Search the literature: the beginningPresentation Transcript
Searching the Literature: the Beginning Mary Shah, MLS Horblit Health Sciences Library Danbury Hospital Mary.email@example.com
Search StrategyPlan your search at first and the process will be much more effective.1. Focus on what you are seeking and think about which resources would best have the answer.2. Break down the query in basic terms.3. Choose the research method.4. Search each point separately.5. Combine these subjects with AND, OR, NOT (these are Boolean Operators).6. Focus your search with limits.
PICOPICO can be used to help break down your question• Patient or Population: How would I describe a group of patients similar to mine?• Intervention: Which main intervention, prognosis, or exposure am I considering?• Comparison: What is the main alternative to compare with the intervention?• Outcome: What can I hope to accomplish, measure, improve or affect?
Where to search? • Basic Reference = Search engine like Google • Background or Introduction = textbook • Research Article = database like CINAHL or Pub Med • Practice = Cochrane, DynaMed, Nursing Reference Center
Choosing the Evidence Meta‐analysesHigher Quality Percentage of the Systematic reviews literature Randomized controlled trials Cohort studies Case‐control studies Case series and case reports Animal and laboratory research
What does this mean?Evidence‐based practice is the systemic application of scientific findings to clinical practice and decision making.Tools already exist to rate the quality of study and its ability to inform the scientific community.
Boolean? Halloween meat? George Boole brought together philosophy and math by inventing a logic that worked well with computers: the answer is either true or false. For your search, this means you can combine two search terms using the connectors: AND, OR, NOT.
Combining search terms AND
Another possibility OR Fall* cancer Patient
Another possibility NOT Fall* cancer Patient
Truncation?! Are we going someplace w/ an elephant?• Truncation is a short-cut to include all the possibilities:fall*= fall, falls, falling, fallen, and so forth…• Wildcards fill in for variations:Reali?e = realize, realise
Not just for dialogue any moreQuotation marks force the database to look for that specific combination of words.In CINAHL:• Practice Guideline without quotes: 90,812 results• Practice Guideline with quotes: 3,656 results
10 MinutesIf you’re taking more than tenminutes to find what you need,stop and contact us.You are the health professionaland we are the informationspecialists.Fax, phone or email—it’s notinterrupting, it’s our job.
Horblit Health Sciences LibraryAmanda Pomeroy, MLS203firstname.lastname@example.orgMary Shah, MLS203email@example.com