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Session 1 Orientation Safety Role

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  • Shape and size of ears – capture sound, scent
  • Position of eye on head Animals focus by muscle control – slow in horses
  • Breed differences sight hounds, herding dogs (1.5 km), cats nocturnal
  • Huddling, grooming, biting , kicking, striking, scruffing, body contact
  • Transcript

    • 1. Animal Restraint & Handling Martha Imperato, LVT VTS 159-02
    • 2. WHO AM I?
      • Riding Master I: Meredith Manor
      • Waverly, W.Va
      • ● A.A.S. Veterinary Technology
      • SUNY Delhi, Delhi, N.Y.
      *12 years experience with husbandry & training horses *11 years experience training versatile hunting dogs *22 years in the field of veterinary medicine *Certified in canine physical therapy & canine massage
    • 3. MY GIRLS; Katydid
    • 4. Honor Raisin’ Cain
    • 5. So, What’s This Course About Anyway?
    • 6. You’ll Learn How To:
      • Properly restrain common large and small animal species for routine husbandry or medical procedures
      • Work safely around both large and small animal species
      • Identify common equipment used in the restraint of common large and small animal species
      • Identify different breeds within the species covered
    • 7. How to Do Really Well in This Course…
      • Reading Assignments
      • Quizzes
      • Class Participation
      • Student Project
      • Final Exam
    • 8. Course Requirements
      • Reading Assignments
        • To be done before coming to class
        • Includes assigned textbook readings and hand-out articles/materials
        • Come prepared to discuss!
    • 9. Course Requirements Animal Restraint for Veterinary Professionals Sheldon, Sonsthagen, Topel Mosby, 2006 Veterinary Instruments & Equipment: A Pocket Guide Sonsthagen ; Mosby, 2006
    • 10. Course Requirements
      • Quizzes
        • 7 quizzes (comprises 25% of final grade)
        • Given after each “category” as a review of the material covered
    • 11. Course Requirements
      • Class Participation
        • Attendance : MANDATORY! >2 absences = administrative withdrawal from course
        • Proper Dress : Coveralls & boots for farm labs Scrub tops for in-class labs
        • Attitude & Enthusiasm
        • Mastery of skills for that day
    • 12. Course Requirements – Proper Dress Farm-Based Labs In-Class Labs (where live animals are used) WWW.QCSUPPLY.COM
    • 13. Course Requirements – Proper Dress
      • Improper attire at farm lab or in-class lab with = live animals
      Absence for the day TAKE NOTE!
    • 14. Course Requirements: Proper Behavior
      • We are guests at the farm locations…
        • No smoking
        • ABSOLUTELY NO CELL PHONES!
      “ The Horse Whisperer”
    • 15. Course Requirements
      • Student Project & Presentation
        • Will involve breeds research
        • To be presented November 20 th
        • More information to follow later
    • 16. Course Requirements
      • Final Exam
        • Cumulative
        • Practical Portion (identification) and Written Portion
        • ~ 40% of Final Grade
    • 17. Other Course Stuff…
      • Articles
      • Websites/Resources
      • Announcements/Changes to Schedule
      www.sunyulster.edu
    • 18.
    • 19. SPECIAL NOTE…
      • ANGEL Tutorial next week
      • Hardenbergh Room _____
      • CHECK NOTES FROM HOPE
    • 20. Questions?
    • 21. Session 1
      • Principles of Restraint & The Role of the Veterinary Technician
    • 22. WHAT IS RESTRAINT?
    • 23. Restraint
      • “ an act or the quality of holding back, limiting, or controlling something”
      • Effective restraint is essential for the success of a procedure and the health and safety of animals and people.
    • 24. Developing skills
      • We all posses the innate ability to control and manipulate animals which can be consciously developed according to interest or occupation.
      • People can be experts at handling certain species. Developing a rapport with one species doesn’t mean the same knowledge is directly transferred between animals.
    • 25. Excellence:
      • To become excellent, one must surround themselves with excellence.
      • HOW?
      • Study (observation, reading, listening to experts)
      • Practice
    • 26. Key to restraint:
      • … is to use the minimal amount necessary to be effective.
      • Purpose:
      • 1. procedure / medical treatment
      • 2. prevent harm to animal or medical treatment (bandage, sutures ect.)
      • 3. personal protection
    • 27. Types of restraint
      • Physical
      • Chemical
      • Mechanical
    • 28. Considerations
      • Environmental factors - weather - other animals nearby - owners
      • Potential for harm to the animal during restraint - small animals: falling from table, etc.; - large animals: barbed wire fencing, etc.
    • 29. Animal Perception & Behavior
      • Be aware of how animal senses your encroachment into its environment
    • 30. Animal Perception: Smell
      • Sense of smell is highly developed in all domestic mammals
      • When encountered an unusual / unfamiliar smell…
      • Horses: snort, become alert raise head & tail,
      • position ears forward
      • Cattle: blow thru nostrils, bulls paw @
      • ground
      • Dogs: tuck tail, raise hackles
    • 31.
