OGD2011 Requirements Analysis of an Open Government Data Strategy


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Presentation of Martin Kaltenböck (Semantic Web Company) at the ISESS2011 conference in Brno on 27 June 2011: OGD2011 Requirements Analysis of an Open Government Data Strategy (in Austria)

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OGD2011 Requirements Analysis of an Open Government Data Strategy

  1. 1. OGD2011 Requirement Analysis for an Open Government Data Strategy (in Austria) - ISESS2011, 27. June 2011, Brno Martin Kaltenböck, CMC Semantic Web Company – http://www.semantic-web.at OGD Austria – http://www.opendata.at Open Knowledge Forum Austria (OKFO) - http://gov.opendata.at/okfo These slides are published under : http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  2. 2. Open Government Data is a worldwide movement to open data (& information) of the government / public administration* - that is NOT personal (individual related) – in human- AND maschine-readable open (non proprietary) formats for re-use (by civil society, economy, media, academia AND politics & public administration itsself)! OPEN stands for lowering the barriers to ensure as broad as possible re-use (for everybody)! There is a new paradigm in publishing Open Government Data = look, take and play! * ….. data and information produced or commissioned by government or government controlled entities What is Open Government Data ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at
  3. 3. 1. Completeness All public data are made available. Public data are data that are not subject to valid privacy, security or privilege limitations, as governed by other statutes. 2. Primacy Data are published as collected at the source, with the finest possible level of granularity, not in aggregate or modified forms. 3. Timeliness Data are made available as quickly as necessary to preserve the value of the data. 4. Ease of Physical and Electronic Access Data are available to the widest range of users for the widest range of purposes. 5. Machine readability Data are reasonably structured to allow automated processing of it. 6. Non-discrimination Data are available to anyone, with no requirement of registration. 7. Use of Commonly Owned Standards (e.g. open formats) Data are available in a format over which no entity has exclusive control. 8. Licensing Data are not subject to any copyright, patent, trademark or trade secret regulation. Reasonable privacy, security and privilege restrictions may be allowed as governed by other statutes. Finally, compliance must be reviewable. PLUS: Sunlight Foudation, August 2010: 9) Permanence & 10) Usage Costs Principles of Open Government Data ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at
  4. 4. OGD worldwide: http://bit.ly/open-data-map ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at
  5. 5. 5 Stars for Open Data by Tim Berners Lee ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at
  6. 6. <ul><li>OGD Serie 2010 - 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Partly financed by City of Vienna </li></ul><ul><li>Duration: 09/2010 – 07/2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Organised by SWC </li></ul><ul><li>Partners of OGD2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Danube University Krems </li></ul><ul><li>KDZ-Centre for Public Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Open3 initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Joanneum Research </li></ul><ul><li>OGD Austria / OKFO / OKFN, UK </li></ul><ul><li>FP7 projects: LOD2 & LATC </li></ul><ul><li>futurezone & Computerwelt </li></ul><ul><li>The project OGD2011 contains 3 contemplementary packages of measures : </li></ul><ul><li>in 4 stakeholder workshops (politics, administration, society, industry) the respective requirements will be evaluated and discussed, </li></ul><ul><li>These requirements will be presented and discussed at the OGD2011 conference in June 2011 in Vienna. </li></ul><ul><li>The results will be published in the OGD White Book 2011 (August 2011) as a first fundamental publication on the topic of Open Data in Austria </li></ul>©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at The Project: OGD2011
  7. 7. Links http://www.opendata.at http://www.ogd2011.at ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at The Project: OGD2011
  8. 8. OGD2011 Conference Austria OGD2011 Conference Austria, 16.06. 2011: 135 participants, 20 speakers Documentation: http://www.ogd2011.at/doku Videos: http://www.ogd2011.at/doku/video Slides: http://slidesha.re/ogd2011_slides Fotos: http://bit.ly/ogd2011-fotos ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at
  9. 9. <ul><li>Workshop Participants </li></ul><ul><li>10 to 15 participants per workshop (113 requests, 50 participants) </li></ul><ul><li>Representative sample inside of the stakeholder group </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity in opinion inside of the groups preferred </li></ul><ul><li>Gender distribution minded </li></ul>©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at OGD Requirement Analysis <ul><li>Politics </li></ul><ul><li>Al parties of the National Council </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Gov </li></ul><ul><li>State Gov </li></ul><ul><li>Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Chambers </li></ul><ul><li>27 requests </li></ul><ul><li>9 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Society </li></ul><ul><li>NPO / NGO </li></ul><ul><li>Data privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Technology assesment </li></ul><ul><li>Human rights </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens movements </li></ul><ul><li>23 requests </li></ul><ul><li>11 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Mix of branches </li></ul><ul><li>Associations </li></ul><ul><li>Apps market </li></ul><ul><li>Data market </li></ul><ul><li>Data integrators </li></ul><ul><li>32 requests </li></ul><ul><li>16 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Gov. </li></ul><ul><li>State Gov. </li></ul><ul><li>Cities </li></ul><ul><li>Communities </li></ul><ul><li>Extended digits </li></ul><ul><li>Associations </li></ul><ul><li>31 requests </li></ul><ul><li>14 participants </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Set Up of the Stakeholder Workshops </li></ul><ul><li>1 day moderated workshops (with clear agenda & time frame per topic) </li></ul><ul><li>Statements of ALL participants </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the OGD topics & requirements in small working groups </li></ul><ul><li>Forefront prioritisation of 12 identified topics (around OGD by participants) </li></ul><ul><li>SWOT analysis per stakeholder group </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop reports reviewed and released by the participants </li></ul><ul><li>4 Stakeholder Groups plus 2 cross section groups identified </li></ul><ul><li>4 Stakeholder Workshops took place in February 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Politicians 02.02. 