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Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
Cloud forum-lessons-learned-20110405c-final
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  • Samuel F. Averitt Angel Diaz
  • Competitive pressures— more intense and sophisticated Market dynamics— everything happens faster Cost of sustaining/increasing market share— greater technology dependency Customer expectations— higher performance/productivity
  • Orange - IT EXECS Red – Business EXECS
  • Culture Turf Legacy Conditioned Behavior/Thinking Intellectual Capital Deficit Lack of TCO Accountability NC State’s experiences serve to highlight both the larger business opportunities and challenges in moving to the cloud—challenges despite strongly supporting evidence/justification to the contrary. These experiences, while occurring in the education business sector, nonetheless have direct parallels across all business sectors and thus they provide a working compendium of cloud dynamics.
  • Risk— the business environment is increasingly dynamic, plan and act accordingly TOC— avoid “penny wise and dollar foolish” strategies Exit Cost— ”you can check out anytime but you can never leave”
  • Risk— the business environment is increasingly dynamic, plan and act accordingly TOC— avoid “penny wise and dollar foolish” strategies Exit Cost— ”you can check out anytime but you can never leave”
  • Key Point: In moving to the cloud, the biggest challenge is organizational, not technical.
  • Key Point: Make design and architectural decisions with those new metrics and goals in mind. DMTF Open Virtualization Format (OVF) http://www.dmtf.org/standards/ovf Description: a packaging standard designed to address the portability and deployment of virtual appliances.
  • Key Point: The cloud can change your organization's metrics and goals.
  • Key Point: Success depends on business outcomes, not technology—technology is just an enabler.
  • Key Point: Change is constant, embracing change will help increase ROI.
  • Key Point: Remember, technology is not the solution, it's a complex, high-maintenance tool
  • Key Point: Cloud computing is not a panacea—there are major obstacles that can limit and undermine the value proposition.
  • Key Point: The cloud allows you to support a wider range of custom environments and deliver them to a larger audience than ever before. DMTF Cloud Management WG Description : Deliverables: Protocol Requirement and Model for IaaS APIs.
  • Key Point: NC State and IBM are collaborating on development of a component-wise upward migration path for when/where open-source tools are inadequate. The Open Group (TOG) http://www.opengroup.org/cloudcomputing Description: TOG Cloud Work Group is focused on enabling buyers and suppliers to include Cloud Computing technology in their architecture.
  • Key Point: The cloud beckons and challenges us to restructure our people investment away from infrastructure and toward business results.
  • Key Point: With the cloud, you don't have to choose between efficiency and effectiveness.
  • Key Point: To maximize ROI, your cloud needs to support and wide range of workflows (jobs), collectively orchestrated for optimal business value.
  • Key Point : The cloud empowers evolutionary change, thereby providing a mechanism for mitigating disruption and promoting buy-in.
  • DMTF Cloud Audit Working Group http://dmtf.org/ OASIS Cloud Identity Management Technical Committee http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_home.php?wg_abbrev=id-cloud Description: Address the security challenges posed by identity management in cloud computing. The TC identifies gaps in existing identity management standards and investigates the need for profiles to achieve interoperability within current standards.
  • The Open Group (TOG) http://www.opengroup.org/cloudcomputing Description: TOG Cloud Work Group is focused on enabling buyers and suppliers to include Cloud Computing technology in their architecture. DMTF Cloud Audit Working Group http://dmtf.org/ Description: Standard data and interface models for federating cloud audit events, logs and reports OASIS Cloud Identity Management Technical Committee http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_home.php?wg_abbrev=id-cloud Description: Address the security challenges posed by identity management in cloud computing. The TC identifies gaps in existing identity management standards and investigates the need for profiles to achieve interoperability within current standards. DMTF Open Virtualization Format (OVF) http://www.dmtf.org/standards/ovf Description: a packaging standard designed to address the portability and deployment of virtual appliances.
  • The Open Group (TOG) http://www.opengroup.org/cloudcomputing Description: TOG Cloud Work Group is focused on enabling buyers and suppliers to include Cloud Computing technology in their architecture. DMTF Cloud Audit Working Group http://dmtf.org/ Description: Standard data and interface models for federating cloud audit events, logs and reports OASIS Cloud Identity Management Technical Committee http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_home.php?wg_abbrev=id-cloud Description: Address the security challenges posed by identity management in cloud computing. The TC identifies gaps in existing identity management standards and investigates the need for profiles to achieve interoperability within current standards. DMTF Open Virtualization Format (OVF) http://www.dmtf.org/standards/ovf Description: a packaging standard designed to address the portability and deployment of virtual appliances.
  • Transcript

    • 1.  
