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Renaissance Culture Presentation

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  • Very informative presentation. Unfortunately, some of the slides are truncated, so that text on them cannot be read, eg. 15
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    • 1. Humanism and the Renaissance
      A Literary Introduction
    • 2. Definition of Humanism
      Cultural movement that helped characterize Renaissance
      Reborn interest in arts, education, classical culture of ancient Greece and Rome
      Emphasizes: reason, science, human fulfillment in the THIS world, (sometimes) rejects the importance of belief in God.
    • 3. Humanist Texts
      Taking a glimpse of Erasmus: “Prince of the Humanists
      Colloquies: Dialogue examining religious practices of Roman Catholic Church
      Works of St. Hilary: Part of editing, collecting, and translating literature
      The Praise of Folly: satire examining abuses of the Church
      Look for: common themes, style, ideas, etc.
    • 4. Humanism and Renaissance
      Primarily literary movement, but spread to the arts (architecture, paintings, sculpture)
      Emphasis on well-rounded education leads to concept of Renaissance Man
      Da Vinci: paradigm for human excellence, “polymath,” also dabbled in the arts and sciences
    • 5. Art of the Renaissance
      Painting
    • 6. Differences Between the Art of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance
    • 7. Art of the Middle Ages was…
      • only done for the Church.
      • 8. almost exclusively about religious themes.
      • 9. painted for the purpose of conveying a message.
      • 10. generally serious and somber.
      • 11. generally fairly two dimensional.
      • 12. painted with dark colors and rigid lines
      • 13. generally painted on a gold background.
      • 14. composed mostly of frescoes and temperas.
      • 15. less realistic.
    • 16.
    • 17.
    • 18. Art of the Renaissance was…
      • generally painted for wealthy patrons
      • 19. Often not about religious themes
      • 20. Often treated as a collector’s item or as art for art’s sake
      • 21. Often lighthearted
      • 22. Often painted with bright colors and softer lines
      • 23. Often painted with landscapes in the background
      • 24. Often painted with new techniques
      • 25. In large part oil paintings
      • 26. More realistic, but also idealized
      • 27. Typically fairly three dimensional
    • 28.
    • 29.
    • 30.
    • 31. Some of the Important Painters of the Italian Renaissance were…
      Fra Angelico
      Sandro Botticelli
      Antonello da Messina
      Luca Signorelli
      Piero della Francesca
      Domenico Ghirlandaio
      Benozzo Gozzoli
      Leonardo Da Vinci
      Michelangelo
      Raphael
      Titian
      Tintoretto
    • 32.
    • 33.
    • 34.
    • 35.
    • 36.
    • 37.
    • 38. Art of the Renaissance
      Sculpture
    • 39. Medieval Sculpture
      Funded by the Church
      No secular sculptures
      Carvings and/supported statues
      Abandoned Greek realism in favor of a more mystical and hieratic style
      Less naturalistic and real
      Abstract detail around simple human form
      Figures
      Frontal view
      Limited expressions
    • 40. Medieval Sculpture
      Intricate designs around figures
      No emotion on faces
      Religious theme of “Saints”
      Body not in proportion
      Not free standing
    • 41. Renaissance Art
      Secular
      Unlike the Medieval period wealthy individual were able to support many artist. During Medieval times majority of the patrons belonged to the church.
    • 42. Artistic style
      Back to Classical Greek Form
      • Realistic and natural
      • 43. Contrapposto
      • 44. Italian for “ Visual Arts”
      • 45. A human figure with most of weight on one foot. Shoulders and arms twist of axis from hips and legs to give a more relaxed pose.
      • 46. Perspective:
      • 47. The use of space to accurately proportion the body.
      • 48. Structure:
      • 49. From supported structures to free standing structure
      • 50. Nude figures
    • Distinctive Characteristics for Renaissance Sculpture
      While classical sculpture emphasized on perfection, Renaissance sculpture concentrated on realism and humanism
      Portrayed human emotions and human imperfections.
      Ex: Michael Angelo’s Moses showed veins and defined muscles.
    • 51. “David” by Donatello
    • 52. “David”by Micheal-Angelo
    • 53. Architecture in the Renaissance
    • 54. Medieval characteristics
      Romanesque: thick walls, small windows (slits), round arches, columns, low to the ground
      Gothic architecture: very tall (emphasized height), large arches, flying buttresses, stained glass, spikes, northern origin, large windows, vast open spaces
    • 55. Early Renaissance Characteristics
      Organized space mathematically, not by intuition
      Organized around crosses, used math, symmetry, logic, and patterns
      Inspired by ancient roman buildings
      Emphasized human achievement
    • 56. High Renaissance
      More decorated increasing in the ornate windows and the mathematical planning
      Proportional and organized
      Geometry based
      Increase in open spaces and gardens
    • 57. Mannerist
      Increasing complexity
      Increasing grandeur and ornate architecture
      Open and organized space
      Increased patterns and geometric organization
      Increase in intricate artwork to adorn the walls
    • 58. Renaissance Culture Presentation
      Created by Amodhi, Andersen, Hannah, Matthew, Sasha, and Yonit.
    • 59. The End