Creative Commons for Wintec

4 Feb 2014
Questions to mull over:
1. What kinds of copyright
works are produced at
Wintec?
2. What kinds of copyright
works are used...
1

1. Licences

More free

More restrictive
2. Advocacy Projects
Our goal:
“Universal access to research and
education, full participation in
culture.”
First point:
It’s becoming much easier to
access and reuse works online.
Second point:
It hasn't always been easy to build
on other works.
Family watching television, c. 1958. National Archives and
Records Administration. 1944 – 2006. No known
copyright.
Third point:
The technical barriers to access
and reuse are dropping
Screenshot from ‘Lego Life Lessons - Safety Tips for Walking to
School’ by the Manning Brothers. Made available under a
Cr...
Fourth point:
Obvious potential to share items
for reuse
Getty Museum
Closed:121 Purchases p/m
Open: 60,000 downloads p/m

Claude-Joseph Vernet
(French, 1714 - 1789)
A Calm at a
M...
Fifth point:
Taxpayers fund a great deal of
New Zealand copyright works
(many of which quickly fall
from circulation).
Sixth point:
The legal barriers to dissemination
& reuse remain.
“Stop” by Brainware 3000. CC-BY. Via Flickr.
Copyright is:
Bundle of rights
Automatic
Copy, distribute, perform, adapt
*applies online*
Lasts for 50 years after death
Copyright the opportunities and
problems of print culture

“Caxton Showing the First Specimen of His Printing to King Edw...
Heald, Paul J., How Copyright Makes Books and Music Disappear (and How Secondary Liability Rules
Help Resurrect Old Songs)...
What to do?

“Grayson, Westley, Stanislaus County, Western San Joaquin Valley, California. Seventh and
eighth grade class ...
Licence = Permission
Creators retain copyright
Standardised
Internationally recognised
& used
(and free!)
Public Domain
Few Restrictions
Public Domain
Few Restrictions

All Rights Reserved
Few Freedoms
Public Domain
Few Restrictions

Some Rights Reserved
Range of Licence Options

All Rights Reserved
Few Freedoms
Four Licence Elements
Attribution
Non Commercial
No Derivatives
Share Alike
Six Licences
More free

More restrictive
More free

More restrictive
More free

More restrictive
More free

More restrictive
More free

More restrictive
More free

More restrictive
More free

More restrictive
Go to creativecommons.org/choose
CC Kiwi by Creative Commons Aotearoa New Zealand is made
available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand
Li...
The Remix Kiwi by CCANZ is based on a work by Creative Commons
Aotearoa New Zealand [LINK], which is made available under ...
Layers
Lawyer readable
Human readable
Licence symboll
More than 700
million works.

“2500 Creative Commons Licences” by qthomasbower, via Flickr. Made
available under a Creativ...
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1cIW
mV5nCF8o97Nrb8wYZWfQ97FG4ylNuXezh2nlBBM/edit
Questions to mull over:
1. What kinds of copyright
works are produced at
Wintec?
2. What kinds of copyright
works are used...
1. How can Wintec open
copyright works it
produces?
1. How can Wintec open
copyright works it
produces?
2. What's being done to
open up copyright works
that Wintec uses?
Free, open-licensed
research outputs – to be
used by everyone in the
world, because...
1.Most publicly funded
research cannot be accessed
by the public
This restricts the
dissemination of knowledge
to the people who need it
most.
“I am an independent
researcher from a third
world country not affiliated
to any university or a
company. Thus I neither
h...
“I don’t have access to many
articles due to … sanctions.
… I really appreciate this
policy of MIT that helped me
a lot.”
...
“I am an independent
researcher, with no current
academic affiliation. I am
writing a book which
involves researching
topo...
2. Libraries are struggling.
From 1986-2007,
subscription charges
increased by 340%, four
times the rate of inflation
“We write to communicate an
untenable situation facing
the Harvard Library. Many
large journal publishers
have made the sc...
3. Higher education is
struggling to make the case
for more public funding
4. Most publicly funded
research cannot be reused
by the public
All Rights Reserved copyright
What many common
restrictsis Copyright? &
essential uses of research
Distribution to students, colleagues,
journalists, businesses.
Reuse by other researchers,
What is Copyright?
bloggers, jo...
Also, without open licensing, your
(publicly funded) work may not enter the
commons for over 100 years (...)
…which makes life very hard for

