Materials #2 Product Stewardship Session (Kate Hagemann)


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  • Each program & roles and responsibilities varies tremendously by product – but there are certain unifying principles Will talk about performance goals later
  • Principles: Cost internalization Shared responsibility manufacturers have greatest role to play Lifecycle costs Performance goals Flexibility for producers
  • - While leaders can emerge in voluntary programs – we need regulated programs to have high performing programs – example texas
  • California has taken the lead with 6 laws Maine close behind - all states on the east coast with at least one
  • - With legislation map – we see this is in blue and red states alike w/ Nebraska introducing electronics legislation
  • Most momentum behind electronics Lots of momentum behind mercury products But growing interest in non-toxic wastes such as paint & batteries
  • This year we saw legislation introduced on plastic bags – applying the EPR model to a familiar problem - Packaging & printed materials (will discuss later) Phone books mandatory opt out And pharms – lots of activity establishing take back programs but a number of them are state-run due to regulations regarding who can handle cerain durgs such as narcotics which can be absued.
  • Leader with a number of groundbreaking laws – not afraid to go first - first to pass framework – went thru review of existing programs & nomination for new programs Number of programs introduced this year – their legislative prospects under the new administration are uncertain -Governor – Reform platform @ the moment he ’s taken out of it the pieces pertaining to PS legislation nothing ’s happened in terms of killing or repealing existing programs
  • Taken important first step of introducing packaing and printed materials (including books, newpapers, etc) These programs have been in place in Europe for quite a while Likely coming on the horizion shortly EPA hosting a dialogue now with industry Many industry leaders are expecting this not as a if but a when Two year session – but due to this history of the bill, future uncertain First included a repeal of the bottle bill – but this has since been removed
  • Following Maine’s example (and a study bill last year) – has introduced framework Includes three products Framework is the direction that we would like to see these programs go, but there is the risk when introducing framework of getting the attention of every industry -
  • Roll out state/ (as is vermont) and is part of a national agreement with the Paint Industry Provides an alternate arrangement – where the paint industry is actually lobby in favor of the paint legislation – of course only the legislation that was proposed Preferred to see a systematic implementation rather than what we’ve seen with electronics
  • Good game of catch up ewaste and battery laws - pharms for healthcare facilities – not mandated EPR
  • Just want to demonstrate that Mass and NH are the only states in the region without e-waste laws
  • Materials #2 Product Stewardship Session (Kate Hagemann)

    1. 1. Product Stewardship: National Trends Kate Hagemann Product Stewardship Institute Advancing Recycling & Organics Management: A Sustainable Future  March 29, 2010
    2. 2. Who is the Product Stewardship Institute? February 25, 2011 <ul><ul><li>Non-profit founded in 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Membership </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>46 States </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>200+ Local governments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>70+ Corporate, Organizational, Academic & Non-U.S. Government Partners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Board of Directors: 7 states, </li></ul><ul><li>4 local agencies </li></ul><ul><li>National product stewardship network </li></ul>
    3. 3. Product stewardship means looking at the impact of a product: from the time it is raw materials until it is discarded Raw Materials Manufacturing Transportation Retail Use Disposal/Recycling
    4. 4. PSI Principles of Product Stewardship © Product Stewardship Institute – February 25, 2011 <ul><li>Shared Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Cost internalization </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives for Cleaner Products </li></ul><ul><li>4. Performance goals </li></ul><ul><li>5. Flexible Management Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>* Endorsements : National League of Cities, Environmental Council of States, Solid Waste Association of North America, and many other organizations </li></ul>February 25, 2011
    5. 5. EPR shifts the financial burden of select waste management programs Government Private Sector
    6. 6. EPR shifts the costs off of government, however, government may continue to collect.
