National ATON/PATON Power Point Ch 2 & 3

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USCG Auxiliary training material for Aid Verifiers

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  • Your first task in this section is to identify the two IALA regions. The two region are the IALA A and IALA B. The majority of the US is IALA B. Because Guam and Saipan are located on the West side of the International date line they are IALA A. What is the significant differences between the two regions?
  • Identify the colors, numbers or letters and shapes in the US lateral System. a. Starboard lateral aid b. Port lateral aid c. Preferred channel aid d. Safe water aid e. Isolated danger mark f. Special purpose buoys g. Regulatory marks h. Wreck i. Ranges j. Port and starboard lateral aids (Western Rivers System) k. Port and starboard crossing daybeacons (Western Rivers System) l. Mile boards (Western Rivers System) m. Port and starboard lateral aids (Intracoastal Waterway)
  • Starboard lateral aid - Red, even, Red light, Nun or trianglePort Lateral aid - Green, Odd, Green light, Can or SquarePreferred channel aid - two color horizontal preferred channel on top. Lettered, shape depends on preferred side,
  • Isolated danger mark - Color: Black with one or more red horizontal band(s). Buoy: Optional, but not conflicting with lateral marks; pillar, spar preferred. Topmark (if practical): always fitted with double spheres.Safe water aid - Color: Red and white vertical stripes. Buoy: Spherical; pillar or spar with spherical topmark. Topmark (if any): Single red sphere. Lights (if any) whiteRanges - 3 Vertical Stripes with center stripe contrasting. Horitzonal. Front range mark lower than rear range mark. Lights may be red, white or green as long as easily identifiable from surround shore lightsSpecial Marks -Color: Yellow. Buoy: Optional, but not conflicting with lateral marks. Topmark (if any): Single yellow “X” shape. Lights (if any) yellow, but not conflicting with white lights.Regulatory Marks - Informational in purpose White with Orange border with info within border. If lighted White light only
  • Wreck & Wreck Buoys – Either Red or Green. Marked “WR” with number or little wreck symbol.
  • In order to conduct PATON verifications within the 14th Coast Guard District you need to complete the training provided by the Coast Guard PATON manager. Do not confuse this with making a report on a discrepancy.
  • National ATON/PATON Power Point Ch 2 & 3

    1. 1. District 14
    2. 2. Auxiliary Aids to Navigation (ATON) Verifier 2.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - US Aids to Navigation System • 2.1 Identify the two IALA regions for the United States and state the region applicable to the trainee.  IALA Region A U.S. lateral aids to navigation at certain Pacific Islands (West of the international date line) are located within IALA Region A and thus exhibit opposite color significance. Port hand marks are red with square or cylindrical shapes while starboard hand marks are green with triangular or conical shapes.  IALA Region B Virtually all U.S. lateral marks are located in IALA Region B and follow the traditional 3R rule of Red, Right, Returning.
    3. 3. Auxiliary Aids to Navigation (ATON) Verifier 2.2.a-c State the characteristics including color, shape, number or letters, and light color of the following aids: (Lateral System)
    4. 4. 2.2.a-c U. S. Marking System Lateral System Starboard lateral aid Port Lateral aid Preferred channel aid
    5. 5. Auxiliary Aids to Navigation (ATON) Verifier 2.2.a-i State the characteristics including color, shape, number or letters, and light color of the following aids: (Lateral System) R “WR2” G “WR3” Starboard lateral aid Port Lateral aid Preferred channel aid
    6. 6. Auxiliary Aids to Navigation (ATON) Verifier 2.2.d-i State the characteristics including color, shape, number or letters, and light color of the following aids: (Non Lateral System)
    7. 7. 2.2.d & e U. S. Marking System Non-Lateral System Isolated Danger BuoySafe water Buoy
    8. 8. 2.2.f & G U. S. Marking System Non-Lateral System 10/11/2013 Special purpose buoy 8 Regulatory Buoy
    9. 9. 2.2.h & i U. S. Marking System Non Lateral System Range 9 Wreck & Wreck Buoys
    10. 10. 2.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - US Aids to Navigation System 2.2.a-i State the characteristics including color, shape, number or letters, and light color of the following aids: Non Lateral System R “WR2” G “WR3” Safe water aid Isolated danger mark Special purpose buoy Regulatory mark Wreck & Wreck Buoys Ranges
    11. 11. 2.2. j. State the characteristics including color, shape, number or letters, and light color of the following aids: (Western River System)  Western Rivers (Mississippi River and it’s tributaries)differ from the U.S. Marking system as follows:  The conventional direction of buoyage is from the mouth to head of navigation. Local terminology describes aids as Right or Left descending bank (RDB or LDB) j. Port & Starboard Lateral Aids are not numbered or lettered  Safe water & Isolated danger marks are not used
    12. 12. 2.2. j. State the characteristics including color, shape, number or letters, and light color of the following aids: (Western River System)
