• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Visual Dictionary
 

Visual Dictionary

on

  • 710 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
710
Views on SlideShare
710
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Visual Dictionary Visual Dictionary Presentation Transcript

    • Visual Dictionary Materials, Methods, and Equipment 1
    • Air Barrier Paper: a sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier 
    • Attic Ventilation:
      • Soffit Vent:
    • Attic Ventilation:
      • Ridge Vent:
    • Attic Ventilation:
      • Gable Vent:
    • Attic Ventilation:
      • Roof Turbine:
       
    • Backhoe: is a piece of excavating equipment or digger consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm
    • Batter Boards: a temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation 
    • Brick Arches: A wedge-shaped brick used in arches
      • Brick Arch # 1:
      • Roman Arch
    • Brick Arches:
      • Brick Arch # 2:
      • Elliptical Arch
    • Brick Arches:
      • Brick Arch with Keystone:
      • Jack Arch with Keystone
    • Brick Arches:
      • Centering: temporary formwork for an arch, dome, or vault
    • Brick Bonds: an arrangement of built-up brick or other units laid so that their overlapping thoroughly ties the units together, which enables the whole to act as a unit in resisting stresses
      • Brick Bond # 1: Common
      • Every 6 th Course is a Header line
    • Brick Bonds:
      • Brick bond # 2: Stacked
      • Bricks are stacked on top of one another
    • Brick Bonds:
      • Rowlocks:
    • Brick Bonds:
      • Headers:
    • Brick Bonds:
      • Soldiers:
    • Brick Bonds:
      • Sailor:
    • Brick Bonds:
      • Stretcher Rowlock (Shiners):
    • Brick Sizes: Length, Width, and Height of a Brick
      • Brick Size # 1:
      • Modular
      • 3 5/8” wide X 2 ¼” tall X 7 5/8” long
    • Brick Sizes:
      • Brick Size # 2:
      • Roman
      • 3 ½” wide X 1 5/8” tall X 11” long
    • Bulldozer: A heavy, driver-operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front
    • Cladding: Exterior façade of a building that carries no loads from the building itself
      • Brick Clad Structure:
    • Cladding:
      • EIFS Clad Structure:
    • Cladding:
      • Stone Clad Structure:
    • Cladding:
      • Wood Board Clad Structure:
    • Cladding:
      • Wood Shingle/ Shake Clad Structure: strong planked wood used for siding
    • Code Requirements:
      • Egress of Bedroom Window:
      • Window meets egress requirements for a second floor window
      • Width: 3 ½’, Height: 2 ½’, Area: 8 ¾ sq ft, Sill Height 24” AFF
    • Code Requirements:
      • Stairs: This stair meets IBC code requirements
      • Tread: 10”
      • Riser: 7 3/4”
    • Concrete Joints: an intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure
      • Control Joint:
    • Concrete Joints:
      • Isolation Joint: Isolates wall from structural steel column.
      • used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of slab-on-grade applications that adjoin fixed foundation elements such as columns, building or machinery foundations, etc.
    • Concrete Masonry Unit: a block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone
      • 1 CMU= 3 Brick Courses
      • CMU: usually 8”X8”X16”
      CMU is an important structural element or it can be an interior façade over structural steel.
    • Concrete Masonry Units:
      • Different Sizes of CMU:
       
    • Decorative Concrete Masonry Units:
      • Split Block:
    • Decorative Concrete Masonry Units:
      • Ribbed Block:
    • Doors:
      • Exterior Flush Door:
    • Doors:
      • Exterior Panel Door:
       Stile  Top Rail Bottom Rail  Lock Rail 
    • Doors:
      • Transom: a small window directly above a door
       
    • Doors:
      • Sidelight: a tall, narrow window alongside a door
    • Electrical Components:
      • Underground Transformer: an electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current
    • Electrical Components:
      • Service Head: entrance spot for the three wires that come from the transformer to the house and pass through to the meter
       
