WIND ENERGY FOR POWER          GENERATION IN NIGERIA                           An Invited Paper by                        ...
Africa’s First Wind Farm• The 10 MW wind park in Rimi Village in Katsina  State is Africa’s first wind farm consisting of ...
Wind pumps and wind electricity   pilot projects in Nigeria• Wind pumps were relatively common in  Northern Nigeria in the...
Wind Resource in Nigeria• According to the Renewable Energy  Master Plan (REMP), Nigeria falls into the  poor to moderate ...
Wind Resource in Nigeria• According to the REMP, studies at 10m  height NIMET data show that exploitable  wind energy vary...
Wind Research• Considerable wind energy research has  been undertaken and continues to be  undertaken in Nigeria, most bas...
Wind Research• To conclude this issue of research,  mention needs be made of the Laymeyer  International work on wind powe...
Is wind for electricity productionpossible in Nigeria or Africa?     Going by present statistics, only Egypt,      Kenya, ...
Is opportunity for production of electricity  from wind available in Africa?: The case  for WEST AFRICA- It has been recog...
Why then is there no local or foreign investment in wind power production?31 Oct. 2012 June 12   Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 201...
POTENTIAL                       RESOURCE                       ASSESSMENTS             WIND                               ...
- Lack of adequate measurements/complete  assessment studies- Improper wind classification of the countries- No popular wi...
The Need of the present:• Carry out complete resource assessment  using available National data• Proper classification of ...
Jos as a case study                                                       Range = 7.7                                     ...
94.8% data were       from 6m/s and above31 Oct. 2012 June 12   Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012   15Cultural Centre ,       Nig...
Up to 80% data                                                    ranged from 7.9 to                                      ...
Range (vmp)= 5.3 to 10.4 m/s; (vemax) =8.8 to 21.4 m/s31 Oct. 2012 June 12   Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012   17Cultural Centr...
Range = 540.2 to 3677.1 W/m2 m/sJuly to September have the least windpower potential 31 Oct. 2012 June 12   Prof. Layi Fag...
Range of Values relating to important                        Results at 10 m height for the nation                        ...
31 Oct. 2012 June 12   Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012   20Cultural Centre ,       Nigeria Alternative Expo
END• Thank you very much for your kind and patient  attention to this presentation31 Oct. 2012 June 12   Prof. Layi Fagben...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Abeokuta wind energy presentation 31 oct 2012

1,042
-1

Published on

Abeokuta wind energy presentation 31 oct 2012

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,042
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
42
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Abeokuta wind energy presentation 31 oct 2012