      • Slight sounds elicit movement of the ears and makes the animal aware of someone new
      • Use low, confident tones to allow the animal to become comfortable
      • Position of the ears is important to assessing animal’s attitude
      Animal Perception: Hearing
    • 32.
      • Herbivores have wide field of vision (to see predators from various angles)
      • Horses have sluggish accommodation – which makes them seem fractious when they’re not
      Animal Perception: Vision http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vsBeRdaVl1E
    • 33. Animal Perception: Vision
      • Dogs’ ability to make out form and pattern is poor compared to humans (beware fear-biters!)
      • Cats are acutely aware of small movements when hunting, which allows them to react quickly
      • Quick reactions also allow fearful or vengeful cat to strike out against humans during restraint
    • 34. Animal Perception: Touch
      • Tentative, light touch or repeated patting makes many species nervous
      • Steady, firm strokes are reassuring
      • Touch is important in
      • the communication
      • between animals
    • 35.
      • Associated with conflict (being restrained)
      • Range from passive avoidance to aggression and fighting
      • “ Fight or Flight”
      Animal Behavior: Agnostic Behaviors Understand the NORMAL behavior of the species in order to effectively restrain
    • 36. Animal Behavior: Fight or Flight
      • Each animal has a fight or flight distance – when it’s encroached animal goes into state of alert
      • Response can vary within the same species and with the same animal
    • 37. Animal Behavior: Fight or Flight Responses Herd Animals Individual Animals Bunch together with a defined flight distance Avoidance: cow crashes thru fence; dog runs away Aggression: cow can run you over; dog will bite you
    • 38.
      • Pain Induced:
        • High probability for aggression if animal is apprehensive/nervous
      • Maternal Aggression
        • Nursing domestic species are sensitized to interference with their offspring by strangers
      Animal Behavior: Aggressive Behaviors
    • 39.
      • Territorial Aggression :
        • Strangers in animal’s territory arouses suspicion, which can lead to attacks
      • Fear-Induced Aggression :
        • When animal is terrified in environment and left with no escape, it will become aggressive
      Animal Behavior: Aggressive Behaviors
    • 40.
      • Intermale Aggression :
        • Esp. problematic when studs are kept together
      • Dominance Aggression :
        • Animal establishes authority over human family & strangers
        • Very problematic in clinic setting!
      Animal Behavior: Aggressive Behaviors
    • 41. The Role of the Vet Tech
    • 42. Safety of People
      • Takes precedence over animal
      • Understand how the animal can hurt you
      • Use sound judgment!
      • Understand What You’re Dealing With!
      • Animal’s behavior
      • Maternal aggression
      • “ Fight or Flight”
      • Herding instinct
      • Mating season
      • Territorial aggression
      • Owner presence
    • 43. Safety of People
      • Owner should NEVER restrain animal in exam room
      • Legal ramifications
    • 44. Safety of the Animal
      • Minimize the effects of handling!
      • Avoid causing stress (considerations for sick, old, pregnant and young animals)
      • Match restraint technique with procedure and individual animal
      Animal’s Perspective Vet Tech’s Perspective Restraint by person = Stress Resistance = More forcible restraint
    • 45. Effects of Inappropriate Restraint
      • Delayed recovery
      • Broken bones; dislocated joints
      • Premature death (due to shock)
      • Dystocias/Fetal death
    • 46. Restraint Procedures & Equipment: EQUIPMENT
      • “ Just because it worked before does not mean it will always work again…”
      • If using equipment, examine before use & have it ready
      • Don’t always rely on a favored restraint technique. Tailor the restraint to the individual animal
    • 47.
      • Ensure you have proper size equipment for the animal
      Restraint Procedures & Equipment: EQUIPMENT
    • 48. Restraint Procedures & Equipment: VOICE
      • Animals respond to tone & pitch Your anxiety results in an anxious animal
      • Always let animal know you’re approaching! Start talking to it before you get close by
      • 3 Tones of Voice : Soothing, Instructional & Commanding
    • 49. Soothing Voice
      • Use when animal is behaving well
      • Use “crooning” words “good, good” “it’s okay” “hello <pet’s name>”
      • Avoid speaking urgently when the procedure is about to take place
    • 50. Instructional Voice
      • Used when animal balks
      • Firm, abrupt, louder than Soothing
      • BE DECISIVE !
      • “ SIT,” “NO,” “STOP,” “WHOA!”
    • 51. Commanding Voice
      • Voice of authority
      • Used when animal is not behaving or paying attention
      • VERY FIRM, deep and much louder, with different inflection
      • “ ENOUGHHHHH!!!” “STOP IT!”
      DON’T SCREAM Screaming = Lack of control
    • 52. Transferring energy
      • Animals can preseve your anxieties
      • physically and mentally.
      • Beware of grip or force in restraint
      • Mentally clear mind of negative, angry thoughts