libraries and archives who want to give
your work a second life.
Exhibit A:
Solution: Open Access
Open Access policies from
public funding bodies in all
major English-speaking
countries, EU & many Latin
American & Asia c...
OK, but what does ‘open’
even mean?
1. Access:
2. Technical:
3. Copyright:
1. Access: Green and Gold
2. Technical: Open Formats
3. Copyright: Open Licensing
Access
Green: Deposit post-print,
peer-reviewed article in an
institutional or disciplinary
repository
Access
Green: Deposit post-print,
peer-reviewed article in an
institutional or disciplinary
repository
Gold: Article is ma...
2. Technical
Use of open formats, to allow
others to share, adapt and
reuse research (including
data)
3. Copyright
Use of open licensing, to allow
others to share, adapt and
reuse research (including
data)
[We haven't mentioned open
data, open science, open peer
review]
Free, open-licensed
teaching resources – to be
used by everyone in the
world, because...
1. Textbooks, often publicly
funded, are too expensive
Between 2002 and 2013, the
price of college textbooks
rose 82% — nearly three
times the rate of inflation
Solution: Open Textbooks
Solution: Open Textbooks
Solution: Open Textbooks
Solution: Open Textbooks
2. Too many teachers
reinvent the wheel.
This is an enormous waste
of time and money, across
the entire New Zealand
education system.
Solution: Online Sharing Portals
3. We can't build enough
universities to meet global
demand
“Accommodating the additional
98 million students would
require more than four major
universities (30,000 students) to
ope...
Solution: Open Higher Education.
What can you do?
QUESTIONS?

creativecommons.org.nz
@cc_Aotearoa
admin@creativecommons.org.nz
groups.creativecommons.org.nz
This work is li...
Creative Commons for Tertiary Education
Creative Commons for Tertiary Education
Creative Commons for Tertiary Education
Creative Commons for Tertiary Education
Creative Commons for Tertiary Education
Creative Commons for Tertiary Education
Creative Commons for Tertiary Education
Creative Commons for Tertiary Education
Creative Commons for Tertiary Education
Creative Commons for Tertiary Education
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Creative Commons for Tertiary Education

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Given to Wintec in Hamilton, New Zealand on 5 February 2014, this presentation provides a simple introduction to Creative Commons licensing. It also introduces moves towards open access to scholarly research and open educational resources in New Zealand and around the world.

This presentation was accompanied by a broad discussion about how CC licensing could be used at New Zealand tertiary institutions.

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Creative Commons for Tertiary Education

