Adverb
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Adverb

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Adverb Adverb Presentation Transcript

  • ZES 1133
    Technical English 1
    Adverb
  • An adverb is used to describe the action of a verb such as How, Where or When it is done.
    Examples :
    He frowned angrily.
    She shouted loudly.
    They passed the test easily.
    What is an Adverb?
  • Adverbs are also used to modify adjectives, other adverbs, a whole sentence and a prepositional phrase.
    Examples:
    to modify adjectives – She is very excited.
    to modify other adverbs – He ran very quickly.
    to modify a whole sentence – Actually, we don’t know.
    to modify prepositional phrase – The ball flew right through the window.
    What is an Adverb?
  • Types of Adverbs
    Adverbs of manner describe ‘how’
    Example : happily, easily, loudly, well
    She sings happily.
    He shouted loudly.
    Adverbs of time describe ‘when’
    Example : soon, then, now, before, since, already
    They need the books now.
    I lived here before.
  • Adverbs of place describe ‘where’
    Examples : here, there, everywhere, nowhere
    I’ve looked everywhere but I can’t find it.
    She was here just a few minutes ago.
    Adverbs of degree describe ‘how much’
    Examples : almost, much, only, quite, very, rather
    Rahim runs much faster than Johari.
    He is very good at chess.
    Types of Adverbs
  • Adverbs of frequency describe ‘how often’
    Examples : once, twice, again
    I once saw a yellow beetle.
    I beat the boy twice.
    Adverbs of interrogation are used in questions.
    Examples : where?, when?, how?
    Where do you stay?
    When did he call?
    How long is it?
    Types of Adverbs
  • Adverbs of negation.
    Examples : no, not
    They are not here.
    No, I did not see your pen
    Types of Adverbs
  • Adverbs can be placed anywhere in the sentence.
    Initial position ( at the beginning of a sentence or clause )
    Soon, he walked out of the class
    Suddenly, Jane screamed
    Mid-position
    Mrs. Wan often bakes delicious cakes.
    I have always enjoyed sentimental music
    Position Of Adverbs
  • End-position
    Jane screamed suddenly.
    We ended the meeting early.
    Position Of Adverbs
  • Most adverbs can fit both mid-position and end-position
    She often falls ill.
    She falls ill often.
    I completely forgot about it.
    I forgot about it completely.
    Position Of Adverbs
  • Adverbs never place in mid- position.
    1. Adverbs of place
    She came inside.
    2. Adverbs of definite time.
    The fire occurred yesterday.
    Tomorrow, I shall visit my grandmother
    Position Of Adverbs ( Exception 1 )
  • 3. Adverbs of definite frequency
    This magazine is published monthly.
    We practice together daily.
    4. Adverbs used to evaluate ( to say how well something is done.
    They dance beautifully.
    My sister does not cook well.
    Position Of Adverbs ( Exception 1 )
  • 1. Adverbs never placed in end-position
    Examples: only, simply, also, specially, too, either , as well, particular, definitely, nearly almost, quite, hardly, scarcely, etc.
    Position of Adverbs ( Exception 2 )
  • Mid-position Adverbs
    1. Before verbs
    We alwaystravel together.
    They seldomgo to cinema.
    2. After ‘is’
    Ali is never around when I need him.
    The shopping complexes areoften crowded in the evening.
    Where to put the Adverbs
  • 3. After the first auxiliary verbs ( if the verbs has several parts ).
    You willdefinitelyhave to return the book to the library.
    My parents haveneverquestion me on my decision.
    4. Before an auxiliary verbs ( if it used alone ).
    I never will. ( to the question ‘ Will you return?’ )
    I always did. ( to the question ‘ Did you love him?’ )
    Where to put the adverbs
  • 5. Adverbs of manner are put after auxiliary verbs .
    Don’t worry, it will bewelltaken care of.
    Has it beenproperly washed.
    6. In emphatic sentences, many adverbs are placed before the first auxiliary verb.
    I really thought he was an honest fellow.
    She never has beenan easy person to deal with.
    Where to put the adverbs
  • End-position adverbs
    Generally, the order of adverbs in end positions is an follow.
    1. Adverbs of manner+ 2. Adverbs of place+ 3. Adverbs of time
    Example:
    We study hard in schooldaily.
    They performed well on the stagetonight
    Where to put the adverbs
  • Adverbs Formation
  • Adverbs Formation
    When adjective end in –able or –ible, the adverbs is formed by replacing final –e with –y
  • When adjective ends in –y, the advebs is formed by replacing final –y with –ily
    When adjective ends in –ic, the adverbs is formed by replacing final –icwith -ically
    Adverbs Formation
  • Using suitable adverbs will make your writings more interesting. Look at the example:
    Adverbs commonly used with certain verbs
  • 1. Complete these sentence with suitable adverbs.
    a) She walked ____________________________.
    b) The bird sang __________________________.
    c) Take these dirty socks away _______________.
    d) She ____________________got killed.
    e) They _______________ take the short cut to school.
    f) Pradeep is __________________ the first in class.
    g)_______________________ are you going home today?
    Sample Questions
  • 2. Writing out these sentences using the correct from of the adverbs in brackets.
    a) The ( soon ) you finish your work, the ( good ).
    b) The children walked ( fast ) than their mother.
    c) Karen speaks ( softly ) than anyone I know.
    d) I can whistle the ( loud ).
    e) He can do sums ( easy ) than any of us.
    Sample Question