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    Behaviorism ppt Behaviorism ppt Presentation Transcript

    • Learning Theory Presentation Veronica Smith Carson Summers Matthew Wimberly
    • Behaviorism
      • Came into popularity during the Industrial Revolution
      • Popularized by scientific research into animals
      • Two distinct methods of conditioning
        • Classic conditioning – using reflexes found in nature
        • Operant conditioning – introducing new reflexes through reinforcement
    • Key Points of Behaviorism
      • No difference between people and animals – both learn based on reinforcement
      • Conditioning is the center of learning
      • Behavior is shaped through praise/punishment for certain responses
      • Creativity and independent thinking are not important to teaching
    • Ivan Pavlov
      • (1849-1936)
      • Famous for classic conditioning
        • Trained a dog to salivate when it heard a bell ring
      • Research based on reflexes found in nature
    • John Watson
      • (1878-1958 )
      • Famous for “Little Albert” experiment
        • Conditioned an 18 month old boy to fear rats
      • “ Give me a dozen healthy infants …and I’ll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to be any type of specialist I might select…”
    • B.F. Skinner
      • (1904-1990)
      • Famous for the ‘Skinner Box’
        • Experimented with operant conditioning on rats and pigeons
        • Taught the pigeons how to bowl through operant conditioning
    • Classroom Implications
      • Reward charts and systems are considered effective methods of reinforcement under behaviorism.
      • Can also be applied to classroom control – ringing a bell or turning off the lights to quiet kids down, for example.
      • To utilize technology with this approach, students could be rewarded with technology-enhanced lessons in order to reinforce good behavior.
    • We think that behaviorism…
      • Can be useful at a young age to teach skills that are fundamental to the schooling environment
        • For instance, not throwing things and keeping quiet
      • Can also be effective for students with behavioral issues
      • May not be as effective when students move on to more difficult concepts than basic behavior
        • Creative thinking and reasoning are not a part of a behaviorist approach
    • Citations
      • Pavlov’s Dogs and Conditioning in People charts: http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/pavlov/readmore.html
      • Ivan Pavlov: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1904/pavlov-bio.html
      • John Watson: http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/watson.htm
      • B. F. Skinner: http:// www.bfskinner.org/BFSkinner/AboutSkinner.html