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Euregeo 2012 presentation, Elena Rapisardi graphics by Mac.

Euregeo 2012 presentation, Elena Rapisardi graphics by Mac.

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From elité to collaboration Presentation Transcript

  • 1. From élites to collaborationTowards a resilient approach to natural hazards analysis & emergency management Elena Rapisardi, Marco Giardino, Massimo Lanfranco | UNITO
  • 2. FrameworkHyogo Framework for ActionGlobal Platform for DisasterReduction, GENEVAGlobal Risk Forum, DAVOSCitizens as Sensors[Goodchild]“Disaster Relief 2.0”, UNFoundation, VodafoneFoundation, HarvardHumanitarian Initiative, OCHAOnegeologyInternational Conference onEarly Warning
  • 3. Decreasing VulnerabilityFrom ToWar against hazards Preparedness[Wisner et al. 1994]
  • 4. Redefining Risk RISK = Hazard x Vulnerability x Exposure Hazard x Vulnerability x Exposure Risk = Resilience or coping capacity cfr. Unisdr - Make your city resilient
  • 5. resilience
  • 6. From Protection to Resilience Collaboration/Shared Knowledge/Openess Rescue/Help Resilience Focus Focus PreparednessVulnerability Fatalism Passivity/Protection Knowledge Elites/ Knowledge Divide
  • 7. From Protection to Resilience Collaboration/Shared Knowledge/Openess Rescue/Help Resilience Focus Focus PreparednessVulnerability X Fatalism Passivity/Protection Knowledge Elites/ Knowledge Divide
  • 8. Resilient Ecosystem [ideal] CollaborationInstitutions Volunteers geosciences geocoding Usability/Plain Language s es Ma Networking dn na are ge ep me Pr Risk nt Relief crowdsourcing open geodata Media Citizens Training/Communications
  • 9. Resilient Ecosystem [ideal] CollaborationInstitutions Volunteers geosciences geocoding Usability/Plain Language s es Ma Networking dn na are ge ep me Pr Risk nt Relief crowdsourcing open geodata Media Citizens Training/Communications
  • 10. Richard Stacy | www.richardstacy.comPOST-GUTEMBERG WORLD ASSETS 100% Controlled by stakeholders/customers Community Conversation Content 100% controlled by you/insititution/organization
  • 11. Web 2.0 Key Words #sharing #collaboration #communication #cooperation #open [source/data/government] #social [& inclusion] - e.g. #diversity
  • 12. SWOT: Web 2.0 and Risks Strength Weakeness Remake Local Social Ties Reuse (OS)Opportunities Web Community & Networks Technology Innovation Low Scientific Litteracy Connected World Risk Knowledge Demand Web Mapping Low Budget Neogeography Free web 2.0 platforms Volunteers Commitment Specialist SW Web 2.0 Community (VTC) OS & web 2.0 platforms Focus on Technology Low Collaboration Focus on Cultural Diversity Resistance / Past DependenciesThreats Low Budget Resilient Local Communities Lack of Collaboration/Coordination Lack of Continuity Crowdsourcing - Social Media Speed of Social Media Redundancies, Reliability & Validation Slow Insitutional Information Scientific Knowledge Demand High Penetration of “Social” Information Scientific and Experts élites Weak Social Penetration of Insitutions
  • 13. The Challenge: Citizens as Sensors PeopleUsersCitizensVolunteers..... «emotional» participation proactive collaboration
  • 14. The Challenge: Citizens as Sensors The “Did you feel it” Model e.g. INGV, GIS Corps... “Social” Feed social media mining, e.g. US RED CROSS, ESA-AWTM* Resilient Communities [trust networks**] e.g. farmers, associations, arts&crafts, local communities.* Cameron, Power, Robinson, Yin, Emergency Situation Awareness from twitter for Crisis Management, SWDM’ 2012 Workshop, **Charles Tilly, Trust and Rule (Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics) [2005]
  • 15. Resilient Information 2.0 before during after preparedness rescue & relief rebuildOpen Data & Open GeoData Collaborative Management Damage assessmentOpen Knowledge of Geodata stream from Emergency shelterAwarness Raising on Natural different Sources MonitoringHazards and Civil Protection Multichannel Information on Situation Awareness The impact of web 2.0 technology and practices on risk analysis and emergency management differs according to different steps of the disaster cycle.
  • 16. Katsushika Hokusai 1831collaboration
  • 17. Situation AwarenessOctober 2011 Flash Floods - Italy | Data Collection Exercise Cassas Landslide (UNITO-VVF)
  • 18. Data CollectionCitizens Crowdmap
  • 19. Data CollectionScientific Community | Media | Citizens Ushahidi/Crowdmap
  • 20. Data CollectionStudents LAT & LONG Automatically from Mobile GPS Device Shared Photo Map Automatically from Mobile GPS Device - Tablet Android
