EFT for Addiction Treatment


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EFT for Addictions Treatment powerpoint presentation forms part of the training workshop with Masha Bennett of www.eft4addictions.co.uk

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EFT for Addiction Treatment

  1. 1. EFT for Addictions<br />Emotional Freedom Techniques Training<br />Masha Bennett<br />Neurolinguistic Psychotherapist<br />Advanced EFT Practitioner & Trainer AAMET<br />www.practicalhappiness.co.uk<br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  2. 2. EFT: Definitions & Claims<br />“Acupuncture without needles”<br /> “Emotional form of acupuncture”<br /> “Acupressure combined with <br /> cognitive therapy”<br /> “A New Age fad”<br />“Power therapy”<br /> “Universal healing aid”<br /> “One-minute wonder tool”<br /> “A placebo”<br />“Another form of quackery”<br /> “Tapping therapy” “Pseudo –science”<br /> A fad or a valuable tool?<br />www.practicalhappiness.co.uk<br />
  3. 3. Brief History of EFT<br />Traditional Chinese Medicine / Acupuncture : &lt; 5000 years ago<br />Thought Field Therapy (TFT): developed in the USA by Dr Roger Callahan , 1980s<br />Thecase of Mary<br />Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT): developed in the USA by Gary Craig, 1990s <br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  4. 4. EFT Applications for Addictions<br />Reducing / eliminating cravings<br />Alleviating withdrawal symptoms<br />Managing anxiety, fear, grief , anger, guilt<br />Relieving physical pain and tension<br />Addressing irrational & negative thinking<br />Healing past trauma<br />Enhancing sense of control <br />Reducing risk of relapse<br />Stress management & personal development tool for therapists<br />
  5. 5. How does EFT work?<br />No proven explanation of mechanism<br />Popular view: balancing of the body’s energy system in relation to a specific issue?<br />High concentration of mechanoreceptors in areas of skin associated with acupoints<br />Signal produced by stimulating the points appears to reach the limbic system in the brain and reduce arousal<br />Stimulates endorphin production<br />Dual attention / Adaptive information processing? - Effects comparable to those of EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitisation & Reprocessing) <br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  6. 6. Main EFT Acupressure Points<br />EFT Point Meridian point<br />CR – Crown Several points <br />EB – Eyebrow Bladder 2 <br />SE – Side of Eye Gall Bladder 1<br />UE – Under Eye Stomach 1<br />UN – Under Nose Governing Vessel 27<br />CH – Chin Central Vessel 24<br />CB – Collarbone Kidney 27<br />UA – Under Arm Spleen 17<br />TH – Thumb Lung 11<br />IF – Index Finger Large Intestine 1<br />MF – Middle Finger Pericardium 9<br />RF – Ring Finger Triple Warmer 1<br />LF – Little Finger Heart 9<br />KC – Karate Chop Small Intestine 3 <br />SS – “Sore Spot” (not an acupressure point, but a neurolymphatic area)<br />
  7. 7. ABC of EFT<br />Awareness of the problem/issue <br />Specific description<br />SUD (Subjective Units of Distress) – for emotions/physical sensations, or VoC (Validity of Cognition) – for beliefs, rating on the scale of 1 – 10<br />Balancing <br />Stimulation of the Karate Chop point, or the “Sore Spot” <br />“Set-up” statement to include description of problem and a positive affirmation, the latter usually about self<br />Clearing<br />Stimulation of the sequence of points<br />Focus on problem emotions, physical sensations, thoughts, images<br />“Reminder phrase” (naming the problem) at each point to maintain focus<br />
  8. 8. Awareness of the problem <br />Specific description, e.g.<br />General More Specific<br />“I feel stressed at “I am worried about not<br />work” finishing my report on time”<br />“I am in pain” “I have a sharp stabbing pain in my left shoulder“<br />“I am fed up” “I am annoyed with my friend for not ringing me on time”<br />
