Alexander
                Alexander Street Corridor




Princeton, NJ               Alexander Street
May 15, 2010         ...
Table of contents:
                                       A - 1 Introduction ................................................
A-1 Introduction
The Corridor                                                                                       Contex...
A-1 Introduction
                What Works
                    1. Great views of the golf course, campus, and sur-
      ...
A-1 Introduction


                                                                              What Doesn’t Work




   ...
A-1 Introduction
                Main Idea
                   The Alexander Street Corridor is a gateway into the town
   ...
A-1 Introduction

       Opportunities




                                                                               ...
A-2                      Vision
                       The images below capture the general condition of the Alexander cor...
A-2               Site Plan




                                                                               Alexander
 ...
A-3.1 Public Space Standards
                                                                                             ...
A-3.1 Public Space Standards
                               ƒ Park space shall be primarily
                              ...
A-3.2 Thoroughfare Standards
                                  Alexander Street
                                          ...
A-3.2 Thoroughfare Standards
                       Lawrence Road
                                                     (sh...
A-3.2 Thoroughfare Standards
                               BEAT (below Arts & Transit) Street
                           ...
A-3.2 Thoroughfare Standards
                                                        BRT
                                 ...
intersection of Lawrence
                                                                                              Tow...
A-3.3 Building Standards
                                                                                                 ...
A-3.3 Building Standards

            Allowed Frontage Types                                                              ...
A-3.3 Building Standards
Temporary Uses
Food Carts
Retail




                                                            ...
Town Core (TC) Standards


            A-3.4 Parking Standards
               Parking Site Requirements                   ...
A-3.4 Parking Standards
      Parking Space Dimensions
      Type                            Size
      Off-Street Space  ...
A-3.5 Architectural Standards
                                                 Balconies                         Openings ...
A-3.5 Material Standards
                                  Bollards                          Ground Treatments            ...
A-4               Circulation Plan
                    A major goal of the Alexander
                    Street Corridor i...
A-5              Illustrative Concept

      Today Alexander Street is an under
      utilized and out dated service corri...
A-5
            Existing                   Illustrative Concept
Alexander


            Modern
            Traditional



...
A-5             Illustrative Concept




                                                                                 ...
A-6               Conclusion
                    The focus of this document has been lower Alexander however, the form bas...
Alexander
Princeton, NJ   Alexander Street
May 15, 2010    “Moving People, Making Places”   29
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Form-based Code Project (Alexander Street)

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This document prescribes a form-based code for the Alexander Street Corridor in Princeton, NJ. (Student project)

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Form-based Code Project (Alexander Street)

