Humanism and the Renaissance A Literary Introduction
Definition of Humanism Cultural movement that helped characterize Renaissance Reborn interest in arts, education, classical culture of ancient Greece and Rome Emphasizes: reason, science, human fulfillment in the THIS world, (sometimes) rejects the importance of belief in God.
Humanist Texts Taking a glimpse of Erasmus: “Prince of the Humanists Colloquies: Dialogue examining religious practices of Roman Catholic Church Works of St. Hilary: Part of editing, collecting, and translating literature The Praise of Folly: satire examining abuses of the Church Look for: common themes, style, ideas, etc.
Humanism and Renaissance Primarily literary movement, but spread to the arts (architecture, paintings, sculpture) Emphasis on well-rounded education leads to concept of Renaissance Man Da Vinci: paradigm for human excellence, “polymath,” also dabbled in the arts and sciences
Some of the Important Painters of the Italian Renaissance were… Fra Angelico Sandro Botticelli Antonello da Messina Luca Signorelli Piero della Francesca Domenico Ghirlandaio Benozzo Gozzoli Leonardo Da Vinci Michelangelo Raphael Titian Tintoretto
Medieval Sculpture Funded by the Church No secular sculptures Carvings and/supported statues Abandoned Greek realism in favor of a more mystical and hieratic style Less naturalistic and real Abstract detail around simple human form Figures Frontal view Limited expressions
Medieval Sculpture Intricate designs around figures No emotion on faces Religious theme of “Saints” Body not in proportion Not free standing
Renaissance Art Secular Unlike the Medieval period wealthy individual were able to support many artist. During Medieval times majority of the patrons belonged to the church.
Distinctive Characteristics for Renaissance Sculpture While classical sculpture emphasized on perfection, Renaissance sculpture concentrated on realism and humanism Portrayed human emotions and human imperfections. Ex: Michael Angelo’s Moses showed veins and defined muscles.
Medieval characteristics Romanesque: thick walls, small windows (slits), round arches, columns, low to the ground Gothic architecture: very tall (emphasized height), large arches, flying buttresses, stained glass, spikes, northern origin, large windows, vast open spaces
Early Renaissance Characteristics Organized space mathematically, not by intuition Organized around crosses, used math, symmetry, logic, and patterns Inspired by ancient roman buildings Emphasized human achievement
High Renaissance More decorated increasing in the ornate windows and the mathematical planning Proportional and organized Geometry based Increase in open spaces and gardens
Mannerist Increasing complexity Increasing grandeur and ornate architecture Open and organized space Increased patterns and geometric organization Increase in intricate artwork to adorn the walls
Renaissance Culture Presentation Created by Amodhi, Andersen, Hannah, Matthew, Sasha, and Yonit.