The third son of Kubrat - Asparuh is the founder of the Bulgarian state. In 681 the Bulgarians began to attack and conquer strongholds and lands that were under Byzantine rule. Unable to defeat the Bulgarians, Constantine IV made peace with them, agreed to pay them tax. The first Bulgarian capital is PLISKA
855 is a very important date for the Bulgarian people. St. and St. Cyril and Methodius, also known as Salonica brothers created the Bulgarian alphabet. On behalf of Cyril it is called later Cyrillic
Simeon I the Greatwas a Bulgarian ruler, who ruled Bulgaria from 893 to 927. During his reign Bulgaria bordered three seas - the Aegean, Adriatic and Black. Simeon’s reign was also a period of cultural prosperity called Golden Age of Bulgarian culture.
Vassil Ivanov Kunchev known as Vasil Levski and the Apostle of Freedom was an ideologist and organizer of the Bulgarian National Revolution, founder of the Internal Revolutionary Organization (IRO) and the Bulgarian Revolutionary Central Committee (BRCC). The Bulgarian national hero - Levskicreated the Internal Revolutionary Organization and laidfoundations for the April uprising. This uprising and the subsequent Russian-Turkish War resulted in the recovery of the state of Bulgaria to the European map.
Hristo Petkov Botyov known as Hristo Botev, a Bulgarian national hero, revolutionary poet and journalist.
Population of BulgariaPopulation (2011) 7 351 234 people Area 110 993.6
Bulgarian is the official language .The biggest cities in Bulgaria are: Sofia Plovdiv,Varna,Burgas,Ruse.
Rila Monastery is the monastery,situated in SouthwesternBulgaria, Kyustendil MunicipalityRila. It was founded in the tenthcentury by St. Ivan Rilski, in theupper reaches ofthe Rila River. Rila Monastery isone of the most importantcultural monuments in Bulgaria,a symbol of Bulgaria, listed onUNESCO World Heritage Site.
Belogradchik Rocks are rock figures as high as 200 m, located in the West Fore, near the town of Belogradchik. They are included in the list of one hundred tourist sites in Bulgaria
The Seven Lakes is a group of lakes with glacialorigin located in the Rila Mountains. The lakes are located in Northwestern Rila between 2100 and2500 meters altitude. They are staggered - grooveson the slope of the mountain, the individual lakes are interconnected by small streams. In the passage of water in these streams are formed small cascades and waterfalls .
Tsarevets is located near the center of Veliko Tarnovo. It was the main Bulgarian fortress during the Second Bulgarian Kingdom (1185-1393).
TrapezitsaVeliko Tarnovo.Trapezitsa hill is situated near
Buchaloto Waterfall in RadomirIt is a roaring waterfall in western Bulgaria, in the town of Radomir. Its height is about 10 meters
Baba Vida or Babini Vidin Towers is the name of a Bulgarian fortress. It is the only fully preserved fortress in Bulgaria.
Rupite is a village in southwestern Bulgaria. It is located in the municipality of Petrich, Blagoevgrad region. The village is located 8 km northeast of Petrich.
Ledenika is a cave in the Balkan mountains with numerous galleries and interesting formations - stalactites and stalagmites dating back thousands of years. The cave is about 300 m. It has ten rooms. The biggest is the concert hall. It leads to the passage of sinners. Only the one who is pure of heart can go through it.
Magura is one of the most beautiful caves in Bulgaria. It is located in northwestern Bulgaria near Rabisha village about 18 kilometers from the town of Belogradchik. Magura is one of the largest caves in Bulgaria - the total length of galleries and is 2.5 km.
Pleven Panorama is a museum built to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman rule.
Ancient Theatre of the hill Trimontium, as in ancient times was called the city of Plovdiv is situated between two hills Djambaz Tepe and Taksim Tepe in the city. Due to good acoustics, which is due to the specific architecture of the theater, and it is now used for concerts and other public events, it holds about 5000 - 7000 spectators.