  9. 9. Awareness-Balancing-ClearingAwareness of the problem cont.<br />Rating/Scaling the problem<br />SUD (Subjective Units of Distress) 0– 10 <br />VoC (Validity of Cognition) 0 – 10<br />where 0 is no intensity, and 10 is maximum intensity<br />Alternative scaling methods, e.g. for kids<br /> Use arms to show how “big” the problem is<br />Traffic light system Red – high intensity<br /> Amber – medium intensity<br />Green – calm <br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  10. 10. Awareness-Balancing-ClearingAwareness of the problem cont.<br />What to pay attention to in the client’s language in description of the problem<br />Mental images, e.g. “I can still see those scary eyes”<br />Emotions, e.g. “I feel sadness”<br />Thoughts, e.g. “I don’t know why it’s upsetting me so”<br />Physical Sensations, e.g. “churning in my stomach”<br />Belief Statements, e.g. “I should be able to cope better”<br />Sounds/Voices, e.g. “I can hear him say ‘It’s your fault’…” <br />Smells, e.g. “I can still smell her perfume”<br />Taste, e.g. “metallic taste in my mouth”<br />Metaphors, e.g. “heavy burden on my shoulders”<br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  11. 11. Awareness-Balancing-Clearing Awarenessof the problem cont.<br />Non-verbal cues to pay attention to:<br />Facial expression, e.g. sad, smiling, confused, scared<br />Breathing, e.g. fast, slow, deep, shallow, (ir)regular etc<br />Muscle tone, e.g. tense, relaxed<br />Skin colour, e.g. pale, red, blotchy<br />Eyes, e.g. gaze fixed or moving, bright, dull, tearful etc<br />Voice tone & pitch<br />Speed/rate of speech e.g. fast, slow<br />Use of emphasis, e.g. “…and then IT HAPPENED..”<br />Posture, e.g. upright, slumped, open, closed<br />Gestures, e.g. their location, fast, slow, small, large<br />Sweating, e.g. sweaty palms<br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  12. 12. Psychological Reversal 1<br />Psychological Reversal can be defined as Self-Sabotage on both psychological and energetic levels.<br />Psychological Reversal can be assumed to be always present in: <br /> eating disorders<br /> serious addiction<br /> clinical depression<br /> serious chronic illnesses<br /> and may be present with other issues/conditions<br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  13. 13. Psychological Reversal 2<br />If uncorrected, Psychological Reversal is likely to stop the treatment (EFT or any other) from working<br />Can be detected through muscle testing (as in kinesiology) – however, this requires skill and often takes longer than the EFT Set-up / Balancing, so testing is usually unnecessary.<br />
  14. 14. Awareness-Balancing-ClearingBalancing/ Set-up <br />The Purpose of Balancing is to correct for any Psychological Reversal / Self-Sabotage present. <br />The correction is TEMPORARY, and the Psychological Reversal can “kick-in” again within minutes or even seconds<br />The Balancing/Set-up is normally repeated at the start every sequence of tapping<br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  15. 15. Awareness-Balancing-Clearing Balancing/ Set-up cont.<br />The Balancing or Set-up Phrase has two main components:<br />Statement of Problem / Issue<br /> Positive affirmation about self <br />Typical structure of the Balancing Phrase:<br /> “Even though [insert problem]…<br /> …I accept myself.”<br />
  16. 16. Awareness-Balancing-ClearingBalancing/ Set-up 3<br />Examples of Balancing / Set-up Phrases:<br />”Even though [problem]…. <br />… I deeply and completely accept myself”<br />… I love and accept myself”<br />…I forgive myself”<br />…I give myself permission to… [heal, relax etc]”<br />…I am OK”<br />…I am a good person”<br />…I am cool”<br />
  17. 17. Awareness-Balancing-ClearingClearing <br />Tapping through the rest of the points, 7+ times<br />Reminder Phrase at each point , e.g.<br />“This [problem]”<br />“Remaining [problem]”<br /> “This [aspect of problem]”<br />Important Note:<br />Reminder Phrase is NOT an affirmation<br />It’s function is to keep us focused on the problem<br />
  18. 18. The Movie Technique <br />How long does the movie last?<br />If longer than a few minutes, it may need to be split into more than one movie<br />Give the Movie / Memory a title, e.g. “Incident at Sainsbury’s”<br />What type of movie is it – drama, horror, thriller, tragi-comedy, action film?<br />Tap on the title of the movie<br />After one or two rounds check if OK to look at individual scenes. <br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  19. 19. The Movie Technique cont.<br />Client to choose one scene & name it<br />Usually the most emotionally charged scene, though sometimes we may work in chronological order<br />Tap on the scene until the emotion subsides, then move to the next one<br />It is important that there is only one emotional “peak” in each scene<br />At the end get the client to “watch the movie” from beginning to end <br />Check for remaining intensity, tap more if needed<br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  20. 