Ebooks without Vendors: Using Open Source Software to Create and Share Meaningful Ebook Collections

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When you start building your own ebook collections from items in your community, you stop looking at them as licensed products and start seeing them as tools. This talk I present the open source tools …

When you start building your own ebook collections from items in your community, you stop looking at them as licensed products and start seeing them as tools. This talk I present the open source tools used to create The Community Cookbook website I created at Westlake Porter Public Library:
http://cooking.westlakelibrary.org

Presented at the Indiana Online Users Group Spring Meeting, May 16, 2014 in Indianapolis, IN. Slides updated for Oct. 10, 2014 talk at Ohio Library Council's Convention & Expo.

UPDATE: I wrote about this project for codelib. The article includes more technical details: http://journal.code4lib.org/articles/9911

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Transcript

  • 1. EBOOKS WITHOUT VENDORS Using Open Source Tools to Create and Share Meaningful Ebook Collections
  • 2. Who am I? Matt Weaver IT Manager Westlake Porter Public Library
  • 3. Not an alternative to Overdrive, ebrary, 3M, etc.
  • 4. EBOOKS AS TOOLS To be created by: • the library • the community For collaboration For connection
  • 5. Ebooks as source material for new products
  • 6. DIY Ebooks: Library as publisher
  • 7. An Experiment: Library as publisher
  • 8. An Experiment: Library as publisher
  • 9. WHY DIY? Design for your community: • Responsive • Relevant • Hyper-local
  • 10. WHY DIY? Gain knowledge and skills that can be applied in other projects/partnerships
  • 11. WHY DIY? Content independence
  • 12. OPEN SOURCE: WHAT IS IT?
  • 13. OPEN SOURCE: WHAT IS IT?  Free to use  Free to develop  Uses free licenses (GNU GPL most common)
  • 14. Open Source: Four Freedoms The freedom to:  Run the program for any purpose  Study how the program works and adapt it to your needs (requires source code) www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html
  • 15. Open Source: Four Freedoms The freedom to:  Redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor  Improve the program and release your improvements to the public www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html
  • 16. Why Open Source? - Collaboration & Community Zero software costs, yet you get powerful software
  • 17. Why Open Source? Control over Content You control development: ultimate control over content
  • 18. Why Open Source? - Collaboration & Community  Collaborators can be united with common tools
  • 19. Why Open Source? - Collaboration & Community No restrictions on collaboration by software publishers' technologies/license agreements
  • 20. An Open-Source Model for Community Publishing  affordable for even small libraries  return on investment
  • 21. Digital Rights Management (DRM) DRM (Digital Rights Management) “Think of DRM on an eBook as a lock, with your eReader having the key to open the lock and display the file.” - Jason Griffey
  • 22. DRM in libraries  Impedes access by imposing “friction” = technological obstacles  Expensive  Counterproductive  For much content, isn’t necessary
  • 23. DRM in libraries: “Adobe isn’t just tracking what users are doing in [Digital Editions 4]; this app was also scanning my computer, gathering the metadata from all of the ebooks sitting on my hard disk, and uploading that data to Adobe’s servers.”
  • 24. SECURING ACCESS TO CONTENT
  • 25. DIY: Copyright Disclaimer: I am not now, nor have I ever been a lawyer. I am not a copyright expert.
  • 26. DIY: Copyright Because of digital distribution, and because the library does not own titles to be digitized… o no Fair Use case, o no section 108 protections
  • 27. DIY: Copyright Determine if book has fallen into the public domain Or seek permission from rightsholder
  • 28. DIY: Copyright - Resources  http://cocatalog.loc.gov/
  • 29. DIY: Copyright - Resources  http://collections.stanford.edu/copyrightrenewals/bin/page ?forward=home
  • 30. DIY: Copyright - Resources Digital Copyright Slider http://librarycopyright.net/resources/digitalslider/
  • 31. DIY: Copyright - Resources Copyright Genie http://librarycopyright.net/resources/genie/
  • 32. DIY: Copyright – Show your work Document copyright research to justify your usage, and to show that you acted professionally in trying to locate rightsholders.
