D Food Animal Orientation R H

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D Food Animal Orientation R H

  1. 1. <ul><li>Food Animal Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Sandra Brown Wiltshire, LVT, CVPM </li></ul>
  2. 2. Reference Sites <ul><li>Livestock breeds: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Horse Coat Colors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.vgl.ucdavis.edu/~lvmillion/coatcolor/coatclr3.html </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Week 2--Lecture <ul><li>Bovine/Caprine/Ovine/Porcine/Poultry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Terminology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul>
  4. 4. Role of the Veterinarian <ul><li>Most producers vaccinate, deworm, castrate, dehorn, inseminate, medicate and perform surgical procedures on their livestock. </li></ul><ul><li>The role of the veterinarian is often that of consultant or specialist. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Production Animal Philosophy <ul><li>The bottom line is the bottom line. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no such thing as a ‘pet’ steer. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Terminology <ul><li>Bovine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bull </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calve </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heifer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shrink </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freshen </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Terminology <ul><li>Porcine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gilt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pig </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barrow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farrow </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Terminology <ul><li>Caprine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buck </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wether </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Terminology <ul><li>Ovine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ewe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ram </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lamb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wether </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mutton </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Poultry Terminology <ul><li>Chicken </li></ul><ul><li>Chick </li></ul><ul><li>Pullet </li></ul><ul><li>Hen </li></ul><ul><li>Cockerel </li></ul><ul><li>Cock/Rooster </li></ul><ul><li>Capon </li></ul>
  11. 11. Economics <ul><li>Cost/benefit ratio—If the cost of medical care exceeds the potential return on investment then it is not a viable option. </li></ul><ul><li>Production animal medicine requires an understanding of the fluidity of the animal production industry </li></ul>
  12. 12. Beef Cattle <ul><li>Angus </li></ul>
  13. 13. Beef Cattle <ul><li>Hereford </li></ul>
  14. 14. Beef Cattle <ul><li>Charolais </li></ul>
  15. 15. Beef Cattle <ul><li>Chianina </li></ul>
  16. 16. Beef Cattle <ul><li>Shorthorn </li></ul>
  17. 17. Beef Cattle <ul><li>Simmental </li></ul>
  18. 18. Beef Cattle <ul><li>Texas Longhorn </li></ul>
  19. 19. Beef Cattle <ul><li>Zebu </li></ul>
  20. 20. Beef Cattle <ul><li>Santa Gertrudis </li></ul>
  21. 21. Dairy Cattle <ul><li>Holstein </li></ul>
  22. 22. Dairy Cattle <ul><li>Guernsey </li></ul>
  23. 23. Dairy Cattle <ul><li>Jersey </li></ul>
  24. 24. Dairy Cattle <ul><li>Brown Swiss </li></ul>
  25. 25. Dairy Cattle <ul><li>Milking Shorthorn </li></ul>
  26. 26. Swine <ul><li>Berkshire </li></ul>
  27. 27. Swine <ul><li>Chester White </li></ul>
  28. 28. Swine <ul><li>Duroc </li></ul>
  29. 29. Swine <ul><li>Hampshire </li></ul>
  30. 30. Swine <ul><li>Landrace </li></ul>
  31. 31. Swine <ul><li>Yorkshire </li></ul>
  32. 32. Swine <ul><li>Pot Bellied Pig </li></ul>
  33. 33. Sheep <ul><li>Merino </li></ul>
  34. 34. Sheep <ul><li>Rambouillet </li></ul>
  35. 35. Sheep <ul><li>Corriedale </li></ul>
  36. 36. Sheep <ul><li>Suffolk </li></ul>
  37. 37. Sheep <ul><li>Romney </li></ul>
  38. 38. Sheep <ul><li>Cheviot </li></ul>
  39. 39. Sheep <ul><li>Dorset </li></ul>
  40. 40. Dairy goats <ul><li>Alpine </li></ul>
  41. 41. Dairy Goats <ul><li>LaMancha </li></ul>
  42. 42. Dairy Goats <ul><li>Nubian </li></ul>
  43. 43. Dairy Goats <ul><li>Oberhasli </li></ul>
  44. 44. Dairy Goats <ul><li>Saanen </li></ul>
  45. 45. Dairy Goats <ul><li>Toggenberg </li></ul>
  46. 46. Meat Goats <ul><li>Boer </li></ul>
  47. 47. Meat Goats <ul><li>Spanish </li></ul>
  48. 48. Fiber Goats <ul><li>Angora </li></ul>
  49. 49. Fiber Goats <ul><li>Cashmere </li></ul>
  50. 50. Poultry—Egg laying <ul><li>Rhode Island Red--brown eggs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Note: Eggshell color is determined by the breed of the hen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note: There is no nutritional difference between white and brown eggs </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. Poultry—Egg laying <ul><li>White Leghorn—white eggs, most common breed </li></ul>
  52. 52. Poultry—Meat Breeds <ul><li>Plymouth Rock </li></ul>
  53. 53. Poultry—Meat Breeds <ul><li>Cornish </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Note: Most chicken available in grocery store is a cross between Plymouth Rock and Cornish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note: Rock Cornish Game Hen is young broiler </li></ul></ul>
  54. 54. Identification of Herd Animals <ul><li>Ear Tags </li></ul><ul><ul><li>+/- Insect Control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semi-permanent </li></ul></ul>
  55. 55. Identification of Herd Animals <ul><li>Ear Notching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Right ear—Litter Number </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Left ear—Pig Number </li></ul></ul>
  56. 56. Identification of Herd Animals <ul><li>Tattoos/Brands </li></ul>
  57. 57. Identification of Herd Animals <ul><li>Sales ring hip tag </li></ul>
  58. 58. Identification of Herd Animals <ul><li>Paint Stick </li></ul>
  59. 59. Identification of Herd Animals <ul><li>Chin Ball Marker </li></ul><ul><li>Kamar Patch </li></ul>
  60. 60. Identification of Food Animals <ul><li>Leg Band </li></ul>

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