Design&School Reform


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How can design education and design thinking help transform schools in the 21st century?

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  • Design&School Reform

    1. 1. The Role of Design Thinking in School Reform Martin Rayala, Ph.D. Cristina C. Alvarez. M.Ed.
    2. 2. Martin Rayala, Ph.D. <ul><li>Kutztown University </li></ul><ul><li>BA, MA University of Wisconsin </li></ul><ul><li>Ph. D. University of Oregon </li></ul><ul><li>Former State Consultant for Arts, Media and Design, Wisconsin </li></ul>
    3. 3. Cristina C. Alvarez, M.Ed. <ul><li>K-12 teacher, Curriculum Supervisor, Principal, Central Administrator </li></ul><ul><li>BFA, Tyler School of Art </li></ul><ul><li>M.Ed Admin, Temple University </li></ul><ul><li>Doctoral Program, Educational Leadership, University of Pennsylvania, completion 2010 </li></ul>
    4. 4. Design Education Images Objects Spaces Experiences
    5. 5. Design Education Images Graphic Design Objects Industrial Design Spaces Architecture Experiences Interactive Design
    6. 6. Design Thinking Empathy Investigation Visualization Innovation Prototyping Implementation
    7. 7. IDEO <ul><li>David Kelly </li></ul>
    8. 8. The Deep Dive Total Immersion
    9. 9. Design Processes <ul><li>Intent/Problem Identification/Clarification </li></ul><ul><li>Research - Learn more about it </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Criteria - What does a good solution need? </li></ul><ul><li>Generate ideas - What are some possibilities? </li></ul><ul><li>Select best possibilities - What fits the criteria best? </li></ul><ul><li>Produce the design/prototype/model/layout </li></ul><ul><li>Implement - See if it works </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate - How is it used? </li></ul>
    10. 10. Henry Petroski IDSA (Industrial Design Society of America)
    11. 11. Donald Norman
    12. 13. The Case for Design <ul><li>Daniel Pink </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Tom Peters </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Friedman </li></ul>
    13. 14. Success in Business <ul><li>Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Price </li></ul><ul><li>Design </li></ul>
    14. 15. The Bauhaus Walter Gropius, 1919 Weimar, Germany
    15. 17. Aeron Chair Designed by Don Chadwick and Bill Stumpf Herman Miller
    16. 18. Auto Design
    17. 19. Transportation Design
    18. 20. Fashion Design
    19. 21. Costume Design
    20. 22. Julie Taymor
    21. 23. Paul Rand The Father of Graphic Design
    22. 24. Typography
    23. 25. Matthew Carter <ul><li>Type Design </li></ul>
    24. 26. Milton Glaser
    25. 27. Chip Kidd Book Cover Design
    26. 28. Illustration Society of Illustrators
    27. 29. Comic Book Artists
    28. 30. Frank Lloyd Wright
    29. 31. Spaces and Places AIA (American Institute of Architects) AAF (American Architectural Foundation
    30. 32. Architecture
    31. 33. Urban Planning APA (American Planning Association)
    32. 34. Frederick Law Olmsted ASLA (American Society of Landscape Architects)
    33. 35. Interior Design
    34. 36. Set Design
    35. 37. Experience Design
    36. 38. Walt Disney
    37. 39. Will Wright <ul><li>The Sims </li></ul><ul><li>Game Design </li></ul>
    38. 40. Event Design
    39. 41. Victor Papanek Design for the Real World: Human Ecology and Social Change
    40. 42. Designing a Future Worth Living Into <ul><li>Sustainable </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible </li></ul><ul><li>Reusable </li></ul><ul><li>Equitable </li></ul><ul><li>Practical </li></ul><ul><li>Irresistible </li></ul>
    41. 44. What is school reform?
    42. 45. What are we reforming? Who are we reforming? Why are we reforming?
    43. 46. The Elementary and Secondary Education Act as amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 “To close the achievement gap with accountability, flexibility, and choice, so that no child is left behind.”
    44. 47. Comprehensive School Reform NCLB SEC. 1601. … to provide financial incentives for schools to develop comprehensive school reforms, based upon scientifically based research and effective practices that include an emphasis on basic academics …
    45. 48. Reform industrial age schools
    46. 49. Re.form |ri’fôrm|verb [ trans. ] 1. make changes in (something, typically a social, political, or economic institution or practice) in order to improve it : an opportunity to reform and restructure an antiquated schooling model.
    47. 50. The case for Design Thinking.
    48. 51. The creative sector will be worth $6.1 trillion internationally in less than 15 years - the largest economy in the world.
    49. 52. Jobs in design have increased 43% in the last ten years.
    50. 53. 200,000 people are employed in the film industry. The computer animation industry generates $33 billion annually.
    51. 54. People spent approximately $55 billion dollars annually on video games.
    52. 55. There are over 532,000 designers working in the US alone.
    53. 56. “ Fifteen years ago companies competed on price. Today it’s quality. Tomorrow it’s design.” Robert Hayes Professor, Harvard Business School
    54. 57. CHAD C harter H igh School for A rchitecture + D esign Philadelphia, PA
    55. 58. How can we use the principles of design to develop creative, responsible, critical thinkers who can bring ideas to reality and improve our world?
    56. 59. creative and analytical thinking
    57. 60. structured investigation, collaboration, and problem-solving
    58. 61. 97.5% average daily attendance 99.5% graduation rate
    59. 62. (MC²STEM) Metropolitan Cleveland Consortium STEM High School Design Lab High School
    60. 63. Both new high schools are based on the principles of how schools should be structured for the 21 st century . A dramatic departure from the factory-model education of the past, this new way of designing and delivering curriculum connects teachers, students and professionals to a wealth of relevant knowledge outside the walls of a school building. Students have opportunities that help them make connections between what they are learning and its application to their professional choices.
    61. 64. Objective of the District of Design is to define Cleveland as the product design capital of the US… t he Milan of the Midwest.
    62. 68. [email_address] http://MartinRayala.