  • 33. PERMISSION TO DIGITIZE
  • 34. DIY: Copyright - Guidelines
  • 35. Securing permission: consent forms Organizational leaders: • may think they have to sign over copyright • may be afraid to sign something • will likely seek broader approval
  • 36. Securing permission: consent forms Consent agreement should be clear on copyright Be clear how content will be used If you already have a consent form, make sure it applies to new projects For consent agreement questions, consult an attorney.
  • 37. EBOOKS DISSECTED & DIGITIZED
  • 38. ePub as zip file
  • 39. ePub as zip file
  • 40. ebook markup HTML & CSS
  • 41. Everything has been digitized, right? Bad OCR: hours, fractions Scanned ≠ Digitized Corrected WPPL Epub page
  • 42. Homer ebook project http://bookscanner.pbworks.com/w/page/40965440/FrontPage
  • 43. Homer The following tools are installed as part of the Homer Project:  ImageMagick (for manipulation images)  Jpegtran (loseless jpeg transformation)  JBIG2 encoder (compression tool for bi-level images)  Tesseract-OCR (optical character recognition)  RubyInstaller (installs the Ruby programming language)  Hpricot (HTML parser)  RMagick (interface between the Ruby programming language and ImageMagick)  Pdfbeads (to create searchable PDF)  Cmdow.exe (command-line utility used in Homer)  ScanTailor (post-processing tool)  Homer (command-line bash script)
  • 44. Ebook Production Workflow
  • 45. Ebook or Production Workflow
  • 46. Homer: ScanTailor  Preprocess tiff-format images of book pages  Deskewing  De-speckling  Correcting warp  Right-to-left language support  Outputs images for Homer
  • 47. Homer: ScanTailor
  • 48. HOMER BASH SCRIPT It looks like command-line…
  • 49. HOMER BASH SCRIPT but it’s drag-and-drop!!!
  • 50. Homer: tesseract-ocr Optical Character Recognition Multilingual support - From Afrikaans to Vietnamese
  • 51. Homer: pdfbeads Outputs a searchable PDF
  • 52. Homer & pdfbeads Outputs a searchable PDF
  • 53. Sigil https://code.google.com/p/sigil/
  • 54. Epub Validator http://validator.idpf.org/
  • 55. Calibre http://calibre-ebook.com/
  • 56. Drupal  Open source content management system  Widely used in libraries  Drupal 7  “Responsive” layout drupal.org
  • 57. Drupal Ability to create custom fields for metadata – can be hidden from users
  • 58. 3 content types: •recipe •ebook •organization  Drupal 7  “Responsive” layout
  • 59. Drupal – Recipe module
  • 60. Drupal – ILS authentication module
  • 61. USAGE: Since late Oct. 2013 More than 1,800 ebook downloads More than 32,000 individual recipes downloaded or printed
  • 62. Costs: Content: $0 Software licensing: $0 Staff time: 4-7 hours per ebook (estimated)
  • 63. The Community Cookbook – what’s next?
  • 64. The Community Cookbook – what’s next?
  • 65. The Community Cookbook – what’s next? Original content: We can help organizations produce their own cookbooks Work with organizations to produce ebook versions…but
  • 66. The Community Cookbook – what’s next? …with one more open-source tool, we can even help them design print versions: We can do everything but the printing.
  • 67. It’s an exciting possibility… for the future of libraries that there is value to be mined from content already in our communities.
  • 68. Even more exciting is the thought that the most valuable content to libraries is content from our communities that hasn’t been created yet.
  • 69. Further Reading
  • 70. Further Reading  Jarret Buse - A Hands-on Guide to EPUB2 and EPUB3  Excellent guide to the guts of ebooks  Features many of the open-source programs I have discussed
  • 71. Further Reading Stanford University: Copyright & Fair Use – Charts and Tools http://fairuse.stanford.edu/charts-and-tools/
  • 72. mattrweaver
  • 73. Image credits Open Source Sign Timothy Appnel - https://www.flickr.com/photos/tappnel/5798812875/ “Librarian from Turn of the Century” - http://www.moyak.com/researcher/Clients/male_librarians/ind ex.html?id=34 Ereaders - Michael Porter https://www.flickr.com/photos/libraryman/5052936803/ Apples & oranges http://mrg.bz/n1xLHg
  • 74. Image credits Techno_background2.jpg (ones and zeroes) http://www.morguefile.com/creative/Grafixar Pile of books with lock: Librarian in Black - http://librarianinblack.net/librarianinblack/2011/12/overdrive.ht ml Ricoh Copier: http://www.itinstock.com/ekmps/shops/itinstock/images/ricoh-aficio- mp-4001-fast-photocopier-copier-printer-scan-fax-5598- p.jpg