Introduction: Open Data Business


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Talk of Martin Kaltenböck (Semantic Web Company, OKFO) at the OGD BusinessDay 2012 on 22 March 2012 in Vienna: Introduction: Open Data Business.

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Introduction: Open Data Business

  1. Open Data BusinessIntroduction & Basics22.03.2012, OGD BusinessDay2012, RTR - ViennaMartin Kaltenböck, CMCManaging Partner & CFO, Semantic Web Company (SWC) @semwebcompany @lod2project TODAY: #ogdb2012 These slides are published under :
  2. AgendaIntroductionOpen Government & Open DataOverview of Open Data ActivitiesEU / EC and AustriaOpen Data (and) BusinessRelevant fields of economy, business requirements & modelsSummary & OutreachOpen Data Business in 2012 2
  3. IntroductionOpen Government and Open Data Grafik:
  4. Where it really started!© Semantic Web Company – 4
  5. What is Open Government? 5
  6. Open Government and Open DataSome of the most important enablers for OpenGovernment are free access to information and thepossibility to freely use and re-use this information(e.g. data, content, etc).After all, without information it is not possible toestablish a culture of collaboration andparticipation among the relevant stakeholders.Therefore, Open Government Data (OGD) is often seen as a crucial aspect of Open Government. 6
  7. What is Open Government Data?Open Government Data (OGD) is a worldwidemovement to open up data (& information) of thegovernment / public administration* - that is NOTpersonal (individual related) – in human- andmaschine readable open formats (non proprietary)for use & re use!OPEN stands for lowering the barriers to ensure as broad as possiblere-use (for everybody)!There is a new paradigm in publishing Government Data= look, take and play!* ….. data and information produced or commissioned by government or government controlled entities 7
  8. Principles of Open Government Data 1. Completeness 2. Primacy 3. Timeliness 4. Ease of Physical and Electronic Access 5. Machine readability 6. Non-discrimination 7. Use of Commonly Owned Standards (e.g. open formats) 8. Licensing Finally, compliance must be reviewable. PLUS: Sunlight Foudation, August 2010: 9) Permanence 10) Usage Costs 8
  9. 5 Stars for Open Data by Tim Berners Lee 9
  10. Open (Government) Data in the EU, in Austria Grafik:
  11. Open (Government) Data in EuropeOutreach EC Activities20. 10. 2011, OGD Camp 2011 Warsaw -• June 2012 – Launch of EC Open Data Portal (Data &I’ve said before that I’m a big fan of open data. Opening up public data will get citizens involved Information of EC departments)in society and political life, increase the transparency of public administration, and improve publicdecision making. Those benefits cannot be overestimated. And public data can be used in manyunexpected ways, too: as the father of the Internet, Tim Berners-Lee, put it: “if people put data onto• 100 Mio Euros for Open Data related acticities in ECthe web… it will be used by other people to do wonderful things in ways that they never would haveimagined”. funded R&D projectsThere’s a huge amount of money here, and a huge amount of opportunity. I want to see Europeat the forefront of this development. So I‟m going to be taking action to open up Europe‟s public• 2013 – Launch of a Pan-European Data Portalsector, by promoting creative and innovative re-use of public data. (Single Point of Access to Open Data of EU27) 11
  12. Best Practise: Open Data Blog ZEIT: 12
  13. Open Government Data in AustriaWhat happened so far• Open Government Data is a BLSG Topic (Bund, Länder, Städte, Gemeinden)• Open Data is on KIG priority list (Kompetenzzentrum Internet Gesellschaft)• Data Portal of the City of Vienna since May 2011• Data Portal of the City of Linz since Oktober 2011• Cooperation OGD Austria since Juli 2011: Recommendations for Open Data in Austria BUT: What is still missing in Austria (Federal Chancellery, Cities of: Vienna, Linz, Graz, Salzburg, plus: OKFO (Open Knowledge Forum Österreich) & intense exchange with IOÖ).• is a commitment on 1st set of recommendations published by Cooperation OGD AustriaOutreach highest political level!!• 1st OGD BusinessDay in 2012 – focus: use of data –• National Open Data Porta: Pre-launch April 2012, Launch 2012• OGD2012 Conference on 26 June 2012 in Linz –• Cities of Graz & Salzburg will launch their Open Data Portals soon 13
  14. Open Data (and) Business Grafik:
  15. Open Data Business - Sectors Public Sector NPO & NGO Private SectorData Integration (BI, MI, Data Warehouse) • Example: Industrial Facilities: competitive advantage by market intelligence solutions • Example : Media & Publishing: cost savings through automated data enrichment • Example : Real Estate: better information on properties (direct access to cadastre data) • Example : Transport / mobility (real time information): better occupancy ratesApplications (APPS) • Direct revenues through license fees for data re-use • Direct tax revenue through new job creation, better economic development • Direct revenues for the economy on top of better & innovative products & servicesData Enrichment • Sale of enriched data on top of open data • Enrichment of data by meta data (increase in value of data) • Converter services for harmonised data formats (ETL, Data Integration Services)Data Visualisation & -analysis Services • Services in the fields of data analysis and data visualisationInfrastructure • Cloud services • SLAs for enterprise data managementOpen Data Innovation • Open Innovation via crowd sourcing mechanisms • Open Innovation via mass customisation 15
