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Private pilot study guide

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A study guide filled with the easiest acronyms and memory aids to help earn your private pilot license. It covers the topics of regulations, weather, and airspace. Perfect for a student pilot or a …

A study guide filled with the easiest acronyms and memory aids to help earn your private pilot license. It covers the topics of regulations, weather, and airspace. Perfect for a student pilot or a private pilot going for a Biannual flight review.

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  • 1. Private Pilot Study GuideAcronymsRequired pre-flight action (91.103) Required documents on board (91.203)Notams Airworthiness certificateWeather RegistrationKnown ATC delays Radio LicenseRunway lengths Operators handbookAlternate Weight and balanceFuelTake-off and landing distancesRegistration Expiration Required Inspections (91.409)30 days after owners death Airworthiness directives (primary/reoccurring)Foreign registration Vor (30 days)Transfer of ownership Inspections (100hr/annual)Death of the owner Altimeter (24 calender months)U.S. Citizenship Revoked Transponder ( 24 calender months)Cancelled ELT (12 calender months) Static system ( 24 calender months)Required equipment for VFR day Required equipment for VFR night(91.205) (91.205)Altimeter Fuses/Circuit breakers Landing light (if for hire)Tachometer Anti-collision lightsOil pressure gauge Position lightsMagnetic compass Source of electrical powerAirspeed indicatorTemperature gauge VOR testsOil temperature gauge All – Airborn (±6˚)ELT Very – VOT (±4˚) Good – Ground (±4˚)Fuel gauge Airmen – Airway (±4˚)Landing gear indicator Do – Dual (4˚)Anti-collision Lights Benchtests - (±4˚)Manifold pressure gaugeEmergency equipmentSeat belts This study guide was compiled by Matt Ayer.
  • 2. Private Pilot Study GuideAcronymsTypes of AirspeedsIndicated – The speed read from the instrument panelCalibrated – Indicated corrected for position and installation error of pitotEquivalent – Calibrated corrected air flow error at greater than 180 ktsTrue – Equivalent corrected for pressure and temperature.Ground – True corrected for windsTypes of AltitudesIndicated – The altitude read from the instrument panelPressure – Indicated corrected for non standard pressureDensity – Pressure corrected for non standard temperatureAbsolute – Altitude above the ground levelTrue – Altitude above sea levelEngine System4 cylindersCarburetorHorizontally opposed cylindersAir cooledNormally aspirated (no turbo or super charger)Direct driveLycomingTypes of HypoxiaA - Altitude – Hypoxic – Not enough oxygenB - Blood – Stagnant – Blood not circulatingC – Cells – Hypemic – Cells aren’t carrying the oxygen moleculesD – Drugs – Histotoxic – Body tissue is poisoned by drugs and alcohol This study guide was compiled by Matt Ayer.
  • 3. Private Pilot Study GuideAirspace Dimensions Required Equipment Required from ATC Depiction on sectional Surface to 10,000 MSL Mode C transponder, 2 way “Cleared into Bravo” Solid blue circleB radioC Inner ring – surface to 4000 AGL(5nm) / Outer Mode C transponder, 2 way Establish 2 way radio radio communications Solid magenta circle ring 1200 to 4000 (10nm)D Surface to 2,500 AGL (4nm) 2 way radio Establish 2 way radio communications Dashed blue circleTypes of Echo airspaceSurface – Surface to FL180 – Dashed magenta circleExtension – Surface to FL180 – Dashed magenta box attached to a Delta airspaceTransition – 700 to FL180 – Faded magenta circleAirway – 1200 to FL180 – Faded blue lineDomestic en route – 1200 (in Florida) to FL180 – everywhere not depicted as airspaceOffshore – 1200 to FL 180- beginning 12nm off the shore until the ADIZGod – Above FL 600Gulf airspace starts at the surface until any overlying airspace. It is not depicted.Special use airspaceWarning – International waters – No permission neededAlert – High concentration of flight activity – No permission neededRestricted – Unusual activity – Must have permissionMilitary Operating Area – Seperates IFR and military traffic – No permission neededProhibited – Area of national security (White house) – Never enterControlled firing area – Not depicted – No permission needed This study guide was compiled by Matt Ayer.
  • 4. Private Pilot Study GuideThis study guide was compiled by Matt Ayer.
  • 5. Private Pilot Study GuideWeather Theory3 factors to create thunderstorms 3 stages in a thunderstorm • Unstable air • Cumulus (Updrafts, formation of cloud) • Lifting action • Mature (Rain begins, anvil shape, updraft and • Moisture downdraft) • Dissipating (Downdrafts, microbursts)6 types of fog 4 types of clouds • Radiation (Calm clear nights, ground cools) • Cirrus (High altitude, made of ice crystals) • Advection (Warm air moves over cold • Stratus (Low, horizontal formation) surface, land moving from land to sea) • Cumulus (Small white puffy clouds) • Upslope (Air moves upward on a slope cooling to its dew point) • Cumulonimbus (Towering thunderstorm clouds) • Ice fog (Frozen crystals are suspended in air) • Freezing fog (Supercooled water droplets suspended in air until freezing on a surface) • Steam (Cool air mixing with warm, moist air causing saturation)Weather ServicesMetar Airmets – valid 6 hours • Issued hourly (+55) • Sierra (mountain obscurations and IFR) • valid until the next • Tango (Moderate turbulence and • 2 types surface winds greater that 30 knots) 1. Standard • Zulu (Light icing and freezing levels) 2. Speci (Unscheduled observation due to weather)Sigmets – Valid 4 hours Convective Sigmets • Severe or greater turbulence • Severe thunderstorms • Severe or greater icing • Surface hail ¾ inches or greater in • Volcanic ash diameter • Sand/ Dust Storms • Surface winds greater than or equal to 50 kts • Tornadoes • Embedded thunderstorms • Lines of thunderstorms • Precipitation affecting 40% or more of an are of 3000 sq. miles This study guide was compiled by Matt Ayer.
  • 6. Private Pilot Study GuideWeather ServicesTerminal Area Forecast (TAF) Area Forecast (FA) • Issued 4 times a day • Issued 3 times a day • Valid 24 hours • Contains 4 parts • Covers an area of 5 miles around the 1. Product Header (Valid 18 hours) 2. Synopsis (Valid 18 hours) reporting airport 3. VFR clouds and weather (Valid 12 hours) 4. Outlook (Valid 6 hours) • Covers an area of several statesWinds Aloft • Issued 4 times a day • Validity ranging from 6 to 24 hours depending on the observationOther regulations to knowSupplemental oxygen (91.211)12,500 up to 14,000 – O2 needed after 30 mins for crew14,000 to 15,000 – O2 must be used by crew entire flight15,000 and above - Each occupant must be supplied with O2Transponder required (91.215) • Within lateral boundaries of class C airspace • Within 30 nm of class B airspace • When crossing the ADIZ • When flying above 10,000 ft MSL unless below 2,500 ft AGLELT not required50 nm from the training airportTurbo-jetExperimentalAgricultureResearchScheduled air carrier1 pilot planeDesign and testingAir racingNew aircraft deliveryCrew TrainingExhibition This study guide was compiled by Matt Ayer.

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