2011 9 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Society 04.02. 2011 11 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Industry/Economy 14.02. 2011 16 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Public Administration 16.02. 2011 14 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Cross section stakeholder : media & academia were involved </li></ul>©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at OGD Requirement Analysis
  11. 11. ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at Prioritisation – cross section of groups
  12. 12. <ul><li>Discussed topics </li></ul><ul><li>Data: types, scale, apps </li></ul><ul><li>Openness & transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation & knowledge society </li></ul><ul><li>Most important statements (overview) </li></ul><ul><li>Step-wise approach (& thereby learn about OGD) </li></ul><ul><li>Cross section work: BLSG </li></ul><ul><li>Committment on highest political level needed </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in existing laws needed </li></ul><ul><li>Single Point of Access for Austria needed </li></ul><ul><li>EU standards & processes - track & follow! </li></ul><ul><li>Austria is poor in natural ressources – OGD is enabling innovation –regional economical promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for public sector needed </li></ul><ul><li>Question economical impact </li></ul><ul><li>Dataset by dataset needs to be checked </li></ul><ul><li>Media Literacy needs to be supported </li></ul><ul><li>What data could be gathered additionally </li></ul>©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at Stakeholder WS: Politics
  13. 13. <ul><li>Discussed topics </li></ul><ul><li>Data: types, scale, apps </li></ul><ul><li>Openness & transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Participation & Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Most important statements (overview) </li></ul><ul><li>Data not available in needed formats & standards </li></ul><ul><li>Information is the basis for participation </li></ul><ul><li>Important: Single Point of Access to data </li></ul><ul><li>Meta Data: of provenance & for interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Transparency = better Quality of Life ! </li></ul><ul><li>Data often exists – but not available for public </li></ul><ul><li>Open Data prevents corruption & populism. </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines: what data bring ´what benefit? </li></ul><ul><li>Data interpretation is something new to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Attention: Traceability of personal data </li></ul><ul><li>Benchmark & competition between communities </li></ul><ul><li>Openness brings feedback (& participation) </li></ul>©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at Stakeholder WS: Civil Society
  14. 14. <ul><li>Discussed topics </li></ul><ul><li>Data: types, scale, apps </li></ul><ul><li>Expolitation and business models </li></ul><ul><li>Data quality & accessability </li></ul><ul><li>Most important statements (overview) </li></ul><ul><li>3 groups identified: Web 2.0 & creative industry, data market (-population) & data integration </li></ul><ul><li>Central register needed (at least for basis data) </li></ul><ul><li>Standards for data, meta data and interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Only free data enables innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Data quality evaluated and marked </li></ul><ul><li>Very important are georeferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Comparability of data from several sources </li></ul><ul><li>Use costs for detail granularity possible e.g. SLAs </li></ul><ul><li>Marginal costs as a basis for cost models </li></ul><ul><li>Classification of data important </li></ul><ul><li>Develop licenses for all public departments </li></ul>©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at Stakeholder WS: Economy/Industry
  15. 15. <ul><li>Discussed topics </li></ul><ul><li>Legal issues, licenses, liability </li></ul><ul><li>Data: types scale, apps & quality assurance </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation & knowledge society </li></ul><ul><li>Most important statements (overview) </li></ul><ul><li>Existing legal framework is NOT sufficient! </li></ul><ul><li>Obligation to give information vs. official secrecy </li></ul><ul><li>Metadaten & data governance </li></ul><ul><li>OGD shows performance of public administration </li></ul><ul><li>Single Point of Access for Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Public liability and exclusion of liability </li></ul><ul><li>Also data from economy and academia needed </li></ul><ul><li>How to manage incorrect data </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines for public administration needed </li></ul><ul><li>New license models can be developed </li></ul><ul><li>Media Literacy (internal & external) </li></ul>©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at Stakeholder WS: Public Administration
