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Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
Narration
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Narration
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Narration

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  • 1. NARRATION AND NARRATORS
  • 2. Narrative the story Narration the act of telling a story Narrator who or what tells the story
  • 3. Narrator who or what tells the story; A) Voiceover (character or nondiegetic narrator) B) The camera
  • 4. Narration the act of telling a story; the flow of story information, moment by moment, over the course of the movie
  • 5. Unrestricted vs. Restricted Narration Range of Story Information
  • 6. Unrestricted (omniscient): we know more, see and hear more, than any character Restricted: we don’t know, see or hear more than the main character
  • 7. Unrestricted (omniscient) narration has unrestricted access to all aspects of the narrative. It can provide any character’s experiences and perceptions, as well as information that no character has. The viewer knows more, sees more, and hears more than any of the characters.
  • 8. His Girl Friday’s unrestricted (omniscient) narration alternates between scenes of many different characters. We know more, and see more, than any one character.
  • 9. We know about Walter’s plans to keep Hildy from going to Albany.
  • 10. We know how Walter schemes to get Bruce in trouble.
  • 11. We know that the governor has given Earl Williams a reprieve.
  • 12. We know that Hildy is hiding Williams in the desk.
  • 13. What are the advantages of unrestricted narration in His Girl Friday?
  • 14. Restricted narration limits the information it provides the viewer to things known only to a single character. This approach encourages the viewer to identify with the character’s singular perspective.
  • 15. Restricted narration in Chinatown limits the information it provides viewers to Jake’s perspective.
  • 16. What are the advantages of restricted narration in Chinatown?
  • 17. His Girl Friday Chinatown (unrestricted narration) (restricted narration) viewer Jake Walter viewer Hildy Bruce The higher someone is on the scale, the greater his or her knowledge.
  • 18. Unrestricted or Restricted? The 400 Blows Sherlock Jr. Written on the Wind Atonement The Godfather
  • 19. Objective vs. Subjective Narration Depth of Story Information
  • 20. Objective Narration: focus on external behavior, what characters say and do Subjective Narration: focus on what characters see and hear; representation of mental state, interiority
  • 21. Objective Narration Subjective Narration: Jake’s POV Chinatown
  • 22. Subjective Narration: Marion’s thoughts Psycho
  • 23. Objective Narration Subjective Narration: Alicia’s POV Notorious
  • 24. Subjective Narration: Alicia’s mental state Notorious

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