  1. 1. WIND ENERGY FOR POWER GENERATION IN NIGERIA An Invited Paper by R. ’Layi Fagbenle, FNSE Professor of Mech. Eng. Obafemi Awolowo University Ile-Ife31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Cultural Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 1Centre , Abeokuta, Ogun State Nigeria Alternative Expo
  2. 2. Africa’s First Wind Farm• The 10 MW wind park in Rimi Village in Katsina State is Africa’s first wind farm consisting of 37 wind turbines (HAWT) of the type Vergnet GEV MP C 275 kW.• Terrawatt Planungsgesellschaft mbH won the RFP for technical consultancy services and construction supervision for the wind power project .• The project is currently in the installation phase which I saw as I passed through Rimi Village on my way to Katsina in early September for the International Conference on Renewable Energy31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 2Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  3. 3. Wind pumps and wind electricity pilot projects in Nigeria• Wind pumps were relatively common in Northern Nigeria in the 1950s and 1960s and these were the multi-vane type windmills as opposed to the 3-bladed wind turbines in Rimi Village.• Two pilot wind electricity projects in Sokoto State of 5 kWp and 0.75 kWp31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 3Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  4. 4. Wind Resource in Nigeria• According to the Renewable Energy Master Plan (REMP), Nigeria falls into the poor to moderate wind regime.• Wind speeds range from1 to 3 m/s in the southern areas to 4 to 5.12 m/s in the extreme north based on NIMET data taken at 10m heights.• However, wind turbine hub heights can be 50m and higher and hence need for data at such heights is crucial31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 4Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  5. 5. Wind Resource in Nigeria• According to the REMP, studies at 10m height NIMET data show that exploitable wind energy varying from 8 MWh/yr in Yola to 51 MWh/yr in Jos and as high as 97 MWh/yr in Sokoto.• Besides the inland winds, Nigeria’s littoral States have to realize the huge potential at their backyards in offshore wind turbine farms. Thus there is also need for data in these sites which have great promise.31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 5Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  6. 6. Wind Research• Considerable wind energy research has been undertaken and continues to be undertaken in Nigeria, most based on NIMET 10m height anemometers.• While these can be fitted to boundary layer distributions such as the Weibull distribution, actual data is sorely required at 50 to 80 m heights or even higher.31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 6Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  7. 7. Wind Research• To conclude this issue of research, mention needs be made of the Laymeyer International work on wind power at 10 sites in Nigeria in about a decade ago for the Federal Min of Science and Tech.31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 7Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  8. 8. Is wind for electricity productionpossible in Nigeria or Africa? Going by present statistics, only Egypt, Kenya, Morocco and South Africa has been able to produce considerable electricity from Renewable sources Kenya is the leading nation for wind power production in Africa31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 8Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  9. 9. Is opportunity for production of electricity from wind available in Africa?: The case for WEST AFRICA- It has been recognized through satellite data that West Africa has enormous potential for wind and solar electricity production- The degree of resources is capable of lighting up the whole sub-Saharan region31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 9Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  10. 10. Why then is there no local or foreign investment in wind power production?31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 10Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  11. 11. POTENTIAL RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS WIND HARDWARE ENERGY FOR GENERATION TECHNOLOG Vertical Axis Y DISTRIBUTION Wind turbine Horizontal Axis Wind turbine Stand Grid Connection Alone31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 11Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  12. 12. - Lack of adequate measurements/complete assessment studies- Improper wind classification of the countries- No popular wind map of Nigeria, West Africa or Africa as we have for states in U.S, Countries in Europe etc.- No predictive models for wind power forecasting31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 12Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  13. 13. The Need of the present:• Carry out complete resource assessment using available National data• Proper classification of wind distribution in Nigeria and identify potential areas for wind farm establishment31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 13Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  14. 14. Jos as a case study Range = 7.7 to 10.1 m/s Range = 0.6 to 15.4 m/s Range = 6.2 to 11.8 m/s31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 14Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  15. 15. 94.8% data were from 6m/s and above31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 15Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  16. 16. Up to 80% data ranged from 7.9 to 10.3 m/s Average values ranged from 7.8 to 11.4 m/s31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 16Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  17. 17. Range (vmp)= 5.3 to 10.4 m/s; (vemax) =8.8 to 21.4 m/s31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 17Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  18. 18. Range = 540.2 to 3677.1 W/m2 m/sJuly to September have the least windpower potential 31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 18 Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  19. 19. Range of Values relating to important Results at 10 m height for the nation Estimate Zone Vactual σactual Vweibull σweibull k c Vmp VEmax d PowerNorth 1.9 - 0.5 - 2.6 - 0.5 - 1.4 - 2.8 - 1.8 - 3.3 - 19.2 -West 10.6 3.4 9.9 4.4 10.1 10.7 10.3 13.6 1424.4North 2.4 - 0.5 - 2.4 - 0.6 - 1.3 - 2.7 - 1.0 - 3.3 - 28.0 -East 7.3 4.2 8.1 4.2 7.6 9.0 7.1 15.3 1296.7 North 2.2 - 0.4 - 2.2 - 0.4 - 1.4 - 2.5 - 1.9 - 2.8 - 16.4 -Central 10.1 3.7 11.4 7.4 12.0 12.7 10.4 21.4 3677.1South 1.2 - 0.2 - 1.1 - 0.3 - 1.3 - 1.3 - 0.4 - 2.2 - 3.6 -West 5.8 1.9 5.8 6.3 14.2 6.3 6.2 8.6 320.3South 2.7 - 0.4 - 2.7 - 0.5 - 2.3 - 2.9 - 2.9 - 3.1 - 23.6 - East 6.7 9.2 6.7 4.3 9.8 7.1 7.0 12.4 593.3South - 1.7 - 0.3 - 1.7 - 0.3 - 1.6 - 1.8 - 1.7 - 1.9 - 5.2 -South 2012 June 121.6 31 Oct. 4.9 4.9Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 5.1 2.5 10.9 5.1 7.1 147.9 19 Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  20. 20. 31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 20Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  21. 21. END• Thank you very much for your kind and patient attention to this presentation31 Oct. 2012 June 12 Prof. Layi Fagbenle – 2012 21Cultural Centre , Nigeria Alternative Expo
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×