  1. 1. Creative Commons for Wintec 4 Feb 2014
  2. 2. Questions to mull over: 1. What kinds of copyright works are produced at Wintec? 2. What kinds of copyright works are used at Wintec?
  3. 3. 1 1. Licences More free More restrictive
  4. 4. 2. Advocacy Projects
  5. 5. Our goal: “Universal access to research and education, full participation in culture.”
  6. 6. First point: It’s becoming much easier to access and reuse works online.
  7. 7. Second point: It hasn't always been easy to build on other works.
  8. 8. Family watching television, c. 1958. National Archives and Records Administration. 1944 – 2006. No known copyright.
  9. 9. Third point: The technical barriers to access and reuse are dropping
  10. 10. Screenshot from ‘Lego Life Lessons - Safety Tips for Walking to School’ by the Manning Brothers. Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike licence.
  11. 11. Fourth point: Obvious potential to share items for reuse
  12. 12. Getty Museum Closed:121 Purchases p/m Open: 60,000 downloads p/m Claude-Joseph Vernet (French, 1714 - 1789) A Calm at a Mediterranean Port, 1770, The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles
  13. 13. Fifth point: Taxpayers fund a great deal of New Zealand copyright works (many of which quickly fall from circulation).
  14. 14. Sixth point: The legal barriers to dissemination & reuse remain.
  15. 15. “Stop” by Brainware 3000. CC-BY. Via Flickr.
  16. 16. Copyright is: Bundle of rights Automatic Copy, distribute, perform, adapt *applies online* Lasts for 50 years after death
  17. 17. Copyright the opportunities and problems of print culture “Caxton Showing the First Specimen of His Printing to King Edward IV at the Almonry, Westminster,” by Daniel Maclise, 1851.
  18. 18. Heald, Paul J., How Copyright Makes Books and Music Disappear (and How Secondary Liability Rules Help Resurrect Old Songs) (July 5, 2013). Illinois Program in Law, Behavior and Social Science Paper No. LBSS14-07; Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 13-54. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2290181 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2290181
  19. 19. What to do? “Grayson, Westley, Stanislaus County, Western San Joaquin Valley, California. Seventh and eighth grade class in Westley school after lesson in Geography” 1940, US National Archives 83G-41445, via Flickr. No known copyright.
  20. 20. Licence = Permission Creators retain copyright Standardised Internationally recognised & used (and free!)
  21. 21. Public Domain Few Restrictions
  22. 22. Public Domain Few Restrictions All Rights Reserved Few Freedoms
  23. 23. Public Domain Few Restrictions Some Rights Reserved Range of Licence Options All Rights Reserved Few Freedoms
  24. 24. Four Licence Elements
  25. 25. Attribution
  26. 26. Non Commercial
  27. 27. No Derivatives
  28. 28. Share Alike
  29. 29. Six Licences
  30. 30. More free More restrictive
  31. 31. More free More restrictive
  32. 32. More free More restrictive
  33. 33. More free More restrictive
  34. 34. More free More restrictive
  35. 35. More free More restrictive
  36. 36. More free More restrictive
  37. 37. Go to creativecommons.org/choose
  38. 38. CC Kiwi by Creative Commons Aotearoa New Zealand is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand Licence.
  39. 39. The Remix Kiwi by CCANZ is based on a work by Creative Commons Aotearoa New Zealand [LINK], which is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 New Zealand Licence.
  40. 40. Layers Lawyer readable Human readable Licence symboll
  41. 41. More than 700 million works. “2500 Creative Commons Licences” by qthomasbower, via Flickr. Made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 licence.
  42. 42. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1cIW mV5nCF8o97Nrb8wYZWfQ97FG4ylNuXezh2nlBBM/edit
  43. 43. Questions to mull over: 1. What kinds of copyright works are produced at Wintec? 2. What kinds of copyright works are used at Wintec?
  44. 44. 1. How can Wintec open copyright works it produces?
  45. 45. 1. How can Wintec open copyright works it produces? 2. What's being done to open up copyright works that Wintec uses?
  46. 46. Free, open-licensed research outputs – to be used by everyone in the world, because...
  47. 47. 1.Most publicly funded research cannot be accessed by the public
  48. 48. This restricts the dissemination of knowledge to the people who need it most.
  49. 49. “I am an independent researcher from a third world country not affiliated to any university or a company. Thus I neither have access to paid journals nor I can afford them” – independent research, Nepal. Source: MIT Library
  50. 50. “I don’t have access to many articles due to … sanctions. … I really appreciate this policy of MIT that helped me a lot.” – Researcher, Middle East Source: MIT Library
  51. 51. “I am an independent researcher, with no current academic affiliation. I am writing a book which involves researching topological quantum neural computing.... Thank you for making science freely available to all!” – Scientific journalist, US Source: MIT Library
  52. 52. 2. Libraries are struggling. From 1986-2007, subscription charges increased by 340%, four times the rate of inflation
  53. 53. “We write to communicate an untenable situation facing the Harvard Library. Many large journal publishers have made the scholarly communication environment fiscally unsustainable and academically restrictive.”
  54. 54. 3. Higher education is struggling to make the case for more public funding
  55. 55. 4. Most publicly funded research cannot be reused by the public
  56. 56. All Rights Reserved copyright What many common restrictsis Copyright? & essential uses of research
  57. 57. Distribution to students, colleagues, journalists, businesses. Reuse by other researchers, What is Copyright? bloggers, journalists, publishers. Republication to new audiences Translation to other languages
  58. 58. Also, without open licensing, your (publicly funded) work may not enter the commons for over 100 years (...)
  59. 59. …which makes life very hard for libraries and archives who want to give your work a second life. Exhibit A:
  60. 60. Solution: Open Access
  61. 61. Open Access policies from public funding bodies in all major English-speaking countries, EU & many Latin American & Asia countries
  62. 62. OK, but what does ‘open’ even mean?
  63. 63. 1. Access: 2. Technical: 3. Copyright:
  64. 64. 1. Access: Green and Gold 2. Technical: Open Formats 3. Copyright: Open Licensing
  65. 65. Access Green: Deposit post-print, peer-reviewed article in an institutional or disciplinary repository
  66. 66. Access Green: Deposit post-print, peer-reviewed article in an institutional or disciplinary repository Gold: Article is made freely available by publisher (sometimes after APC charge)
  67. 67. 2. Technical Use of open formats, to allow others to share, adapt and reuse research (including data)
  68. 68. 3. Copyright Use of open licensing, to allow others to share, adapt and reuse research (including data)
  69. 69. [We haven't mentioned open data, open science, open peer review]
  70. 70. Free, open-licensed teaching resources – to be used by everyone in the world, because...
  71. 71. 1. Textbooks, often publicly funded, are too expensive
  72. 72. Between 2002 and 2013, the price of college textbooks rose 82% — nearly three times the rate of inflation
  73. 73. Solution: Open Textbooks
  74. 74. Solution: Open Textbooks
  75. 75. Solution: Open Textbooks
  76. 76. Solution: Open Textbooks
  77. 77. 2. Too many teachers reinvent the wheel.
  78. 78. This is an enormous waste of time and money, across the entire New Zealand education system.
  79. 79. Solution: Online Sharing Portals
  80. 80. 3. We can't build enough universities to meet global demand
  81. 81. “Accommodating the additional 98 million students would require more than four major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen years.” Stamenka Uvalić-Trumbić of UNESCO Source: Brandenburg, U., Carr, D., Donauer, S., Berthold, C. (2008) Analysing the Future Market – Target Countries for German HEIs, Working paper No. 107, CHE Centre for Higher Education Development, Gütersloh, Germany, p. 13.
  82. 82. Solution: Open Higher Education.
  83. 83. What can you do?
  84. 84. QUESTIONS? creativecommons.org.nz @cc_Aotearoa admin@creativecommons.org.nz groups.creativecommons.org.nz This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 New Zealand License.
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