One of the immediate benefits of using CC material is the knowledge that the material is legal to use without the need of having to seek permission as the creator has already given it. Students can access high quality educational resources without the barrier of restrictive copyright. Using CC material demonstrates positive online participation by respecting the rights and responsibilities of all members of the digital community (Greenhow, 2010, p. 25). Teaching students to use CC materials is a way to improve their understanding of digital citizenship. To analyse the deeper purpose of operating ethically and legally in our approach to works found on the internet, we look to the term ‘citizen’ and consider our revered rights and responsibilities in the civic community, should be emulated in the digital community. With the increasing ubiquity of digital technologies it is important that we teach students copyright in such way that the law is to be respected otherwise there is the ultimate risk that a younger generation may revolt against copyright law and the protection of intellectual property rights (Roberts, 2009b, p.34).
To introduce the idea of Creative Commons in the primary school classroom, start small. Look at a normal Google image search and note that the results are accessing all images from all relevant websites. There is no simple way to know if the images can be used legally. Model how to search for CC material using the Creative Commons search portal. Compare two images that have a copyright all rights reserved license and a CC license. Teach students the format for the correct attribution of an image. Search for images on a particular topic and ask students to give the correct accreditation. As an exercise in sourcing images, have students create a collage of CC images that reflect the meaning, feeling or concepts of a poem or piece of text. Discuss the scenario of a winning entry of a story writing competition with many similarities to an existing story. Have a scavenger hunt to find images that only have particular licences.
With the increasing ubiquity of digital technology in education and students across the globe working collaboratively, CC material expands opportunities and legally enables the digital community’s creative capacity in the use, sharing and remixing of works, knowledge and cultural experiences (Dylan, 2008; Educause, 2007). Students can be taught the importance of copyright from the both the point of view of the content creators and the user (Johnson, 2008). Working on a literacy project such as a digital story, can be used to help students understand how copyright laws apply to theirs and others intellectual property. A digital story is a multimedia text consisting of still images or embedded video clips, complemented by a narrated soundtrack to tell a story or present a documentary (Sylvester & Greenridge, 2009, p. 28). If students are creating a multi-modal text using images, sound and video sourced from the internet, having the prerequisite of using and attributing CC licenced materials ensures that the student’s work is legal.
Using Creative Commons in Free Powerpoint Templates Page 1Presentation by Matthew Oulds primary school
do w hen go nnaWa tcha or y ou? y come ft he cc licensed ( BY NC ND ) flickr photo by leg0fenris: http://flickr.com/photos/legofenris/4749730093/ Problem Free Powerpoint Templates Page 2
cc licensed ( BY NC SA ) flickr photo by Pete Prodoehl: http://flickr.com/photos/raster/5462062551/ Solution Free Powerpoint Templates Page 3
Four Elements Six Standard Licenses Attribution (BY) – attribute the author Attribution Non-commercial (NC) Attribution – share alike – no commercial use No Derivative Works (ND) – no remixing Attribution - non-commercial Share Alike (SA) Attribution – non-commercial – – remix only if you let share alike others remix Attribution - no derivatives Attribution – non-commercial – no derivatives Creative Commons Free Powerpoint Templates Page 4 Licences
There is no loss of illumination when one flame lights another. cc licensed ( BY SA ) flickr photo by Ravages: http://flickr.com/photos/ravages/23390200/ BenefitsFree Powerpoint Templates Page 5
Start small cc licensed ( BY SA ) flickr photo by torres21: http://flickr.com/photos/torres21/3663322101/ Ok, what now? Free Powerpoint Templates Page 6
Book trailers DigPh o to Stories ital Sto ries Blog s Wikis Vid cc licensed ( BY NC SA ) flickr photo by marcp_dmoz: http://flickr.com/photos/marcp_dmoz/4178675792/ eos Short Films M usic Free Future projects? Powerpoint Templates Page 7
http://search.creativecommons.org Sounds & Music http://ccmixter.org/ http://soundbible.com/ http://www.jamendo.comcc licensed ( BY NC SA ) flickr photo by ocean.flynn: Images:http://flickr.com/photos/oceanflynn/6638184545/ www.compflight.com http://www.google.com.au/advanced_search Animals - http://animalphotos.info/a/ Cars: http://carpictures.cc/cars/photo/ Clipart: http://openclipart.org/ Locations: http://photoeverywhere.co.uk/index.htm Where to access Free Powerpoint Templates ? Page 8
cc licensed ( BY NC ND ) flickr photo by gnackgnackgnack: http://flickr.com/photos/gnackgnackgnack/2250807329// Our own Free Powerpoint Templates Page 9
Good digital citizenshipcc licensed ( BY SA ) flickr photo by marfis75: http://flickr.com/photos/marfis75/5374308475/ Where to? Free Powerpoint Templates Page 10
cc lic e Stüb nsed ( B ner: http: Y SA ) fl //flic kr.co ickr pho m/ph to otos by AlexWhat actions can you /150 8259 //Berlin _ 9@N A 08/2 lexandetake in the next week, 4330 4388 r 9/month and year topromote the legal useof materials accessedfrom the internet? Should students be held accountable for copyright infringement when using images for educational purposes? In what ways can our students share and create meaningful experiences of our culture using digital technologies? Discussion Questions Free Powerpoint Templates Page 11
For the national documentation:Australian Copyright Council, (2012) Creative Commons Licenceshttp://www.copyright.org.au/admin/cms-acc1/_images/8906139084f38865ae8bff.pdfFor a general introduction of Creative Commons:ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation and the CopyrightAdvisory Group of the Ministerial Council of Education, Employment, Training and YouthAffairs (2009) What is Creative Commons? For teachers and students.http://www.smartcopying.edu.au/scw/webdav/site/scwsite/shared/What_is_Creative_CommonFor ways to find CC materials:Barrett, T (2012) 19 Interesting Ways* to find Creative Commons resourceshttps://docs.google.com/present/edit?id=0AclS3lrlFkCIZGhuMnZjdjVfOTAzY2d0bTd4ZGQFor an educational perspective:Educause (2007) 7 Things you should know about Creative Commons.http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/ELI7023.pdfFor the official guide to copyright issues for Australian schools:Smartcopying. (n.d.) Copyright – a general overview.http://www.smartcopying.edu.au/scw/go/pid/649 cc licensed ( BY NC ND ) flickr photo by yohann.aberkane http://flickr.com/photos/yohann-aberkane/2836258475 Recommended Reading Free Powerpoint Templates Page 12