    • 2. Lessons Learned: Business agility through open standards & cloud Samuel F. Averitt Vice Provost Information Technology North Carolina State University Angel Diaz Vice President, IBM Software Standards
    • 3. Agenda – Chart your path, but remember these lessons <ul><li>Market forces are driving a new way of thinking about business technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Today’s IT infrastructure is under tremendous pressure and is finding it difficult to keep up … </li></ul><ul><li>Open Standards: Invention? Or Reinvention? </li></ul><ul><li>North Carolina State University: Real stories, real lessons, and real successes </li></ul><ul><li>How can you get engaged! </li></ul>
    • 4. Market forces are driving a new way of thinking about business technology to increase awareness and control over their business processes for Greater Business Agility <ul><li>Greater business understanding and measurement </li></ul><ul><li>Rich, integrated information, transactions, security and decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility-enabling technologies </li></ul><ul><li>New social and collaboration capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency in IT and capital expenditures </li></ul>To fuel new growth while optimizing costs organizations must leverage:
    • 5. Business leaders reveal a particular desire to use cloud to make their processes leaner, faster and more agile To What Extent Do the Following Aspects of the Cloud Value Proposition Appeal, As it Pertains to Your Job? Answer Selected: Appeals to a Great Extent Source:”Cloud will Transform Business as We Know It: The Secret’s in the Source”, Hfs Research, and the London School of Economics, December, 2010
    • 6. We are reaching a breaking point … In distributed computing environments, up to 85 percent of computing capacity sits idle Percentage of executives who report a security breach and aren’t confident they can prevent future breaches 70 percent is spent on maintaining current IT infrastructures versus adding new capabilities Percentage of CIOs who want to improve the way they use and manage their data 85% idle 70 cents per US$1 80% 78% Today’s IT infrastructure is under tremendous pressure and is finding it difficult to keep up…
    • 7. Open Standards: Invention? Or Reinvention? Or is it somewhere in between…? reinventing standards using existing standards vendor-driven standards customer-driven standards proprietary clouds open, interoperable clouds OR OR OR
    • 8. The reinvention of standards for cloud HTTP, HTML, WSFL, XLANG, REST… Dawn of the world wide web Java, Java EE, XML, XML Schema, SOAP, WSDL, UML, Web2.0, ... WS*, WS-I, SCA, BPEL, SAML, XACML … BPMN, SBVR, RIF, … Advent of cloud Open Virtualization Format, IaaS APIs, Cloud Management, Cloud Audit, Reference Architecture, <ul><li>IBM has been involved in standards since their inception in IT industry </li></ul><ul><li>IBM spends millions each year on open standards . </li></ul><ul><li>IBM has made substantial donations to the open source & standards ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of IBMers are involved in standards & regulatory activities </li></ul><ul><li>IBM is currently engaged in over 400+ specifications & standards organizations . </li></ul>Rise of the application server Service orientation Business agility <ul><li>Cloud builds on every other era of cloud computing. It’s a reinvention </li></ul><ul><li>Customers expect a more holistic view of an open cloud with standards across BPaaS, SaaS, PaaS, IaaS as well as deployment models (public, private & hybrid). </li></ul>IBM’s sustained leadership in fostering open standards
    • 9. The reality of cloud standards Dozens of new communities and organizations have formed around cloud standards including industries and governments (e.g. China CESI).
    • 10. Cloud Standards Customer Council <ul><ul><li>Drive user requirements into standards development process. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish the criteria for open standards based cloud computing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deliver content in the form of best practices, case studies, use cases, requirements, gap analysis and recommendations for cloud standards. </li></ul></ul>On April 7, 2011 industry leaders from across the world formed the first customer led consortium designed to shape the face of open standards based cloud computing. Join your colleagues including Citi Group, Lockheed Martin, State Street, Open Management Group, North Carolina State University and over 40 other organizations! <ul><ul><li>Participation –. Primarily C-Level executive, VP of Development, IT management, Enterprise architects, cloud strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meetings – Monthly virtual meetings. Quarterly face-to-face co-located at OMG events. Participation through forums and subgroups. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oversight – Managed by OMG with IBM sponsorship (similar to SOA Consortium) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leadership – Founding members form steering committee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards Development – This group will not produce standards but will provide guidance to existing standards development organizations </li></ul></ul>Structure <ul><ul><li>Web Presence- Community, Webcasts, Case studies, blog, vendor showcase, whitepapers, case studies awards. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Candidate Deliverables – ready to use content in the form of use cases, case studies, requirements, gap analysis and recommendations for cloud standards, and training. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness – Drumbeat of awareness utilizing events, press, books, analysts partnerships and media. </li></ul></ul>Deliverables http://www.cloudcustomercouncil.org/membership-application.htm
    • 11. Day of Launch Council Participation Over 40 companies at day of launch is the largest in OMG history !
