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  • Shape and size of ears – capture sound, scent
  • Position of eye on head Animals focus by muscle control – slow in horses
  • Breed differences sight hounds, herding dogs (1.5 km), cats nocturnal
  • Huddling, grooming, biting , kicking, striking, scruffing, body contact

Session 1   Orientation Safety   Role Session 1 Orientation Safety Role Presentation Transcript

  • Animal Restraint & Handling Martha Imperato, LVT VTS 159-02
  • WHO AM I?
    • Riding Master I: Meredith Manor
    • Waverly, W.Va
    • ● A.A.S. Veterinary Technology
    • SUNY Delhi, Delhi, N.Y.
    *12 years experience with husbandry & training horses *11 years experience training versatile hunting dogs *22 years in the field of veterinary medicine *Certified in canine physical therapy & canine massage
  • MY GIRLS; Katydid
  • Honor Raisin’ Cain
  • So, What’s This Course About Anyway?
  • You’ll Learn How To:
    • Properly restrain common large and small animal species for routine husbandry or medical procedures
    • Work safely around both large and small animal species
    • Identify common equipment used in the restraint of common large and small animal species
    • Identify different breeds within the species covered
  • How to Do Really Well in This Course…
    • Reading Assignments
    • Quizzes
    • Class Participation
    • Student Project
    • Final Exam
  • Course Requirements
    • Reading Assignments
      • To be done before coming to class
      • Includes assigned textbook readings and hand-out articles/materials
      • Come prepared to discuss!
  • Course Requirements Animal Restraint for Veterinary Professionals Sheldon, Sonsthagen, Topel Mosby, 2006 Veterinary Instruments & Equipment: A Pocket Guide Sonsthagen ; Mosby, 2006
  • Course Requirements
    • Quizzes
      • 7 quizzes (comprises 25% of final grade)
      • Given after each “category” as a review of the material covered
  • Course Requirements
    • Class Participation
      • Attendance : MANDATORY! >2 absences = administrative withdrawal from course
      • Proper Dress : Coveralls & boots for farm labs Scrub tops for in-class labs
      • Attitude & Enthusiasm
      • Mastery of skills for that day
  • Course Requirements – Proper Dress Farm-Based Labs In-Class Labs (where live animals are used) WWW.QCSUPPLY.COM
  • Course Requirements – Proper Dress
    • Improper attire at farm lab or in-class lab with = live animals
    Absence for the day TAKE NOTE!
  • Course Requirements: Proper Behavior
    • We are guests at the farm locations…
      • No smoking
      • ABSOLUTELY NO CELL PHONES!
    “ The Horse Whisperer”
  • Course Requirements
    • Student Project & Presentation
      • Will involve breeds research
      • To be presented November 20 th
      • More information to follow later
  • Course Requirements
    • Final Exam
      • Cumulative
      • Practical Portion (identification) and Written Portion
      • ~ 40% of Final Grade
  • Other Course Stuff…
    • Articles
    • Websites/Resources
    • Announcements/Changes to Schedule
    www.sunyulster.edu
  • SPECIAL NOTE…
    • ANGEL Tutorial next week
    • Hardenbergh Room _____
    • CHECK NOTES FROM HOPE
  • Questions?
  • Session 1
    • Principles of Restraint & The Role of the Veterinary Technician
  • WHAT IS RESTRAINT?
  • Restraint
    • “ an act or the quality of holding back, limiting, or controlling something”
    • Effective restraint is essential for the success of a procedure and the health and safety of animals and people.
  • Developing skills
    • We all posses the innate ability to control and manipulate animals which can be consciously developed according to interest or occupation.
    • People can be experts at handling certain species. Developing a rapport with one species doesn’t mean the same knowledge is directly transferred between animals.
  • Excellence:
    • To become excellent, one must surround themselves with excellence.
    • HOW?
    • Study (observation, reading, listening to experts)
    • Practice
  • Key to restraint:
    • … is to use the minimal amount necessary to be effective.
    • Purpose:
    • 1. procedure / medical treatment
    • 2. prevent harm to animal or medical treatment (bandage, sutures ect.)
    • 3. personal protection
  • Types of restraint
    • Physical
    • Chemical
    • Mechanical
  • Considerations
    • Environmental factors - weather - other animals nearby - owners
    • Potential for harm to the animal during restraint - small animals: falling from table, etc.; - large animals: barbed wire fencing, etc.