  1. 1. Alexander Alexander Street Corridor Princeton, NJ Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 1
  2. 2. Table of contents: A - 1 Introduction ........................................................ 3 Alexander A - 2 Vision and Plan .................................................. 8 A - 3 Form Based Code A.3.1 .....Public Space Standards .......................... 10 A.3.2 ..... Thoroughfare Standards ........................ 12 A.3.3 ..... Building Standards ............................... 16 A.3.4 ..... Parking Standards ................................ 20 A.3.5 ..... Architectural Standards ......................... 22 A - 4 Circulation Plan ................................................. 24 A - 5 Illustrative Concept ........................................... 25 A - 6 Conclusion .......................................................... 28 2 Alexander Street “Moving People, Making Places”
  3. 3. A-1 Introduction The Corridor Context Map ƒ Alexander Street is one of the main corridors leading to downtown Princeton Alexander Princeton University ƒ Due to its location along the rail line, Alexander Street once functioned as a service corridor. While some service Princeton oriented businesses remain, today the corridor is mixed use, Theological Seminary including office, commercial and residential uses. ƒ Shallow wide lots isolated from each other by curb cuts and to the surrounding areas by the Dinky Right-of-Way and the golf course. ke Hibben La Springdale Apts. ie Golf Club eg rn Ca Magie Apts. Institute for Lawrence Advanced Study Apartments Legend Commercial Water Residential Parking Turning Institutional Dinky Station Basin Park Above: Aerial of proposed site for the Alexander Street Proposed Arts & Transit Neighborhood BRT Station Princeton, NJ Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 3
  4. 4. A-1 Introduction What Works 1. Great views of the golf course, campus, and sur- rounding woods Alexander 2. Proximity to water and natural areas ƒ Access the East Coast Greenway and D&R Canal 3. Nice curve in the road as one enters the Corridor from the South From left to right: Old Graduate College tower across golf course, deer spotted near creek, and the bend in Alexander Street when entering Princeton. 4 Alexander Street “Moving People, Making Places”
  5. 5. A-1 Introduction What Doesn’t Work Alexander Poor pedestrian environment 1. Disconnected sidewalks 2. Frequent curb cuts 3. No parkway to separate people from cars along some areas of the street 4. No consistent street wall or sense of enclosure ƒ Variations in setbacks, parking located in the front of some buildings 5. Wide Travel lanes encourage speeding Under utilized land 1. Too much parking 2. Wide lots (up to 500’) create dead zones 3. Lack of parks for public use Clockwise from top left: Make-shift pedestrian walkway; frequent curb cuts; lack of parkways; current buildings create dead zone; unused parking; and inconsistent street wall. Princeton, NJ Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 5
  6. 6. A-1 Introduction Main Idea The Alexander Street Corridor is a gateway into the town of Princeton as well as a destination for food, fun, and Alexander entertainment for families, students, residents, and visitors. Design Principles 1. Public Realm: Plazas and shared space that serve as the community’s living room. 2. Accessibility: Streets accommodate all users and modes. Connection to transit provides convenient access to places throughout Princeton. 3. Diversity: A variety of building types, street types, public spaces and land uses. 4. Sensitivity: Respects the surrounding community and environment. From top right clockwise: Cafe in Washington D.C.; Wave Field in Ann Arbor, MI; 5. Destination: A mix of uses and activities that Food Kiosks in Portland, OR; Book Market in Leiden, Holland. Source: Flickr 2010 attract people of all ages and backgrounds. 6 Alexander Street “Moving People, Making Places”
  7. 7. A-1 Introduction Opportunities Alexander Proximity to Arts & Transit Neighborhood Extra Street Width ƒ Princeton University’s proposed Arts & Transit ƒ Alexander Street is unnecessary wide. Its width neighborhood on the north end of the Alexander provides many opportunities for widening sidewalks, Street Corridor will create a public space that is a increasing on-street parking, implementing traffic nexus of both campus and community life. The entire calming programs, planting additional trees and Alexander Street Corridor should share this vision. reducing the heat island effect. Above: Rendering of community space in Princeton’s Arts and Transit Above: Intersection of Faculty and Alexander Neighborhood. Source: www.princeton.edu Princeton, NJ Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 7
