Two Approaches
to Film Editing
1. Continuity: Narrative-based Editing
How can a filmmaker combine individual shots to
tell a story?
Emphasizes smooth, co...
Continuity Editing
The illusion of temporal and
spatial continuity; “invisible
editing”
Temporal Continuity
Techniques
• Match on action
• Long take
• Dissolves and fades
• Cross cutting
• Continuous diegetic s...
Spatial Continuity
Techniques
• Establishing shots
• Long take
• 180-degree rule
• Eyeline match
• Shot-reverse-shot
Montage (Hollywood)
A sequence of shots that
compresses narrative time
Montage (Soviet)
A sequence of shots that
provokes associations and/or
disorients the viewer
Montage (Soviet)
A + B + C + D = ?
Montage in Narrative Film
• Kuleshov Effect
• Metaphor
Discontinuity or
Disjunctive Editing
“Visible” editing;
editing that calls
attention to itself;
violates viewers
expectati...
Discontinuity
Techniques
• Jump cut
• Nondiegetic insert
• Repetition of
shots or events
• Freeze frame
• Any violation of...
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Editing: Continuity and Discontinuity

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  • October (1928), d. Sergei Eisenstein
  • Breathless (
  • Editing: Continuity and Discontinuity

    1. 1. Two Approaches to Film Editing
    2. 2. 1. Continuity: Narrative-based Editing How can a filmmaker combine individual shots to tell a story? Emphasizes smooth, continuous, and coherent transitions between shots; invisible. 2. Discontinuity: Montage What new meaning is created when individual shots are juxtaposed? Emphasizes difference between shots; calls attention to itself.
    3. 3. Continuity Editing The illusion of temporal and spatial continuity; “invisible editing”
    4. 4. Temporal Continuity Techniques • Match on action • Long take • Dissolves and fades • Cross cutting • Continuous diegetic sound • Sound bridge
    5. 5. Spatial Continuity Techniques • Establishing shots • Long take • 180-degree rule • Eyeline match • Shot-reverse-shot
    6. 6. Montage (Hollywood) A sequence of shots that compresses narrative time
    7. 7. Montage (Soviet) A sequence of shots that provokes associations and/or disorients the viewer
    8. 8. Montage (Soviet) A + B + C + D = ?
    9. 9. Montage in Narrative Film • Kuleshov Effect • Metaphor
    10. 10. Discontinuity or Disjunctive Editing “Visible” editing; editing that calls attention to itself; violates viewers expectations of continuity
    11. 11. Discontinuity Techniques • Jump cut • Nondiegetic insert • Repetition of shots or events • Freeze frame • Any violation of continuity rules
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