  16. 16. SWOT Analysis of Open Government Data in Austria from the viewpoint of the 4 stakeholder groups (excerpt) ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at SWOT analysis of the 4 groups <ul><li>S trength </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of the economy </li></ul><ul><li>Performance: politics & administration </li></ul><ul><li>Transparency, participation, trust </li></ul><ul><li>Internal transparency – internal OGD </li></ul><ul><li>Information for ALL </li></ul><ul><li>O pportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Participation as a chance </li></ul><ul><li>Economical impact </li></ul><ul><li>Support of innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Role model of public administration </li></ul><ul><li>New user groups for the data </li></ul><ul><li>W eakness </li></ul><ul><li>Data Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Divide, media literacy </li></ul><ul><li>No economic impact </li></ul><ul><li>Legal framework </li></ul><ul><li>No standards available </li></ul><ul><li>Political committment missing </li></ul><ul><li>T hreads </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination concering access </li></ul><ul><li>Questions about liability </li></ul><ul><li>Mis-interpretation of data </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialisation of administration </li></ul><ul><li>OGD threats existing bus. models </li></ul>
  17. 17. ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at Requirements of OGD in Austria <ul><li>The following concrete requirements of Open Government Data in Austria were identified through the analysis in the OGD2011 project: </li></ul><ul><li>Single Point of Access – a data portal for Austria ! </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement & balancing: BLSG: federal gov – state gov – cities - communities! </li></ul><ul><li>Active collaboration and communication of all (6) stakeholder groups! </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonisation and standardisation of data, formats, interfaces, meta data (in international context)! </li></ul><ul><li>Data can also be provided by economy and academia ! </li></ul><ul><li>National and international Benchmark (as a chance)! </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines & Best Practises should be developed and provided! </li></ul><ul><li>Committment for Open Data from highest political level needed! </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete terms of use, cost models, licenses, SLAs should be developed </li></ul><ul><li>1. Phase: open basis data (low hanging fruits) - 2. Phase: set up on lessons learned of phase 1! </li></ul>
  18. 18. ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at OGD Requirements Circle The following 11 topics as a partial aspect of Open Government Data could be identified & described on the basis of the requirement analysis: <ul><li>Need for Definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Open Government: Transparency and Democracy, Participation & Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on Society </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation and Knowledge Society </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on Economy / Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Licenses, Models for Exploitation, Terms of Use </li></ul><ul><li>Data relevant Aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Data Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Applications and Use Cases </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Aspects </li></ul>
  19. 19. ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at Der OGD Anforderungskreis The following 11 topics as a partial aspect of Open Government Data could be identified & described on the basis of the requirement analysis:
  20. 20. ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at OGD White Book Austria <ul><li>OGD White Book Austria - Table of Content </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction & Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Requirement Analysis of OGD for Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Requirement Circle of OGD </li></ul><ul><li>Open Government Data Guidelines for Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Proceedings of the OGD2011 Conference 16. June 2011 in Vienna </li></ul><ul><li>Open Government Data Glosary (Austria) </li></ul><ul><li>Order your book copy now! </li></ul><ul><li>Order Form http://www.ogd2011.at/weissbuch </li></ul><ul><li>Order at OGD events </li></ul><ul><li>Send email: [email_address] </li></ul>
  21. 21. ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at Outreach: OGD events et al. <ul><li>Open Government Data in Europe – What comes next? </li></ul><ul><li>27. – 29. Juni 2011 , ISESS2011 Konferenz, Brno - http://www.isess2011.org </li></ul><ul><li>30.6. – 01.7. 2011 , OKCon2011, Berlin Germany - http://okcon.org/2011 </li></ul><ul><li>30. 06. 2011 , OGD Platform Meeting Vienna - http://data.wien.gv.at </li></ul><ul><li>August 2011 , Publishing of the OGD White Book Austria </li></ul><ul><li>22. – 24. August 2011 , Reformgespräche Forum Alpbach, Austria http://www.alpbach.org/index.php?id=1235 </li></ul><ul><li>07. – 09. September 2011 , I-Semantics & I-Know Conference, Graz, Austria http://www.i-semantics.at </li></ul><ul><li>21. October 2011 , Open Data Camp, Warsaw Poland http :// opengovernmentdata.org/camp2011 </li></ul>
  22. 22. ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at Services of SWC around OGD <ul><li>Our activities in the area of Linked Open Government Data are embedded in a international network of commercial and governmental organisations that bring forward the most important improvements with regards to technological and strategic issues in the field. </li></ul><ul><li>( Linked) Open Government Data – Strategy Formation & Consulting </li></ul><ul><li>Development of concrete (Business) Use Cases (publish & consume) </li></ul><ul><li>Measures, Methods & Technologies for the Implementation of the project (Data Governance, Licenses, Studies, Meta Data & Data Management, Technologies) </li></ul><ul><li>Community & Awareness Building Promotion of the Open (Government) Data project (Surveys, Competition et al.) </li></ul><ul><li>Buildup of Expertise and Key People inside of an Organisation (Trainings & Workshops) </li></ul><ul><li>Project Guidance, Execution & Evaluation </li></ul>
  23. 23. Martin Kaltenböck, CMC Semantic Web Company GmbH (SWC) Lerchenfelder Gürtel 43 A-1160 Vienna Semantic Web Company (SWC) Web http://www.semantic-web.at http://blog.semantic-web.at [email_address] Phone: +43-1-402 12 35–25 OKF - OGD Austria Web http://gov.opendata.at http://gov.opendata.at/okfo LOD2 Creating Knowledge out of Interlinked Data Web http://www.lod2.eu OGD Survey http://survey.lod2.eu ©2011 Semantic Web Company -http://www.semantic-web.at Information & Kontakt