  8. 8. A-2 Vision The images below capture the general condition of the Alexander corridor and attempt to illustrate potential concepts for cre- ating a place that fosters community, creates a gateway into Princeton, and improves movement throughout the area for both pedestrians, bicyclists, and vehicular traffic. The letters correspond to locations on the site plan located on the following page. Alexander Existing Proposed The Helm Building parking lot could be This intersection provides the essential Not only does the Dinky act as a Princeton has a special sense of place lined with temporary uses similar to the foundation for what is needed to be the barrier between Alexander Street and and community. Placing a tower at the food kiosks lining a parking lot in Port- station stop on the new BRT line. It the surrounding area, rail tracks can be entrance to town would give residents and land, Oregon shown in the picture above. allows access to the graduate housing, dangerous to cross, especially for children. visitors the sense that they are entering Not only would food kiosks bring people D&R Canal, and will help the site reach Converting it to a busway would mean an educational, cultural and commercial to the area, they provide an opportunity its full potential to provide access to a wide there would be additional space for center as well as the site of world- for business owners who cannot afford range of services and goods not currently bike and pedestrian paths, giving users renowned institutions. space in downtown Princeton. available. Bottom image: Train station numerous multi-modal options as well as Bottom image source: Flickr 2010 and plaza at Forest Hills Gardens, reconnecting the community. Bottom image Queens. Image source: Flickr 2010 source: Jim Constantine 8 Alexander Street “Moving People, Making Places”
  9. 9. A-2 Site Plan Alexander Legend Proposed shared space Proposed buildings Proposed temporary uses Existing building Existing residential Parking and roads Transit route Princeton, NJ Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 9
  10. 10. A-3.1 Public Space Standards ƒ Shared space shall consist of special paving, such as scored Shared Space concrete, stone pavers, brick pavers, or concrete unit pavers. Alexander ƒ Shared space shall be located near activity centers. ƒ Bollards and/or planters separate the shared space from the pedestrian only areas. ƒ Interactive space shall be separated from shared space by Interactive Space bollards and/or planters. ƒ Water fountains and other features characterize this space. ƒ Interactive space is for play and activity. ƒ Special paving such as scored ƒ Movable chairs and concrete, stone pavers, brick furniture shall be provided in Informal Space pavers, or concrete unit pavers informal space. shall be used for shared space. ƒ Umbrellas and/or trees shall provide shade in this area. 10 Alexander Street “Moving People, Making Places”
  11. 11. A-3.1 Public Space Standards ƒ Park space shall be primarily open lawn to accommodate various functions. Park Space ƒ This space is characterized Alexander by a lawn, benches, and ornamental flowering trees that define the edges of the space. ƒ Buffer space can function as wetlands, education and interpretive area, and wildlife Buffer Space habitat. ƒ The buffer space can be enhanced with a boardwalk and a path system to allow users to move through the space and to get closer to Carnegie Lake. Princeton, NJ Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 11
  12. 12. A-3.2 Thoroughfare Standards Alexander Street (primary road) Application Shared Space? No Capacity Type* medium capacity Alexander Design Speed* 35 mph Pedestrian Crossing Time 8-11 seconds Overall Widths Right-of-Way (ROW) Width 60' Curb Face to Curb Face Width 38' Lanes Traffic Lanes 11' Bicycle Lanes None Parking Lanes Both sides @ 8' parallel Medians None Application Edges Shared Space? No Curb Height 6" Capacity Type* medium capacity Planting Strip (Parkway) 5' continuous along northbound Design Speed* 35 mph side, southbound side same as Pedestrian Crossing Time 8-11 seconds existing Landscape Type 20-30' intervals centered in tree Overall Widths pits Right-of-Way (ROW) Width 60' Walkway Type Sidewalk, min. 6' on northbound Curb Face to Curb Face Width 38' side, keep path along Lanes southbound side Traffic Lanes 11' Intersection Type Bicycle Lanes None Curb Radius 15' Parking Lanes Both sides @ 8' parallel Distance between intersections Varies Medians None *Refers to Automobiles Edges 12 Alexander Street Curb Height 6" “Moving People, Making Places” Planting Strip (Parkway) 5' continuous along northbound side, southbound side same as existing
