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Visual Dictionary

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Visual Dictionary Visual Dictionary Presentation Transcript

  • Visual Dictionary Materials, Methods, and Equipment 1
  • Air Barrier Paper: a sheet material used as both a vapor retarder and an air barrier 
  • Attic Ventilation:
    • Soffit Vent:
  • Attic Ventilation:
    • Ridge Vent:
  • Attic Ventilation:
    • Gable Vent:
  • Attic Ventilation:
    • Roof Turbine:
     
  • Backhoe: is a piece of excavating equipment or digger consisting of a digging bucket on the end of a two-part articulated arm
  • Batter Boards: a temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation 
  • Brick Arches: A wedge-shaped brick used in arches
    • Brick Arch # 1:
    • Roman Arch
  • Brick Arches:
    • Brick Arch # 2:
    • Elliptical Arch
  • Brick Arches:
    • Brick Arch with Keystone:
    • Jack Arch with Keystone
  • Brick Arches:
    • Centering: temporary formwork for an arch, dome, or vault
  • Brick Bonds: an arrangement of built-up brick or other units laid so that their overlapping thoroughly ties the units together, which enables the whole to act as a unit in resisting stresses
    • Brick Bond # 1: Common
    • Every 6 th Course is a Header line
  • Brick Bonds:
    • Brick bond # 2: Stacked
    • Bricks are stacked on top of one another
  • Brick Bonds:
    • Rowlocks:
  • Brick Bonds:
    • Headers:
  • Brick Bonds:
    • Soldiers:
  • Brick Bonds:
    • Sailor:
  • Brick Bonds:
    • Stretcher Rowlock (Shiners):
  • Brick Sizes: Length, Width, and Height of a Brick
    • Brick Size # 1:
    • Modular
    • 3 5/8” wide X 2 ¼” tall X 7 5/8” long
  • Brick Sizes:
    • Brick Size # 2:
    • Roman
    • 3 ½” wide X 1 5/8” tall X 11” long
  • Bulldozer: A heavy, driver-operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front
  • Cladding: Exterior façade of a building that carries no loads from the building itself
    • Brick Clad Structure:
  • Cladding:
    • EIFS Clad Structure:
  • Cladding:
    • Stone Clad Structure:
  • Cladding:
    • Wood Board Clad Structure:
  • Cladding:
    • Wood Shingle/ Shake Clad Structure: strong planked wood used for siding
  • Code Requirements:
    • Egress of Bedroom Window:
    • Window meets egress requirements for a second floor window
    • Width: 3 ½’, Height: 2 ½’, Area: 8 ¾ sq ft, Sill Height 24” AFF
  • Code Requirements:
    • Stairs: This stair meets IBC code requirements
    • Tread: 10”
    • Riser: 7 3/4”
  • Concrete Joints: an intentional, linear discontinuity in a structure or component, designed to form a plane of weakness where cracking can occur in response to various forces so as to minimize or eliminate cracking elsewhere in the structure
    • Control Joint:
  • Concrete Joints:
    • Isolation Joint: Isolates wall from structural steel column.
    • used to relieve flexural stresses due to vertical movement of slab-on-grade applications that adjoin fixed foundation elements such as columns, building or machinery foundations, etc.
  • Concrete Masonry Unit: a block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be laid in the same manner as a brick or stone
    • 1 CMU= 3 Brick Courses
    • CMU: usually 8”X8”X16”
    CMU is an important structural element or it can be an interior façade over structural steel.
  • Concrete Masonry Units:
    • Different Sizes of CMU:
     
  • Decorative Concrete Masonry Units:
    • Split Block:
  • Decorative Concrete Masonry Units:
    • Ribbed Block:
  • Doors:
    • Exterior Flush Door:
  • Doors:
    • Exterior Panel Door:
     Stile  Top Rail Bottom Rail  Lock Rail 
  • Doors:
    • Transom: a small window directly above a door
     
  • Doors:
    • Sidelight: a tall, narrow window alongside a door
  • Electrical Components:
    • Underground Transformer: an electrical device that changes the voltage of alternating current
  • Electrical Components:
    • Service Head: entrance spot for the three wires that come from the transformer to the house and pass through to the meter
     
