Crisis Camp Italy 2011 Bologna, 19/11/2011Informare e comunicare durante i disastri:lezioni da apprendere o maledizioni da evitare? Massimo Lanfranco Università di Torino Scuola di Dottorato in Scienze Strategiche OpenResilience
In tempo di pace luomo saggio si prepara alla guerra Quinto Orazio Flacco
organizzazioni vs strumentiweb 2.0 / 3.0 Soccorso umanitario CIMIC Disastri naturali GPS Terrorismo Protezione Civile Crisi complesse Difesa Civile mobile radio
chi / cosa / dove /quando• Organizzazioni • locale / globale Dipartimento di Protezione Civile Dietro casa Prefetture Portofino Regioni Sicilia / Alto Adige Province Germania Comuni Armenia NATO Libia Unione Europea Giappone Nazioni Unite Somalia• Attività • 24/7/365 Previsioni del tempo ASAP Allerta meteo all-around-the-clock Allerta eventi Sempre di Domenica! Coordinamento soccorso Ricezione richieste di aiuto Rilievo danni Censimento processi
VOLONTARI Volontari PC spalafango, ma riconosciuti …Volontari “occasionali”preparati,ma sconosciuti …
un nuovo problema INFORMAZIONIIN TEMPO REALE the CNN effect
from C2 to C4ICommand and control (C2)The exercise of authority and direction by a properlydesignated commander over assigned and attached forces inthe accomplishment of the mission.ùCommand and control functions are performed through anarrangement of personnel, equipment, communications,facilities, and procedures employed by a commander inplanning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces andoperations in the accomplishment of the mission.NATO SOP C4I stands for "Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence"
ISTARISTAR stands for Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition,and Reconnaissance. In its macroscopic sense, ISTAR is a practice that linksseveral battlefield functions together to assist a combat force in employing itssensors and managing the information they gatherInformation is collected on the battlefield through systematic observation bydeployed soldiers and a variety of electronic sensors. Surveillance, TargetAcquisition and Reconnaissanceare methods of obtaining this information.The information is then passed to intelligence personnel for analysis, and thento the commander and his staff for the formulation of battle plans.Intelligence is processed information that is relevant and contributes to anunderstanding of the ground, and of enemy dispositions and intents.ISTAR is the process of integrating the intelligence process with surveillance,target acquisition and reconnaissance tasks in order to improve a commander’ssituational awareness and consequently their decision making. The inclusion ofthe "I" is important as it recognizes the importance of taking the informationfrom all of the sensors and processing it into useful knowledge.