    • 12. Lessons Learned in 5 easy pieces gffg 1 Opportunity and Risk Expanding the art of the possible gffg 2 Cloud Business Model “Change or change not, there is no try” gffg 3 Standardized Customization A business differentiator gffg 4 Total Cost of Ownership It’s your business, what’s your use case gffg 5 Tomorrow’s children shaping the future of cloud computing
    • 13. North Carolina State University Circa 2004 &quot; We reached a critical point – at a time when we were confronting serious challenges to the campus’ student computing model, the NC Supercomputing Center closed due to state funding cuts. Unfortunately, only 50% of the amount needed to solve both problems was available, leaving us with the option of doing both services poorly or  inventing a novel solution without any reassuring evidence that one existed. We chose latter course of action, daunting being preferable to failure, and the rest is history.” - Mladen A. Vouk, Head of Computer Science, and Associate Vice-Provost for Information Technology
    • 14. Opportunity and Risk - expanding the art of the possible The NC State Virtual Computing Lab NCSU VCL Open Sourced IBM lntell Blades Apache VCL NCSC Closes VAVCL Award Global interest IBM, NCP-P 2011 2009 2010 2008 2006 2007 2005 2004 BEFORE Inflection FUTURE <ul><ul><li>Unresolvable Problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Siloed investments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations in flexibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution disrupted established turf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural response was resistive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Core Design Principals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplicity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scalability </li></ul></ul>
    • 15. Opportunity and Risk - expanding the art of the possible Service Architecture Ownership Defining the Cloud - Decision points that defined the Virtual Computing Lab Your Cloud decision involves three key questions: what’s the service type, the architecture, and the ownership model. Private Open Standards Proprietary DMTF Open Virtualization Format (OVF) - http://www.dmtf.org/standards/ovf Public PaaS AaaS IaaS HaaS
    • 16. Opportunity and Risk - expanding the art of the possible Defining the Cloud - Decision points that defined the Virtual Computing Lab <ul><ul><li>Integration versus Invention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability versus Failure Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standardization vs. proprietary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HPC versus Server & Processor Farm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good programmers write great code, great programmers innovatively repurpose existing code - The world is littered with great SW code waiting for context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the hardware cost and capability differential? Think like IBM! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embrace exception, to what sigma can/must the cloud be application agnostic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How far can an HPC platform be cost-effectively devolved into the commodity application space? </li></ul></ul>
    • 17. Cloud Business Model - “change or change not, there is no try” - it’s a paradigm shift or not <ul><li>How did NC State break down the silos and disrupt the status quo ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technic al – IT orthogonal to campus needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>make relevant – sandboxes & fortresses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operationa l - server hugging, emotionally satisfying but an economic train wreak </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>circa 2004 inspection - ”campus is littered with dead and dysfunctional clusters” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political - the “not invented here” phobia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>take wins - the willing and the desperate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>get out of middle – customer choice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>don’t be part of problem—gatekeeper versus enabler </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>let a winning solution speaks for itself </li></ul></ul></ul>Focus on business outcomes - customers vote with their “feet”
    • 18. Cloud Business Model - “change or change not, there is no try” - it’s a paradigm shift or not Change is constant, embrace change to increase ROI and control spending <ul><li>Operationally Driven ROI Improvement – How can you do more with what you have? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiuse - resource allocation and utilization as a sliding window </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reuse - a multi-tiered value proposition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leverage - versus duplication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>personal technology—embrace customer at the point of investment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>community/user expertise—the smartphone app analogy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilities - the data center advantage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge – data validated decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People – no pain, no gain </li></ul></ul>
    • 19. Cloud Business Model - “change or change not, there is no try” - it’s a paradigm shift or not <ul><li>Programmatically Driven ROI Improvement – How can you do better where it matters most? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partners Program - technology is not the solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3yr support for unused cycles –aggregated versus individual view </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>institutional validation – compelling TCO forces change </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>federal agency validation – power of the converted </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching and Learning - the core business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>computing lab—long-tail anachronism </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STEM distance education- for real </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learning—concepts in the real-world </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 20. Cloud Business Model - “change or change not, there is no try” - it’s a paradigm shift or not <ul><li>Insidious Threats – barriers to cloud adoption and realization of potential? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SW licensing – the legal fray has just begun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Applications are somewhat problematic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Operating Systems much more so </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security (or maybe not) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TCO – pervasive failure of accountability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exit cost </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity cost—innovation lost </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reinvention—mom I’d rather do it myself </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tribal Thinking—not my problem, job, … </li></ul></ul></ul>
    • 21. Standardized Customization- a business differentiator DEFCON 9 Biosurveillance: potential but improbable cataclysm Addressing Equity Crossing the digital divide Normalization of Extremes TinkerPlot to supernova simulations The Case for Radically Dynamic Customization DMTF Cloud Management Working Group Will extreme become the norm for cloud computing? NC state and IBM are working together to push the limits of what you can and should expect from your cloud.
