Require all electricity suppliers in MA to supply a small but increasing percentage of their load with new RE generation. Suppliers demonstrate compliance by purchasing sufficient Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) from RE generators.
RPS Qualified RE units generate electronic RECs (one per MWh) which are sold to electricity suppliers, providing units with additional revenue.
Strategy is to “green up” the ISO-NE grid. Generation from throughout New England and adjacent control areas are eligible.
Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard
Operates similarly to RPS program, but supports Combined Heat and Power (CHP) units through creation of Alternative Energy Certificates (AECs).
MA Clean Energy Center / Renewable Energy Trust
Provides targeted funding programs to support development of RE supply in Massachusetts.
Farm Organics – Anaerobic Digesters One of five AD projects being developed in MA by AGreen Energy LLC Jordan’s Dairy, Rutland, MA Anaerobic Digester Mixed Feedstock (manure and other organic wastes), Medium Temperature Equip Vendor: Quasar Technologies
Opportunities for Organic Feedstocks for RPS Program
Anaerobic Digesters (AD) and other conversion technologies that generate electricity using bio-solids (e.g. wastewater treatment plants) and other organic waste feedstocks (food waste, agricultural wastes, source separated organics) are eligible for the MA RPS.
AD projects that operate as CHP (combined heat and power) in MA are additionally eligible for the MA APS program.
EEA Secretariat has convened an interagency collaboration (EEA, MassDEP, DOER, MDAR, MassCEC) to explore and develop AD opportunities at WWTP and other locations.
A REC encompasses the non-energy attributes associated with one MWh of RE generation.
A list of attributes is not defined in statute or regulation, but might reasonably be considered to include air emission reductions, greenhouse gas emission reductions, energy diversity, benefits to local economies, etc.
REC attributes are typically economic externalities, and the REC market enables these attributes to be valued in the marketplace.
Nearly all RECs are sold by RE generators to electric suppliers for their RPS compliance obligations. A small amount of RECs are sold into voluntary RE markets or are retired by the generator without being sold.
Host site (farm, municipal WWTP) engages with Third Party project developer/owner and Power Purchase Agreement
Project Owner or Authorized Agent seeks RPS qualification from DOER and establishes NEPOOL GIS Account on which RECs are minted for generation. Electric meter readings are reported to the GIS by Independent Verifiers.
Aggregators are available (and typically used for small projects) to create “aggregation” GIS Accounts and manage REC transactions.
Owner or Aggregator can market/sell RECs to electric suppliers through multiyear contract or spot market.
DOER’s RPS Team is here to help you through this process.