    7. 7. Trend: Voluntary EPR Programs © Product Stewardship Institute – February 25, 2011 <ul><li>Manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Electronics manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>Call2Recycle (rechargeable batteries) </li></ul><ul><li>Thermostat Recycling Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>End of Life Vehicle Solutions Corporation (ELVS) </li></ul><ul><li>Pesticide containers </li></ul><ul><li>Retailers </li></ul><ul><li>Staples, Office Max, Office Depot – Computers, batteries, cell phones, toner cartridges </li></ul><ul><li>Home Depot and Lowe ’s – CFLs, batteries </li></ul><ul><li>Best Buy – Electronics </li></ul>February 25, 2011
    8. 8. Role of Voluntary Systems <ul><ul><li>Interim steps prior to legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase visibility of take-back programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows progress on products of low government priority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides collection options today </li></ul></ul>© Product Stewardship Institute – November 3, 2010 February 25, 2011
    9. 9. Trend: Regulated Systems <ul><ul><li>Level the playing field (fair) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives authority to agency to enforce against non-compliant parties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives authority to agency to enhance program </li></ul></ul>© Product Stewardship Institute – November 3, 2010 February 25, 2011
    10. 16. Extended Producer Responsibility Laws 3/11 February 25th 2011 8
    11. 17. Legislation introduced in 2011 February 25, 2011
    12. 18. State Legislative Momentum EPR Laws & EPR 2010 Legislation February 25, 2011 60+ EPR laws in 32 states (including laws on carpet, cell phones and agricultural pesticide containers) 2 2 9 9 14 23*
    13. 19. Trend: Applying EPR to More Products <ul><li>Plastic Bags </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceuticals </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging & Printed Material </li></ul><ul><li>Phone books </li></ul>February 25, 2011
    14. 20. … And More Products February 25, 2011 <ul><li>Carpet </li></ul><ul><li>Mattresses </li></ul><ul><li>Medical sharps </li></ul><ul><li>Alkaline Batteries </li></ul><ul><li>Latex Paint </li></ul><ul><li>Fluorescent lamps </li></ul><ul><li>Gas cylinders (Pilot program in WI) </li></ul><ul><li>Radioactive Devices </li></ul>
    15. 21. <ul><li>Legislation Introduced this year: </li></ul><ul><li>Auto Switches </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded Electronics Program </li></ul><ul><li>Fluorescent Lamps </li></ul><ul><li>Sharps </li></ul><ul><li>Paint </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceuticals </li></ul>Maine March 29, 2011 Programs in place: FIVE
    16. 22. <ul><li>Legislation Introduced this year: </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging (x2) </li></ul><ul><li>Paint (x2) </li></ul><ul><li>Fluorescent Lamps </li></ul>Vermont March 29, 2011 Programs in place: Four
    17. 23. <ul><li>Legislation Introduced this year: </li></ul><ul><li>Rechargeable Batteries </li></ul><ul><li>Framework: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paint </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mattresses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Sharps </li></ul></ul>Rhode Island March 29, 2011 Programs in place: Three
    18. 24. <ul><li>Legislation Introduced this year: </li></ul><ul><li>Paint </li></ul><ul><li>Thermostats </li></ul>Connecticut March 29, 2011 Programs in place: One
    19. 25. <ul><li>Legislation Introduced this year: </li></ul><ul><li>- non-EPR bills </li></ul>New Hampshire March 29, 2011 Programs in place: One
    20. 26. <ul><li>Legislation Introduced this year: </li></ul><ul><li>Auto Switches </li></ul><ul><li>Framework </li></ul><ul><li>Thermostats </li></ul><ul><li>Paint </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceuticals </li></ul><ul><li>Fluorescent Lighting </li></ul>New York March 29, 2011 Programs in place: TWO
    21. 27. New Jersey March 29, 2011 Programs in place: three
    22. 28. EPR Laws & Legislation in the North East March 29, 2011 NJ NY CT RI MA NH VT ME Framework Bill Bill Bill Bill M Beverage Container Deposit M M M M M Electronics M M M M Bill M M Certain Household Batteries M M Bill M M Auto Switches M Bill M M M M Motor Oil Bill M Thermostats Bill Bill M Bill M M M Paint Bill Bill Bill Bill Bill Fluorescent lamps Bill Bill Bill M Pharmaceuticals Bill Bill Bill Medical Sharps Bill Packaging/Printed Materials Bill Cell Phones Bill Bill
    23. 29. <ul><li>Recent developments at the local level: </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle, Washington (October 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>First mandatory opt-out law for phone books; also requires companies to pay for phone book recycling </li></ul><ul><li>San Francisco, California (December 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>Sought to create a producer-run take-back program for unwanted medicines </li></ul><ul><li>**Resulted in negotiated agreement to have </li></ul><ul><li>drug take-back pilot with industry funding </li></ul>Even more activity on the local level February 25, 2011
    24. 30. <ul><li>It ’s not done  significant steps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>building off the experience of other states (NY E-waste) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing the responsibilities we assign to reducing environmental impacts of consumer goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow, systematic progress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to take the first step to establish the infrastructure, but having a law is not enough. </li></ul></ul>Lessons Learned March 29, 2011
    25. 31. <ul><li>Recognize value of strong performance measurement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recycling efficiency rates (europe driving technology innovation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenience & Rural Coverage </li></ul></ul>Performance Goals February 25, 2011
    26. 32. <ul><li>Advocate for local ordinances and state laws </li></ul><ul><li>Provide input to policy makers about how existing systems are working </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage residents to take advantage of existing programs (mail-back & retail) </li></ul>What can local governments do to promote product stewardship?
    27. 33. What can local governments do to promote product stewardship? 4. Raise awareness / educate your management 5. Reach out to retailers to build support, encourage them to collect 6. Reach out to manufacturers to ensure they implement their national programs in your community
    28. 34. <ul><li>Full Membership for local governments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paper Source Reduction Pilot Program (Catalogues & phonebooks) </li></ul><ul><li>Maximizing the use of existing programs </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Meetings (May/June) </li></ul>Massachusetts Product Stewardship Project March 29, 2011
    29. 35. More Information <ul><ul><ul><li>Kate Hagemann </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Associate of Policy & Programs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul></ul>© Product Stewardship Institute –February 25, 2010 February 25, 2011
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