Chairman ptfp goodwill message at naee


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16TH-18TH OCTOBER 2013.

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Chairman ptfp goodwill message at naee

  1. 1. A GOODWILL MESSAGE AT THE NIGERIAN ALTERNATIVE ENERGY EXPO (NAEE) 2013, 16TH-18TH OCTOBER 2013. BY CHAIRMAN, PTFP SALUTATIONS INTRODUCTION Economies of Africa are developing and a lot of diversification is taking place, this has led to continuous growth and transformation of the African economy. There is also a rapid increase in population; and to cope with this population increase sustained economic growth is inevitable. It is not rocket science to know that a sustainable economic growth cannot be attained without investment in the energy sector. An efficient use of a nation’s energy resources clearly advocates for diversification in the energy sector of that nation and hence the introduction of alternative energy in the energy mix of the country. The importance of the Nigeria Alternative Energy Expo (NAEE) cannot be overemphasized as it creates an opportunity for stakeholders in the Nigerian energy sector to meet, share ideas and rub minds on the way forward and proffer solutions to the issue of enhancing the contribution of alternative energy to our energy mix. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) Africa has the potential and the ability to utilise its renewable resources to fuel the majority of its future growth. Embarking on such an act would be economically competitive with other solutions thus unlocking economies of scale, and 1
  2. 2. offering substantial benefits in terms of equitable development, local value creation, energy security, and environmental sustainability (IRENA, 2013). ENERGY IN NIGERIA Nigeria is currently working on reforming the Energy Sector. This includes the use of conventional and alternative energy sources. The Roadmap for Power Sector Reform indicates that with the high capital costs and long lead times required to develop commercial power generation through solar, wind, nuclear and biomass, the Federal Government will initially focus its development efforts on hydro, coal and natural gas. The potential of natural gas, in particular, will be prioritised and incentives will be provided to investors to exploit this resource to its fullest potential. (The Presidency, 2010). Another reason for the focus on conventional energy source is the fact that the country is working on stabilizing the grid in the short to medium term. This does not presuppose ignorance on the part of Government regarding the great potential from other alternative energy sources. There is therefore no gain saying that in harnessing the abundant capacity of our alternative energy base, we are working assiduously with various Government MDAs to put in place a framework that would seamlessly integrate energy generated from such sources and speed up its capacity additions. Also, the Government of Nigeria is aware of the effects of climate change and the fact that alternative energy sources will help ameliorate such negative impacts, for this reason the Government of Nigeria is working on promoting eco-friendly power plants by investing in renewable sources of electricity such as solar, hydro, geothermal, wind and biomass. Nigeria has a Renewable Energy Master Plan which acts as a roadmap for achieving a substantial share of the national energy supply mix through alternative energy sources. It also outlines 2
  3. 3. ways by which local understanding of alternative energy technologies will be improved via capacity building, research and development. According to the Renewable Energy Master Plan (REMP), Nigeria has alternative energy resources including large and small hydroelectric power resources, solar energy, biomass, wind and potentials for hydrogen utilization; and development of geothermal and ocean energy (ECN & UNDP, 2005). ECN & UNDP (2005) study extimates show that Nigeria has a capacity from ………. Table 1 presents estimated renewable energy resources in Nigeria, excluding potential hydrogen, ocean and geothermal energy. Table 1: Energy Source in Nigeria excluding potential hydrogen, ocean and geothermal (ECN & UNDP, 2005) Energy Source Capacity Large Hydropower 10,000 MW Small Hydropower 734 MW Fuel Wood 13,071,464 hectares (forest land 1981) Animal waste 61million tones/yr Crop Residue 83million tones/yr Solar Radiation 3.5-7.0kWh/m2-day Wind 2-4 m/s (annual average) The REMP sets out six distinct activities with concrete milestones to be reached within the plan period, 2005-2025. These activities are organized around the following programmes: 1. Framework Program-me for Renewable Energy Promotion; 2. Nigerian Solar Programme; 3. Nigerian Small Hydro Programme; 4. Nigerian Wind Programme; 3
