Social Media Users in Japan-China Relations

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Symposium: Cultural Communication – New Communication Tools and the Future of International Relations

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Social Media Users in Japan-China Relations

  1. 1. Social Media Users in Japan-China Relations Masahiko Shoji shoji@glocom.ac.jp Assistant Professor, Senior Research Fellow Center for Global Communications (GLOCOM), International University of Japan 1
  2. 2. Viewpoint • Diversity of “Information Societies” – Comparative institutional analysis approach – Mechanism: Relationship between 3 sectors • Government • Enterprises • Civil Society / Culture G G E G C E E C C 2
  3. 3. Viewpoint • “Information Society” is appearing all over the world. • On the other hand, there are some varieties of Information Societies. • Diverse Information Societies interact with each other. 3
  4. 4. Who leads Information Societies? Suits Hackers World Economic Forum/ CC BY 2.0 Geeks / Otaku LINUXMAG.com/ CC BY SA 3.0 Smart Mobs 6th of April Youth Movement 4
  5. 5. Chinese Information Society • Gag by the Government – Great Firewall – Tens of thousands of internet police – Self-regulation • Importance of “Word of Mouth” – People collect and validate information – Accelerating by Internet 5
  6. 6. Chinese Information Society • Active discussions on the web. • Linkage with off-line activities – Anti-Japan Demonstration – Torch Relay for Olympic Games – Anti corruption movement in many cities • Government – Maintain a delicate balance 6
  7. 7. Japan – China Relations and Internet Users 7
  8. 8. Japan – China Relations CHINA JAPAN Government Enterprises Civil Society / Culture Politically cool, Economically hot Mass Media Nationalism Cultural Interest 関心 Internet Users 8
  9. 9. Anti-Japan Demonstrations(2005) • Issue – Approval of a history textbook – Permanent seat on the UN Security Council • Results ©AP – Businesses with connections to Japan were vandalized by protesters. – Some Japanese people in China were injured. 9
  10. 10. Anti-Japan Demonstrations(2005) • Internet users – China: DOS attacks to Japanese government’s web sites and the major internet BBS. – Japan: posted many anti communist party comments and sexy photos on the Chinese major internet BBS. • Saaya Irie – “Her photo stopped Anti-Japan attack” • Weekly BUNSHUN magazine(2005/5/19) http://vipmomizi.jog.buttobi.net/cgi-bin/ChinavsVIP.htm Source: unknown10
  11. 11. FT (2005/04/14) 11
  12. 12. Anti-Japan Demonstrations(2005) • In reality, Some Japanese internet users also did DOS attack to the major BBS. • Chinese Government support people – "The Japanese government had hurt the feelings of the Chinese people" – "Demonstration and attack are natural expression of feelings of the people" 12
  13. 13. Senkaku Boat Collision Incident(2010) YouTube The guardian.com • Chinese government cancelled official meetings of ministerial level. • China halted exports of rare earth minerals to Japan. (China denied it) 13
  14. 14. Senkaku Boat Collision Incident(2010) • Internet Users – 日本鬼子 Hinomoto Oniko, – Japan: Internet users create new characters from Chinese derogatory term to Japanese people – China: introduced manga community sites, and Taiwan / Hong Kong media. Source: unknown14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. Michael Anti • Chinese Journalist, Famous Blogger / Tweeter • Tweet in English to the world • Stayed Japan (2010, Oct-Dec) By Shizhao 17
  18. 18. Yoshikazu Kato • Author, Student in Beijing University. • Speaks fluent Chinese • commentator about Japan at Chinese TV programs • Columnist on FT Chinese edition http://katoyoshikazu.com/ 18
  19. 19. Sora Aoi • Porn star / actress • Popular in China, South Korea and other Asian countries • Communicate with her fan on Twitter and Weibo in English, Chinese, and Korean. • Charity activities for people damaged by earthquake in China http://www.aoisola.net/ 19
  20. 20. CNN(2010/08/17)
  21. 21. Nationalization of Senkaku Islands(2012) • Results – Furious Demonstrations all around the nation. • over one hundred cities Source: unknown • over 10 thousand people participated the demonstration at the largest cities. – Chinese government officially objected. From Asahi-shimbun 21
  22. 22. Nationalization of Senkaku Islands(2012) • Internet Users – China: “Diaoyu Islands belong to China, and Sora Aoi belong to the world!” • They were serious in 2005, but not in 2012 • They understand much about Japan • Some messages are not for Japan, and enjoyed the occasion Source: unknown22
  23. 23. 23 Source: unknown
  24. 24. Source: unknown24
  25. 25. Sina weibo 25
  26. 26. Nationalization of Senkaku Islands(2012) • Japan: Serious action – Anti-China Demonstrations – Hate speech Source: unknown26
  27. 27. Current Situation • Internet Users – Asahi Kun by Asahi Shimbun – Hatsune Miku concert in Hong Kong / Taiwan • Dispute among liberals – “We need reform, not revolution” (Han Han) • 微信(We Chat) Hatsune Miku in Hong Kong/ Taiwan Source http://asianbeat.com/ja/jjj/jjj025.html ©SEGA/©Crypton Future Media, Inc. Graphics by SEGA/MARZA ANIMATION PLANET IN 27 Organized by MIKUPA Overseas Partnership
  28. 28. Social Media Users in Japan-China Relations • 3 sectors differently interacted each other. – Anti-Japan Demonstrations(2005) – Senkaku Boat Collision Incident(2010) – Nationalization of Senkaku Islands(2012) • Governments relationship did not recover. • Some Japanese users became more emotional, and lost a sense of fun. • Chinese users understood Japanese culture more, and some became cynically to nationalistic action. 28
  29. 29. Social Media Users in Japan-China Relations • Importance of viewpoint of Civil Society / Culture relations especially social media users’ behavior. • Need more effort for understanding each other on the web. 29

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