  13. 13. A-3.2 Thoroughfare Standards Lawrence Road (shared Application space) Shared Space? Yes Capacity Type* Low Capacity Alexander Design Speed* 15 mph Pedestrian Crossing Time N/A Overall Widths Right-of-Way (ROW) Width 70' Curb Face to Curb Face Width N/A Dimensions Shared Space 30' Bicycle & Ped Only 20' Parking Lanes No Parking Medians None Application Edges Shared Space? Yes Curb Height N/A Capacity Type* Low Capacity Ground Treatment Special Design Speed* 15 mph Bollard Treatment Lining shared space Pedestrian Crossing Time N/A Intersection Type Overall Widths Curb Radius 15' Right-of-Way (ROW) Width 70' *Refers to Automobiles Curb Face to Curb Face Width N/A Dimensions Shared Space 30' Bicycle & Ped Only 20' Parking Lanes No Parking Medians None Edges Alexander Street Princeton, NJ Curb Height May 15, 2010 N/A “Moving People, Making Places” 13 Ground Treatment Special Bollard Treatment Lining shared space
  14. 14. A-3.2 Thoroughfare Standards BEAT (below Arts & Transit) Street (access way/ secondary road) Alexander Application Shared Space? Yes Capacity Type* Low Capacity Design Speed* 10 mph (one-way traffic) Pedestrian Crossing Time N/A Overall Widths Right-of-Way (ROW) Width 26' Curb Face to Curb Face Width N/A Dimensions Shared Space 14' Bicycle & Ped Only 6' Parking Lanes None Medians None Edges Curb Height N/A Ground Treatment Special Bollard Treatment Lining shared space Intersection Type Curb Radius 15' *Refers to Automobiles 14 Alexander Street “Moving People, Making Places”
  15. 15. A-3.2 Thoroughfare Standards BRT (separated busway) Alexander Application Shared Space None Capacity Type Designated busway with separated bicycle and pedestrian paths Design Speed* 35 mph Pedestrian Crossing Time N/A Overall Widths Right-of-Way (ROW) Width 60' Curb Face to Curb Face Width N/A Application Lanes Shared Space None BRT Lane 12' Capacity Type Designated busway with Bicycle Lane 6' separated bicycle and Walking/Running Lane 6' pedestrian paths 7' between bus and Design Speed* 35 mph Median bicycle lanes Pedestrian Crossing Time N/A Edges Overall Widths Curb Height N/A Right-of-Way (ROW) Width 60' Planting Strip (Parkway) 7' - 10' Curb Face to Curb Face Width N/A Edges Lanes Curb Height N/A BRT Lane 12' Textured material at Bicycle Lane 6' Ground Treatment crosswalks Walking/Running Lane 6' Princeton, NJ 7' between bus and Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 15 Median bicycle lanes Edges
  16. 16. intersection of Lawrence Town Core (TC) Standards and Alexander.* within 200' of intersection 20' A-3.3 Building Standards within 300' of intersection 15' within 350' of intersection 10' Building Placement beyond 350' of intersection 0-5' Build-to Line or BTL (Distance from Property Line) Side Street 0' D Front BTL Decreases as one *Porches, stoops, awnings, balconies, food carts and other temporary BTL, Property Line moves away from the structures may project beyond the Build-to-Line. Alexander intersection of Lawrence Setback (Distance from Property Line) and Alexander.* Side 5' within 200' of intersection 20' Rear G 0' H within 300' of intersection 15' Building Form Side Street C B within 350' of intersection 10' Primary Street Façade built to BTL Building façades may beyond 350' of intersection 0-5' step back a max. of 2' Side Street 0' A from the BTL for a max. F *Porches, stoops, awnings, balconies, food carts and other temporary of 25% of the building structures may project beyond the Build-to-Line. BTL, Property Line face along a block face.* E Sidewalk Setback (Distance from Property Line) Side Street Façade builtPrimary Street to BTL 30% min.* Side 5' Façade Occupancy 75% min. of BTL is building Rear 0' Key face.** Building Form Lot Width Property Line 125'Setback Line max. Primary Street Façade built to BTL Building façades may Lot Depth 125' max. step back a max. of 2' Build-to Line (BTL) Building Area *Street façades must be built to BTL along first 30' from every corner. from the BTL for a max. **Exceptions are made for public space (i.e. plaza). of 25% of the building Building Placement Use Notes face along a block face.