  4. 4. 5. Nigerian Biomass Programme; and 6. New Energy Research and Development Programme. The various programs reflect a twenty-year commitment to realize the targets of the Master Plan for all the renewable energy sub-sectors. The programs will address R&D, database, market as well as capacity issues in realizing the targets of the REMP. Table 2: Renewable Energy Resources in Nigeria (adapted from (Sambo, Reserves S/No Resource Type (Natural Units Production Domestic Utilization (Natural Units) 1 Large Hydropower 11,250 MW 1938 MW 1938 MW 2 Small Hydropower 3,500 MW 30 MW 30 MW 3 Solar Radiation 3.5 - 7.0 KWh/m2/day (4.2 million MWh/day using 0.1% Nigeria land area) ≅6 MWh/day Solar PV ≅ 6 MWh/day Solar PV 4 Wind (2-4) m/s at 10m height (main land) - - Fuel wood 11 million hectares of forest and wood land 0.120 million tonnes/day 0.120 million tonnes/day Animal waste 211 million assorted animals 0.781 million tonnes of waste/day Not available Energy Crops and Agric Residue 28.2 million hectares of Arable Land (≅30% of total land) 0.256 million tonnes of assorted crops/day Not available 5 Biomass Excess of 1.2m tonnes/day 2010) 4
  5. 5. Alternative Energy Applicatiion to Rural Electrification “COWS TO KILOWATTS” PROJECT IRENA reports that ……The Bodija Abattoir in Ibadan, Nigeria, slaughters and processes more than 1,000 cows per day. In 2008, it inaugurated the awardwinning “Cows to kilowatts” scheme, designed in collaboration with a technology institute in Thailand. It makes use of Slaughter-house waste to produce biogas for clean cooking fuel and power generation, as well as fertiliser for low-income farmers. Approximately 1,800 cubic metres of methane per day are used as household cooking gas to be sold locally to around 5,400 households each month at significantly lower cost than currently available sources of natural gas. The plant can also produce up to 1 MW of electricity. The left-over sludge from the reactor is used to create 1,500 litres of environmentally safe organic fertiliser for low-income farmers, reducing water pollution. The project has created local jobs and stimulated local industry. As abattoirs are common in most cities, the Bodija Abattoir biogas project is replicable across Africa, and can help build more sustainable towns and cities. (IRENA, 2013). THE WAYA SMALL HYDRO SYSTEM The Waya small hydropower project was originally designed in 2001 to irrigate 2,000 hectares of agricultural land in Bauchi, northern Nigeria. In 2003, it was chosen as one of two small pilot hydropower demonstration projects, funded by UNIDO and China, to provide electricity to rural communities. Designed, managed and operated locally, today it provides 24/7 electricity to 2,250 people. “We don’t have to go to town to grind our maize now,” says 38-year old Umar Abdullahi. “We have over nine grinding machines in our area that can take care of our villages and beyond.” Aishatu Sani, a housewife, said that since her husband bought a grinding machine they earn between 3,000–4,000 naira (USD 20–25) per day, which helps them to buy food and clothes for their children (IRENA, 2013). 5
  6. 6. These are few examples of rural electrification projects. There are ongoing large scale wind and solar projects such as the 10MW wind farm project in Katsina State and the 50MW Photo Voltaic project in Kaduna State. More focus is required on alternative energy sources as this will help Nigeria in meeting the MDGs target. While energy alone does not guarantee progress in meeting MDGs, the diffusion of nonconventional or alternative energy sources is supportive of efforts to ensure environmental sustainability, fast-track poverty reduction, decline in the burden of diseases, provision of safe water supply and sanitation, school enrolment, quality education and gender equality. There is a lot that can be achieved in Nigeria such as Solar cities due to the amount of irradiation in some parts of the country, getting ethanol from municipal solid waste due to the amount of waste generated in the country, harnessing power from geothermal sources etc. People can also be encouraged to generate electricity in their homes, this will not only win them incentives, when policies are put in place, but can be a form of education for children at home on energy based businesses and the ethics of sustainability. All these efforts will help in reducing greenhouse gases and thus saving the environment we live in. We therefore welcome the public sector, private sector, Non-Governmental Organisations, Intergovernmental agencies, individuals and all stakeholders to this platform that has been created to showcase progress made so far in alternative energy developments, challenges and options for generation, transmission, distribution and management of Nigeria’s energy sector. I am very confident that this Expo will be a great success. God bless the Alternative Energy Forum, God bless the Federal Republic of Nigeria! REFRENCES ECN & UNDP. (2005). RENEWABLE ENERGY MASTER PLAN. 6
  7. 7. IRENA. (2013). Africa's Renewable Energy Future: The Path to Sustainable Growth. Abu Dhabi: International Renewable Energy Agency. Sambo, A. S. (2010). Renewable Energy Development in Nigeria. World Future Council/ Strategy Workshop on Renewable Energy. Accra. The Presidency. (2010). Roadmapfor Power Sector Reform. Abuja: The Presidency Federal Republic of Nigeria. 7