  • Animal Perception & Behavior
    • Be aware of how animal senses your encroachment into its environment
  • Animal Perception: Smell
    • Sense of smell is highly developed in all domestic mammals
    • When encountered an unusual / unfamiliar smell…
    • Horses: snort, become alert raise head & tail,
    • position ears forward
    • Cattle: blow thru nostrils, bulls paw @
    • ground
    • Dogs: tuck tail, raise hackles
    • Slight sounds elicit movement of the ears and makes the animal aware of someone new
    • Use low, confident tones to allow the animal to become comfortable
    • Position of the ears is important to assessing animal’s attitude
    Animal Perception: Hearing
    • Herbivores have wide field of vision (to see predators from various angles)
    • Horses have sluggish accommodation – which makes them seem fractious when they’re not
    Animal Perception: Vision http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vsBeRdaVl1E
  • Animal Perception: Vision
    • Dogs’ ability to make out form and pattern is poor compared to humans (beware fear-biters!)
    • Cats are acutely aware of small movements when hunting, which allows them to react quickly
    • Quick reactions also allow fearful or vengeful cat to strike out against humans during restraint
  • Animal Perception: Touch
    • Tentative, light touch or repeated patting makes many species nervous
    • Steady, firm strokes are reassuring
    • Touch is important in
    • the communication
    • between animals
    • Associated with conflict (being restrained)
    • Range from passive avoidance to aggression and fighting
    • “ Fight or Flight”
    Animal Behavior: Agnostic Behaviors Understand the NORMAL behavior of the species in order to effectively restrain
  • Animal Behavior: Fight or Flight
    • Each animal has a fight or flight distance – when it’s encroached animal goes into state of alert
    • Response can vary within the same species and with the same animal
  • Animal Behavior: Fight or Flight Responses Herd Animals Individual Animals Bunch together with a defined flight distance Avoidance: cow crashes thru fence; dog runs away Aggression: cow can run you over; dog will bite you
    • Pain Induced:
      • High probability for aggression if animal is apprehensive/nervous
    • Maternal Aggression
      • Nursing domestic species are sensitized to interference with their offspring by strangers
    Animal Behavior: Aggressive Behaviors
    • Territorial Aggression :
      • Strangers in animal’s territory arouses suspicion, which can lead to attacks
    • Fear-Induced Aggression :
      • When animal is terrified in environment and left with no escape, it will become aggressive
    Animal Behavior: Aggressive Behaviors
    • Intermale Aggression :
      • Esp. problematic when studs are kept together
    • Dominance Aggression :
      • Animal establishes authority over human family & strangers
      • Very problematic in clinic setting!
    Animal Behavior: Aggressive Behaviors
  • The Role of the Vet Tech
  • Safety of People
    • Takes precedence over animal
    • Understand how the animal can hurt you
    • Use sound judgment!
    • Understand What You’re Dealing With!
    • Animal’s behavior
    • Maternal aggression
    • “ Fight or Flight”
    • Herding instinct
    • Mating season
    • Territorial aggression
    • Owner presence
  • Safety of People
    • Owner should NEVER restrain animal in exam room
    • Legal ramifications
  • Safety of the Animal
    • Minimize the effects of handling!
    • Avoid causing stress (considerations for sick, old, pregnant and young animals)
    • Match restraint technique with procedure and individual animal
    Animal’s Perspective Vet Tech’s Perspective Restraint by person = Stress Resistance = More forcible restraint
  • Effects of Inappropriate Restraint
    • Delayed recovery
    • Broken bones; dislocated joints
    • Premature death (due to shock)
    • Dystocias/Fetal death
  • Restraint Procedures & Equipment: EQUIPMENT
    • “ Just because it worked before does not mean it will always work again…”
    • If using equipment, examine before use & have it ready
    • Don’t always rely on a favored restraint technique. Tailor the restraint to the individual animal
    • Ensure you have proper size equipment for the animal
    Restraint Procedures & Equipment: EQUIPMENT
  • Restraint Procedures & Equipment: VOICE
    • Animals respond to tone & pitch Your anxiety results in an anxious animal
    • Always let animal know you’re approaching! Start talking to it before you get close by
    • 3 Tones of Voice : Soothing, Instructional & Commanding
  • Soothing Voice
    • Use when animal is behaving well
    • Use “crooning” words “good, good” “it’s okay” “hello <pet’s name>”
    • Avoid speaking urgently when the procedure is about to take place
  • Instructional Voice
    • Used when animal balks
    • Firm, abrupt, louder than Soothing
    • BE DECISIVE !
    • “ SIT,” “NO,” “STOP,” “WHOA!”
  • Commanding Voice
    • Voice of authority
    • Used when animal is not behaving or paying attention
    • VERY FIRM, deep and much louder, with different inflection
    • “ ENOUGHHHHH!!!” “STOP IT!”
    DON’T SCREAM Screaming = Lack of control
  • Transferring energy
    • Animals can preseve your anxieties
    • physically and mentally.
    • Beware of grip or force in restraint
    • Mentally clear mind of negative, angry thoughts