* All floors must Line a primary ground-floor entrance that faces the Build-to have (Distance from Property Line) Ground Side Street Façade built to BTL 30% min.* primary or side street. Secondary entrances may be located at theA Front 0' rear Façade Occupancy 75% min. of BTL is building and side of buildings. Side Street 0' B face.** Buildings shall be located at block Property Line) corners. Setback (Distance from Upper F Lot Width 125' max. Loading docks and other service entries are prohibited on street-facing Side façades. 0' C *See Ta Lot Depth 125' max. *Street façades must be built to BTL along first 30' from every corner. Rear Any building over 50' wide must be broken down to read as a series of terfront **Exceptions are made for public space (i.e. plaza). buildingsAdjacent to NG50' each. no wider than Zone 8' D garages Notes Use Alexander Street 16 floors must have a primary ground-floor entrance that faces the Adjacent to any other Zone 5' D All “Moving People, Making Places” Ground Floor Form Service, Retail, & Education Building Heigh primary or side street. Secondary entrances may be located at the rear Upper Floor(s) Residential or Service and side of buildings. Primary Street Façade built to BTL 80% min.* E Buildin
  17. 17. A-3.3 Building Standards Use Ground Floor Service, Retail, & Education Upper Floor(s) Residential or Service Alexander BTL, Property Line Height J O K Building Min. 2 stories & 25' Building Max. 5 stories & 70' L Max. to Eave/Top of Parapet Side Street 35' Finish Ground Floor Level 6" max. above sidewalk I N First Floor Ceiling Height 12' min. clear F M Upper Floor(s) Ceiling Height 8' min. clear Tower Elements Property Line Street Max. Height 80', must be at least 1.5 stories above adjacent buildings. Location Tower elements are to be located Modern Tower Traditional Tower 1" = 15'-0" at corners. Expression Lines Use An expression line should delineate the division between the first story and the second story for all buildings along Alexander Street. Ground Floor Service, Retail, or A Recreation, Education & Length Full length of the façade B Public Assembly* I Upper Floor(s) Residential or Service* J Notes Block corners shall not have a lower height than any building on either C *See Table 4.1 for specific uses. Ground floors that face the wa- block face. terfront shall be nonresidential and shall not include parking, The tower element may exceed the maximum building height. D garages, or similar uses. D Tower Elements should be placed at termination points and serve as locational references for residents and visitors Height E Building Min. 22' K F Building Max. 2.5 stories and 40' K Princeton, NJ Alexander Street G Max. to Eave/Top of Parapet May 15, 2010 35' L “Moving People, Making Places” 17 H Ancillary Building Max. 2 stories and 25' ery corner. Finish Ground Floor Level 6" max. above sidewalk M
  18. 18. A-3.3 Building Standards Allowed Frontage Types Modern Types Traditional Types Forecourt Alexander Depth 4' min., not to exceed width Width 6' min., 30% of lot width max. Awning Depth 10' max. Width Awnings shall only cover storefronts and openings. Forecourt Building Size & Massing ( Stepback Standards) Bldg. Height Ratio of each Story (in stories) 1 2 3 4 5 2.0 100% 80 - 100% - - - 2.5 100% 75 - 100% 40% - - 3.0 100% 75 - 100% 55 - 85% 10% - Awning 4.0 100% 100% 70 - 90% 50 - 70% 20% 4.5 100% 100% 85% 55% 45% 5.0 100% 100% 95% 75% 70% Notes Buildings should step down to the street. Conversely, massing should step back from the build-to line with increasing heights. This reduces the perception of height from the ground. Stepback Breaks in plane on the fronts and sides of buildings are preferred. Stoops and porches are not preferred in in mixed-use buildings. 18 Alexander Street “Moving People, Making Places”
  19. 19. A-3.3 Building Standards Temporary Uses Food Carts Retail Alexander Location Alexander Street First row of parking stalls in Helm Building parking lot. Dimensions Carts and stands should be no larger than 2 parking stalls or 16- 20' x 18' Notes Vendors need to obtain necessary permits. Stands & Carts cannot encroach on sidewalks or driving lane Interactive Space Hours of operation should be the same as existing Shared Space establishments in the area. Standards for trash removal need to be established with the Township. Seating should be made available by the vendors at a min. of 5 seats per establishment in adjacent parking stall or sidewalk. From left to right: Food carts in Portland, OR; Mobile Food 2010 in Los Angeles, CA; Book Market in Paris; Temporary Book & Beer Fair, Dublin. Source: Flickr 2010. Princeton, NJ Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 19