20. Shortcut for Cravings<br />EFT Shortcut for relieving cravings / urges <br />Tap on the following points (both sides) whilst focusing on the physical sensation, emotions and cognitions associated with the craving:<br />Under Eye (Stomach 1)<br /> Collar Bone (Kidney 27) <br /> Under Arm (Spleen 17)<br /> Collar Bone (Kidney 27)<br />Repeat a number of times until craving subsides. Revert to full protocol if required. <br />Typical effects of EFT on cravings<br />Intensity of craving / desire decreases, often dramatically<br />Perceived smell of food / substance changes (usually from pleasant to unpleasant or neutral)<br />Tension & anxiety reduces <br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  21. 21. Aspects<br />Aspect = Emotionally significant component of the issue<br />Aspects can be<br />Conscious<br />Unconscious<br />Remembered <br />Imagined <br />Aspects can emerge<br />Sequentially<br />Simultaneously<br />Both<br />Aspects can often be broken into smaller aspects<br />Aspects can be<br />Emotional<br />Cognitive<br />Visual<br />Kinaestethic<br />Auditory<br />Olfactory<br />Gustatory<br />Symbolic<br />
  22. 22. Side Effects<br />Side-effects may include<br />Tiredness, lethargy, yawning<br />Light-headedness, dizziness<br />Temporary increase in emotional charge<br />Pain/ache moving to another location<br />Different emotion emerging<br />Repressed memories surfacing<br />Feeling of nausea<br />The best way to deal with the side-effects No.3 to 7 is to continue tapping until the discomfort is alleviated.<br />
  23. 23. Contra-indications<br />Clients with high blood pressure<br />avoid tapping on the head<br />can use any other point instead, e.g. collarbone<br />Pregnant women<br />avoid tapping on inside ankle point as it is thought to stimulate uterus<br />avoid working with core beliefs in the 1st trimester (?)<br />Client in Pre-contemplation<br />Avoid directly pursuing the issue which is being denied<br />Work on any distress experienced by the client<br />Therapist’s competence & confidence<br />psychotic symptoms / schizophrenia <br />manic depression / bi-polar disorder<br />multiple severe trauma<br />Only use EFT with the above if you already have knowledge / experience of working with this client group<br />
  24. 24. EFT Survey by M. Bennett in 2008<br />71 respondents<br /> including 49 practitioners 22 lay users<br />Table 1. Self-reported frequency of successful outcome with EFT<br />________________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Results for self Results for other <br />Frequency no. % no. % Frequency<br />________________________________________________________________________________________________<br />Never 0 0 3 4.2 Never <br />&gt;25% 1 1.4 2 2.8 &gt;25% <br />25-50% 5 7.0 2 2.8 25-50% <br />50-70% 12 16.9 9 12.7 50-70% <br />70-90% 24 33.8 24 33.8 70-90% <br />90-100% 29 40.8 29 40.8 90-100% <br />________________________________________________________________________________________________<br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  25. 25. EFT Survey cont.<br />Table 2. Top 10 issues <br />for which EFT was reported to be effective <br />__________________________________________________________<br />no. % Issue <br />________________________________________________________________________<br />65 91.5 Anxiety/Panic <br />55 77.5 Anger <br /> 76.1 Confidence/Self-esteem <br />53 74.6 Relationship issues <br />51 71.8 Depression <br /> 64.8 Pain Management <br />45 63.4 Trauma/PTSD <br />42 59.2 Phobias <br />41 57.7 Addictions <br />38 53.5 Abuse issues <br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  26. 26. EFT Survey cont.<br />Table 3. Comparison of EFT with other approaches by practitioners<br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  27. 27. Masha’s Contact Details<br />W: www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />W: www.practicalhappiness.co.uk<br />E: masha@eft4addictions.co.uk<br />E: masha@practicalhappiness.co.uk<br />T: +44 (0)7887 617558<br />A: Practical Happiness, PO Box 142, Glossop, Derbyshire SK13 9AD<br />Skype: masha.bennett<br />Masha Bennett is based near Manchester, UK and travels nationally and internationally to teach EFT to health professionals and general public<br />www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />
  28. 28. www.eft4addictions.co.uk<br />Main References<br />Bennett, M. (2009) Use of EFT Survey. In preparation for publication in Journal of Holistic Healthcare.<br />Bennett, M. (2009). EFT: Tapping into New Solutions. Addiction Today, Jan-Feb 2009, pp.30-31 <br />Craig, G. The EFT Manual – downloadable from www.emofree.com<br />