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G Equine Restraint

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  • 1. Equine Restraint Techniques
  • 2. Safety
      • There is no circumstance for which a human injury is justified
      • The individual restraining the horse is responsible for the safety of all present
  • 3. Safety
    • If the horse doesn’t feel safe, the handler is not safe.
    • A horse can not learn while frightened.
    • -The installation of fear is not an appropriate training technique.
  • 4. Pay Attention
    • This is Smarty Jones.
    • He won the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness in 2004.
    • He is valued at over 34 million dollars as a breeding stallion.
    Must be a pretty important phone call, huh?
  • 5. The Basics
    • Horses are traditionally handled from the left side.
  • 6. Halter
    • Do not reach your arm over the horse’s poll to pull on halter.
      • If the horse jerks his head up while your arm is over his neck you will meet a nice orthopedic surgeon who will repair your dislocated shoulder.
    • With your arm under the horse’s jaw ‘flip’ the strap over the poll.
  • 7. Lead Shank
    • NEVER, NEVER, NEVER EVER ‘tie’ yourself to an animal, particularly one that weighs ten times more than you do.
  • 8. Lead Shank
    • NEVER, NEVER, NEVER leave a shank on the ground while it is attached to a horse.
    • If you must release the shank, drape it over the horse’s withers.
  • 9. Tying
    • Quick Release Knot
    • OR
    • Quick Release Snap
    • Always tie at head level; avoid excessive slack
    Bad! Bad!
  • 10. Note: Individual restraining the horse should always stand on the same side as the individual performing the procedure
  • 11. Lead Shank
    • Chain may be passed through halter ring on the near side and clipped to ring on off side.
    • This affords greater control only when pressure is applied to the shank.
  • 12. Lip Chain
    • Provides restraint – gets horses attention under difficult situations.
    • Can cause bleeding gums.
    • May promote head shyness in horses.
  • 13. Twitch
    • Causes release of endorphins and effectively ‘tranquilizes’ the horse for a period of up to 15 minutes.
    • Skill and reliability of handler is critical.
  • 14. ‘ One –Man’ or ‘Humane’ Twitch
    • OK, so what’s REALLY wrong with this picture?
  • 15. Skin Twitch
    • Provides minimal restraint by distracting the horse.
    • Often useful for administering injections to ‘needle-shy’ horses.
  • 16. Hand Twitch/ Ear Hold
    • Grasping the nose and/or ear can effectively immobilize the horse.
    • As horse complies, pressure can be released
  • 17. Blindfold
    • Relieves anxiety
    • Increase verbal cues when using a blindfold
  • 18. Blindfold
    • Better used on the patient.
  • 19. Manipulate Center of Gravity
    • Recognize where the horse’s center of gravity is and where it must be shifted for the horse to:
      • Rear
      • Kick
      • Strike
      • Move away
  • 20. Equine Stocks
    • Used by many veterinarians in reproductive practice
      • Rectal palpations
      • Ultrasound
      • Embryo Transfer
      • Artificial Insemination
      • Standing surgeries
  • 21. Equine Stocks
    • Safety risk for individuals treating horse
    • There should still always be a handler at the horse’s head
  • 22. Breeding Hobbles
    • Permits mare to walk, but prevents her from kicking the stallion
  • 23. Tail Tie
    • Anesthesia recovery
    • Neurologic cases
  • 24. Tail Tie
  • 25. Sling
    • Anesthesia recovery
    • Neurologic cases
    • Starvation
    • Rescue
      • Horse must tolerate sling
      • May require chemical restraint until adapted to sling apparatus
  • 26. Sling--Rescue

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