  20. 20. Town Core (TC) Standards A-3.4 Parking Standards Parking Site Requirements S Location (Distance from Property Line) T U Front Setback 30' Side Setback 0' Alexander Q R Side Street Side Street Setback 5' Rear Setback 5' Required Spaces P Ground Floor BTL, Property Line Sidewalk Sid Uses <3,000 sf Chapter 4: off-street parking No Form-Based Code required Primary Street Prima Uses >3,000 sf 1 space/500 sf Town Core (TC) Standards Key Key Upper Floors Property Line Property Line Residential uses 1 space/unit; .5 space/studio Parking Area Build-to Line (BTL Other uses 1 space/1,000 sf Notes Parking Encroachments Parking Drive Width 15' max. Location (Distance from Property Line) Location BTL, Property Line S On corner lots, parking drive shall not be located on primary street. Front Setback 30' P Front X Parking may be provided off-site within 1,300' or as shared parking. T U Side Setback 0' Q Side Street Bicycle parking must be provided and in a secure environment. Side Street Setback 5' R Rear Parking drives are highly discouraged along Alexander Street and only Q R Rear Setback 5' S Notes Side Street Side Street W permitted if there is no other option for access to parking areas. Required Spaces Canopies, Awnings, an Utilize existing parking prior to building any new parking. Ground Floor on the street sides, as sh P Uses <3,000 sf No off-street parking required may encroach into the s Encroachments Sidewalk BTL,Uses >3,000 sf Property Line Sidewalk 1 space/500 sf V shaded areas. Location Upper Floors Upper-story galleries fa Primary Street Primary Street Front 12' max. Residential uses 1 space/unit; .5 space/studio meet primary circulati Side Street Key 8' max. KeyOther uses 1 space/1,000 sf Rear 4' max. Property Line Property Line Notes Setback Line Allowed Frontage Parking Area Parking DriveLine (BTL) Build-to Width Encroachment Area T Allowed Frontage Types (see page ###) 15' max. Gallery On corner lots, parking drive shall not be located on Clearance Gallery Parking Encroachments primary street. U Height Clearance Location min. backfrom Property Line) 1' (Distance from curb line Location 20 Alexander Street Height People, Making Places” Front Setback 9' min. 30' clear, 2 stories max. P Parking may be provided off-site within 1,300' or as shared Front 12' max. V Awning “Moving parking. Depth Awning Depth Side Setback 0' Side Street 8' max. W 10' max. Q Bicycle parking must be provided and in a secure environment. Forecourt Forecourt Side Street Setback 5' R Rear 4' max. X Parking drives are highly discouraged along First Street and only Depth Rear Setback 5' S Notes
  21. 21. A-3.4 Parking Standards Parking Space Dimensions Type Size Off-Street Space 9'x18' min.* Notes Compact Space 8'x16' min.* A max. of 60% compact parking spaces. Alexander * see Standard Vehicle Space Wider parking drives may be required Requirements below to accomodoate emergency access. Other Notes Parking Requirements Wider parking drives may be be pervious or landscaped. Min. 15% of parking lot must required to accomodoate emergency access.should be one bike parking space. For every two parking stalls there Shared drives are encouraged between adjacent lots to minimize curb cuts along thoroughfares. All Parking areas shall be screened by building or a 3'6" min. height hedge, wall, or fence. Standard Vehicle Space Requirements Angle Space Width Space Depth* Space Length One-way Aisle Width Two-way Aisle Width Parallel 9' 9' 20' 12' 24' 30° * 9' 18' 20' 12' N/A 45° * 9' 20'6" 20' 14' N/A 60° * 9' 22' 20' 18' N/A Perpendicular 9' 18' 18' 24' 24' *Measured perpendicular to aisle Compact Vehicle Space Requirements Angle Space Width Space Depth* Space Length One-way Aisle Width Two-way Aisle Width Parallel 8' 8' 18' 12' 24' 30˚ * 8' 15'6" 16' 12' N/A 45˚ * 8' 17' 16' 14' N/A 60˚ * 8' 18' 16' 18' N/A Perpendicular 8' 16' 16' 24' 24' *Measured perpendicular to aisle Princeton, NJ Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 21
  22. 22. A-3.5 Architectural Standards Balconies Openings Caps Modern Types Alexander Traditional Types ƒ Balconies can encroach into ƒ Vertical orientation are ƒ Allowable cap types include a public space preferred pitched roof, parapet, and tower. ƒ They must be at least 7’ deep ƒ Horizontal orientation should ƒ The cap shall be high enough have vertical breaks that make up to screen the roof and any roof 40% of building face appurtenances from view of any ƒ Ground floor openings should adjacent building of similar height. be larger than upper floors openings 22 Alexander Street “Moving People, Making Places”