  • 21. Data CollectionRelief Bodies | COC MulazzoManual Mapping (google map) [Maps set up by Antonio Campus COI Bassa Val di Cecina]
  • 22. Data CollectionScientific Community | Relief Bodies VVF www.epicollect.net
  • 23. Situational AwarenessCollaboration | research project goal Civil Protection Bodies Citizens Scholars Environmental Monitoring Bodies VTC’s Rescue Teams Civil Protection Vounteers Media
  • 24. Geosciences Knowledge Sharing
  • 25. Preparedness: WIKI CollaborationRisks and Natural Harzards Wiki and Thesaurus Hyperispro Civil Protection Wiki Ispro - G. Zamberletti EARTh Environmental Applications Reference Thesaurus CNR Istituto Inquinamento Atmosferico
  • 26. WIKI Collaboration | WIREFRAME UNITO - Department of Earth Sciences - NatRisk | ISPRO | CNR - IIA Risks and Natural Harzards Wiki and ThesaurusHOME | Cosa è | Ultime modifiche | Una pagina a caso | Aiuto | Cosa è un Wiki | Contatti | Vuoi Collaborare ? search Rischio Sismico THESAURUS Integer pretium vehicula nibh, sed pulvinar ligula consectetur ut. Sed semper, est eu dignissim iaculis, nunc metus interdum massa, nec gravida diam purus vel est. Phasellus sed ornare augue. Ut velit sapien, ornare at rutrum nec, aliquam a diam. Etiam pellentesque sapien nec nisl tincidunt luctus. Terremoto Morbi venenatis consequat aliquet. Morbi convallis semper justo in elementum. Vestibulum ante ipsum primis in faucibus orci luctus et ultrices posuere cubilia Curae; Nulla vel ante non ante scelerisque tempor. Etiam fermentum gravida augue, sed suscipit leo aliquet non. Curabitur non hendrerit mauris. Broader term Fusce luctus auctor enim. Aliquam erat volutpat. Donec quis tortor consequat metus molestie faucibus ut ut ligula. Donec ut porttitor nulla. Fusce pellentesque, velit sit amet cursus faucibus, dui metus dictum felis, vitae adipiscing nulla neque non lacus. Phasellus diam Improvviso movimento o frattura della dui, porttitor ut fringilla vel, dignissim ut lacus. Vivamus sit amet quam et mauris malesuada dapibus nec quis elit. Cras pharetra lectus dapibus sem litosfera terrestre, seguito in superficie venenatis non dignissim diam scelerisque. Etiam id sapien turpis. Phasellus at ipsum vestibulum odio interdum lobortis sed eu ante. In diam leo, sagittis da una serie di scosse generate da et eleifend ultrices, gravida tincidunt sapien. questo movimento. I terremoti sono Cras quis vehicula tortor. Pellentesque ipsum justo, sodales id vestibulum eu, laoreet eget erat. Praesent eget purus nisl. Mauris vitae tellus tellus. Phasellus porttitor tempor nunc, egestas faucibus quam aliquet vel. Mauris tincidunt eros eget lorem posuere non tincidunt sapien dapibus. Nulla a lacus causati da tensioni che si accumulano elit, eget convallis turpis. Fusce feugiat justo a lorem vehicula dictum. Proin eget hendrerit libero. Pellentesque dignissim mauris in dolor ultrices ac lacinia allinterno delle rocce finché lacus luctus. Phasellus sagittis mi vitae quam vestibulum tempor. Sed quam libero, tincidunt quis laoreet eu, sollicitudin at mi. raggiungono un punto oltre il quale le Nulla lacinia, massa ac pulvinar blandit, augue magna ornare quam, vel laoreet dui erat a risus. Aliquam vel erat vitae dui auctor vehicula ullamcorper nec rocce si frantumano. neque. Etiam volutpat dictum felis, eget blandit odio mollis cursus. Nam sed nisl quis elit hendrerit lacinia. Curabitur tempor bibendum mauris sed (Fonte Gunn) semper. Sed odio est, mollis quis vulputate vitae, fringilla ac dolor. Sed convallis sodales odio, vel elementum arcu vehicula eget. In pharetra convallis laoreet. In orci lacus, dignissim eu vestibulum id, elementum lacinia massa. Cras eu dapibus arcu. Pellentesque eu nisl congue nulla convallis sagittis. Ut sodales auctor enim vel viverra. Suspendisse vel metus et odio viverra venenatis. Sed auctor eleifend felis, sit amet pulvinar diam ornare ut. Sed a lorem vitae eros porta auctor eget vitae nisl. Nam interdum, odio id hendrerit consectetur, nunc leo dapibus mauris, in varius libero urna Narrower term vel tellus. Phasellus lacinia massa nec felis volutpat vestibulum. Aenean venenatis neque nec lacus dignissim dapibus. sisma a fuoco profondo G- terremoto storico G- terremoti indotti sisma a fuoco intermedio sisma a fuoco superficiale sisma vulcanico Relations
  • 27. Resilient Ecosystem [goal & state] CollaborationInstitutions Volunteers geosciences geocoding Usability/Plain Language s es Ma Networking dn na are ge ep me Pr Risk nt Relief crowdsourcing open geodata Media Citizens Training/Communications
  • 28. Do you «Resilience»?massimo lanfranco marco giardino elena rapisardi Università di Torino NatRisk - Dipartimento Scienze della Terra