KATSUSHIKA HOKUSAI, THE GREAT WAVE OFF KANAGAWA TEMPORARY HOUSING FOR OOFUNATO Ana Livi, John Holm, Tommaso Sacconi, Flavia Scognamillo
01_OUTLINE OF OOFUNATO SITUATION _ Geography JAPAN OFUNATO _ Prefectura de Iwate Coordinates: 39°4′N 141°43′E Country Japan Region Tōhoku Prefecture Iwate Government – Mayor Kimiaki Toda Area – Total 323.28 km2 (124.8 sq mi) Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
01_OUTLINE OF OOFUNATO SITUATION _ Tsunami maps TSUNAMI AFFECTED AREAS MAPTSUNAMI DAMAGES MAP
01_OUTLINE OF OOFUNATO SITUATION _ Tsunami VERTICAL SLICE THROUGH A A. BETWEEN EARTH QUAKES B. DURING AN EARTH QUAKE C. MINUTES LATER SUBDUCTION ZONE Stuck to the sub ducting plate, the An earthquake along a subduction Part of the tsunami races toward One of the many tectonic plates that overriding plate gets squeezed. Its zone hap pens when the leading edge nearby land, growing taller as it make up Earth’s outer shell descends, or leading edge is dragged down, while of the overriding plate breaks free comes in to shore. An other part “subducts,” under an adjacent plate. an area behind bulges upward. This and springs seaward, raising the sea fl heads across the ocean toward This kind of boundary between plates is movement goes on for decades or oor and the water above it. This uplift distant shores. called a “subduction zone.” When the centuries, slowly building up stress. starts a tsunami. Meanwhile, the plates move suddenly in an area where bulge behind the leading edge they are usually stuck, an earthquake collapses, thinning the plate and happens. lowering coastal areas.
01_OUTLINE OF OOFUNATO SITUATION _ Tsunami datas for Oofunato RUNUP HEIGHT - the maximum elevation the wave reaches at the maximum inundation. TSUNAMI RUNUP Km above sea level in meters 5 = Runup Height, TSUNAMI RUNUP LOCATION EFFECTS Post-tsunami survey measurement 4 = EXTREME (~$25 million or more) COMMENTS FOR TSUNAMI RUNUP REFERENCES FOR TSUNAMI RUNUP
01_OUTLINE OF OOFUNATO SITUATION _ Tsunami effects BEFORE AFTER
01_OUTLINE OF OOFUNATO SITUATION _ Tsunami effects
http://sertit.ustrasbg.fr/SITE_RMS/2011/05_rms_japan_2011/mid/SERTIT_CHARTER359_P12_japon_ofunato_crise_8k_A1_20110314_fr_midres.jpg 01_OUTLINE OF OOFUNATO SITUATION _ Tsunami effects mapshttp://www.tenkai-japan.com/2011/07/09/ofunato-city-proposed-rough-design-of-reconstruction/
01_OUTLINE OF OOFUNATO SITUATION _ Land use cotrol and housing relocation
02_STRUCTURE OF PROJECT _ Site PossibilitySite suggestionfor implementingthe temporaryhouse projectSchools wherepeople is gatherfor emergencyassistance
02_STRUCTURE OF PROJECT _ Site PossibilityDestruction lineSite suggestion inbetween thedestroyed and thepreserved areasNot too far from thesea for the residentsthat depend on thefishing industryIntegrating theresidents of theproject in theoriginal city fabric
02_STRUCTURE OF PROJECT _ The concept New planned residential area including community centre, community gardening, playground area, and small scale commercial units. To promote, keep and reestablish human relations. To promote a good environment for mental and psychological post- catastrophe recovery.
02_STRUCTURE OF PROJECT _ The concept Flexible and easy to assemble modular structure. (0,9 m modules). Possibility to adapt and improve temporary structure to a permanent one. Residential area fully served by services and infrastructure from the municipality, as any other city area.
02_STRUCTURE OF PROJECT _ Counterpart and Duration Supply Counterpart NGO: Implementation of project. Coordination of design, planning, assembling and selection of families. Government: Support for land selection, service provision and maintenance. Population: Self organization, participation in design decisions and maintenance Duration of Supply month month month month month Month more than 1 2 3 4 5 6- 2 years 2 years Design, organization and selection of residents Logistical Planning Receiving material, assembling Installation infrastructure Assembling community centre Official Temporary phase Adaptation/ Improvements for permanency of residents
02_STRUCTURE OF PROJECT _ Number of Houses and Estimated Cost Number of houses 80 or 96 house units (3 typologies: 1, 2 or 3 rooms) 1 Community Centre with special rooms for meetings and basic health and mental care Common open areas: garden and playground Estimated Cost Cost per unit (including infrastructure cost): 30,000 Euros 96 units: 2,880,000 Euros Cost Community Centre: 80,000 Euros Total: 2,960,000 Euros
03_SITE PLAN, PROJECT PLANS, SKETCHES Common space House units: 3 typologies: 1, 2 or 3 rooms Commercial Materials Internal panels: 70% wood-based panels and rubber produced from recycled tires External panels: Masonite boards with recycled plastic laminate and foam insulation
03_SITE PLAN, PROJECT PLANS, SKETCHES Materials Internal panels: 70% wood-based panels and rubber produced from recycled tires Source: Loq-kit External panels: Masonite boards with recycled plastic laminate and foam insulation
03_SITE PLAN, PROJECT PLANS, SKETCHES SERVICE LINE kitchen kitchen kitchen bathroom bathroom bathroom bedroom bedroom living room bedroom bedroom bedroom bedroom living room / living room 24 m2 27 m2 41 m2
04_RESIDENTS SELECTION AND MAINTENANCE PLAN Residents organize themselves in 8 or 9 groups (10 families) groups of 9 families selected by lottery Total: 80 or 96 families ELDERS (approximately 300 residents) SPECIAL NEEDS Objective: To promote community sense, to stimulate community ANY organization and ownership. To strength the partnership amongst NGO, residents and government. GOVERNMENT DECISION To try to be as fair as possible. Maintenance: Each resident is responsible for your own house and immediate surroundings. The government is responsible for normal services as in other areas of the city. The NGO can help the community to organize themselves and have a elected local leader to manage the maintenance of the common areas.
05_POST-PROJECT INTERMEDIATE GOALS Develop sense of community Promote residents’ responsibility Guarantee the sustainable and successful maintenance of the new residential area. LONG-TERM GOALS Attempt to adapt the project for a permanent residential use or transform in other equipment for the city. It is also possible to disassemble the modular structure and rebuild in another site.
Ana Livi, John Holm, Tommaso Sacconi, Flavia ScognamilloTHANK YOU VERY MUCH!