  23. 23. A-3.5 Material Standards Bollards Ground Treatments Bike Facilities Modern Types Alexander Traditional Types ƒ Bollards should be used to de- ƒ A variety of paving materials, ƒ All developments shall be fine the edges between pedestrian textures and colors should be designed to accommodate bicycle and shared space. used to achieve a more attractive travel, including the provision of environment and to avoid large bicycle parking. ƒ Bollards can be made of a variety of materials including cast expanses of plain poured concrete. ƒ Bicycle parking shall be located iron, steel, recycled plastic, concrete ƒ Special paving in shared space in visible areas, with convenient as well as planters. They can also be signals to drivers that they are pedestrian access to the sidewalk; permanent or temporary. entering a high pedestrian activity and with shelter from inclement area. weather. Princeton, NJ Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 23
  24. 24. A-4 Circulation Plan A major goal of the Alexander Street Corridor is to provide a coordinated system of pedestrian, bicycle and transit facilities to connect schools, Alexander shopping, and residential and recreational areas throughout Princeton. One of the core objectives of the circulation plan is the creation of shared space. The intent of shared space is to improve the quality of public space by integrating pedestrians, bicyclists and vehicles. Another objective is the creation of a safer, more accessible route to the Delaware & Raritan Canal. Pedestrian Bicycle Transit ƒ Continuous sidewalks with a 5’ ƒ A separated bicycle path along ƒ A BRT station along lower landscaped buffer along each side the BRT right-of-way provides safe Alexander Street extends the acces- of Alexander Street separate pedes- access to the Princeton Junction sibility to the greater community, trians from traffic. Train Station and downtown including the Princeton graduate ƒ The addition of park space and Princeton. student family housing. a walkway links the residents of ƒ The addition of bicycle parking ƒ Frequent service connects the Magie and Hibben Apartments to throughout the site enhances the area to greater Princeton and the shopping, recreation and jobs. existing bicycle sharing program. region. 24 Alexander Street “Moving People, Making Places”
  25. 25. A-5 Illustrative Concept Today Alexander Street is an under utilized and out dated service corridor Alexander that lays at the door step of Princeton. With the implementation of the proposed form based code (FBC) the Alexander Street Corridor has the potential of being a fully interactive piece of the community and serve as a gateway to Princeton. Existing Conditions Bird’s eye view of Lower Alexander Street Concept Plan looking north. Magie and Hibben Apartments are in the background. Princeton, NJ Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 25
  26. 26. A-5 Existing Illustrative Concept Alexander Modern Traditional 26 Alexander Street “Moving People, Making Places”
  27. 27. A-5 Illustrative Concept Alexander Above: Businessmen grabbing lunch from the food kiosks along Alexander Street. Left: Taking advantage of the change in elevation to create vistas. Princeton, NJ Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 27
  28. 28. A-6 Conclusion The focus of this document has been lower Alexander however, the form based code is intended to be implemented for the entire corridor in hopes of creating harmony with the Arts and Transit development proposal and serve as a gateway for Princeton. The intent of the form based code is not to prescribe uses, but to create the form for future development that stimulates community and interaction while fostering a sense of place. The illustrative concepts given in this document supplement the form based code by envisioning what development could occur, either in a Alexander traditional or modern environment. Using the existing right of way as bike, pedestrian and BRT access to Princeton connects many to lower Alexander, extending the vitality of an under utilized stretch of land which reflects the ultimate goal of moving people, making places. 28 Alexander Street “Moving People, Making Places”
  29. 29. Alexander Princeton, NJ Alexander Street May 15, 2010 “Moving People, Making Places” 29
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