2. Preventive Action<br />3. Impact Analysis<br />4. Claims Analysis<br />5. Publishing<br />Nicole spots inconsistencies in expected pattern of claims<br />Claims outside affected areas<br />Policy holders in affected areas not submitting claims<br />Earmarks these claims/policies for further investigation<br />
    22. 22. Spatial analysis of claims<br />Claim in affected area<br />No claim in affected area<br />Claim NOT in affected area<br />Policies<br />Claims<br />1.8<br />
    23. 23. Scene 5 - Publishing<br />1. Live data alert<br />2. Preventive Action<br />3. Impact Analysis<br />4. Claims Analysis<br />5. Publishing<br /><ul><li>Brian prepares customised map data and publishes this on the MIC Intranet for loss assessors to use</li></ul>Play Movie <br />(press ‘Esc’ to stop)<br />
    24. 24. What did we see?<br />1. Live data alert<br />2. Preventive Action<br />3. Impact Analysis<br />4. Claims Analysis<br />5. Publishing<br />1. Live data alert<br />Weather alert issued with live data viewer<br />Helps MIC assess event significance<br /><ul><li>Predicted storm track helps define threat area
    25. 25. Exclude new policies; warn policy holders by SMS
    26. 26. Save time and money</li></ul>2. Preventive Action<br /><ul><li>“Before” and “after” imagery services
    27. 27. Change analysis
    28. 28. Accurately define affected areas</li></ul>3. Impact Analysis<br />4. Claims Analysis<br /><ul><li>Identify anomalies
    29. 29. Better service delivery
    30. 30. Efficient use of resources
    31. 31. Publish once, use many
    32. 32. Standard maps to assist assessors</li></ul>5. Publishing<br />
    33. 33. Blue Sky?<br />Demonstrated in 2005<br />Live, online web services<br />6 different vendors & systems<br />Out-of-the-box technology<br />Using Open Geospatial Standards<br />So why don’t we have this working in 2011?<br />
    34. 34. Open geospatial (or location) standards <br />© 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium<br />
    35. 35. Standards are like parachutes: they work best when they're open.<br />Mary McRae, OASIS<br />
    36. 36. What is an open standard?<br />Freely and publicly available,<br /> Non discriminatory,<br /> No license fees<br /> and<br />Agreed through formal consensus, <br /> Vendor neutral,<br /> Data neutral.<br />Open standards does not mean open source.<br />Paper on Open Source and Open Standards:<br />© 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium<br />
    37. 37. © 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium<br />29<br />It’s all about consensus<br />
    38. 38. OGC Standards You may know?<br />KML (Keyhole Markup Language)<br />WMS (Web Mapping Service)<br />GML (Geographic Markup Language)<br />Open GeoSMS<br />
    39. 39. Example worldwide standard: KML<br />Michael Weiss-Malik, <br />Google KML product manager<br />“What OGC brings to the table is…everyone has confidence we won’t take advantage of the format or change it in a way that will harm anyone... Governments like to say they can publish to OGC KML instead of Google KML “<br />© 2011 Open Geospatial Consortium<br />
    40. 40. Cross-platform Open GeoSMS<br />,-77.030275&GeoSMS<br />I am here for OGC TC Meeting.<br />Let’s watch the NBA final game 5 tonight!<br />
    41. 41. Real practice in Taiwan<br />Venders/Services that have adapted Open GeoSMS<br />Open GeoSMS<br />Enabled Service<br />
    42. 42. Free App: Open GeoSMSer<br />Free download from Android Marketplace<br />Get GPS data and send Open GeoSMS to your contact<br />Receive Open GeoSMS, bring up map and POI info<br />Developed with Open GeoSMS SDK from ITRI<br />
    43. 43. Summary<br />Standards may be boring, but Interoperability is Critical<br />Technology is not the problem<br />Publish data as open, standard web-services<br />Others can use it<br />Timely, Transparent, Accurate<br />Closed systems are no longer acceptable<br />
    44. 44. Thank You<br /><br /><br />Twitter: @mvandervlugt<br />OGC:<br />Slide Acknowledgements:<br />Steven Ramage (OGC)<br />Spatial Business Industry Association (SIBA)<br />