Disaster 2.0: Are we ready?Torino, 07/05/2012   Civil Defence 2.0           =   human protection      Massimo Lanfranco   ...
In peace, wise man prepares war                    Quintus Horatius Flaccus
AGENDA               WARWORLD ISCHANGING           CIVIL DEFENCE              WEB 2.0           HUMAN SECURITY
WAR HAS CHANGEDNATO spectrum of operations
CIVIL DEFENCE HAS CHANGED London after bombing, 1941 (Encyclopedia Britannica)
ICT is the trigger    rma                 vgiweb 2.0 is the   Goodchild (2007) Citizens as sensors: the world of volunteer...
human securityThe traditional goal of ‘national security’ has been   the defence of the state from external threats.  The ...
A wider approach                                       CIVIL                                     DEFENCEModificato da Alex...
A wider approach                                       CIVIL                                      disasters               ...
A wider approach                                       CIVIL                                       CIV                    ...
A wider approach    Civilcontingenciesmanagement                                       CIVIL                              ...
A wider approach    Civilcontingenciesmanagement                                       CIVIL                              ...
A wider approach    Civil                                             Criticalcontingencies                               ...
A wider approach    Civil                                              Criticalcontingencies                              ...
A wider approach                                    Civil protection    Civil                                             ...
disasters            Civil                    Emergency            Humanitarian          Protection                 Cooper...
continuum of operationsweb 2.0 / 3.0       humanitarian relief  CIMIC                natural disasters   GPS  mobile      ...
a new paradigm  REAL TIMEINFORMATION  the CNN effect
who / what / where /when• Organizations                 • local / global  Civil Protection Department     backdoor  Prefec...
burning!
disasters cycle vs conflicts helix
Wars in 1946 - 2011http://www.systemicpeace.org/conflict.htm
Humanitarian crisis in 2010
Natural disaster vs terrorist attacks                                                                            Iraqi war...
citizens   sensorspractitioners and scholars
VOLUNTEERS                        Civil protection volunteers,                        mudshovels (except for              ...
crisis room                      TODAY                      Varazze,                      06/10/2010TOMORROW Torino, 29/10...
THE END STATE                      CERTIFIED                      MOBILE DEVICES                      LINKED IN REAL      ...
Alexander (2011)                   Modificato da Alexander (2011)
from C2 to C4ICommand and control (C2)The exercise of authority and direction by a properlydesignated commander over assig...
ISTARISTAR stands for Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition,and Reconnaissance.ISTAR links several battlefield fu...
civil defence goes social …and become human protectionDiscussion?
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Civil Defence 2.0 = human protection

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Torino, 07/05/2012, seminar: Disaster 2.0: Are we ready?

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Civil Defence 2.0 = human protection