    • 22. Standardized Customization - a business differentiator User Interface (web portal) VCL Scheduler Database xCAT ESXi Hslt KVM Image Library Accomplish deployments represents undifferentiated resources reservations inventory mappings privileges metadata image files metadata install tree profiles access point auth/auth selection tools API X MLRPC process requests load nodes reclaim nodes MySQL, DB2, Derby IBM HTTP Server (HIS) TPM 7.2 IL w/ ITM 6.2 agents TCR New Nodes New Nodes ITUAM MariaDB IBM Director w/VSP VCL runs on WebSphere CloudBurst ▀ VCL Core ▀ Tested & working ▀ In progress or planned TPM VCL-IBM SWG Integrated Cloud Architecture The Open Group (TOG) Cloud Architecture - http://www.opengroup.org/cloudcomputing Virtual Computing Lab Apache foundation - http://incubator.apache.org/projects/vcl.html Provisioning Engines Physical Deployer Virtual Deployer New Deployer Module Management Node VCL Daemon New Resource Type New Provisioning Manager Nodes Nodes Nodes Nodes IBM Cloud as Provisioning Node Mirage Technology Runs on VCL
    • 23. TCO - it’s your business, what’s your use case People – must move up the value chain minimize Operate, Maintain, Sustain Time, Impact, Duplication People cost Value, Use optimize productivity Make the case for how people can better work together in their value chain to exceed market demands . Infrastructure Professionals Business Professionals Available, Usable, Relevant
    • 24. TCO - it’s your business, what’s your use case Infrastructure - it’s about services, not systems Homogenized, Centralized and Marginally Flexible Frameworks Diverse, Autonomous and Highly Flexible Frameworks Efficiency Effectiveness Traditional Infrastructure The Cloud Has your business moved beyond infrastructure? ? ? ?
    • 25. TCO - it’s your business, what’s your use case <ul><li>The business processes of cloud management - integration, optimization, and management of workflows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A comprehensive cloud computing solution is one capable of providing an arbitrary mix of computing environments delivered as differentiated and undifferentiated, stateful and stateless, scheduled and on-demand, services. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The blending of enterprise workflows is the key mechanism in unlocking the cloud’s potential for dramatic gains in ROI </li></ul></ul>Clearly describe practices, checklists, and tasks ensures success!
    • 26. Tomorrow’s children - the future of cloud computing LOW HIGH Efficient Effective Replicate The value of the cloud is in what it can do React Anticipate think Creatively Differentiate act Predictively Incremental Change – evolution vs. revolution Logistically Strategically LOW HIGH
    • 27. Tomorrow’s children - the future of cloud computing <ul><li>Scalable Security - security is a relative absolute </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple is better - complex is the enemy of secure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HaaS is a differentiator </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agility is essential ( NCB-Prepared ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sub-clouds within the Cloud </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sub-clouds behind the (data owner’s) firewall </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Portability mitigates future shock </li></ul></ul></ul>The value of the cloud is in what it can do DMTF Cloud Audit Working Group - http://dmtf.org/ OASIS Cloud Identity TC - http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tc_home.php?wg_abbrev=id-cloud
    • 28. Pop quiz: Open standards for the cloud discussed today! <ul><li>DMTF Cloud Audit Working Group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Description: Standard data and interface models for federating cloud audit events, logs and reports </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OASIS Cloud Identity Management TC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Address the security challenges posed by identity management in cloud computing. The TC identifies gaps in existing identity management standards and investigates the need for profiles to achieve interoperability within current standards. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DMTF Open Virtualization Format (OVF) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Description: a packaging standard designed to address the portability and deployment of virtual appliances. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Open Group (TOG) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TOG Cloud Work Group is focused on enabling buyers and suppliers to include Cloud Computing technology in their architecture. </li></ul></ul>“ The Open Group sincerely thanks IBM for the generous contribution of its Cloud Computing Reference Architecture (CC RA) to The Open Group’s Cloud Computing Work Group,” said Dave Lounsbury, Chief Technology Officer, The Open Group . “Having CC RA as a foundation to work from and build open consensus on will significantly accelerate the Cloud Work Group’s Cloud Architecture”
    • 29. Pop quiz: What are your five lessons learned?
    • 30. How can you get engaged! <ul><li>Learn about IBM cloud solutions at: ibm.com/cloud </li></ul><ul><li>The IBM Cloud Adoption Advisor can help you get started: www14.software.ibm.com/iwm/web/cc/flash2/cra/en/us/Tool.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Join the Cloud Standards Customer Council www.cloudcustomercouncil.org/membership-application.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Explore common use cases for cloud computing cloudusecases.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Learn more about the Virtual Computing Lab Apache foundation incubator.apache.org/projects/vcl.html </li></ul>

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