    • Electrical Components:
      • Meter: measures power usage of a house
       
    • Electrical Components:
      • Service Panel: Also known as a breaker panel, contains a main disconnect switch and circuit breakers that act as fuses for each electrical circuit
    • Electrical Components:
      • Duplex Receptacle: a receptacle with more than one outlet, a place where an appliance can be connected to an electrical circuit
    • Framing Elements:
      • # 1 Anchor Bolt:
    • Framing Elements:
      • # 2 Sill Plate:
    • Framing Elements:
      • # 3 Floor Joists:
    • Framing Elements:
      • # 4 Sub flooring:
    • Framing Elements:
      • # 5 Sole Plate:
    • Framing Elements:
      • # 6 Stud: Light gauge steel framing stud
    • Framing Elements:
      • # 7 Top Plate:
    • Faming Elements:
      • # 8 Ceiling Joist:
    • Framing Elements:
      • # 9 Rafter:
    • Framing Elements:
      • # 10 Roof Decking:
    • Framing Elements:
      • # 11 Sheathing:
    • Framing Elements:
      • # 12 Stringer:
    • Front End Loader:
      • An earthmoving machine with a hydraulic scoop in front for lifting and loading earthwork and rubble .
      • A backhoe is an excavator whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn backward to the machine when in operation.
      • A bulldozer is a heavy, driver operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front.
    • Gypsum Board: an interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces
    • Heat Pump: a device that utilizes a refrigeration cycle either to heat or cool a building by passing air or water over either the condensing coils or the evaporating coils repeatedly
      • Advantage: Heat pumps are more energy efficient.
      • Disadvantage: Higher first cost than hot water heater.
    • Heat Pumps:
      • Compressor/ Condenser: a device that removes vapors like oil or water from the air stream in a compressed air line
    • Heat Pumps:
      • Air Handling Unit: provides treatment for air before it is distributed
    • Insulation: material used in the building assembly to reduce heat flow through the assembly
      • Blanket/ Batt Insulation: used to reduce heat flow in walls
       
    • Insulation:
      • Loose Fill Insulation: used to reduce heat flow in attic spaces.
    • Insulation:
      • Foamed Insulation: used to reduce heat flow in wall cavities or window cavities
    • Insulation:
      • Rigid board Insulation: used to reduce heat flow in any part of the building assembly
    • Lintel: a beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening Concrete Lintel 
    • Mortar:
      • Mortar Joint # 1:
      • Tooled= Raked
      • 5/8” thick
      • Used on a house: N mortar used
    • Mortar:
      • Mortar Joint # 2:
      • Tooled= Concave
      • 5/8” thick
      • Used on public building: N mortar used
    • Oriented Strand Board: a nonveneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure 
    • Plumbing:
      • Lavatory:
      1 ½” pipe 
    • Plumbing:
      • Water Closet:
      • 3” Drainage Pipe
    • Plumbing:
      • Manufactured Shower/ Tub:
    • Plumbing:
      • Plumbing Roof Vent: maintains a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to outdoor air.
    • Plumbing:
      • Kitchen/ Bathroom Sink:
      • Integral Sink
    • Plywood: a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure Veneer: a thin layer, sheet, or facing
    • Radiant Barrier:
      • a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy
    • Rebar:  Rebar in elevator shaft #4 rebar ½” diameter Deformations/ surface ribs are better for bonding with concrete
    • Steep Roof Drainage:
      • Gutter: a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof
       
    • Steep Roof Drainage:
      • Downspout: a vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level
    • Steep Roof Drainage:
      • Splash back: a small pre-cast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout
    • Steep Roof Materials:
      • Under-layment: a panel laid over a sub-floor or rafters/trusses to create a smooth, stiff surface for the application of finished flooring or roofing.
    • Steep Roof Materials:
      • Clay Tile Roof:
    • Steep Roof Materials:
      • Shingle: a thin, oblong piece of material, such as wood or slate, that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or sides of a house.
    • Steep Roof Materials:
      • Metal Panel Roof: generally galvanized or aluminized steel
    • Steep Roof Shapes:
      • Gable Roof:
    • Steep Roof Shapes:
      • Gambrel Roof:
    • Steep Roof Shapes:
      • Hip Roof:
    • Steep Roof Shapes:
      • Mansard Roof:
    • Steep Roof Terms:
      • Ridge: the level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof
       
    • Steep Roof Terms:
      • Valley: a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes
       
    • Steep Roof Terms:
      • Eave: the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof
       
    • Steep Roof Terms:
      • Rake: the sloping edge of a steep edge
       
    • Steep Roof Terms:
      • Soffit: the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building
    • Steep Roof Terms:
      • Fascia: the exposed vertical face of an eave
       
    • Steep Roof Terms:
      • Building w/out Fascia:
    • Stone:
      • Random Rubble:
    • Stone:
      • Coursed Rubble:
      ------- ------- ------- -------
    • Stone:
      • Random Ashlar:
    • Stone:
      • Coursed Ashlar:
    • Vapor Retarder:
      • Prevents water vapor from penetrating the insulation in the wall of a building
      • Placed on the inside of the insulation
    • Waterproofing: Rolled on waterproofing An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation concrete masonry units. It prevents water from entering the building through concrete masonry units.
    • Weep Hole: a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly
    • Welded Wire Fabric:  The welded wire fabric grid was about 5’ x 6’
    • Windows:
      • Window # 1:
      • Casement Window: window has a sash that rotates outward from its frame on the side
    • Windows:
      • Window # 2:
      • Sliding Window: essentially a single hung window on its side with the advantage that the track holds the sash in the frame along two sides
    • Windows:
      • Window # 3:
      • Single Hung: sash is kept in place by a track on the vertical sides of the window.