Foreign Banks In India
Assignment on Contemporary Issues in Financial System
By: Matewos Kebede
Punjabi University Patiala
• Banks constitute the major component of financial
system in most developing and emerging Economies.
• Banking institutions categorized on the basis of purpose :
• Commercial Banks,
• Industrial or Investment Banks
• Rural Banks.
• The most active sector in most developing countries,
including India, is the commercial banking sector.
In the context of India commercial banks are
classified as scheduled non- scheduled CBs
• As per RBI cited on Indian brand equity foundation (2013) there
are 87 scheduled commercial banks.
• Of these,
• 26 are public sector banks,
• 20 are private banks
• 41 are foreign banks
2. Foreign Banks in India
• Foreign banks are those banks incorporated
outside of India and operate through branch
or subsidiary in India.
• Though the number of foreign banks has
been increasing in response to liberalization
of the Indian economy in 1990s, the
presence of such bank according to dated a
decades back. (Pahareti,2011)
Foreign Banks in India(cont’d)
• According to Ashok KApor(na) the history of
banking in India is highly associated with foreign
banks, though their number and extent of
business differs across time.
• Foreign banks in India can be viewed in four
2.1. Foreign Banks in India(1786 to 1935)
• Until 1935 there were about 18 foreign banks
that had been facilitating the foreign trade of
• The foreign banks operating in this period were
called as “exchange Banks” for the fact that they
focused mainly on foreign exchange and foreign
• Their share in deposit mobilization and credit
market had also been substantial.
2.2. Foreign Bank in India 1935 to 1969
• This period was marked by the establishment of
Reserve Bank of India in 1935
• Enhanced regulation of foreign banking business
in a bid to protect the economy from negative
effects of foreign bank operation.
• Acording to Ashok KApor(na) compared with the
previous periods the business of foreign banks
had been in a steady decline during this period.
2.3. Foreign Bank in India 1969 to 1991
• Their share in total asset, deposit mobilization,
and credit witnessed a decline
• To ensure their survival foreign banks designed a
strategic diversification of services such as:
foreign currency loan,
• investment banking,
• portfolio management
• They also followed a niche marketing strategy on
retail banking whereby they focused only on
limited cites with high net worth customer.
2.4. The fourth phase is 1991 onwards
• Economic liberalization, deregulation of the finance sector
and other economic reforms contributed for the surge of
FDI in India, including in the banking sector
• The number of foreign banks offices increased from 145 in
1990 to 324 in march 2013.
• the increasing foreign direct investment in the banking
sector brought significant change on the structure of the
• Though there number is increasing their share is in
between 5-7%( M. Thyagarajan & Woudaya Kumar)
3. Mode of Entry
• Foreign banks who wish to open up branches in
India have to apply to the RBI and satisfy the
RBI licensing requirements:
• The banks should also get permission from
their home country to set up branches in India.
• the foreign banks seeking to set up business in
India should have a minimum start-up capital of
• Other factors to be considered in approving
foreign bank operation includes:
• Financial soundness of the foreign banks
• Economic and political relations between the home
country of the foreign banks and India.
• International ranking of the bank
• Home country ranking of the bank
• International presence of the bank
• Rating given to the bank by international rating
4. Reasons for Foreign Bank Expansion
• India's GDP has been growing at a robust rate and it is
expected to maintain the pace over the next few years,
throwing up opportunities for the banking sector to profit
• The credit of banks has risen and the growth momentum is
expected to continue over the next four to five years.
RBI is following a liberal branch licensing policy for those
foreign banks who want to go to the unbanked pockets.
• RBI has also been further liberalizing its policy on foreign
bank entry and operation
5. The Role of Foreign Banks in India
• Enhance competition in the banking sector
• Technology and skill transfer
• Both foreign and Local banks has been investing
on finical innovation
• Modern banking services expanded
• Enhanced customer satisfaction
• Enhanced Provision of foreign currency to
• Foreign banks participation in foreign exchange
and money market contribute for deepening of
6. Observations on the performance of Foreign Banks
Table 1: Number of Foreign Commercial Banks and Their
Total Number of Number of Foreign
Table 4: List of Top 10 foreign Banks in India based on Number of Branches
Name of the
Indian Market Branches in India
Standard Chartered Bank
Royal Bank Of Scotland
Credit Agricola corporate
Bank of America
The share of foreign bank in
total commercial bank Deposit
Summary and conclusion
• The history of Indian banking system is associated with
• The post 1990 economic liberalization period in India
resulted in increasing number of foreign bank
• Foreign banks contributed to the banking sector and
• The growth in Indian economy coupled with emerging
educated middle class showed that the banking sector
could have further potential for foreign banks in India.
• Though their advantage foreign bank has been
criticized for their profit supremacy over social banking