The Parts of Speech
Presented by Mrs. Mary Acevedo, M.Ed., TESOL
Nouns are words that name a person, place, object, or idea.
There are several characteristics of nouns:
Common: Common nouns name general categories and begin
with a lower-case letter.
Proper: Proper nouns are named and must be capitalized.
Non-count and Count Nouns:
Non-count nouns cannot be counted and therefore have no
Count nouns can be counted and therefore have singular and
Plurals can be regular (add –s or –es) or irregular (1 man
2 men, 1 sheep 2 sheep)
Nouns are often preceded by the articles a, an, or the, but
sometimes no article should be used.
count, regular plural girls, peaches
count, Irregular plural men, sheep
A pronoun is used to replace a common or
Theresa and Danny went to the concert
together. Mom and Dad gave Theresa and
Danny the tickets.
They went to the concert together. Their
parents gave them the tickets.
There are three pronoun cases:
Subject Pronouns: I, you, we, they, he, she, and it
Object Pronouns: me, you, us, them, him, her, and it
These can only be used in the subject position of the sentence.
These can only be used in an object position
(object of the verb or object of the preposition).
Possessive Pronouns: my/mine, your/yours, our/ours,
their/theirs, his, hers, its
These can only be used when possessive case is required
(PRONOUN + NOUN [my book] or linking verb [This book is mine.])
Verbs tell us something important about the
subject of the sentence:
Action verbs: What it is doing, has done,
or will do
Linking verbs: What its state of being or
condition is. These link the subject to a
description of it.
Helping verbs: Join the main verb to form
verbs of more than one word
present perfect has jumped
simple past – regular jumped
simple past – irregular
past progressive was jumping
past perfecthad jumped
am/is/are going to jump
Adjectives are used to describe nouns.
Adjectives answer the questions: Which?
How many? What kind?
Adjectives may be directly in front of the
noun they describe.
The black cat ran in front of me.
Adjectives may appear after a linking verb.
The cat is black.
An adverb is used to describe verbs,
adjectives, and other adverbs.
Adverbs answer the questions: When? How
often? To what degree? In what way?
He runs quickly down the street daily.
Adverbs often, but not always, end in -ly
backward, forward are adverbs
not all –ly words are adverbs
lovely is an adjective: Have a lovely day!
(lovely describes day, which is a noun)
A preposition is a word that explains the
relationship between a noun and other
words in the sentence.
Prepositions are words that demonstrate
time, location, direction, or position, such
as in, on, at, for, from, to, with, etc.
There are MANY prepositions.
A preposition is always followed by a noun.
Interjections are words that indicate
Interjections often begin a sentence.
Interjections can be followed by a comma
or an exclamation point, depending on how
strong an emotion is being demonstrated.
Wow, that’s a beautiful car!
Oh! I forgot to bring my books.
Hey, Tara says class is cancelled.
Conjunctions are connecting words.
Conjunctions join words or groups of words
while explaining their relationship to each
There are two kinds of conjunctions.
Coordinating conjunctions join words,
groups of words, or sentences of equal
Use a comma only if the pattern is
subject verb , CC subject verb.
Use FANBOYS to remember the
coordinating conjunctions: for, and, nor,
but, or, yet, so.
My son likes spaghetti for dinner but not fish.
I could tell you my secret, or I could keep it to
Subordinating conjunctions do not join single words,
only groups of words or sentences.
The word groups they bring together are NOT of
equal importance to each other.
As a result, use a comma, but only when the subordinating
conjunction starts the sentence.
There are MANY subordinating conjunctions. Some
common ones include: although, since, while,
Because her grades were so high, Leanne earned an A in the
Leanne earned an A in the class because her grades were so
Your review of the parts of speech is