    13. 13. 2.2. k. & l. State the characteristics including color, shape, number or letters, and light color of the following aids: (Western River System) K. Port & Starboard Crossing daybeacons: Show where traffic is to move from one side of the bank to the other. Up bound takes the points, Down bound takes the bends.  Color: Red-and-White or Green-and-White  Shape: Diamond Light & Characteristic: Same as LDB/RDB marks l. Mile Boards: Mile markers indicate the distance upstream from the mouth of the river Port Mile Boards Even Numbers Starboard Mile Boards Odd Numbers
    14. 14.  Runs from Manasquan NJ to Brownsville TX Differs only from U.S. marking system in that ICW aids show distinctive identifying symbols  Conventional Direction of Buoyage is the same as the East and Gulf Coasts  Identifying Marks – Starboard Marks: Yellow Triangle – Port Marks: Yellow Square – Non-lateral ICW Mark: 2” Yellow Strip on bottom 2.2.m State the characteristics including color, shape, number or letters, and light color of the following aids: (Intracoastal Waterway) 14 13
    15. 15. 2.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - US Aids to Navigation System 2.3 State the characteristics of the following lights:
    16. 16. 2.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - US Aids to Navigation System 2.3 State the characteristics of the following lights:
    17. 17. 2.4 Demonstrate the ability to use a stopwatch for timing a lighted aid : STANDARD LIGHT PHASE RHYTHM TIMING CHART RHYTHM CHARACTERISTIC DESCRIPTAON FLASHER PER MINUTE Q 0.3 sec fl, 07 sec off 60 MO (A) 0.4 sec fl, 0.6 sec off 2.0 sec fl, 5.0 sec off 30 (2 min) FL 2.5 0.3 sec fl, 2.2 sec off 24 FL 4.0 0.4 sec fl, 3.6 sec off 15 FL 6.0 0.6 sec fl, 5.4 sec off 10 FL (2) 5 0.4 sec fl, 0.6 sec off 0.4 sec fl, 3.6 sec off 24 FL (2) 6 1.0 sec fl, 1.0 sec off 1.0 sec fl, 3.0 sec off 20 FL (2+1) 6 0.3 sec fl, 0.4 sec off 0.3 sec fl, 1.2 sec off 0.3 sec fl, 3.5 sec off 30 IOS 6 3.0 sec fl, 3.0 sec off 10 OC 4 3.0 sec fl, 1.0 sec off 15 F (fixed) Continuous Steady Light Continuous Note: Always check light for a minimum of 1 minute
    18. 18. 3.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - Private Aids to Navigation (PATON) • 3.1 Describe the documentation from which the CG and Auxiliary obtain the authority for Private Aids to Navigation.  COMMANDANT INSTRUCTION 16500.16A - CG AUXILIARY AIDS TO NAVIGATION PROGRAM  COMDTINST M16500.7A AIDS TO NAVIGATION MANUAL – ADMINISTRATION  CHAPTER 5 -NON COAST GUARD MAINTAINED AIDS  Ch 5.B. Private Aids to Navigation  Ch 5.B.3. Inspection and Verification of Private Aids to Navigation.  Ch 5.B.3.(1) Inspection: An inspection is defined as Coast Guard personnel or Coast Guard Auxiliary performing a hands-on check  Ch 5.B.3.(2) Verification: A verification by Coast Guard or Coast Guard Auxiliary personnel determining if the aid operating as advertised.  Ch 5.B.4. Use of the Coast Guard Auxiliary
    19. 19. 3.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - Private Aids to Navigation (PATON) • 3.2 Explain the penalty for failure to comply with PATON regulations. U.S. Code - Title 14: Coast Guard 14 USC 83 - Sec. 83. Unauthorized aids to maritime navigation; penalty  Whoever violates the provisions of this section or any of the regulations issued by the Secretary in accordance herewith shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be fined not more than $100 Per day for each offense. • 3.3 Explain the difference between the following types of PATONs: a. Class I  Legally Obligated by Owner & required by the Coast Guard  LLNR assigned  Must be Charted
    20. 20. 3.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - Private Aids to Navigation (PATON) • 3.3 Explain the difference between the following types of PATONs: b. Class II Owner’s convenience LLNR assigned to most but not all Most are charted but not all In or near commercial waterways c. Class III Owner’s convenience NEVER Assigned a LLNR All most Never Charted - Sometimes NOS will chart them Non-Commercial waterways - Recreational waterways
    21. 21. 3.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - Private Aids to Navigation (PATON) • 3.4 Explain how often the following types of PATONs are required to be verified: a. Class I  each yr b. Class II  at least once every 3 yrs c. Class III  at least once every 5 yrs • 3.5 Explain the types of PATON that will usually appear on charts and in the Light List. All Class I & usually all Class II & usually no Class III NOAA-NOS Dictates the aids to be charted USCG Dictates what aids are in the Light list
    22. 22. 3.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - Private Aids to Navigation (PATON) • 3.6 Correcting the depth of water for the height of tide or river/lake level. NOAA Charts Depth NOAA Charts Bridge Clearance
    23. 23. 3.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - Private Aids to Navigation (PATON) • 3.6 Correcting the depth of water for the height of tide or river/lake level.  a. Explain the concept of “Height of Tide at any time.” (Google) There may be five situations when you need to know the exact depth of the water; 99 percent of the time, the depth printed on the chart is sufficient for the average boater. The question asked most often by boater is “When is high tide?” Unfortunately, most new boaters don’t realize that the depths marked on their chart refer to the Mean Lower Low Water (MLLW) mark and that their greatest concern should be for the time of lowest water. Here is a list of the five situations.
