Boating Safety Analysis for District 14(Recreational and Commercial) Data compiled and created by: LCDR Robert A.K. Nakama, Director of Auxiliary GS13 Mr. I. Kent Richards, RBS Specialist USCG Fourteenth District 01 February 2012 UNCLASSIFIED
Background In 1960, as part of a Federal Boating Act of 1958mandate, the Coast Guard began publishing relevant statistical data on recreational boating accidents, injuries, and fatalities. Analysis of this informationhelps shape the strategic plan for the USCG National Recreational Boating Safety Program. Once the state reporting authority receives a report form or information,state officials review it, determine the overall cause ofthe accident, and enter the data into the Coast Guard’s Boating Accident Report Database (BARD). UNCLASSIFIED
Mission Intent of BARD The Coast Guard uses the data for regulatory purposes, to develop the USCG National Recreational Boating Safety Program Strategic Plan, to provide projections for other Coast Guard units.The National Recreational Boating Safety (RBS) Program Strategic Plan presents thekey performance goals of the RBS program: To reduce fatalities and injuries viaeleven objectives and strategies within each objective judged necessary to attain thesegoals.The plan was drafted by a team consisting of members of the National Boating SafetyAdvisory Council (NBSAC), the Coast Guard Office of Auxiliary and Boating Safety,and other subject matter experts. UNCLASSIFIED
Violation Statistics Source: Boating Accident Report Database Shown: Total number of violations per Fiscal Year for both Commercial and Recreational Vessels UNCLASSIFIED
Most Common Violations on RecreationalVesselsVisual Distress Signals - 33 CFR 175.125: Each signal is in serviceablecondition and the service life of the signal, if indicated by a date marked on thesignal, has not expired.Certificates & Documentation - 33 CFR 173.21(a)(1): A valid certificate ofnumber or temporary certificate for that vessel issued by the issuing authority inthe State in which the vessel is principally used.PFDs - 33 CFR 175.15(b): No person may use a recreational vessel 16 feet ormore in length unless one Type IV PFD is on board in addition to the totalnumber of PFDs required. – Most occurring.Fire Extinguishers - 46 CFR 25.30-20(a)(1): All motorboats shall carry at leastthe minimum number of hand portable fire extinguishers set forth in Table25.30–20(a)(1), except that motorboats less than 26 feet in length, propelled byoutboard motors and not carrying passengers for hire, need not carry suchportable fire extinguishers if the construction of such motorboats will not permitthe entrapment of explosive or flammable gases or vapors. UNCLASSIFIED
Most Common Violations on RecreationalVessels (Cont’d)Sound Producing Device - 33 USC 1602 RULE 33: A vessel of 12 meters ormore in length shall be provided with a whistle and a bell and a vessel of 100meters or more in length shall, in addition, be provided with a gong, the toneand sound of which cannot be confused with that of the bell. A vessel of lessthan 12 meters in length shall be provided with some other means of makingan efficient sound signal.MSD - 33 CFR 159.7(b): When operating a vessel on a body of water wherethe discharge of treated or untreated sewage is prohibited by theEnvironmental Protection Agency under 40 CFR 140.3 or 140.4, the operatormust secure each Type I or Type II device in a manner which preventsdischarge of treated or untreated sewage.Placards - 33 CFR 155.450: A ship, except a ship of less than 26 feet inlength, must have a placard of at least 5 by 8 inches, made of durablematerial fixed in a conspicuous place in each machinery space, or at the bilgeand ballast pump control station, stating the following: Discharge of OilProhibited.. UNCLASSIFIED
Most Common Violations on RecreationalVessels (Cont’d)Navigation Lights - 33 USC 1602, Rule 20 and 33 USC 2020(a) : Apply allweather/conditions visibility, not mistaken/interfere/proper lookout . Shall becomplied with in all weathers.Intoxicated Operation - 46 USC 2302(c): An individual who is under theinfluence of alcohol, or a dangerous drug in violation of a law of the UnitedStates when operating a vessel, as determined under standards prescribedby the Secretary by regulation (1) is liable to the United States Governmentfor..Negligent Operation - 46 USC 2302(a): A person operating a vessel in anegligent manner or interfering with the safe operation of a vessel, so as toendanger the life, limb, or property of a person is liable to the United StatesGovernment for a civil penalty of not more than.. UNCLASSIFIED
