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Watering Systems for Rotational Grazing
 

Watering Systems for Rotational Grazing

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Overview, with, examples of designing systems to supply drinking water to cattle and other livestock in management-intensive rotational grazing systems

Overview, with, examples of designing systems to supply drinking water to cattle and other livestock in management-intensive rotational grazing systems

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    Watering Systems for Rotational Grazing Watering Systems for Rotational Grazing Presentation Transcript

    • Watering Systems % Soil Organica Matter Paddock Designs • Hub and Wheel – Central water, gathering point • Texas Block – Water in every paddock • New Zealand Block – Lane to water and paddocks • Strip Break – Front and back fence – Frequent moves
    • Watering Systems % Soil Organica Matter Water Location Water limits paddock design. Water will control utilization. Water in every paddock ideal. Permanent water points become focus of nutrient export and animal impact. • Lanes to water can become seasonal “sacrifice areas.” • • • • •
    • Watering Systems % Soil Organica Matter Water Quantity
    • Watering Systems Water Quantity Water Quantity % Soil Organica Matter Livestock Water needed per Water needed per Animal (50̊ Day) Animal (90̊ Day) Dry Cow 8-12 gallons 20-30 gallons Lactating Beef 12-20 gallons 25-35 gallons Lactating Dairy 20-30 gallons 30-40 gallons 600 lb Steers 6-9 gallons 10-15 gallons Horses 8-12 gallons 20-25 gallons Sheep and goats 2-3 gallons 3-4 gallons
    • % Soil Organica Matter Watering Systems Mississippi State , 2008
    • Watering Systems Water Quantity % Soil Organica Matter Lanes
    • Stabilized Stream Crossings Diagrams Courtesy : Kerr Center for Sustainable Agriculture
    • The stabilized stream crossing has been sloped 5:1 and dug 10” below the level of the stream. Sand is then hauled in.
    • The sand after it has been spread, 3 inches deep.
    • Geotextile fabric (8 mil.) is next placed on the sand. We used rebar with washers welded on top to secure the fabric in place. The rebar is driven into the ground on all corners and on the upstream edge.
    • Next we put down four sheets of geocell. The geocell is 6” deep and comes in 8’ x 20’ honeycomb sheets. Notice that the corners are held in place by temporary rebar driven into the ground.
    • The geotextile fabric in place.
    • Rock is then hauled in and dumped onto the geocell. It fills the honeycomb structure and remains in place. Before the tractor drives over the recently filled section of geocell, the rebar is removed to prevent puncturing the tires.
    • % Soil Organica Matter Watering Systems Gravity Flow Pipe lays flat on the bottom of the pond anchor by a cement block and the upright pieces have several holes drilled in them to allow water flow into but not wildlife.
    • Watering Systems Water Quantity % Soil Organica Matter Gravity Flow
    • % Soil Organica Matter Watering Systems
    • Watering Systems Water Quantity % Soil Organica Matter Solar
    • Watering Systems % Soil Organica Matter Solar Folds down for highway transport Easily moved with an all terrain vehicle 600 Galloon capacity 27 lineal ft. of drinking area Low trough for calves to drink Extremely balanced and easy to set up
    • Example Sundog Solar Link @ powerflexfence.com
    • Watering Systems % Soil Organica Matter Portable Water Systems
    • Watering Systems Fence-Line Weaning
    • Watering Systems % Soil Organica Matter Used tires for tanks
    • When the water source is near their grazing, even herd animals tend to drink individually. If they have to walk a distance to water, they tend to travel as a group. The more watering points and the closer they are, the better the nutrient distribution.
    • Watering Systems % Soil Organica Matter Water Quantity
    • Watering Systems Water Quantity % Soil Organica Matter Sling Pump & Nose Pump
    • • Designing a water system for future expansion may be the best option for beginners with limited funds. o Many producers use pipes and portable waters to create movable water systems and design permanent systems based on this experience. • Flexiblity in locating water within paddocks should be part of any final design. Henson Bottoms 220 Acres
    • Watering Systems Water Quantity % Soil Organica Matter Water Wagons
    • Watering Systems % Soil Organica Matter Water Quantity Questions?