    24. 24. 3.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - Private Aids to Navigation (PATON) • 3.6 Correcting the depth of water for the height of tide or river/lake level. • a. Explain the concept of “Height of Tide at any time.” Knowing the Height of tides for a specific point and time. Examples:  1. Know the time of high or low water.  2. Know the height of the tide at a specific point in time.  3. Know the depth of the water at various points of time over an extended period  4. To determine the height (distance) from the waterline to the span of a bridge for a specific point in time.  5. Know the time when you have a certain clearance of depth over an obstruction such as a shoal of bar.
    25. 25. 3.6 Correcting the depth of water for the height of tide or river/lake level - b. Explain how to determine the tides or depth of water for the trainee's area Example: What is the depth of water at this buoy at 1100 on Jan 17, 2012? Charted depth of buoy is 14 feet at MLLW 1100 on 17 Jan 2012
    26. 26. 3.6 Correcting the depth of water for the height of tide or river/lake level - -b. Explain how to determine the tides or depth of water for the trainee's area. Use the nearest tide table reference station or GPS tide table for your area Using the GPS Tide Table reference station Reference Station Nearest To Buoy Time
    27. 27. 3.6 Correcting the depth of water for the height of tide or river/lake level - -b. Explain how to determine the tides or depth of water for the trainee's area. Use the nearest tide table reference station or GPS tide table for your area Using the GPS Tide Table reference station Reference Station Nearest To Buoy Time
    28. 28. 3.6 Correcting the depth of water for the height of tide or river/lake level - -b. Explain how to determine the tides or depth of water for the trainee's area. Use the closes tide table reference station or GPS tide table for your area. Using GPS Graphic Tide Table
    29. 29. 3.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - Private Aids to Navigation (PATON) 3.6 Correcting the depth of water for the height of tide or river/lake level  Using NS-7054 Aid to Navigation report form b. Explain how to determine the tides or depth of water for the trainee's area. Using your tide table & references station closest to your area Using your GPS tide table & references station closest to your area. 2. Depth from Echo Sounder 3. Depth Waterline to Transducer 4. Height of tide at Threemile Slough References Station True Depth at Datum 1.Chart Depth
    30. 30. 3.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - Private Aids to Navigation (PATON) 3.6 Correcting the depth of water for the height of tide or river/lake level. c. Explain how to read a charted depth on a chart and how it compares to the reading from an electronic echo sounder.  The charted depth is at the chart datum of MLLW  The echo sounder is showing depth from the transducer to the bottom d. Explain how the depth reading from an echo sounder is corrected.  You must add the distance from the vessel waterline to the bottom of the transducer.
    31. 31. 3.0 Auxiliary ATON Verifier - Private Aids to Navigation (PATON) • 3.7 GPS Set Up (Student should have GPS or Owner’s Manual) a. Configure GPS for local chart datum North American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83)  World Geodetic System 1984 (WGS 84) b. Explain the difference between standard and WAAS-enabled GPS, and why WAAS is preferred when recording a position. Standard GPS Accuracy is better then 20 meters ww Wide Area Augmentation System WAAS GPS Accuracy is better then 2 meters ww - More accurate c. Describe how to configure GPS to read True heading OR how to correct for variation. Most GPS default reads TRUE heading Use Chart variation to set for MAGNETIC heading See chart Title Block

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