  1. 1. Disaster 2.0: Are we ready?Torino, 07/05/2012 Civil Defence 2.0 = human protection Massimo Lanfranco University of Torino Strategic Sciences Doctoral School OpenResilience
  2. 2. In peace, wise man prepares war Quintus Horatius Flaccus
  3. 3. AGENDA WARWORLD ISCHANGING CIVIL DEFENCE WEB 2.0 HUMAN SECURITY
  4. 4. WAR HAS CHANGEDNATO spectrum of operations
  5. 5. CIVIL DEFENCE HAS CHANGED London after bombing, 1941 (Encyclopedia Britannica)
  6. 6. ICT is the trigger rma vgiweb 2.0 is the Goodchild (2007) Citizens as sensors: the world of volunteered geography present
  7. 7. human securityThe traditional goal of ‘national security’ has been the defence of the state from external threats. The focus of human security, by contrast, is the protection of individuals Human Security Report 2005: war and peace in 21st Century. Human Security Centre (University of British Columbia) http://www.iidh.ed.cr/multic/DefaultIIDHSeguridadEN.aspx
  8. 8. A wider approach CIVIL DEFENCEModificato da Alexander (2011)
  9. 9. A wider approach CIVIL disasters disasters DEFENCEModificato da Alexander (2011)
  10. 10. A wider approach CIVIL CIV disast disasters disas disasters DEFENCE DEFE Homeland securityModificato da Alexander (2011)
  11. 11. A wider approach Civilcontingenciesmanagement CIVIL CIV disas disast disasters disas disasters DEFENCE DEFE Homeland securityModificato da Alexander (2011)
  12. 12. A wider approach Civilcontingenciesmanagement CIVIL VIL CIV disas disast disasters sters disas disasters sters DEFENCE DEFE ENCE Business Homeland continuity securityModificato da Alexander (2011)
  13. 13. A wider approach Civil Criticalcontingencies infrastructuresmanagement CIVIL VIL CIV disasters disast disasters sters disas disasters sters DEFENCE DEFENCE ENCE Business Homeland continuity securityModificato da Alexander (2011)
  14. 14. A wider approach Civil Criticalcontingencies infrastructuresmanagement CIVIL VIL CIV disasters disast disasters sters disas disasters sters DEFENCE DEFENCE ENCE Business Homeland continuity security Complex emergenciesModificato da Alexander (2011)
  15. 15. A wider approach Civil protection Civil Criticalcontingencies infrastructuresmanagement CIVIL VIL CIV disasters disast disasters sters disas disasters sters DEFENCE DEFENCE ENCE Business Homeland continuity security Complex emergenciesModificato da Alexander (2011)
  16. 16. disasters Civil Emergency Humanitarian Protection Cooperation Assistance cross–cutting strategy Firefighters Volunteers Armed ForcesModificato da Alexander (2011)
  17. 17. continuum of operationsweb 2.0 / 3.0 humanitarian relief CIMIC natural disasters GPS mobile Civil protection terrorism complex emergenciesCivil defence resilience radio
  18. 18. a new paradigm REAL TIMEINFORMATION the CNN effect
  19. 19. who / what / where /when• Organizations • local / global Civil Protection Department backdoor Prefectures Piemonte / Liguria Regions Sicily / Val d’Aosta Provinces Germany Municipalities Armenia NATO Libia European Union Japan United Nations Somalia• Activities • 24/7/365 Weather forecast ASAP Meteo advice all-around-the-clock Events early warning Always on Sunday! Relief coordination Assistance calls Damage assess Geomorphic processes survey
  20. 20. burning!
  21. 21. disasters cycle vs conflicts helix
  22. 22. Wars in 1946 - 2011http://www.systemicpeace.org/conflict.htm
  23. 23. Humanitarian crisis in 2010
  24. 24. Natural disaster vs terrorist attacks Iraqi war RAND Database of Worldwide Terrorism IncidentsEEA (2010) Mapping the impacts of naturalhazards and technical accidents in Europe
  25. 25. citizens sensorspractitioners and scholars
  26. 26. VOLUNTEERS Civil protection volunteers, mudshovels (except for web 2.0 addicted), but well known…Technical volunteers,prepared,but still unknown …
  27. 27. crisis room TODAY Varazze, 06/10/2010TOMORROW Torino, 29/10/2011
  28. 28. THE END STATE CERTIFIED MOBILE DEVICES LINKED IN REAL TIME TO CRISIS ROOMALICE EU JRC CRISIS ROOM
  29. 29. Alexander (2011) Modificato da Alexander (2011)
  30. 30. from C2 to C4ICommand and control (C2)The exercise of authority and direction by a properlydesignated commander over assigned and attached forces inthe accomplishment of the mission.Command and control functions are performed through anarrangement of personnel, equipment, communications,facilities, and procedures employed by a commander inplanning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces andoperations in the accomplishment of the mission.NATO SOP C4I stands for "Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence"
  31. 31. ISTARISTAR stands for Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition,and Reconnaissance.ISTAR links several battlefield functions together to assist a combat force inemploying its sensors and managing the information they gatherInformation is collected on the battlefield through soldiers and a variety ofelectronic sensors. Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissanceare methods of obtaining this information. The information is then passed tointelligence personnel for analysis, and then to the commander and his staff forthe formulation of battle plans. Intelligence is processed information.ISTAR is the process of integrating the intelligence process with surveillance,target acquisition and reconnaissance tasks in order to improve situationalawareness and consequently decision making.
  32. 32. civil defence goes social …and become human protectionDiscussion?

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