  • Electrical Components:
    • Meter: measures power usage of a house
     
  • Electrical Components:
    • Service Panel: Also known as a breaker panel, contains a main disconnect switch and circuit breakers that act as fuses for each electrical circuit
  • Electrical Components:
    • Duplex Receptacle: a receptacle with more than one outlet, a place where an appliance can be connected to an electrical circuit
  • Framing Elements:
    • # 1 Anchor Bolt:
  • Framing Elements:
    • # 2 Sill Plate:
  • Framing Elements:
    • # 3 Floor Joists:
  • Framing Elements:
    • # 4 Sub flooring:
  • Framing Elements:
    • # 5 Sole Plate:
  • Framing Elements:
    • # 6 Stud: Light gauge steel framing stud
  • Framing Elements:
    • # 7 Top Plate:
  • Faming Elements:
    • # 8 Ceiling Joist:
  • Framing Elements:
    • # 9 Rafter:
  • Framing Elements:
    • # 10 Roof Decking:
  • Framing Elements:
    • # 11 Sheathing:
  • Framing Elements:
    • # 12 Stringer:
  • Front End Loader:
    • An earthmoving machine with a hydraulic scoop in front for lifting and loading earthwork and rubble .
    • A backhoe is an excavator whose bucket is rigidly attached to a hinged pole on the boom and is drawn backward to the machine when in operation.
    • A bulldozer is a heavy, driver operated machine for clearing and grading land, usually having continuous treads and a broad hydraulic blade in front.
  • Gypsum Board: an interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces
  • Heat Pump: a device that utilizes a refrigeration cycle either to heat or cool a building by passing air or water over either the condensing coils or the evaporating coils repeatedly
    • Advantage: Heat pumps are more energy efficient.
    • Disadvantage: Higher first cost than hot water heater.
  • Heat Pumps:
    • Compressor/ Condenser: a device that removes vapors like oil or water from the air stream in a compressed air line
  • Heat Pumps:
    • Air Handling Unit: provides treatment for air before it is distributed
  • Insulation: material used in the building assembly to reduce heat flow through the assembly
    • Blanket/ Batt Insulation: used to reduce heat flow in walls
     
  • Insulation:
    • Loose Fill Insulation: used to reduce heat flow in attic spaces.
  • Insulation:
    • Foamed Insulation: used to reduce heat flow in wall cavities or window cavities
  • Insulation:
    • Rigid board Insulation: used to reduce heat flow in any part of the building assembly
  • Lintel: a beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening Concrete Lintel 
  • Mortar:
    • Mortar Joint # 1:
    • Tooled= Raked
    • 5/8” thick
    • Used on a house: N mortar used
  • Mortar:
    • Mortar Joint # 2:
    • Tooled= Concave
    • 5/8” thick
    • Used on public building: N mortar used
  • Oriented Strand Board: a nonveneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure 
  • Plumbing:
    • Lavatory:
    1 ½” pipe 
  • Plumbing:
    • Water Closet:
    • 3” Drainage Pipe
  • Plumbing:
    • Manufactured Shower/ Tub:
  • Plumbing:
    • Plumbing Roof Vent: maintains a system of plumbing drains and waste lines at atmospheric pressure by connecting them to outdoor air.
  • Plumbing:
    • Kitchen/ Bathroom Sink:
    • Integral Sink
  • Plywood: a wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure Veneer: a thin layer, sheet, or facing
  • Radiant Barrier:
    • a reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy
  • Rebar:  Rebar in elevator shaft #4 rebar ½” diameter Deformations/ surface ribs are better for bonding with concrete
  • Steep Roof Drainage:
    • Gutter: a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof
     
  • Steep Roof Drainage:
    • Downspout: a vertical pipe for conducting water from a roof to a lower level
  • Steep Roof Drainage:
    • Splash back: a small pre-cast block of concrete or plastic used to divert water at the bottom of a downspout
  • Steep Roof Materials:
    • Under-layment: a panel laid over a sub-floor or rafters/trusses to create a smooth, stiff surface for the application of finished flooring or roofing.
  • Steep Roof Materials:
    • Clay Tile Roof:
  • Steep Roof Materials:
    • Shingle: a thin, oblong piece of material, such as wood or slate, that is laid in overlapping rows to cover the roof or sides of a house.
  • Steep Roof Materials:
    • Metal Panel Roof: generally galvanized or aluminized steel
  • Steep Roof Shapes:
    • Gable Roof:
  • Steep Roof Shapes:
    • Gambrel Roof:
  • Steep Roof Shapes:
    • Hip Roof:
  • Steep Roof Shapes:
    • Mansard Roof:
  • Steep Roof Terms:
    • Ridge: the level intersection of two roof planes in a gable roof
     
  • Steep Roof Terms:
    • Valley: a trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes
     
  • Steep Roof Terms:
    • Eave: the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof
     
  • Steep Roof Terms:
    • Rake: the sloping edge of a steep edge
     
  • Steep Roof Terms:
    • Soffit: the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building
  • Steep Roof Terms:
    • Fascia: the exposed vertical face of an eave
     
  • Steep Roof Terms:
    • Building w/out Fascia:
  • Stone:
    • Random Rubble:
  • Stone:
    • Coursed Rubble:
    ------- ------- ------- -------
  • Stone:
    • Random Ashlar:
  • Stone:
    • Coursed Ashlar:
  • Vapor Retarder:
    • Prevents water vapor from penetrating the insulation in the wall of a building
    • Placed on the inside of the insulation
  • Waterproofing: Rolled on waterproofing An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation concrete masonry units. It prevents water from entering the building through concrete masonry units.
  • Weep Hole: a small opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly
  • Welded Wire Fabric:  The welded wire fabric grid was about 5’ x 6’
  • Windows:
    • Window # 1:
    • Casement Window: window has a sash that rotates outward from its frame on the side
  • Windows:
    • Window # 2:
    • Sliding Window: essentially a single hung window on its side with the advantage that the track holds the sash in the frame along two sides
  • Windows:
    • Window # 3:
    • Single Hung: sash is kept in place by a track on the vertical sides of the window.