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  1. 1. ZES 1133<br />Technical English 1<br />Adverb<br />
  2. 2. An adverb is used to describe the action of a verb such as How, Where or When it is done.<br />Examples :<br /> He frowned angrily.<br /> She shouted loudly.<br /> They passed the test easily.<br />What is an Adverb?<br />
  3. 3. Adverbs are also used to modify adjectives, other adverbs, a whole sentence and a prepositional phrase.<br />Examples:<br />to modify adjectives – She is very excited.<br />to modify other adverbs – He ran very quickly.<br />to modify a whole sentence – Actually, we don’t know.<br />to modify prepositional phrase – The ball flew right through the window.<br />What is an Adverb?<br />
  4. 4. Types of Adverbs<br />Adverbs of manner describe ‘how’<br />Example : happily, easily, loudly, well<br />She sings happily.<br />He shouted loudly.<br />Adverbs of time describe ‘when’<br />Example : soon, then, now, before, since, already<br />They need the books now.<br />I lived here before.<br />
  5. 5. Adverbs of place describe ‘where’<br />Examples : here, there, everywhere, nowhere<br />I’ve looked everywhere but I can’t find it.<br />She was here just a few minutes ago.<br />Adverbs of degree describe ‘how much’<br />Examples : almost, much, only, quite, very, rather<br />Rahim runs much faster than Johari.<br />He is very good at chess.<br />Types of Adverbs<br />
  6. 6. Adverbs of frequency describe ‘how often’<br />Examples : once, twice, again<br />I once saw a yellow beetle.<br />I beat the boy twice.<br />Adverbs of interrogation are used in questions.<br />Examples : where?, when?, how?<br />Where do you stay?<br />When did he call?<br />How long is it?<br />Types of Adverbs<br />
  7. 7. Adverbs of negation. <br />Examples : no, not<br />They are not here.<br />No, I did not see your pen<br />Types of Adverbs<br />
  8. 8. Adverbs can be placed anywhere in the sentence.<br />Initial position ( at the beginning of a sentence or clause )<br />Soon, he walked out of the class <br />Suddenly, Jane screamed<br />Mid-position <br />Mrs. Wan often bakes delicious cakes.<br />I have always enjoyed sentimental music<br />Position Of Adverbs<br />
  9. 9. End-position <br />Jane screamed suddenly.<br />We ended the meeting early.<br />Position Of Adverbs <br />
  10. 10. Most adverbs can fit both mid-position and end-position<br />She often falls ill.<br />She falls ill often.<br />I completely forgot about it.<br />I forgot about it completely.<br />Position Of Adverbs<br />
  11. 11. Adverbs never place in mid- position.<br />1. Adverbs of place<br />She came inside.<br />2. Adverbs of definite time.<br />The fire occurred yesterday.<br />Tomorrow, I shall visit my grandmother <br />Position Of Adverbs ( Exception 1 )<br />
  12. 12. 3. Adverbs of definite frequency<br />This magazine is published monthly.<br />We practice together daily.<br />4. Adverbs used to evaluate ( to say how well something is done.<br />They dance beautifully.<br />My sister does not cook well.<br />Position Of Adverbs ( Exception 1 )<br />
  13. 13. 1. Adverbs never placed in end-position <br />Examples: only, simply, also, specially, too, either , as well, particular, definitely, nearly almost, quite, hardly, scarcely, etc.<br />Position of Adverbs ( Exception 2 )<br />
  14. 14. Mid-position Adverbs <br />1. Before verbs<br />We alwaystravel together.<br />They seldomgo to cinema.<br />2. After ‘is’<br />Ali is never around when I need him.<br />The shopping complexes areoften crowded in the evening.<br />Where to put the Adverbs<br />
  15. 15. 3. After the first auxiliary verbs ( if the verbs has several parts ).<br />You willdefinitelyhave to return the book to the library.<br />My parents haveneverquestion me on my decision.<br />4. Before an auxiliary verbs ( if it used alone ).<br />I never will. ( to the question ‘ Will you return?’ )<br />I always did. ( to the question ‘ Did you love him?’ )<br />Where to put the adverbs<br />
  16. 16. 5. Adverbs of manner are put after auxiliary verbs .<br />Don’t worry, it will bewelltaken care of.<br />Has it beenproperly washed.<br />6. In emphatic sentences, many adverbs are placed before the first auxiliary verb.<br />I really thought he was an honest fellow.<br />She never has beenan easy person to deal with.<br />Where to put the adverbs<br />
  17. 17. End-position adverbs <br />Generally, the order of adverbs in end positions is an follow.<br />1. Adverbs of manner+ 2. Adverbs of place+ 3. Adverbs of time<br />Example:<br />We study hard in schooldaily.<br />They performed well on the stagetonight<br />Where to put the adverbs<br />
  18. 18. Adverbs Formation<br />
  19. 19. Adverbs Formation<br />When adjective end in –able or –ible, the adverbs is formed by replacing final –e with –y<br />
  20. 20. When adjective ends in –y, the advebs is formed by replacing final –y with –ily<br />When adjective ends in –ic, the adverbs is formed by replacing final –icwith -ically<br />Adverbs Formation<br />
  21. 21. Using suitable adverbs will make your writings more interesting. Look at the example:<br />Adverbs commonly used with certain verbs<br />
  22. 22. 1. Complete these sentence with suitable adverbs.<br />a) She walked ____________________________.<br />b) The bird sang __________________________.<br />c) Take these dirty socks away _______________.<br />d) She ____________________got killed.<br />e) They _______________ take the short cut to school.<br />f) Pradeep is __________________ the first in class.<br />g)_______________________ are you going home today?<br />Sample Questions<br />
  23. 23. 2. Writing out these sentences using the correct from of the adverbs in brackets.<br />a) The ( soon ) you finish your work, the ( good ).<br />b) The children walked ( fast ) than their mother.<br />c) Karen speaks ( softly ) than anyone I know.<br />d) I can whistle the ( loud ).<br />e) He can do sums ( easy ) than any of us.<br />Sample Question<br />