  16. Business Modells along Content Production Source: Studie Technol. Acquisition Production Packaging Distribution Production Purchase of Text Production of Text Selection of Products Printing Distribution Purchase of Media Production of Media Editorial Enrichment Provision of broadcasting Broadcasting Acquisition Advertisement Positioning Advertisement Value Chain in the Media Industry of Wirtz Technol. Acquisition Production Packaging Distribution ProductionExternal assignment of Internal data Standardisation, Technical Infrastructur Data Portaldata collection & creation Collection & creation conversion, metadata along end user needs Visualisation for distribution Analysis Value Chain of Linked Open Government Data in public administration following Wirtz Interfaces & API 16
  17. Linked (Open) Data Value Chain by Latif et al., TU Graz 17
  18. Stakeholder WS: Economy/IndustryDiscussed topics• Data: types, scale, apps• Expolitation and business models• Data quality & accessabilityMost important statements (overview)• Central register needed (at least for basis data)• Standards for data, meta data and interfaces• Only free data enables innovation• Data quality evaluated and marked• Costs for detail granularity possible e.g. SLAs• Marginal costs as a basis for cost models• Comparability of data from several sources• Very important are georeferencing• Classification of data is important• Develop licenses for all public departments ©2011 Semantic Web Company - 18
  19. LOD – Huge Economic PotentialsData have swept into every industry and business function and are now animportant factor of production, alongside labor and capital.Harnessing big data in the public sector has enormous potential, too. If US healthcare were to use big data creatively and effectively to drive efficiency and quality,the sector could create more than $300 billion in value every year. Two-thirds ofthat would be in the form of reducing US health care expenditure by about 8 percent.In the developed economies of Europe, government administrators could savemore than €100 billion ($149 billion) in operational efficiency improvementsalone by using big data, not including using big data to reduce fraud and errors andboost the collection of tax revenues.And users of services enabled by personal location data could capture $600 billion inconsumer surplus. 19
  20. Cost of Data Integration – 2 Approaches Why LINKED Open Data???Source: Price Waterhouse Coopers – Technology Forecast, Spring 2009 20
  21. Summary & OutreachOpen Data Business Grafik:
  22. Summary: Open Data Business 2012What are the next steps in 2012?!• To build awareness in Austrias economy for Open Data Business (Enterprises, SMEs, EPUs, NGO & NPO, Associations)• Reach critical market size through national & international Open Data networks (Data Interchange)• Create models for stable and high quality data provision & -delivery to ensure sustainable commercial use (SLAs and CC)• Use full potentials & benefits by going the Linked Open Data (LOD) way• Develop products & cost models along the Open Data value chain• Transform existing- and innovate new business models in the sector• Support for a sustainable Open Data Business by politics throughout relevant measures of funding and / or PPPs et al. 22
  23. Outreach: Open Data Business 2012New EU Public Sector Directive (PSI) is on the way• Open Up data & Information of Libraries, Museums & Archives• Obligation for pro-active data publishing instead publish on request• Obligation for a national neutral independent regulatory body• Provision of all data & information in machine-readable formats• Principle of marginal costs & transparency of calculation of charges & fees• PSI Directive as a central instrument of the open data policy of the ECOGD BusinessDay 2012: Open Data (&) Business, 22.03. 2012, ViennaInformation & Registration: Data Forum 2012, 6-7 June12, Copenhagen, DK, http://data-forum.euOGD2012 Conference, Linz, Austria, 26.06. 2012, http://www.ogd2012.atInfos & Mailinglists:Open Data & Business (EN): / OGD Austria (DE): 23
  24. David Eaves Centre for the Study of Democracy, Canada„Words to every OGD advocate:Building an Open GovernmentData Infrastructure is likebuilding a electric power grid. It„shard to measure it„s impact onsociety and on economy, but it isevident that there is one. “ 24
  25. Infos & Kontakt Martin Kaltenböck, CMC Semantic Web Company GmbH (SWC) Lerchenfelder Gürtel 43 A-1160 WienSemantic Web Company (SWC) LOD2 Open Knowledge Forum Creating Knowledge out Austria (OKFO)Web of Interlinked Datahttp://www.semantic-web.at Web Web http://blog.lod2.euPhone: +43-1-402 12 35–25 25