Total Number of Violations Per Fiscal Year by Category8070605040 FY0930 FY1020 FY1110 FY12 0 Shown: Recreational Vessels.UNCLASSIFIED Occurrences out of total CG Boardings Recorded
Frequency of Violations by Category Recreational Vessels Shown: Percentages out of total CG Boardings Recorded UNCLASSIFIED
Most Common Violations on Commercial Fishing VesselsVisual Distress Signals - 46 CFR 28.145 : Except as provided by 28.305,each vessel must be equipped with the distress signals specified in table28.145.Certificates & Documentation - 46 CFR 67.313: The person in command ofa documented vessel must have on board that vessel the original Certificateof Documentation currently in effect for that vessel.Personal Flotation Device - Title 46 CFR, Part 28.140 - Operational readiness,maintenance, and inspection of lifesaving equipment – Most occurringFire Extinguishers - 46 CFR 28.160: Each vessel 65 feet (19.8 meters) ormore in length must be equipped with the minimum number, location, andtype of portable fire extinguishers specified in table 28.160. UNCLASSIFIED
Most Common Violations on Commercial Fishing Vessels (Cont’d)Sound Producing Device - 33 USC 1602 RULE 33: A vessel of 12 meters ormore in length shall be provided with a whistle and a bell and a vessel of 100meters or more in length shall, in addition, be provided with a gong, the toneand sound of which cannot be confused with that of the bell. A vessel of lessthan 12 meters in length shall be provided with some other means of makingan efficient sound signalPlacards – 33 CFR 151.57: Having waste management plans.Navigation Lights - 33 USC 1602, Rule 20 and 33 USC 2020(a) : Apply allweather/conditions visibility, not mistaken/interfere/proper lookout . Shall becomplied with in all weathers.Paper Captains - 46 USC 12131: (a) In General. Except as provided insubsection (b), a documented vessel may be placed under the command onlyof a citizen of the United States. UNCLASSIFIED
Total Number of Violations Per Fiscal Year by Category454035302520 FY091510 FY10 5 FY11 0 FY12 Shown: Commercial Fishing Vessels.UNCLASSIFIED Occurrences out of total CG Boardings Recorded
Frequency of Violations by Category25 Commercial Fishing Vessels201510 FY09 FY10 5 FY11 0 FY12 UNCLASSIFIED
A Side-To-Side ComparisonRecreational Vessel Data Commercial Fishing Vsl Data UNCLASSIFIED
Recreational and Commercial Vessel Data - Combined UNCLASSIFIED
Commercial and Recreational Diving One comm dive accident in FY07 – SCUBA. Two rec dive accident in FY09 – One diving accident in FY09 Deceased freediver & another – Freediver. missing from vsl collision. One rec dive accident in FY10 – One diving accident in FY10 Freediver. – Freediver. Three rec dive accidents in FY11 – Freedivers. One rec dive accident in FY12 – Freediver. One diving accident in FY 09 – No data on file Freediver. One diving accident in FY11 – SCUBA, Beach dive.
Summary Analysis Personal flotation devices is recorded as the most frequently occurring violation category. In fiscal year (FY) 2011, there were 59 violations. To date, there have been 11 in FY 12. Visual distress signals is ranked second with 70 violations in fiscal year 2011. So far, there have been 9 in FY12. As in recreational vessels, personal flotation devices seem to be a problem. InFY11, there were 28 violations. In FY12, there have been two violations thus far. Fire extinguishers is ranked second. In FY11, there were 28 violations. So far,two violations recorded in FY12. Although there are varying reasons for diving accidents, most common are for not having the proper “Alpha” Dive Flag or Diver-Down Flag displayed, or SCUBA divers succomb to panic and suffer from Decompression Sickness. UNCLASSIFIED
Way Ahead Increased awareness of the danger complacency poses is critical to preventing accidental lost of life and/or property. Various programs for safer boating through education, outreach and training. Wear It Campaign National Safe Boating Week Events Courtesy Dockside ExamsVSCs at Ramp Watches UNCLASSIFIED
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