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    Adverb Adverb Presentation Transcript

    • ZES 1133
      Technical English 1
    • An adverb is used to describe the action of a verb such as How, Where or When it is done.
      Examples :
      He frowned angrily.
      She shouted loudly.
      They passed the test easily.
      What is an Adverb?
    • Adverbs are also used to modify adjectives, other adverbs, a whole sentence and a prepositional phrase.
      to modify adjectives – She is very excited.
      to modify other adverbs – He ran very quickly.
      to modify a whole sentence – Actually, we don’t know.
      to modify prepositional phrase – The ball flew right through the window.
      What is an Adverb?
    • Types of Adverbs
      Adverbs of manner describe ‘how’
      Example : happily, easily, loudly, well
      She sings happily.
      He shouted loudly.
      Adverbs of time describe ‘when’
      Example : soon, then, now, before, since, already
      They need the books now.
      I lived here before.
    • Adverbs of place describe ‘where’
      Examples : here, there, everywhere, nowhere
      I’ve looked everywhere but I can’t find it.
      She was here just a few minutes ago.
      Adverbs of degree describe ‘how much’
      Examples : almost, much, only, quite, very, rather
      Rahim runs much faster than Johari.
      He is very good at chess.
      Types of Adverbs
    • Adverbs of frequency describe ‘how often’
      Examples : once, twice, again
      I once saw a yellow beetle.
      I beat the boy twice.
      Adverbs of interrogation are used in questions.
      Examples : where?, when?, how?
      Where do you stay?
      When did he call?
      How long is it?
      Types of Adverbs
    • Adverbs of negation.
      Examples : no, not
      They are not here.
      No, I did not see your pen
      Types of Adverbs
    • Adverbs can be placed anywhere in the sentence.
      Initial position ( at the beginning of a sentence or clause )
      Soon, he walked out of the class
      Suddenly, Jane screamed
      Mrs. Wan often bakes delicious cakes.
      I have always enjoyed sentimental music
      Position Of Adverbs
    • End-position
      Jane screamed suddenly.
      We ended the meeting early.
      Position Of Adverbs
    • Most adverbs can fit both mid-position and end-position
      She often falls ill.
      She falls ill often.
      I completely forgot about it.
      I forgot about it completely.
      Position Of Adverbs
    • Adverbs never place in mid- position.
      1. Adverbs of place
      She came inside.
      2. Adverbs of definite time.
      The fire occurred yesterday.
      Tomorrow, I shall visit my grandmother
      Position Of Adverbs ( Exception 1 )
    • 3. Adverbs of definite frequency
      This magazine is published monthly.
      We practice together daily.
      4. Adverbs used to evaluate ( to say how well something is done.
      They dance beautifully.
      My sister does not cook well.
      Position Of Adverbs ( Exception 1 )
    • 1. Adverbs never placed in end-position
      Examples: only, simply, also, specially, too, either , as well, particular, definitely, nearly almost, quite, hardly, scarcely, etc.
      Position of Adverbs ( Exception 2 )
    • Mid-position Adverbs
      1. Before verbs
      We alwaystravel together.
      They seldomgo to cinema.
      2. After ‘is’
      Ali is never around when I need him.
      The shopping complexes areoften crowded in the evening.
      Where to put the Adverbs
    • 3. After the first auxiliary verbs ( if the verbs has several parts ).
      You willdefinitelyhave to return the book to the library.
      My parents haveneverquestion me on my decision.
      4. Before an auxiliary verbs ( if it used alone ).
      I never will. ( to the question ‘ Will you return?’ )
      I always did. ( to the question ‘ Did you love him?’ )
      Where to put the adverbs
    • 5. Adverbs of manner are put after auxiliary verbs .
      Don’t worry, it will bewelltaken care of.
      Has it beenproperly washed.
      6. In emphatic sentences, many adverbs are placed before the first auxiliary verb.
      I really thought he was an honest fellow.
      She never has beenan easy person to deal with.
      Where to put the adverbs
    • End-position adverbs
      Generally, the order of adverbs in end positions is an follow.
      1. Adverbs of manner+ 2. Adverbs of place+ 3. Adverbs of time
      We study hard in schooldaily.
      They performed well on the stagetonight
      Where to put the adverbs
    • Adverbs Formation
    • Adverbs Formation
      When adjective end in –able or –ible, the adverbs is formed by replacing final –e with –y
    • When adjective ends in –y, the advebs is formed by replacing final –y with –ily
      When adjective ends in –ic, the adverbs is formed by replacing final –icwith -ically
      Adverbs Formation
    • Using suitable adverbs will make your writings more interesting. Look at the example:
      Adverbs commonly used with certain verbs
    • 1. Complete these sentence with suitable adverbs.
      a) She walked ____________________________.
      b) The bird sang __________________________.
      c) Take these dirty socks away _______________.
      d) She ____________________got killed.
      e) They _______________ take the short cut to school.
      f) Pradeep is __________________ the first in class.
      g)_______________________ are you going home today?
      Sample Questions
    • 2. Writing out these sentences using the correct from of the adverbs in brackets.
      a) The ( soon ) you finish your work, the ( good ).
      b) The children walked ( fast ) than their mother.
      c) Karen speaks ( softly ) than anyone I know.
      d) I can whistle the ( loud ).
      e) He can do sums ( easy ) than any of us.
      Sample Question